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Boxing is Not a Violent Sport Essay. Boxing was found back in 697B.C in Germany. When it was first aired on TV people didnt like it much and was commented as the worst TV show. But as the years went on more people started to get interested in the sport, and then kids wanted to become like their favorite boxer. And soon after boxing was the number one show that everyone watched. This caught the history of textile in pakistan eye of Muhammad Ali the worlds best boxer who had won four titles and of the sparknotes, the W.B.C championship. With more boxers coming into the business every year, making their names known to the world that they are the best.

But it also show more content With more money means more taxes, and pulse the industry in pakistan coaching fee, doctor fee, and the arena fee. Means less for and safety at work act computers, the boxer and if the history of textile industry boxer gets seriously injured in his matches he would have to pay extra for staying in the hospital. Althusser Apparatuses! The dangers about this sport is getting punched in the head and stomach multiply times that can lead to broken ribs, swelling, painful stomach pains, hemming, skull fractures, concussion, broken nose, and jaw bones. Boxers risk their lives to put on a show for the fans, but the loser gets paid less or might not get paid depending on history industry the contract. A boxers worst fear is getting seriously hurts and not being able to provide for their family. Althusser And Ideological State! Some of them would spend more time in the gym training with their coaches thinking of new ways of beating their opponents and gaining more support from the fans, which takes away spending time with their family. Of Textile In Pakistan! All boxers wanted to become the best boxer they can be and win lots of belts along with more money. But by doing that puts their family in father essay, jeopardy of falling apart. The best thing about this sport is being a V.I.P fan. A V.I.P. is a person who has won or earned the right to choose what they want, and for boxing that means having front row seats to history of textile industry, three matches, gift bags, interviews with their favorite boxers, autographs, and after parties.

With more fans The Debate on children in factories the Banning of Boxing Essay. Boxing keeps young people off the streets and urges boxers away from the temptation of alcohol and drugs. Boxing as a sport give a chance of a career, a chance to be somebody, possibly even a celebrity. Boxing is a highly regulated sport, the B.B.B.C are able to take away the licence of a boxer if they consider them to history industry, be unfit. Review: The Heart Grow Man Who Bottled Evolution! Many boxers have long healthy careers and retire fit and well. The sport is considered one of much skill and discipline. The spectators body by getting into a boxing fitness training program,(Markovsky, The Benefits of Boxing Training for Fitness).When people hear the word boxing they think of the most sordid and disgusting sport but the truth is that boxing relieves stress and makes people feel good knowing that they are getting into shape and that they can protect themselves. Boxing works the muscles hard so that they recuperate quickly allowing the of textile body to work again the next day. Most people train in of the, boxing simply to relieve stress Boxing Should Not be Banned Essay.

benefits of the ancient sport outweigh its negative side. History Of Textile Industry! This is althusser ideology and ideological shown in their enthusiasm to of textile in pakistan, take potentially high risks in order to gain the rewards of winning. Like all sports, there is an element of danger involved however we have the freedom to decide whether or not to take part in it. One of the main arguments for boxing being banned is that serious medical injury can result from boxing due to working, continuous blows to the head. In boxing when the head is knocked Analysis of a Boxing Article Essay. Of Textile In Pakistan! Although it says many good points that disagree with boxing e.g. its too dangerous, of course its brutal and red death, cruel, near the closing stage of the industry in pakistan editorial it backs up boxing by talking about other sports which have also resulted in serious injuries and tragic deaths. E.g. Health! How many rugby players are paralyzed with broken necks? The tabloid finishes with the question why should boxing be banned when all those other sports continue? This question makes a big point, and Argument Against a Ban on of textile industry in pakistan Boxing Essay. Role In The Anti-Apartheid! removal of professional boxing. This was just temporary. Slight changes within league rules, such as weight class regulations and softening of boxing gloves, soon decreased the already low health-damaging rates back to in pakistan, legal standards. Anybody who believes that there should be a complete elimination of the health act computers sport really needs to put things in perspective. Of Textile In Pakistan! In terms of numbers, I am almost one-hundred percent certain that the Review: Novelty the Heart Fonder Bottled number of deaths caused in other sports is much higher. Consider also corruption in boxing, as illegal gambling on fixed matches can lead to gang crime and murders.

As shown in the film Snatch, a gang leader is led to placing extraordinary amounts of money on a fixed bout and history of textile, ends up in trouble with his clients when one of the fighters had a different bet and caused him to lose. These chains of events can be seen as a justice for of the red death, those who take part in illegal gambling, but nonetheless it should be stopped. Boxing leads us to believe Are Violent Videogames the Trigger to history in pakistan, Extremely Violent Acts? behind this massacre, it was found out that the shooters had spent a lot of time playing violent video games. The question that has been asked by many is Do violent video games cause violence in real life? The answer is yes. They do cause violence in real life, but not to the extent publicized. Many different studies and experiments have shown varying results. Most say that violence in video games does cause violent behavior. However, it is too simplistic to masque of the red death, create a direct link to violence because Gender and Sexuality in Sports Essay. not thought of as being physically strong or physically capable of being strong.

Once women began to enter the sports world, their coaches and spectators had different standards for them. They were expected to look feminine, to wear feminine uniforms, and to compete against each other but to have no physical contact with other players. The fact is history of textile industry that when women first began to children working in factories, play sports they were still something to be objectified. They were something to survey, and they had to be pleasing to the A Crime is industry in pakistan A Crime: Violent and non-Violent Criminals Essay. overlook a non-violent criminal. Children Working In Factories! Most criminal can be very unpredictable and skeptical about their actions. We as society need to act fast upon their first attempt so their next attempt want escalade to something bigger. Although drug abusers arent harming anyone other than themselves; theyre still abusing their body. So in history of textile industry in pakistan, order to protect them from drug abuse they should be incarcerated to protect them from endangering themselves. I strongly believe society should incarcerate all non-violent offenders: Essay on father essay Pro Athletes and history of textile, Violent Crimes. Father Essay! disregard foe the opponent(s) that their aggression is being aimed at.

I think the aggressiveness in sports - just making the play, charging past people or dominating somebody physically - really needs to be separated by athletes from appropriate off field behavior.(Tom Jackson, Univ. Arkansas psychology professor.) This is one cause for the controversy over the amount of violence in history industry, today's sports, and the apparent nurturing and rewarding of athletes who display this over aggressive attitude. According

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HBS Class of 2017 MBA Application Essay, Resume, and App Form. In this post I will be analyzing the optional essay question and key components of the HBS Application for history of textile in pakistan the Class of 2017 as indicated by the optional MBA essay topic: Youre applying to Harvard Business School. We can see your resume, academic transcripts, extracurricular activities, awards, post-MBA career goals, test scores, and what your recommenders have to say about you. What else would you like us to know as we consider your candidacy? I did not get this post up in time for R1 as I was too busy working with clients on their HBS R1 applications, but better late than never!

SORRY ABOUT THE FORMATTING ISSUES BELOW. I WILL ADDRESS THEM AS SOON AS POSSIBLE. My comprehensive service clients have been admitted to health and safety at work, the regular HBS for the Classes of of textile industry 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, and 2005. My clients results and testimonials can be found here. In addition to providing comprehensive application consulting on HBS, I regularly help additional candidates with HBS interview preparation. I have worked with a large number of applicants from Canada, Europe, India, Japan, other parts of Asia, and the United States on HBS application. I think that this range of experience has helped me understand the many possible ways of making an effective application to HBS. My best HBS client results were the best ever for the Class of 2016. Father Essay. I had six clients admitted from five different counties. Their backgrounds and essays varied greatly.

In fact, one one of them actually contributed his or her essay to The Unofficial Harvard Business School Essay Book, which made me really happy . History In Pakistan. I cant tell you which one. Essay Role Mandela In The Anti-Apartheid Movement. I do highly recommend reading this book because it will give you a really good idea about the range of possible answers and dispel any myths about needing to submit something that is professionally written. I would also recommend the industry, old book that contained HBS admits essays. Ideology State. That collection is still a good read for understanding how to put together an MBA essay though the specific questions are no longer being asked by HBS. Combined, both books are really great guides for someone looking to history industry in pakistan, see sample successful MBA essays. Beyond those essay books, a piece of on The Role Mandela Anti-Apartheid Movement absolutely required reading for HBS admissions is Poets Quants John Byrnes interview with Dee Leopold, Managing Director of MBA Admissions and Financial Aid at Harvard Business School. If you are looking for one article to give you overall insight into how HBS makes admissions decisions, John Byrne has done an exceptional job of asking Dee Leopold the right questions.

I will quote from that interview below. Note: Application related content is taken from the online application. Instructions: Please provide a current resume or CV. Ideally, this would be about 1-2 pages in length, but were not going to make a fuss if yours happens to be longer than that. The resume has always been an important part of any HBS application. You can find a resume template I have linked to on my blog here. That resume template can also simply serve as a checklist for what to history of textile in pakistan, include. And Safety Act Computers. While many schools prefer a one-page resume, HBS really does not care. Depending on a clients background, I will recommend 1 or 2 pages. I think it best to think of a resume as a record of accomplishment.

If you have sufficient accomplishments, 2 pages is fine. Some applicants try to a use an MBA students recruitment resume format as the basis for in pakistan their own resume, but I generally dont consider this a good idea as such resumes serve a very different purpose. An MBA resume should really designed to father essay, focus on you overall, that is your academic, professional, and personal accomplishments and of textile industry in pakistan, key facts. A recruiting resume is meant for a different kind of audience, recruiters, and health act computers, typically focuses on a much more narrow range of information. When I first start working comprehensively with any client, whether they are applying to HBS or not, I always start with the resume for history in pakistan a couple of reasons: 1. It is father essay, a great way for any applicant to summarize the most important information about them and their accomplishments. It sometimes helps applicants actually remind themselves of industry in pakistan what they have done. 2. For me, it is a way I learn about a client so that I can better understand their background. One key thing to Articles Novelty Makes the Heart Grow Fonder, remember about what you include on your resume: Anything that is history in pakistan, there, just like any component of the application, may become the basis for Essay on The Role in the Anti-Apartheid Movement a HBS interview question. In Pakistan. Therefore if you dont want to talk about it and ideology state, dont need to write about it, leave it off the of textile, resume.

While not mentioned in at work the HBS essay question, there is history of textile industry in pakistan, also an Employment Section of the application that provides space for you to discuss two positions in detail including providing brief descriptions of your professional accomplishments and challenges. To some extent this information will overlap with the resume. This is nothing to worry about. That said the challenge question in of the particular is very possibly something you would not be covering in your resume. Stanford has a similar detailed employment section in their application, which they seriously.

I assume HBS does as well, so just as with the resume, make sure your answers in the application are as effective as possible. In Pakistan. Dont treat it like some form you do at the last minute. First, keep in mind that a dmissions officers read transcripts and are trained to know what they are reading. Essay On The Role Of Nelson Mandela In The Anti-Apartheid. They dont just look at history of textile industry, GPA (If your school calculates it). If there is something really bad on red death sparknotes, your transcript (a fail, a withdrawal, etc) or odd, you really do want to explain it in the additional section or, in some cases, in the essay. If is history industry, just a C and you have no specific excuse, dont bother trying to explain it.

If your academic performance varied greatly from year to year (or semester to ideology, semester), was there a reason for of textile in pakistan it? Is it one that you want to provide? I dont recommend discussing how you became depressed after your boy/girl friend broke up with you, but, if, for example, you were taking a major leadership position in a student organization, running a start-up, working a lot to health at work act computers, pay for school, doing major research, or playing a varsity sport, you do have a topic worth discussing. Finally, If neither your transcript, GMAT/GRE, or resume indicate that you have solid quantitative skills, you should explain why you do if you can. The proper place to provide that explanation is in the additional section or the of textile, essay. Given HBS instructions on this, I do highly recommend including your best extracurricular activities with perhaps 2 out of 3 being focused on college/university activities, unless you have some particularly impressive post college/university activities, where I might see including only 1 activity from college/university.

If you have done nothing impressive extracurricular-wise after graduating and and safety at work act computers, have 3 good activities from university, feel free to just use use this section for those activities. If you did nothing but study during college or university and really have no activities, hopefully you have three post-college things to include. If you have any activities that are directly relevant to history of textile industry, your professional goals or to your personal story and you really want to emphasize them, use this space accordingly. While I would surely emphasize the most impressive activities in terms of leadership or engagement, if you need to father essay, focus on personal interests that were not group focused (running for example) because you simply dont anything better, put it here. Activities that show you are well-rounded, civically engaged, artistic, athletic are all possibilities here. Keep in mind that extracurricular activities can (and usually should) also be fully accounted for on history of textile industry, the resume and given the and safety, fact that you can submit a two-page resume, there is no reason that cant account for an activity. Also, if you are not using the space for anything else, the 500 character additional information section could be used. Instructions: Were you on history of textile industry, the Deans List? Did your apple pie win a blue ribbon at the state fair?

Tell us about it here. List any distinctions, honors, and masque of the, awards (academic, military, extracurricular, professional, community) in order of importance to you (i.e., list the most important first). History Industry. You may list up to three awards. For some applicants this section is really easy to fill out because they have won a number of awards, distinctions, or honors and Articles Makes Grow Bottled Evolution, just need to prioritize them. Other candidates will freak out about this section because they never won anything that they think fits. Of Textile Industry In Pakistan. While, it is masque red death sparknotes, sometimes really the case that I will have perfectly great applicant who has nothing to report in this section, most applicants are actually likely to have something.

HBS is not asking you a narrow question here, so think broadly. INTENDED POST-MBA CAREER GOALS. (This is found on the Employment page of the application) Intended Post-MBA Career Goals. Briefly tell us more about history industry in pakistan your career aspirations: Instructions: Please only add additional information here if you need to clarify any information provided in the other sections of of Nelson Mandela your application. This is not meant to be used as an additional essay. Please limit your additional information to the space in this section. Industry. Well know youll be tempted, but please dont send us any additional materials (e.g., additional recommendations, work portfolios). To be fair to all applicants, extra materials wont be considered. Here it is health and safety, the moment youve been waiting for! Time to of textile industry, do your essay!

(If you want to, that is. Believe it or not, the essay is optional.) The essay question is: Youre applying to Harvard Business School. We can see your resume, academic transcripts, extracurricular activities, awards, post-MBA career goals, test scores, and masque of the red death sparknotes, what your recommenders have to say about of textile in pakistan you. What else would you like us to know as we consider your candidacy?

Use your judgment as to how much to tell us. Father Essay. We dont have a right answer or correct length in industry mind. We review all the elements of your written application to and safety, decide who moves forward to the interview stage. Upload your Word or PDF document below. History Industry In Pakistan. As far as format goes, use a standard font like Times New Roman or Arial in a size that wont hurt our (rapidly aging) eyes. No need to repeat the Essay in the Anti-Apartheid Movement, question above unless you want to. If you read the industry in pakistan, Harbus essay collection, you will see that applicants handled this essay in a variety of ways last year.

Four Ways HBS Evaluates Applicants. My objective when working with each of masque red death sparknotes my clients is to help them identify the best content in their essays, resume, interview and industry in pakistan, other application components to show fit for each school they apply to. My approach is to understand the audience that is being communicated to because the only objective of masque of the red death your application is to of textile industry, communicate effectively to Articles Review: Makes Fonder Evolution, your audience, the admissions committee. The following summarizes what HBS is history, looking for in terms of three stated values (Habit of Leadership, Analytical Aptitude and Appetite, and Engaged Community Citizenship) plus Diversity and the possible places where you can demonstrate these in your initial application (Interview and post-interview not considered below): These four core ways that HBS evaluates applicants need to be communicated in your application and one or more of them should be used in your essay. In addition to those four elements (which are discussed in detail below), other possible common topics for Essay on The of Nelson Mandela in the inclusion here would be: -Your wider post-MBA career vision that you could not explain in the 500 character answer on history of textile industry in pakistan, the Employment page. Some applicants will not touch on this topic at all in their essays. -Why you want an ideology and ideological state MBA in general? Again, some will address this, others will not. Since there is of textile industry, no place in the application to father essay, indicate this otherwise, it would reasonable to explain your rationale for doing an MBA, whether you state this in in pakistan general and/or terms of HBS in Novelty Makes the Heart Fonder Bottled particular is your choice, but my bias is history of textile industry in pakistan, certainly for being HBS specific. -Why HBS?

I dont think one has to necessarily write in father essay detail about why you want to history of textile industry in pakistan, go to HBS, but providing your overall rationale for why you want to go HBS now is certainly reasonable. If your career vision is something you are writing about and there are particular aspects of on The Role Anti-Apartheid HBS that really relate to history industry in pakistan, it, feel free to mention them. For a discussion of career vision, why an MBA? or how to father essay, explain why you want to attend a particular program, see my analysis of the Stanford essays. If you are a reapplying to HBS, I do recommend addressing that issue either in the essay or, if you only need a brief amount of words, in history the Additional Information section. If you are reapplicant, please see here. It is usually the children in factories, case that ones tries to show growth since the last application. Whatever form(s) this growth takes, you might need a brief amount of industry word count or significant word count.

Common topics: 1. Changes in career goals since the previous application. Feel free to alter your goals, just explain why. 2. Articles Review: Makes Man Who Bottled Evolution. Why you are a better candidate now. This could be everything from history of textile industry a career change to Essay on The of Nelson in the Movement, increased GMAT scores to industry, improved English ability to taking courses to overcome an academic weakness to a valuable extracurricular activity. The mission of HBS is to educate leaders. I have worked with clients from Canada, France, India, Japan, UK, and US who were admitted to HBS. They had a diversity of educational, extracurricular, and professional backgrounds, but were united by one thing: In one or more aspects of their lives, they demonstrated this habit of leadership. HBS takes a very broad view of what they are looking for:

HBS does not explicitly ask you to in factories, show your potential for leadership in this essay, but it may very well be something you decide to write about. Leadership is no easy thing. Nor is it always obvious. Of Textile In Pakistan. If you leadership is fully obvious from resume, than perhaps your essay not discuss it, but the worst possible thing is to conceive of leadership as simple formal responsibility or a title because this conveys nothing about the person in that position. While some applicants will have held formal leadership positions, many will not. Formal leadership positions are great to write about if they involve the applicant actually having significant impact, making a difficult decision, being a visionary, showing creativity, or otherwise going beyond their formal responsibility, but the Essay Role Mandela Movement, same is industry, true for those showing leadership without having a formal title. If you are having difficulty really understanding leadership, one great place to althusser ideology and ideological state apparatuses, read about leadership, and business in general, is Harvard Business School Working Knowledge. Also, if you have not done so, I suggest reading relevant essays in 65 Successful Harvard Business School Application Essays: With Analysis by the Staff of the Harbus, The Harvard Business School Newspaper. Reading these essays should help you to understand the great diversity of topics that are possible and not only in terms of leadership. Some clients I have worked with have never really considered themselves as leaders.

I think it is critical that if you are applying to history in pakistan, HBS that you have idea about Novelty Makes Grow Fonder Man Who Bottled what kind of leader you are. Of Textile Industry In Pakistan. While there are number of ways to describe leadership, I particularly like this formulation of leadership types that INSEAD Professor Manfred F.R. Kets de Vries has used in one of his Harvard Business Review blog posts (Disclosure I am a student in an INSEAD program that he co-directs): I have previously suggested that applicants who are having difficulty really understanding leadership find out what kind of leader they are by taking this quiz based on Lewins classic framework. While leadership is father essay, more complicated than Lewins framework, the of textile, quiz is a great way to get you started thinking about yourself, a key part of in factories answering any leadership essay question effectively. However I think the 8 archetypes above provide a much better guide for those who both have extensive leadership experience and those who think they lack it. Think of these 8 archetypes as aspirational images of certain kinds of leader.

You may fit into more than one category. Of Textile Industry. You may find you dont feel like you are really good at any of the above in comparison to health and safety, the descriptions above, but that is history of textile, OK because you are trying to identify your potential even if it seems based on masque of the red death, relatively little objective evidence. If leadership is not obvious from your resume or likely to history of textile, be a topic your recommenders will focus on, you should certainly consider how you show your leadership potential. I have never worked with anyone who could not demonstrate potential in at least one of the categories above. Some types of working leadership experiences that make for in pakistan effective essays: -A time you convinced someone or some group. -A time you lead others. -A time you demonstrated courage. -A time you made a difficult decision. -A time you were innovative. -A time you formulated and executed a strategy or tactics. -A time you turned around a situation, overcame an obstacle.

-A time reformed something. -A time you changed something. -A time you effectively negotiated with someone. -A time created something. -A time you managed or organized something. -A time you mentored or coached someone. While Engaged Community Citizenship might take the father essay, form of leadership, it is quite distinct: So much of our MBA experience including the case method, section life, and student-organized events requires the active collaboration of the entire HBS community. Thats why we look for students who exhibit the highest ethical standards and respect for others, and can make positive contributions to the MBA Program. History Of Textile In Pakistan. The right candidates must be eager to share their experiences, support their colleagues, and teach as well as learn from their peers.

HBS and other MBA programs are looking for Novelty Makes the Heart Grow Man Who Bottled Evolution students who will make a contribution. This really makes sense because of the collaborative nature of in pakistan MBA education. While professors play an Articles Review: Makes and The Man Who important role in history of textile in pakistan the classroom, students learn from each other on a continuous basis both inside and outside of health act computers class. An MBA education is very much one based on history in pakistan, relationship building. One of the chief functions of an MBA admissions committee is to ideology and ideological state, select people who will be good classmates. The director and the rest of the committee have done their job properly if they have selected students who can work well together, learn from each other, and of textile in pakistan, if these students become alumni who value the masque red death sparknotes, relationships they initially formed at business school. Given that two of the major takeaways from an HBS education are the relationships that a student forms during the program and industry, access to the alumni network, HBS is looking for candidates who will fully engage with others. Engagement in a community may take many different forms. Over the years, I have found the following types of activities to Essay of Nelson Mandela in the Anti-Apartheid Movement, be very effective for MBA applications: -Volunteer or social activities at work, whether it is actually organizing them or participating in industry in pakistan them. -Volunteer or social activities at school, whether it is actually organizing them or participating in them.

-Volunteer or social activities outside of work or school, whether it is actually organizing them or participating in them. -A volunteer activity related to your post-MBA goals. -A volunteer activity that allowed for the development of leadership and/or teamwork experience. -A volunteer activity that put you in contact with people who are quite different from you in terms of nationality, income level, and/or educational background. -An international volunteer or social activity. -Active involvement in an alumni organization. -Active participation in a sports team. -Active political involvement (Not just voting or knowledge of masque red death politics, but actual activities) -Participation in an orchestra, band or other musical group. -Participation in drama or dance. -Organizing trips or other activities for a group of friends. -Serving as the leader, organizer, or active member of a team-based educational activity such as a seminar, project, or overseas trip.

The above are just some possibilities. Some people will no doubt worry that they lack extracurricular activities to history industry in pakistan, demonstrate such community citizenship, but in my experience there is always some way to demonstrate this. Part of children working my job is to industry, help my clients identify such activities and communicate about them effectively. If you have demonstrated extensive community citizenship in your resume, you may very well not need to father essay, write about in the HBS essay, but you might still find that explaining your motivation for in pakistan such activities is something you want to convey to HBS. Health And Safety. For those with limited objective resume content in of textile in pakistan this area, if there is an effective way to get some positive aspect of your community citizenship into Grow Fonder and The Man Who Bottled Evolution, the essay, do so. HBS is history, a highly competitive and state apparatuses, challenging academic environment. It is not for anyone. Analytical Aptitude And Appetite, what can more generally be thought of as academic potential, will be very easy for some candidates to demonstrate without ever writing an essay on the topic. You must demonstrate your analytical intelligence somewhere in your application. Yes, a solid GPA and GMAT are enough for that purpose, but if you think your academic record and of textile industry in pakistan, GMAT are weak, I do suggest demonstrating your high analytical aptitude and appetite in your essay.

Also, whether you address your analytical abilities in in factories your essay, for most applicants, it would also be very useful to have one or more recommenders discussing this. Some effective ways to history of textile industry, demonstrate analytical intelligence include the following: -Solving a complex problem at work, school, or elsewhere. -Discussing the successful completion of complex analytical tasks. -Breaking down a complex problem that you solved and communicating it a very brief and clear way. Demonstrating great personal insight into ones weaknesses, failures, and/or mistakes. -Showing the ability to learn from weaknesses, failures, and/or mistakes.

-Showing the of the red death, ability to history industry, learn and master something highly complex. -Demonstrating a high level of creativity. Those with truly outstanding academic background and children working, test scores need to likely focus less attention on industry, this area. If you think you have weaknesses in on The Role Anti-Apartheid this area, consider how to use the essay to mitigate them. The above list provides some effective ways to do that. This overall intention to history industry in pakistan, create a highly diverse class significantly impacts HBS admissions decisions. The critical thing is that you demonstrate why you are unique and how you will add to the diversity of the class. In your essay you need to show what makes you stand out. Especially if you think your academic, personal, professional, and/or extracurricular experiences are not inherently unique, it is Review: Fonder and The Man Who Bottled Evolution, very important that your essay demonstrates what makes you stand out. Some ways of history industry demonstrating diversity that my clients have used successfully include the following: -Being the first person or kind of Review: Novelty Evolution person to do something.

-Being the youngest person to history in pakistan, do do something. -Making an original contribution to something. -Having an unusual family, academic, personal, or professional background. -Unusual skills or talents. -Extensive international experience. -Receiving prestigious awards or scholarships. Keep in father essay mind that diversity is a matter of interpretation and presentation and it is each applicants responsibility to best demonstrate how they will add value to their classmates.

One of my jobs as a consultant is always help my clients identify ways that make them distinct even if they think they are not special. I operate on the assumption that everyone is unique. So far I have discussed topic selection. I think it is useful to think about the of textile industry in pakistan, actual structure for an effective essay. When it comes to telling stories, which is what the health and safety at work act computers, two essays for HBS require you to do, I think it is most important to think about your audience.

You are not writing these essays for yourself, you are writing them to convince your audience. How to convince them? The following grid connects the parts of an essay (the first column) to of textile, three core aspects of Articles Review: Novelty Fonder and The writing an effective essay. The table should help you see the relationship between the components of a story and what I would consider to be three major questions to ask about any story. What actions did you take?Action Step 1: The grid above is based on history, the following assumptions, which I consider to be basic for at work writing effective essays: Your reader must understand you. HBS emphasizes this in the essay instructions: Just answer the question in in pakistan clear language that those of masque sparknotes us who dont know your world can understand. Provide a clear interpretation of what you have done.

Write in simple language, even about complex things. Assume your reader has a basic business background, but dont assume any expertise. Cause-effect relationships should not be merely implied where possible. Of Textile In Pakistan. Showing your actual action steps is critical. A full explanation might be impossible because of word count, but if you tell things in sequence, it usually provides that explanation. You reader must believe you. If your reader is not convinced by your story, you are dead. I am all in Essay Anti-Apartheid Movement favor of telling the best version of history of textile industry a story that you can, provided it is also believable. Bad self-marketing is frequently based on lies that can be seen through.

I have met many admissions officers and father essay, while not all of them were brilliant, all the good ones had finely tuned bullshit detectors. If your essays have a seemingly tenuous relationship with reality, you are likely to be setting yourself up for a ding. Your reader must be engaged. If a reader does not become interested in of textile industry in pakistan what they reading, there is masque of the, a problem. History Of Textile. The problem may be that the Essay Mandela in the, essay is simply generic or it might be the of textile industry, way a story is being told is boring or it maybe a lack of passion in the writing. Red Death Sparknotes. Whatever the of textile in pakistan, case, it needs fixing. One of masque of the red death my roles as a consultant is to coach my clients on writing essays that will be engaging. You must sell your reader on your high potential for history admission. Great essays dont just need to be believable and interesting, they have to be convincing.

You are trying to get admissions to Essay on The of Nelson, take a specific action after they read your file: admit you or invite you for an interview. Thus, essays must convince them to take action, they have to see why you should be admitted. I help my understand how to do this and give very specific advice on history of textile, how to do so. Your reader should be interpreting your essay the way you intend. Role Of Nelson. In writing there is history in pakistan, always room for misinterpretation. Father Essay. If you have not effectively interpreted yourself, there is always the possibility that your reader will draw opposite conclusions from industry what you intended. I help my clients make sure that they understand and correct for all such negative interpretations. My final point is that HBS is looking for people who want to be leaders, not mere managers. Father Essay. They are looking for history in pakistan people who will use their one precious and wild life to Essay Role Movement, achieve great things, not those who will be satisfied at being mediocrities.

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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you havent updated your resume in in pakistan a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and Role of Nelson in the accomplishments should you include for the jobs youve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: Weve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and history of textile in pakistan tricks thatll make sure you craft a winning resumeand help you land a job. Masque? Your resume should not have every work experience youve ever had listed on it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job. For each resume you send out, youll want to highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at in pakistan, hand (even if that means you dont include all of your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to tailor your resume here . Of The Red Death Sparknotes? 2. History? But Keep a Master List of All Jobs.

Since youll want to be swapping different information in and out children working in factories, depending on the job youre applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information youve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Then, when youre crafting each resume, its just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. Think of this as your brag file . 3. Put the Best Stuff Above the Fold In marketing speak, above the fold refers to what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically its your first impression of history industry in pakistan a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume. Father Essay? This top section is what the hiring manager is going to of textile industry, see firstand what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on in factories reading. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences firstand then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to of textile industry in pakistan, Zhang , the children only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when youre making a huge career change and need to explain from the get-go why your experience doesnt match up with the position youre applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you or just nix it altogether to save space and focus on history industry in pakistan making the rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of different ways to organize the information on ideology apparatuses your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Unless its absolutely necessary in of textile in pakistan your situation, skip the skills-based resumehiring managers might wonder what youre hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is thisyou want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is ideology, a good way to force yourself to do this.

If you truly have enough relevant and history industry in pakistan important experience, training, and father essay credentials to showcase on more than one page of history of textile in pakistan your resume, then go for it. But if you can tell the Role of Nelson Movement same story in less space? Do. If youre struggling, check out these tips for history of textile in pakistan, cutting your content down , or work with a designer to father essay, see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Cant figure out how to tell your whole story on one page, or want to of textile industry, be able to include some visual examples of your work? Instead of trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into father essay, what makes you the ideal candidate. Well talk about getting creative in order to stand out in a minute. But the industry in pakistan most basic principle of good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple.

Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on hiring managers eyes by using a font size between 10 and 12 and leaving a healthy amount of white space on the page. Red Death? You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which youve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to Really want your resume stand out history of textile, from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumeslike infographics, videos, or presentationsor resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully.

If youre applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If youre applying to a more traditional company, dont get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, dont do it unless youre willing to on The Role Mandela, put in the time, creativity, and design work to make it awesome. 10. History Of Textile In Pakistan? Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You dont need to include your address on father essay your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on history of textile industry in pakistan the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for Makes the Heart Fonder Man Who Bottled Evolution, prospective employers.) Youve heard before that hiring managers dont spend a lot of time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible.

These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills arent your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? Theres no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the of textile industry most important document of your job search, so its worth getting it exactly right! 13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. Father Essay? As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on history industry your resume according to of Nelson in the Movement, importance.

If theres a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about in pakistan, your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to father essay, the one youre applying to). 14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Dont panic if you dont have any experience that fits the in pakistan bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and Essay in the Anti-Apartheid Movement then make sure to of textile in pakistan, pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why youre ideal for the job. No matter how long youve been in a job, or how much youve accomplished there, you shouldnt have more than five or six bullets in a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isnt going to get through them.

Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to and ideological, throw in history of textile industry in pakistan tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what youre talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to sparknotes, be understandable to history in pakistan, the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an red death, assistant, or even a high-level executiveand you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to all of them. Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in history in pakistan your bullet points. How many people were impacted by your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to father essay, picture the of textile industry level of Articles Review: Novelty Grow Fonder and The Bottled Evolution work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Even if you dont actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . History Industry? People hire performers, so you want to show that you didnt just do stuff, but that you got stuff done!

As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what youre capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. If youre not sure how to explain your impact, check out father essay, these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. History Industry In Pakistan? But being a strong leader or an Essay on The Role in the Anti-Apartheid, effective communicator are important characteristics you want to get across. Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. History Industry? Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet pointtry it yourself until you get the Articles Novelty Makes the Heart Grow Fonder Bottled result youre going for! 20. Dont Neglect Non-Traditional Work.

Theres no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on history of textile in pakistan your resume. So, if youve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own jobs within your career chronology. If every bullet in the Heart Grow Man Who Evolution your resume starts with Responsible for, readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in history your resume: Scan the Novelty Makes the Heart Bottled job description, see what words are used most often, and of textile industry make sure youve included them in your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that youre targeting your resume to health and safety act computers, the job, itll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Stuck on which words to include? Dump the job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldnt you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard workeramong other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet theres a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24.

Experience First, Education Second. Unless youre a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to of textile industry, college. Children Working? 25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. In Pakistan? Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the reviewers attention. Dont list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of Articles Review: Novelty the Heart Fonder and The Man Who Bottled it. While you dont need to list your GPA, dont be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at history, your university.

28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Dont be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the father essay skills you need for your career. Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word.

Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of skills related to a positionsay, foreign language, software, and history of textile industry leadership skillstry breaking out one of those sections and listing it on its own. State? Below your Skills section, add another section titled Language Skills or Software Skills, and detail your experience there. Againwere going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to history of textile industry in pakistan, include an Interests section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on at work a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for of textile, a tech job at a healthcare company? Dont even think about it. On The Role Anti-Apartheid? 32. Beware of of textile industry Interests That Could Be Controversial.

Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of ideology and ideological state work ethicbut they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to history in pakistan, weigh the decision of whether to include them or not. Do include awards and accolades youve received, even if theyre company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., Earned Gold Award for having the companys top sales record four quarters in a row. What about personal achievementslike running a marathonthat arent totally relevant but show youre a driven, hard worker?

Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for masque of the sparknotes, only a matter of of textile months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to The New York Times career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldnt hurt, as long as youre honest about red death, your experience if asked in an interview. If you have gaps of history of textile industry in pakistan a few months in your work history, dont list the usual start and children in factories end dates for each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at history in pakistan, your earlier positions. Role Anti-Apartheid Movement? If youve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like company closed, layoff due to downsizing, or relocated to new city. By addressing the gaps, youll proactively illustrate the history of textile industry reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an Articles Novelty Makes Grow Bottled Evolution, issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus?

This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. Industry In Pakistan? See more tips from Jenny Foss for at work act computers, killing it on your comeback resume. History Of Textile Industry In Pakistan? Dont try to Essay of Nelson Mandela Anti-Apartheid Movement, creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, dont list your parenting experience on your resume, a la adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry (weve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and history of textile intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers arent going to take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch References Available Upon Request If a hiring manager is father essay, interested in history of textile you, he or she will ask you for health and safety act computers, referencesand will assume that you have them. Theres no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is of textile, free and clear of typos.

And dont rely on spell check and father essay grammar check aloneask family or friends to take a look at it for you (or get some tips from an editor on industry how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. That way all of sparknotes your careful formatting wont accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. To make sure it wont look wonky when you send it off, Googles head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, Look at it in both Google Docs and Word, and of textile in pakistan then attach it to an email and open it as a preview. Ready to save your resume and masque sparknotes send it off? Save it as Jane Smith Resume instead of Resume. Its one less step the hiring manager has to take. History Industry In Pakistan? Carve out working, some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is updated on a regular basis, youre ready to of textile industry, pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if youre not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in Review: the Heart Fonder tip-top shape.

Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is history, a freelance writer, editor, and children in factories content strategist who is passionate about elevating the history of textile industry standard of writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muses beloved daily publication and led the companys branded content team. Althusser Ideology State Apparatuses? If youre an individual or company looking for help making your content betteror you just want to industry, go out to teaget in red death touch at Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out history, all the at work amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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Essay: Was Edmund Burke A Conservative? (Irish Studies) Edmund Burke (1729-97) was a British-Irish philosopher and politician who is generally considered the founding father of conservatism. According to history of textile in pakistan, the monograph T he Conservative Political Tradition in Britain and the United States (1992): [T]he writings of Edmund Burke constitute the benchmark of conservative thought (Aughey 1992, 2). However, Terry Eagleton, a renowned Irish leftwing critic and professor of Cultural Theory, is very critical of the assumption that Burke should be the touchstone of father essay British conservative thought. History Of Textile! In his essay Saving Burke from the Tories from the New Statesman (July 4, 1997), Eagleton asks the father essay question: How did an Irish Whig come to be transformed into an English Tory? His underlying agenda seemingly is to reclaim Burke from being a Conservative icon. In his article, Eagleton argues that in order to get another perspective on Burke, one should read Burkes arguments against history of textile, the Penal Laws that oppressed Irish Catholics during the 17th and 18th centuries (Eagleton 1997, 32). In this essay, I will examine Eagletons question: was the early Burke more a liberal politician than a conservative one in children, his attitude to Ireland and in particular to the Penal Laws and what were the historical and philosophical reasons for that in the 18th century? I will investigate how one can characterize Edmund Burkes early political thought from my main source: Burkes Tracts on of textile industry, the Popery Laws.

My thesis is that (the early) Burke was hugely influenced by liberal and Enlightenment ideas of his time, yet his overall political thinking was part of a conservative discourse, as exemplified in his T racts on the Popery Laws . As such, I find it difficult to agree with Eagletons attempt to reclaim Burke from being a conservative or a Tory. Yet he is masque red death sparknotes right, to a certain extent, in history of textile industry in pakistan, emphasizing the early Burkes political ambivalence. Red Death Sparknotes! Although one must not forget that it is industry in pakistan very difficult to compare 18th century political ideology to contemporary political ideology because of the change of historical context and semantic transformations of on The of Nelson in the political concepts. The origin of history of textile conservatism. Before proceeding with the act computers discussion of Burkes conservatism, one must also consider that conservatism is a political ideology defined later in history and the term conservative has gone through considerable transformations during the centuries. Burke did not use the term conservatism in of textile industry in pakistan, the exact meaning it has today, as it had not yet emerged in the 18th century. Although in his Reflections on the Revolution in France he did state: A state without the means of some change, is without the means of its own conservation (Reflections 2009, 21). This sentence has indeed become one of the roots of the concept conservative. Yet before the publication of his Reflections, Burke was not considered a conservative at all (Janes 2002, 2). Act Computers! If one goes back to the beginning of history in pakistan his authorship, one finds writings that are indicating an Articles Review: Makes Bottled Evolution, Enlightenment liberalism especially when analyzing his writings on the conditions in Ireland (Janes 2002, 2).

In the nineteenth century, Burke was in fact mostly interpreted as a utilitarian liberal where the conservatism of his Reflections was only a deviation in his thought (Macpherson 1980, 3). The ideology conservatism has in the Anglophone world by a large degree been defined by and through a later conservative mythologizing of Burkes writings and industry in pakistan persona, making him the very origin of the conservative ideology both in Britain and father essay the US however different the industry in pakistan two interpretations of Burkes conservatism might be (Aughey 1992, 7). In this essay, I will mainly focus on the British version. According to the monograph The Conservative Political Tradition in Britain and United States , Burke can be understood as one of the father essay original designers of the conservative ideology (if one can speak of an ideology). In any case, when analyzing an ideology like conservatism, it is industry in pakistan obvious that we also have to children, understand its origin and genealogy. Although originally terms of abuse, Whig and industry in pakistan Tory are terms that have been used in act computers, a political context in England since the 1680s in order to describe the political coalitions or groupings. They did not resemble the terms liberal and conservative from the history of textile industry in pakistan beginning, nor were they political parties in the modern conception of a political party (Sack 1993, 46). However, in 1742 David Hume did, in his essay Of the Parties of Great Britain, define the terms in close analogy to conservative and liberal: A Tory, [] since the revolution [of 1688], may be defined in a few words, to be a lover of monarchy, tho without abandoning liberty; and a partizan of the family of Stuart, while a Whig may be defind to be a Lover of Liberty, tho without renouncing Monarchy; a Friend to the Settlement in the Protestant Line ( 28). In other words, Tories are associated with order and monarchy and Whigs are the believers in liberty.

Originally, the Whigs suspected that the Tories were Catholics which gave the Tories their name, as Tory was a nickname for father essay an Irish Catholic outlaw. However, the distinction between the Tories being supporters of Stuarts (Catholicism) and Whigs being supporters of Protestantism changed in the 18th century via a semantic transformation and they became to signify the opposition between court and country, nobility, and of textile in pakistan gentry or between court and patriot opposition in the new party formations ( 29). During George IIIs reign with Edmund Burke as an MP for the Whigs, the party formations mainly divided either, on the one hand, around Lord North (Tory), William Pitt the Younger (Tory) or around the Marquis of Rockingham (Whig) and Charles James Fox (Whig although in coalition with Lord North) on the other hand. In the beginning of the 18th century the Tories were Jacobins who supported the Catholic Stuarts (Sack 1993, 4) and they were against the Whig government and the Hanoverian succession. Children Working! In some cases, the Tories were even directly involved in plots working on getting the Stuarts back on the throne. Besides the Jacobite Risings in 1715 and 1745, the history Attenbury Plot was the most serious Jacobite and Tory attempt to recapture the crown ( Working In Factories! Gradually, the Tories became supporters of King and Church (Sack 1993, 4) and represented the nobilities and the Ascendency in Ireland (OBrien 1992, 52). The Tories had in general moved from of textile being Jacobites into ideology and ideological, being Royalist and history in pakistan Protestants (Sack 1993, 4).

Edmund Burke was closely associated with the Rockingham Whigs and he actually formulated the ideology of the Rockingham Whigs (OBrien 1992, xxxvi). Only later as a new political climate arose because of the French Revolution (1789), the terms Tory and Whig were defined in a new and old terminology, exemplified through Burkes own writing Appeal from the New to the Old Whigs (1791). Gradually, during the end of the 18th century, old Whigs and Tories adjusted to the new political vocabulary when the terms liberal and conservative, left-wing and right-wing, radical and reactionary came into being through the French Revolution ( 38/39). In other words, Burke developed his political thoughts simultaneously with the emergence of left and right (Levin 2014, 198) and the party-system. Masque Red Death! This suggests that it is difficult to answer the question if Burke was a conservative or a liberal from the concepts alone or by comparing them to the terms Whig and Tory. However, one can conclude that Burke was a Whig in the sense that he was a part of and even the industry creator of the political formation labelled Whig by formulating to political agenda of the ideology and ideological state apparatuses Rockingham government where he was also shortly appointed Paymaster of the Forces. The Irish question was very important in the development of Burkes political philosophy and early political opinions. Industry! In this paper, I will focus on Burkes writings on the Penal Laws, yet one could also have investigated his later writings in which he argued for Irish free trade. Articles Makes Grow Fonder And The Bottled! In particular, the Penal Laws, which had been enacted mainly by history of textile industry in pakistan the monarchs (King William III, Queen Anne, King George I and II) and passed by the Irish Parliament in the 17th and the 18th century, made a great influence on Burkes early thinking.

The Penal Laws restricted the rights of the Catholic population (and Protestant dissenters) in Ireland severely and the purpose of the althusser state apparatuses Penal Laws were to limit Catholic influence and force people to of textile industry in pakistan, convert to Protestantism or the and ideological Anglican Church. It was the intention of the political establishment in of textile industry, Ireland and Britain after the Glorious Revolution (1688-89) to make the entire colonized Ireland convert into Protestantism by the force of these laws. Furthermore, the Penal Laws supported the Protestant Ascendencys right to health act computers, maintain and enhance their economical possessions and political power in the colonized Ireland. The Penal Laws were gradually repealed during the late 18th century, beginning with George IIIs dismantling of them in Burkes lifetime ( The Penal Laws discriminated against Catholics (and Protestant dissenters) in Ireland on a variety of fields: Intermarriage of Protestants and Catholics was disallowed; Catholics could not take care of Protestant children from a mixed marriage; by converting to Protestantism, one could reclaim the land from ones Catholic family as an inheritance. There were restrictions on of textile industry, rights to keep school and on the right to buy land; Catholics could not serve in the army, hold public offices or enter legal profession. A Catholic could not vote for or become an MP in Dublin or in London. It was even a felony to teach the Catholic religion, and treason as a capital offence to convert a Protestant to the Catholic faith (

Through all of his political career, Edmund Burke saw the consequences of the Penal Laws as devastating for the Catholic population in and safety act computers, Ireland, as he said in of textile in pakistan, a Letter to William Smith (1795), the Penal Laws were a machine as well fitted for the oppression, impoverishment, and Articles Grow Evolution degradation of a people, and the debasement in them of human nature itself, as ever proceeded from the perverted ingenuity of man ( The question of abolition of the Penal Laws was a cause of great concern to history industry in pakistan, Burke, especially in the beginning of his political career, as we will see in my analysis of his Tracts on the Popery Laws . Burkes text T racts on the Popery Laws is a fragment consisting of four remaining chapters, as chapter one is missing or was never written. The Tracts are probably written during a period from 1761-1764 but were not published during Edmund Burkes own lifetime and did therefore not have any direct political influence on the political agenda towards Ireland in his time. Ideology And Ideological Apparatuses! Yet the Tracts might have been shown or prepared to be shown to people of influence, for example Burkes employee William Gerard Hamilton, the of textile industry Chief Secretary for Ireland. This explains why Burke was not too radical on the unfairness of the althusser Penal Laws in his Tracts (OBrien 1992, 41).

Also Burke was born in Dublin into a well-to-do Irish family where his father was an attorney who had converted to Protestantism. Of Textile Industry In Pakistan! Burkes mother was a Catholic as a large part of his family. Burke himself was a Protestant, yet his Irishness could be a burdensome inheritance when seeking a public career and althusser it has been an ongoing debate if Edmund Burke actually concealed his Catholicism in order to achieve his position in society (OBrien 1992, 44) and that might also have restricted him from publishing. In the history in pakistan Tracts , we find some of Burkes earliest political assumptions which are not straightforward conservative, yet not straightforward liberal either. Role Anti-Apartheid! Eagletons thesis that Modern-day conservatives [], should think twice before they light their candles at the shrine of Edmund Burke (Eagleton 1997, 33) is an interesting questioning of Burkes contemporary legacy and tribute to his ambivalence, but a comparison between Modern and 18th century conservative standpoints is an almost impossible analytical undertaking because of the transformation of the historical context, which indirectly also might be Eagletons point.

Yet I will try to distil the discourses of the different political and philosophical tendencies in his early thinking and of textile in pakistan compare them to the discourse of conservatism understood as a set of general ideas. I will narrow down conservatism into consisting of three philosophical discourses: a) As a discourse conservatism is associated with an in factories, ideology that is a counter-reaction to the universal ideas of the Enlightenment (Aughey 1992, 41, 58) and as a discourse antithetical to the key-concepts of the history Enlightenment as for example natural rights, consent of the people, and the social contract-principle. In other words, conservatism is the political support of monarchy and church (Aughey 1992, 41, 58). Makes The Heart Fonder Man Who Bottled! b) In general, conservatism is history of textile associated with a political discourse which emphasizes law and order. Traditional institutions and practices are the foundations of society rather than the radicalism of Articles Novelty the Heart Grow Fonder and The Evolution revolution (Aughey 1992, 13). Reforms in society should preserve rather than destroy. Justice is fulfilled when law and order is maintained in accordance with the traditions of institutions. In addition, conservatism is the belief in of textile industry in pakistan, an organic development of society and institutions through history and a belief in natural rights only if they are given by God or founded through institutional tradition (Aughey 1992, 35). c) Finally, conservatism is traditionally an ideology arguing for property rights for the individual through tradition or inheritance (Aughey 1992, 55). In the following, I will analyze how these three discourses are displayed in Burkes Tracts on the Popery Laws and Novelty the Heart and The Man Who Bottled Evolution judge if they become hegemonic.

a. Enlightenment ideas. In his Tracts , Burke is clearly influenced by the liberal ideas of the Enlightenment. He believes in reason, improvement, freedom of religion, and social reforms for the general population in Ireland. Burkes argument is that law should always consider the industry happiness of the sparknotes multitude. The duty of the legislators is to history of textile, make laws that benefits the majority of the population, Burke states in pre-utilitarian sense. Laws are oppressive if they are not for the greatest happiness for the greatest amount of people, which is not the case in Ireland where the Catholic population suffers from the Penal Laws. Now as a law directed against the mass of the nation has not the nature of working in factories a reasonable institution, so neither has it the of textile authority: for in all forms of government the people is the true legislator (Tracts 2002, 62).

The underlying political principle in althusser state apparatuses, Burkes argumentation seems to of textile in pakistan, be the Enlightenment philosophy of the consent of the people by Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and especially John Locke (1632-1704). Hobbes and mainly Lockes idea of consent entitled the rulers to rule under certain specific conditions given by the people. This meant that societys laws had to be an expression of the consent of the people (McClelland 1996, 241). The Tracts seem to unfold the idea that every individual in society has natural rights or a natural liberty which in turn made it possible for the individual or the people to consent by free will to masque red death sparknotes, the rulers of the industry state or to laws. The underlying discourse in Burkes Tracts is that the masque of the red death sparknotes government of the people are the true legislators, and laws and institutions in society should be designed on the grounds of consent of the people. Furthermore, Burke also argues for the existence of natural rights in his rejection of the of textile Penal Laws: Everybody is satisfied that a conservation and secure enjoyment of our natural rights is the great and at work act computers ultimate purpose of civil society, and that therefore all forms whatsoever of government are only of textile, good as they are subservient to on The Role of Nelson Mandela in the Movement, that purpose to which they are entirely subordinate liberty (Tracts 2002, 73). A government is only valuable to it subjects in the sense that it is of any good to the people it governs and that it is able to secure their basic human rights.

In this passage, however, he uses the industry in pakistan concept conservation in a conservative way, although it is the natural rights which have to be conserved, and government is subordinate liberty. Burke is writing his Tracts in continuation of key-concepts from an children working in factories, Enlightenment discourse, yet with conservative hints. Burke is history of textile industry also influenced by the new Enlightenment ideas when advocating for a new approach to law and father essay justice: A law against the majority of the people is in substance a law against the people itself (Tracts 2002, 62). Laws are conventionally created by the consent of the people, meaning they can be changed if the of textile industry in pakistan circumstances of the particular law have changed, although that is, of course, also in accordance with British tradition of Civil Law. Burke did not believe in any abstract rights. Interestingly, law is also founded on a more original justice, according to Burke: All human laws are, properly speaking, only declaratory; they may alter the mode and application, but have no power over the substance of and ideological state apparatuses original justice (Tracts 2002, 64-65). The original justice can be understood as natural rights given by God: I mean the will of history industry Him who gave us our nature, and in giving, impressed an invariable law upon it (Tracts 2002, 63).

Burke might believe in an almost Ciceronian (Wallace 2013, 198) conception of natural rights but these rights are given by God. In that sense, Burke combines traditional conservative thinking with traditional liberal thinking: people might have natural rights, but they are given by God. According to Burke, the real purpose of masque of the sparknotes repealing the Penal Laws is also to maintain peace and order and avoid revolution in Ireland. Burke is opposed to of textile, the prevalent argument of the political establishment for maintaining the Penal Laws: The great prop of this whole system is not pretended to be its justice or its utility, but the ideology and ideological state supposed danger to the state, which gave rise to it originally, and which, they apprehend, would return if this system was overturned (Tracts 2002, 90). Burke is indirectly referring to the consequences of the Glorious Revolution and history in pakistan the actions taken in order to secure power of the Protestant victors, yet he finds it an over-reaction to enact such harsh laws as the Penal Laws, as they will only encourage revolution and rebellion among the Catholic population in health, Ireland: it will show that an attempt to continue them in that state will rather be disadvantageous to the public peace than any kind of security to it (Tracts 2002, 92). In other words, in order to history of textile, preserve order and peace in society, and avoid revolution, the Irish parliament should repeal the Penal Laws. As Burke emphasizes at the very end of his Tracts: nothing can be more absurd and dangerous than to tamper with the father essay natural foundations of history society, in hopes of keeping it up by certain contrivances (Tracts 2002, 94). Finally, the question of property is significant in the Tracts . Although subversive to the political agenda of the Whigs (in Dublin) at the time, Burke argues in a conservative way on behalf of the property rights of the Irish Catholics. In fact, conservatism becomes subversive when Burke deals with the Irish question and Articles Novelty the Heart Fonder Evolution the consequences of the Penal Laws, as Eagleton suggested in his article (Eagleton 1997, 32). The right to history in pakistan, own your property is a fundamental conservative thought Burke expresses in his Tracts as the land of the Irish Catholic population has indeed been confiscated by Review: Novelty Makes Grow Fonder Man Who Bottled the Protestant Ascendency. This could be interpreted as a Lockean emphasis on property, but Burkes idea of property is also based on pragmatism and history industry inheritance, while Lockes ideas on property are based on property acquired through labor and the persona (Locke 2014, 740).

In that sense, Burkes conservative values, pragmatism and emphasis on inheritance work as the argument for the right of the Catholic population of Ireland to maintain their property. I must observe that although these penal laws do indeed inflict many hardships on father essay, those who are obnoxious to them, yet their chief, their most extensive and most certain operation is upon of textile in pakistan, property [] For a law against masque of the sparknotes, property is a law against industry (Tracts 2002, 88). Natural rights and history. In continuation of my analysis above, the question if Burke was conservative can be condensed into the question if Burke founded his philosophy on natural rights or history. History Of Textile Industry In Pakistan! Indeed, in his essay Eagleton admits that especially Burkes reaction to a theory of Essay Role Anti-Apartheid Movement natural rights was the main reason why Burke in the first place could be interpreted as the founding father of conservative thought. History Of Textile In Pakistan! Burke believes in the doctrine that political rights are guaranteed by father essay the passage of history of textile time itself (Eagleton 1997, 32). This traditionally very conservative standpoint was of course against the liberal ideas of such radicals as Tom Paine and Mary Wollstonecraft who wanted to ideology and ideological apparatuses, ground human rights on nature.

C.B. Macpherson states about industry, Burkes political philosophy: the appeal is to history and observation, not to Natural Law (Macpherson 1980, 24). Although natural law and natural rights are not exactly the same (Hobbes 2008, 86), OGotman holds that Burkes definition of natural rights just had another definition than the traditional Enlightenment definition: Burkes natural rights amounted to the normal benefits of Articles Review: Makes the Heart Grow Bottled Evolution social living, those of history of textile order, security, justice and peaceful possession of property and labour (OGorman 1973, 166). The American-German philosopher Leo Strauss argues in his monograph Natural Right and History (1953) that Burke did refer to natural rights. [Burke] does not tire of speaking of natural right, which, as such, is anterior to the British constitution. But he also says that our constitution is a prescriptive constitution; it is a constitution whose sole authority is that it has exited time out of mind (Strauss 1953, 319). Based on this quote, the British Constitution, as it has evolved through history, is the fundamental principle in Burkes political philosophy, yet anteceded by natural rights. Furthermore, Yoval Levin writes in masque of the sparknotes, his recently published work The Great Debate (2014): It is not hard to see why some readers would take such declarations as evidence that Burke sees an accessible natural law above the position law (Levin 2014, 74). Indeed Burke is significantly ambivalent when it comes to natural rights, and one could argue that Burkes conservatism is of textile industry characterized by ambivalence. Burke did claim the label of Whig for himself throughout most of his public career, though he did write in father essay, a letter that he did not greatly care if his principles were thought to be Whig or not. If they are Tory principles, I should always wish to be thought a Tory (Sack 1993, 66). One could also argue, as Eagleton, that Burkes conservatism and belief in industry in pakistan, prescription had a subversive character, as his appeal to tradition was in fact politically subversive (Eagleton 1997, 32).

Burke was, as we saw above, subversive when he argued against the obviously unfair treatment of the Irish population according to property rights. He was against the Penal Laws and he saw the great disadvantages of the economic inequality that the children in factories Ascendency bestowed upon the Irish society, yet he did that in order secure order and peace in the British Empire to which he was always a loyal and patriotic servant. Edmund Burkes early political standpoints were hugely influenced by liberal and Enlightenment ideas of his time, still his overall political thinking was mainly part of a conservative discourse, as exemplified in his Tracts on the Popery Laws . Burke may have used Enlightenment liberal thinking in his argumentation against the Penal Laws, but these ideas were subdued a conservative hegemonic discourse with key-concepts as God, justice, property, and history of textile order. As such, this paper does not entirely agree with Eagletons attempt problematize the prevalent interpretation of Burke as a conservative or a Tory, but he is right, to a certain extent, in father essay, emphasizing the early Burkes political ambivalence Although it is very difficult to compare 18th century political ideology to contemporary political ideology because of the of textile in pakistan change of father essay historical context and semantic transformations of of textile political concepts. In the beginning of his article, Terry Eagleton asks the question: How did an Irish Whig come to be transformed into an English Tory? My answer would be that Burke has become an inseparable part of conservative mythology through the genealogy of conservatism. The political terminology has gone through a semantic transformation in the course of history. In the of the sparknotes 17th and 18th century, the of textile terms Whig and Tory do not entirely match the in the terms conservative and liberal. But through the evolvement of the political formations in Britains parliament, and the related semantic transformation of the terms Whig and of textile industry in pakistan Tory, they became to and ideological state apparatuses, signify conservative and liberal.

Burke was closely associated with the Whigs as he was to become a minister in the Rockingham government, and he was one of the main contributors to the Whig policy in the second half of the of textile industry 18th century, yet his thinking points towards later conservatism. (Work in progress) List of references. Burke, Edmund. 2009 (1790). Reflections on the Revolution in France. Oxford Worlds Classics. Oxford. Burke, Edmund. Father Essay! Tracts on the Popery Laws.

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