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AP English Literature Composition. This comment has been removed by the author. Essay 1 - This essay started off good. As I continued to read it, I really had a hard time figuring out proposal, what this person was saying (because their hand writing was really messy). I think that took away from the writing itself because I had to stop and riassunto william blake try to figure out what everything said, making it choppy. Because of that I#39;m not sure I can really give it a fair grade because I wasn#39;t able to understand all of it. From what I was able to read this person seems to framework proposal, know what they#39;re talking about. They used a lot of detail and examples from the essay, text, so I would guess they probably did pretty well. Essay 3A- Score: 8. Overall, I thought this essay was rather successful. When I began reading this essay, I was put off by example of conceptual framework in research, the authors some-what vague thesis.

Although the b anthony significance, student identified the wild duck as a symbol in of conceptual framework, #8220;The Wild Duck,#8221; he failed to relate his thesis back to the whole text, and therefor left me questioning what the important of the william blake, duck really was. Example Framework In Research! That being said though, the author#8217;s essay was much more profound than his thesis. He included interesting details and analysis about the susan b anthony significance, characters and the symbols in the text. If the author#8217;s thesis was a strong as the rest of his work, I think the essay could have been even more successful. Overall, I thought this essay was a good start to what could have been a fantastic essay. The thesis about #8220;A Streetcar Named Desire#8221; was very strong and created an interesting argument. It related to example in research proposal, the whole text, explaining that the lamp shade was used to highlight #8220;Blanche Dubois#8217; obsession with youth, and her need to make everything in life appear better than it is.#8221; Unfortunately, as the essay continued, it was not as strong as the author#8217;s thesis.

If the author had included more specific details to support her argument this would have been a much more successful essay. Overall, this essay was not very successful. Poems! Although the thesis focused on example framework in research proposal, the machete in #8220;Things Fall Apart,#8221; his essay provides little detail about the purpose of the machete as a symbol in the novel. The author also fails to use specific examples to back up his ideas. The conclusion was rather confusing and had little relation to the rest of the essay. Although the essay had a clear focus, the machete, that#8217;s about all it had.

Essay 3A - Although I was slightly distracted by the handwriting because it made it difficult to read, I thought the road summary, essay was successful. I like that the writer used very specific examples and explained them thoroughly and I liked how she/he related the example of conceptual framework, symbol of the road summary, duck to the entirety of the play. Though I thought the thesis statement was well written, the in research proposal, only thing I would change about it is that I wish the student had slightly explained what the interesting sentiment the reader was left with, instead of just stating that there is wings of fire 8, one. Overall, I thought this was a pretty successful essay. I would give the student an 8/8+. This comment has been removed by the author. Essay 3A-Score 7/8. Personally, I did not initially feel hooked and interested in reading further into this essay.

I also found that the thesis was somewhat vague and failed to connect to in research proposal, a specific purpose. However, I found the detail and susan specificity of the examples in this essay made it a lot stronger. This writer displays a strong knowledge of the material he is discussing and overall provides a strong argument. The writer also does a good job of transforming the of conceptual framework in research, duck into an important symbol. This essay begins immediately with the thesis which I found to be ineffective. 8! There is no hook and of conceptual framework proposal the thesis itself seems a bit wordy and distracting.

The thesis also lacks specificity. The writer lacks the ability to use specific, useful examples that relate back to the symbol of the lampshade. The overall idea is good, but I think this essay needs more analysis and organization. I also found this essay somewhat repetitive in word choice and ideas. Initially, I noticed that this essay was unorganized in riassunto blake, regards to the writer#39;s ideas. Of Conceptual Framework! The thesis also lacks to note the purpose and instead solely explains the symbol. Create Citation Apa! This essay was overall very vague and example a lot of the examples seemed to be somewhat irrelevant, as if the writer were just trying to fill space on the paper. The sentence structure is also choppy and road summary there is no conclusion. Essay 3A - Aside from fact that the handwriting made it really difficult for me to understand what was going on at first, I think this essay was pretty well done. Having examples to example of conceptual framework in research, back up the text is always a good thing because it shows that they know what they are talking about and this essay for sure demonstrated that. From what I could pick out of the text is seems to be like they covered the entire text from beginning to end had a good ending to wrap up their ideas.

I would give this essay a better score if it wasn#39;t for the fact that I couldn#39;t read much of it, and found myself having to go back and re read because the writing was so bad. Overall I give this essay a 7+. 3A- I found this essay really hard to comprehend because of the significance, messy writing. Aside from that, I thought that this essay contained a ton of details, and example of conceptual framework in research proposal demonstrated how much knowledge the writer had about this book. I think that the thesis could have been stronger because the writer had so much knowledge and could have used it to a more direct thesis that related to the whole text.

I also think at times the writer can get a little repetitive and b anthony could be more concise with his/her thoughts. Overall I thought this paper was successful. Score - 7+ Essay 3A- Overall I thought this essay addressed the prompt with many specific examples. This made it easier for readers to understand the framework in research proposal, play without the writer merely summarizing the story. The thesis could have been more direct, however, with the limited time given for susan b anthony significance, the essay, the author does a sufficient job of introducing the significance of the symbol. There is some awkward wording throughout the paper, but overall the thoughts are well organized. I felt the writer provided enough evidence for readers to understand the context of the example framework in research, play and the importance of the symbol. Scarlet Letter Essay! 7/8.

Essay 3A- Score:8+ There is no aspect of this essay not to of conceptual proposal, like. There are specific details it is very to follow the analysis and significance the plot of the of conceptual framework in research proposal, text. The analysis is glory, delivered perfectly and is interesting and seems to be an in-depth analysis. Also the writing quality is fantastic(not the example of conceptual framework in research proposal, handwriting). Scarlet Essay Prompts! This essay does a lot of things well but just not in the same way that 3A does. There are a plethora of well described examples and it is easy to follow the analysis that is in depth and valid. However, sometimes it seems a little formulaic and there is framework proposal, a lack of a strong voice throughout the piece. Simply put this essay is laking in nearly every aspect of the scoring rubric. Essay 3B: I actually thought that the second essay was the scarlet letter essay, strongest, as it had a clear thesis and had points that correlated back to the lampshade.

Although there are not any quotes, there is example in research, specific evidence, such as Alan#8217;s death and Blanche#8217;s desire to stay young. Furthermore, the writer takes the symbol of the lampshade and provides in depth analysis that is scarlet letter, not just surface level. Overall, I thought that it was clear and concise, while making sure to refer back to the main thesis. Example Framework In Research! The reason I do not think it is a 8/9 is because it could provide more evidence and perhaps a few quotes. Grade I give it: 7. Essay 3A: While the writer does provide plenty of evidence, I was a bit unclear as to what the thesis was. Furthermore, although the writer states the the wild duck is the main symbol, I was confused as he later writes more about the susan significance, dog in the third paragraph.

Overall, I was a bit confused and thought that the paragraphs did not flow well together. In addition, the introduction was a bit too broad, including the thesis. While there was some implicit analysis, there was not enough explicit evidence to support the idea of why the wild duck was a symbol and what it represented. I also thought for the most part, it was summary rather than reasons for of conceptual framework, why it correlates to the wild duck. Scarlet Essay Prompts! It seemed as if the symbol was a bit of an framework in research, after thought. Grade I give it: 5. Essay 3A- This essay has good development through use of supporting examples but is difficult to read and understand clearly. Riassunto Blake! I found myself having to go back and re-read to fully comprehend what the writer was trying to convey. Examples were clear and of conceptual framework in research proposal concise however and did a good job of supporting main ideas.

Where I liked the thesis, I wish it was explained more specifically. The interesting sentiment was vague and citation as I reader, I wish I knew what the interesting sentiment actually was. Overall, I believe this is a successful essay. If it were neater and possibly easier to read I would have scored it an 8+/9 but because it was such a hassle to read I give it a 7+/8. Essay 3A-Score 7. I did not feel like the example proposal, introduction was very strong. The thesis was not very strong and really vague but yet the examples used in the essay were very specific. The writer obviously knew the book very well and there was an overall strong argument. Remembering that this was the last essay on wings of fire book 8, the exam and that there was a time limit, the writer did a really good job at proposal, getting their point across to the reader. They definitely had a strong knowledge of the scarlet letter essay prompts, book. Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research Proposal! When reading this essay, I got very distracted by william blake, grammatical errors. I got confused while reading the first sentence because it was a huge run on example of conceptual framework in research proposal, sentence.

The introduction and emily dickinson style the thesis were okay but not as strong as they could be. It seemed as though the author was just frantically inserting details of the story while writing. However, there was the sense that they did have a strong understanding of the book because their conclusion was extremely strong and really wrapped up the essay well. The first thing that I noticed was that the essay didn#39;t have a thesis. Obviously without a thesis, it is hard to get a single point across to of conceptual, the reader which is always the goal. There were barely any details in letter prompts, the essay so it seemed like the framework in research, author didn#39;t have a good understanding of the text at all. Their essay was mostly a summary of the context and the author failed to dig deeper into the book. If there was a thesis to this essay it could have been better and create citation apa would have probably received a better score, but with nothing to base an argument off of, the author did a sub par job with this essay. #8232; Essay 3A: I thought this essay was really good, it covered development and supported the main ideas. The author was able to address the importance of symbolism especially considering the time allotted. It really demonstrated how much knowledge they had about the book as well.

6+/7. Essay 3A- The essay did a pretty solid job at showing the symbolism of the duck with examples and by of conceptual proposal, addressing the whole text. The introduction was a little weak and vague, but it sufficed its purpose. Lastly, it was clear that the student understood the prompt and the text. 8/9. Essay 3A-Score 8. This analysis is in-depth and elaborative. Emily Dickinson Poems! The essay is organized well and concise.

The only framework in research, negative aspect of the essay was the thesis, which was a bit vague however within the small time limit it is acceptable. Overall this essay had good ideas however it was not organized well and not elaborated on. The essay is riassunto blake, very vague though it does have good examples. Example Of Conceptual Framework Proposal! This essay is very repetitive but it has potential. This paper was not written very cohesively. It lacked a strong thesis and riassunto an overall purpose. It gave a full summary of what was going on but did not show the importance of the symbol.

The sentence structure, tone, and style were also lacking in this essay. 3A: I think the author of framework in research proposal this essay definitely knew a lot of information about the play which allowed for good analysis and examples. I was initially confused by the thesis and whether or not it was good to susan b anthony, mention the example of conceptual in research, affect on the audience. Book! In this case of a play it seems reasonable but the thesis still lacked an entire purpose. Of Conceptual In Research Proposal! Though not provided in the thesis, the essay contained strong evidence from the text and analysis that helped prove their purpose. Overall, I was very frustrated with this essay because the create apa, handwriting was so difficult to read and that took a lot away from the piece. 7. Essay 3A- This essay definitely has a lot of strong analysis that actually shows how the framework, symbol of the duck is being used and what its purpose is. Although some parts could be more specific, other parts pay very close attention to the details of the dickinson poems, story. The thesis touches on framework in research proposal, the symbol, the purpose of the story, and road summary how the symbol helps illustrate this purpose. Of Conceptual Framework Proposal! The only thing is that I thought the #8220;how#8221; part of the thesis could#8217;ve been more specific. The essay also related the symbol to apa, the whole text.

Score: 7/8. Essay 3B- This essay did not include very specific details within its analysis of the symbol. There are too many grammatical errors that distract from the purpose of the essay. There is no clear thesis that includes the purpose of the play or how the symbol conveys the message. There are some parts where the analysis is specific enough, but most of the analysis #8220;tells#8221; rather than #8220;shows.#8221; Score: 4/5. Essay 3C- This essay has immature language, grammatical errors, and does a poor job of example of conceptual in research proposal showing the purpose of the symbol in the story. It lacks enough detail to #8220;show not tell,#8221; and seems to just summarize the story. Wings 8! However, the example proposal, summary isn#8217;t even strong. There is also no clear thesis. Wings Of Fire Book 8! Score: 2/3. Essay 3A: 7+/8- (admittedly the handwriting was difficult)

The essay has explicit analysis of how the duck parallels the state of example framework in research proposal blissful ignorance and it appears that the descriptions are accurate. It also stays on task and has some supporting details, such as the escape of the attic. However, it lacks the sophistication and complexity needed in a 9, for significance, only a few of the parallels are explored in in research, depth. Citation! The essay shows some symbolic aspects of the lampshade. However, the connection is never really completed since it is composed of a bit too much summary and example of conceptual framework not clear enough elaboration. The elaboration and the examples seem to wings of fire book 8, be made in framework in research, isolation. Susan B Anthony Significance! (This might not be relevant, but I find the use of a lampshade as a symbol somewhat amusing).

The chosen symbol of the machete is clear, but the language is framework, unprofessional and william blake the analysis is somewhat distorted. Example In Research Proposal! There are several distracting mechanical issues, such as the use of past tense and contractions. The examples are extremely vague, to the point where the student cites based by [sic] the book as evidence. Finally, the machete has no complexity whatsoever, merely being a sign of strength. The author#39;s understanding of the play enabled deep analysis into its plot. Although I found the thesis a bit weak for the essay, it is mostly forgiven due to circumstance; the author had to write the piece in a timed and unplanned session.

There are a few parts that could use more specificity, but overall the author showed understanding of the riassunto william blake, text as a whole and provided good insight into the symbol of the of conceptual in research proposal, duck. Unlike the first essay, Essay 3B lacked organization of ideas. It was vague with examples and did not leave the riassunto blake, impression that the of conceptual framework proposal, author understood the text as comprehensively as he/she could have. Overall the paper had good ideas and insights, but nothing remarkable. This essay lacked a strong thesis to guide the paper#39;s purpose and william organization. Because of this, there was little supporting evidence or analysis of examples. This paper really shows how not having a thesis or defined purpose for a paper can throw off the framework, whole thing; when reading, I got the impression that the author struggled with the topic. I think this essay provides substantial analysis regarding the symbol of the wings of fire book, duck.

The author definitely identifies the the overall purpose of the of conceptual proposal, text and from what I could read clearly, expanded upon his/her ideas enough. The thesis is slightly confusing however it does cover all aspects of the prompt (the symbol, the purpose of the citation, story, and how the symbol illustrates the purpose). Despite this, though, I think the framework proposal, author needs to address how the symbol reveals the glory road summary, overall purpose of the story. Example Proposal! This aspect of the essay was not developed enough for it to merit a score of a 9. The fundamental ideas behind this essay definitely have potential. The structure and organization of the essay, however, are not satisfactory. The overall tone is vague and does not focus enough on the specific examples of the story which could be used to further illuminate the purpose of the text. Compared to the other two essays, this was definitely the create, least successful. Though the writer identifies a symbol he/she doesn#8217;t elaborate enough on it at all. The analysis is framework, very surface level, and the writing displays a lack of scarlet letter prompts understanding, or perhaps regard, for a greater purpose in the text he/she was examining. Example Framework! The writing style also isn#8217;t well organized or sophisticated.

Essay 1- For the most part I found this essay to glory summary, provide a number good examples to support the of conceptual proposal, analysis that the writer provided. I felt as though the thesis wasn#39;t as clear as it should have been but despite that the essay was relevant to what was stated in the thesis. I found that the writer could have challenged him/herself by choosing a more complex topic. I would have to rate this essay as a 7+/8. This essay starts off with a decent thesis, but it could have been stronger with more of an opinion behind it. The writing style and grammar is strong throughout. However, the essay in general does support the thesis, it summarizes too much, is too generic, and does not provide enough appropriate specific examples.

The writer does appear to address the entire text. Apa! Also, the thesis seems to have been strengthened, and example of conceptual proposal refined in the conclusion. This essay had numerous grammatical mistakes. Despite a decent thesis, the essay is again too general and does not provide enough specific evidence. It also lacks organization and clarity. The writer seems to understand the text, but does not effectively use it to support his or her thesis. This essay began with a weak thesis. It was far too short and did not have enough substance. Though it provides a few specific examples it is not enough and makes no attempt to address the whole text, and road summary is also repetitive in places. The analysis is superficial and does not delve deeper. The grammar and style of writing is choppy and unsophisticated.

Easy 1: 7. While the author did have a solid understanding of the text as a whole, their thesis was a tad shaky. Another aspect that inhibited them from earning a 9 was that the analysis that they used could have been more direct, more explicit. Essay 2: 5. The essay was lacking in the development of ideas. The thesis, while semi decent, was somewhat muddled, and the numerous grammatical errors detracted from the of conceptual framework in research, essay as a whole. Essay 3: 4. For what the essay lacked in analysis and specific use of the text, it tried to recuperate in wings 8, summarization, resulting in example proposal, a vague, brief piece that didn#39;t effectivly address the text as a whole. There was a great overall understanding of the text and the author did an excellent job demonstrating that. I think the wings of fire, thesis was one of the weaker parts of the essay which is unfortunate, and evidence and explaining could have been a little stronger, but over example of conceptual in research proposal, all it was very good. Scarlet Letter Prompts! While the ideas had were good they needed to be expounded upon further.

I found the mechanics of the essay to be the proposal, weakest part which also brought the grade down a serious amount. Citation! The essay had good foundations but needed to be worked more. Of all the of conceptual proposal, essays I found this one to be the weakest overall. The mechanics and susan b anthony significance ideas were equally unsatisfactory. Framework In Research! Their needed to be more textual evidence and better grammar.

This essay is the strongest of the three. What makes this essay successful is of fire 8, that not only does it connect the symbol of the duck to the whole text, it also employs specific textual evidence. It is example of conceptual framework, evident that the writer has a strong grasp of the play and susan b anthony significance is sure in example of conceptual proposal, their ideas and wings of fire organization. What limits this score is framework in research proposal, a weaker thesis, which is too vague to be credible. While this essay has potential, it fails to employ strong evidence from the text to fully support the thesis. If there had been more significant and specific details involved in the analysis this score would be much higher. It also lacked strong organization and structure. This essay is strewn with mechanical errors, which detract from the integrity of it as a whole. Overall, there is susan significance, not enough supporting evidence to example proposal, convince me that the writer has a strong grasp of the glory, novel. Analysis is framework in research proposal, also far to shallow, failing to answer the question so what?

This essay was fairly strong and it directly addressed the use of rhe duck as a symbol. The essay references he text and has adequate cotext to provide an understanding of the symbol. Create Apa! The thesis is stong, but could be strengthened by rewording the last part that says leaving his audience with interesting sentiment. Of Conceptual! It seems to reference the whole text, but is not deserving of a 9 because the thesis needs strengthening and the analysis could be expanded. This essay deserves a 5 because although it has a good idea and shows a general understanding of the text, it fails to provide complex analysis and is wrought with grammatical errors. It uses a symbol that could potentially yield a good essay, but the thesis is vague and so is the rest of the essay. The essay presents a symbol and a basic idea but lacks complexity on all levels. The syntax is book 8, simple and the idea is not expanded upon. The writer understands the machete as a symbol but fails to explain why it matters, so what and does not reference the whole text or give adequate context or analysis.

I think this essay is quite well organized, but a little wordy at times. The style is quite nice (clear and coherent) but a little casual and summarized slightly too much every once in a while. I think this essay does a pretty good job using the example in research proposal, whole text, but I have not read The Wild Duck, so I can#39;t be sure. I can see that the author uses examples chronologically though. I think this essay could use a bit more analysis, but overall it is concise and follows the rubric so I#39;m giving it a 7+. The thesis in this essay is a little rocky, as it relies on the sentence before it to make sense.(I suppose this is dickinson poems style, fine but I think it could be a little clearer). Though the writing is simple, it does succeed in defining and proving a purpose. However the author is often repetitive where they really should be providing deeper analysis, so I#39;m giving this essay a 6-.

The writing style here is choppy and repetitive. It#39;s too casual for this type of of conceptual essay as well. This essay is not complex, and as a result, the analysis is not as deep as it should be. I think this essay could use some major doctoring where the style and content is concerned, so I#39;m giving this essay a 3+ Essay 1: The author clearly understood the susan b anthony significance, nuances of the text and presented their argument in the most sophisticated manner out of all the essays. The handwriting detracted from the essay as it was difficult to read and the overall organization could have been better.

But overall a complex and of conceptual coherent essay. Score: 7.

A Sample Research Proposal with Comments

Example of conceptual framework in research proposal

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Research proposal an example - Edith Cowan University

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A Sample Research Proposal with Comments

Descartes Sceptical Challenge: What is the foundation of knowledge? The opening premise of the Meditations by example framework in research, Rene Descartes is glory summary, a sceptical challenge, one that had been made urgent in Descartes’ time by in research, the conflict between science and religion. Descartes attempts to answer that challenge in his Meditations about First Philosophy . In this paper I will outline the sceptical challenge that Descartes imposes on himself and citation apa, discuss whether or not Descartes is successful in answering it. The latter part of this paper deals with the example framework question whether Descartes is a ‘methodist’ in william, the Chisholmian sense of the word and whether there is another way of meeting the sceptical challenge posed by example of conceptual framework proposal, Descartes. Descartes philosophical project is to find a foundation for obtaining certain knowledge, which was brought about by the emerging natural sciences.

He argues that the best way to begin a search for indubitable knowledge is by subjecting all his beliefs to a radical sceptical attack, even if this doubt would be considered ridiculous in ordinary life. Descartes goes down the path of methodical doubt because he realised that it was necessary “to demolish everything completely and start again right from the foundations”. Wings Of Fire Book? 2 In the Discourse on Method —written some years before the Meditations—Descartes gives a prelude of his later philosophical work: Not that, in so doing, I imitated the sceptics who doubt only for doubting sake, and affect to be always undecided; for, on the contrary, my whole plan had for its aim assurance and the rejection of shifting ground and sand in order to find rock and of conceptual framework in research proposal, clay. 3. The doubt that Descartes employs in the First Meditation is not ordinary spontaneous doubt as we experience in everyday life, nor is it an argument for global scepticism. His methodical doubt is poems, a thought experiment, which he uses to clear his mind of preconceived ideas and find foundations for his new philosophy. Descartes attempts to doubt everything he ever thought to be true – not by of conceptual framework in research proposal, doubting all of create citation, his opinions one by one, but by attacking the framework sources of knowledge e.g. the letter essay senses, the mind (our ability to reason) and our imagination. Descartes provides three reasons for doubt in the First Meditation: The possibility that we are deceived by our senses leads him to framework proposal the conclusion that we can never trust anything we learn through the senses; The possibility that we are now dreaming leads him to conclude that we can never trust the content of our consciousness; The most hyperbolic doubt at the end of the First Meditation is the introduction of the Malicious Demon ( genus malignum or deceptor ) 4 deceiving us about the existence of the world:

I will suppose therefore that not God, who is of fire 8, supremely good and the source of truth, but rather some malicious demon of the example of conceptual utmost power and susan, cunning has employed all his energies to deceive me. I shall think that the sky, the of conceptual framework in research air, the earth, colours, shapes, sounds and all external things are merely the wings of fire book delusions of dreams which he had devised to ensnare my judgement. 5. This hypothesis implies an all encompassing doubt for it denies trusting our senses, the content of our consciousness and example of conceptual, our ability to reason. The Demon can cause all of these illusions without any connection to a world outside our minds. In order for Descartes to lay the sceptical hypotheses to rest and find a foundation for certain knowledge, Descartes needs to slay the Malicious Demon. Pierre Gassendi (1592–1655) approved of Descartes’ project ‘‘for freeing [his] mind from all preconceived opinions’’, but he objected that ‘‘this strategy makes it necessary for glory summary [Descartes] to convince [himself] by imagining a deceiving God or some evil demon who tricks us, whereas it would surely have been sufficient to example cite the darkness of the human mind or the weakness of glory summary, our nature’’. 6 Descartes’ reply to this objection is that he needed to justify the doubt from a methodical point of view ‘‘for a philosopher knows that it is often useful to assume falsehoods instead of truths in this way in example framework in research proposal, order to riassunto william blake shed light on the truth’’.

7 Descartes regards his doubt as merely hypothetical as he concludes the Synopsis of the framework proposal Meditations by essay prompts, noting that “no sane person has ever seriously doubted” many of the matters that he calls into question. 8. Nineteenth century pragmatist Charles Peirce argued against Descartes that his doubt is not sincere and that we can not commence with complete doubt, but rather that we should start with prejudices that we actually have and that we should only doubt when justified through studies. 9 Descartes’ epistemic principle is of conceptual in research proposal, that beliefs are false until proven correct, Peirce juxtaposes this by arguing that beliefs should be considered correct until proven false. Newman argues against Peirce that Descartes’ doubt need not be sincere.

The misconception lies according to Newman in create apa, supposing that Descartes’ method requires sincere doubt as opposed to a merely hypothetical doubt. Hypothetical doubt is according to Newman sufficient to of conceptual framework proposal induce recognition that one’s confidence is not unshakably firm as is required for the foundations of william blake, knowledge. 10. Descartes’ doubt is justified from a methodological point of example in research, view, but as Gassendi points out, the methodical doubt leads to the problematic sceptical hypothesis of the Malicious Demon. Dickinson Style? Ignoring the doubt because it is not considered to be sincere does however not take the of conceptual proposal sceptical hypothesis away. Descartes introduced the doubt to ‘‘prepare [the] readers’ minds for the study of susan significance, things which are related to the intellect”. 11 Descartes has however opened Pandora’s box in the First Meditation and framework, the question remains whether Descartes is able to close the box and scarlet, lay the sceptical hypothesis to rest. Descartes’ main argument against the existence of the Malicious Demon is the of conceptual proposal assumption that God is a good and perfect entity. Being a deceiver is considered an imperfection and God can therefore not be a deceiver: … I recognize that it is impossible that God should ever deceive me.

For in of fire book 8, every case of trickery or deception some imperfection is to be found; and example framework in research proposal, although the ability to deceive appears to be an indication of cleverness or power, the will to deceive is undoubtedly evidence of malice or weakness, and so cannot apply to God. ((Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy , p. 37. )) Descartes’ idea of God as an infinitely good being is based on the Catholic interpretation of the nature and emily poems style, attributes of God. This assumption is certainly not beyond doubt as it is not necessarily true that God is a perfect being. In Research? Descartes gives prime importance to the existence of God and writes in dickinson, the Fifth Meditation that ‘‘certainty and truth of all knowledge depends on cognition of the one true God’’. 12 It could be argued, however, of the opinion that Descartes’ comments can not be taken at face value and that the Cogito is central to Descartes’ epistemology, not the proofs for the existence of God. The purpose of the proofs is to remove the doubt raised in the Third Meditation that a deceiving God may have created us with inadequate cognitive capabilities. The Cartesian proofs are however unsatisfactory because of his theological presuppositions. The doubt that we might be deceived about the existence of the external world and our cognitive capabilities therefore remains. American philosopher Roderick Chisholm (1916–1999) begins his discussion of the problem of the criterion by asking the following questions: 13. What do we know? or What is the extent of our knowledge?

How are we to decide what are the criteria of knowing? If we know the framework in research proposal answer to either of these questions, then we are able to find an answer the other. If we can specify the criteria of riassunto william blake, knowledge (Question 2), then we may have a way of deciding how far our knowledge extends. Chisholm refers to this approach as ‘Methodism’. 14 If we on the other hand know how far our knowledge reaches (Question 1), and proposal, are able to scarlet letter essay prompts say what the example of conceptual proposal things are that we know, then we may be able to formulate criteria enabling us to differentiate the things that we do know from those that we do not. Chisholm refers to b anthony significance this approach as ‘Particularism’.

The sceptic will argue that we can not find an answer to question 1 if we don’t already know the answer to question 2 and vice versa. Descartes’ philosophy contains both strands of Particularism and Methodism in the Chisholmian sense of the word. Descartes can be called a Methodist because he starts his philosophy with a method to obtain absolute certain knowledge—which is illustrated by the titles of two of framework in research proposal, his early works: the Regulae (the Rules) and Discourse de la Methode (Discourse on Method). Descartes writes in the Regulae that those who haphazardly “direct their minds down untrodden paths” are sometimes “lucky enough in their wanderings to hit upon some truth”, but “it is better … never to contemplate investigating the truth about any matter than to do so without a method”. 15 In the Discourse on Method Descartes defines four rules for obtaining certain knowledge: 16. ‘‘Never to accept anything as true that I did not know to be evidently so …” ‘‘To divide each of the difficulties that I was examining, into as many parts as possible and summary, necessary …’’ ‘‘To conduct my thoughts in an orderly way, beginning with he simplest objects … in order to climb gradually …” “… everywhere to make such complete enumerations and such general reviews that I would be sure to have omitted nothing.” Descartes’ philosophy is however not purely Methodist in nature. Example Of Conceptual? Ernest Sosa argues that Descartes applies an openly particularistic methodology. 17 Descartes’ first step in escaping the vacuum of doubt is the Cogito (I think therefore I am).

Descartes derives from the Cogito that he is essentially a thinking thing ( res cogitans ) and in the Third Meditation he subsequently points out that from the fact that he is a thinking thing he can conclude that ‘‘whatever I perceive very clearly and wings of fire book, distinctly is true’’. 18. The fact that Cartesian philosophy contains both strands of of conceptual in research, Particularism and Methodism is illustrative of the circularity in Cartesian philosophy. Descartes needs to find a method to distinguish valid beliefs from wrong beliefs but we can only glory road summary determine a correct method if we have some examples of example of conceptual in research proposal, justified beliefs. In the end it does not matter whether Chisholm’s classification can be applied here.

The main question is of fire 8, whether Descartes is able to answer the sceptical challenge and escape the circularity. A brain in a vat that believes it is walking in the sunshine (Source: Wikipedia). Hillary Putnam described a modernised version of Descartes’ Evil Genius—previously proposed by Peter Unger—by describing a world in which we don’t have a body, 19 but our brains are kept in of conceptual, a vat by citation, an Evil Scientist, who feeds electric impulses to our brain which make us believe that we exist in framework, a material world. 20 This idea has recently been visualised by the Wachowski brothers in the science fiction trilogy The Matrix, in this version mankind is unknowingly imprisoned in letter essay prompts, incubators and our brains are connected to a virtual reality computer program called The Matrix. In this last section of this paper I will discuss these modernised sceptical hypotheses. Two questions need to framework in research be asked to determine the validity of the sceptical hypotheses: could there be such an Evil Scientist or Matrix and if the answer to that question is true, does the sceptical conclusion follow? The Principle of Unlimited Inquiry. Michael Slote uses principles of scientific reasoning to evaluate the acceptability of competing theories such as the ‘brain-in-vat’ hypothesis versus real-world realism. The principle Slote advances to demonstrate that the create sceptical hypotheses are unjustified is the Principle of Unlimited Inquiry: 21. It is scientifically unreasonable for someone to accept what is for him or her at that time an inquiry limiting explanation of a certain phenomenon; There is reason for such a person to reject such an explanation in favour of an acceptable non inquiry-limiting explanation of the phenomenon. The Principle of Unlimited Inquiry expresses the intuition that scientific hypotheses should not rule out further investigation of their subject.

Slote argues for the Principle because ‘science is essentially … an intellectual enterprise that seeks … the completest possible explanation of why things … are the way they are.’ 22 Slote employs this principle to reject the Cartesian demon hypothesis and its modernised versions by example of conceptual framework proposal, arguing that the sceptical hypotheses are enquiry limiting. B Anthony Significance? When one accepts that we are for example brains in vats, all intellectual inquiry ceases as all phenomena are mere illusions and further inquiry is pointless. Slote’s rejection of the sceptical hypotheses implies that theories that do comply with the Principle of framework, Unlimited Inquiry can not be final explanations and hence that all scientific theories are temporary constructs. Final explanations—which is the riassunto william blake ultimate goal for most scientists—are by themselves inquiry limiting because a final explanation would cease all further inquiry. The sceptic can however embrace the Principle of in research proposal, Unlimited Enquiry because through this principle, science is not the final explanation of a material world outside our consciousness, but an instrument for making predictions about the world. Scarlet Letter Essay? Whether the world described by science is a material world or a virtual world is not significant. David and Jean Blumenfeld argue that just because a theory is enquiry limiting, doesn’t render it false. 23 The principle of unlimited enquiry can be used as a guide for scientific research but not as a general principle for obtaining knowledge.

The Blumenfelds distinguish for this reason between pragmatically reasonable and example of conceptual in research proposal, epistemic reasonable hypotheses. The former are those hypotheses which one could accept given one’s practical aims, for example in scientific research or political debate. Epistemic reasonable beliefs are those beliefs for apa whose truth we have good evidence. Slote anticipates this objection and argues that pragmatically reasonable and epistemic reasonable are one and the same. There are two ways of interpreting Slote’s argument. One could say that if an hypothesis is of conceptual framework in research proposal, scientifically reasonable then it is also epistemic reasonable. This is a plausible principle as it does not exclude any other forms of obtaining knowledge other than science from providing epistemologically reasonable beliefs. A second interpretation is letter essay prompts, that Slote means that a hypothesis is epistemologically reasonable if and only if it is scientifically reasonable. Slote defends the last reading by example of conceptual framework in research proposal, analysing ‘epistemologically reasonable’ in terms of the agent’s cognitive goals. Poems? These goals are of intellectual (or theoretical) understanding and knowledge in general, and includes no other interests.

The Blumenfelds however, show that it is sometimes necessary to hold ‘non-intellectual’ beliefs to further one’s intellectual concerns. Example Of Conceptual In Research Proposal? 24 Science is not a purely intellectual pursuit. French sociologist Bruno Latour has for example placed science and technology in a social context. He argues that science does not distinguish itself from other human activities through the of fire 8 application of logic, but through what Latour calls ‘associologic’—the ability to transform the perceived world by creating associations between phenomena. Framework In Research? Scientific facts are according to Latour not discovered, but ‘constructed’. 25 Slote is create apa, unable to reject the sceptical hypotheses by of conceptual framework in research proposal, subjecting it to scientific standards because he overloads science by asserting that it is the only source of epistemic reasonable hypotheses. Another objector to Slote’s use of the emily poems style Principle of Unlimited Inquiry to reject sceptical hypothesis is James Franklin.

In his paper ‘Healthy Scepticism’ he argues that there is a symmetry between the example of conceptual sceptical hypotheses and realism, e.g. both theories are equally valid in explaining our observations. 26 The symmetry argument does not solve the question whether a Malicious Demon or Evil Scientist exists or not, but it shows that these sceptical hypotheses can not simply be argued away. Franklin discusses the glory summary argument raised by Slote that true beliefs lead to pragmatic success and that the realist hypothesis leads to proposal predictions about actions, future events and style, so on. Franklin’s reply is that ‘the correlation between true beliefs and in research, pragmatic success can be doubted’ and that ‘successful predictions do confirm realism, but … successful predictions also confirm illusionism’. 27 Future predictions can be made in scarlet, both the illusionary and realistic world view because scientific theories are inferred from perception, whatever the source may be. The symmetry argument is very powerful in establishing that we have no way of example of conceptual framework proposal, knowing whether we are being deceived by the evil genius. Does this imply that we are for ever locked in a global scepticism, denying any veridicality to our sensory experience, the content of our consciousness and create, the validity of framework in research, our inferences? Franklin argues that in both the sceptical and scarlet prompts, the real-world hypotheses we can obtain knowledge about the world as we perceive it, the question remaining however is what this world is that we are referring to. I believe that this question is example, irrelevant in our every day lives and that even the staunchest sceptic has to accept that there is a world around us. Charles Landesman, who argues that colours do not exist, admits that when he is searching in the market for citation apa a ripe tomato, he has no doubt that the tomato he purchases is actually red. 28.

Thinking about the Malicious Demon, the Evil Scientist or The Matrix is analogue to speculating about what exists outside the universe. It is impossible for us to conceive of anything outside the universe (the theories of physics collapse when attempting to describe the universe prior to the Big Bang). Whatever exists outside the known universe has however no influence on our possibility to obtain knowledge about the world, whether the universe is material or consists of images in our mind is not important. This is an impressive piece of work, demonstrating wide scholarship and considerable depth of understanding. My only example framework in research real criticism is that I think you have tried to cover too much ground with a consequent loss of focus and depth in the discussion of some key issues. The comments that follow relate to sections of william, your essay. The discussion here misses some important issues. The first is the connection between the method of doubt and Descartes’ scientific concerns. Example Framework? You touch on this at one point, but a bit more is needed to show why the sceptical arguments are so important for letter essay prompts Descartes.

Also you focus entirely sceptical arguments in Meditation 1, but the sceptical challenge that concerns him most emerges in Meditation 3. Though it could be briefly formulated in example of conceptual proposal, Meditation1, its full force only emerges after the Cogito and the introduction of the notion of clear and distinct perception. This is a good discussion of the Meditation 1 program. But I think the doubts in Meditation 3 are not hypothetical, Descartes is confronted by susan, an inconsistency between his views about the certainty found in the Cogito reasoning and his belief in example of conceptual framework in research proposal, the unlimited omnipotence of God. This little section is rather weak. You did not allow yourself space to examine the arguments in any depth, but what you have done does not seem to apa take us far. What was really needed at this point was some discussion of the circularity objection, since that is of conceptual framework, where the most important philosophical issues are to be found. The case for saying that Descartes is a Methodist is not well made. Riassunto William Blake? Certainly Descartes stresses the notion of of conceptual framework in research, method in both the early works and in citation, the Meditations, but in the context of framework, Chisholm’s point ’method’ has a more precise meaning, for to letter essay prompts be a Methodist one must believe that there are certain criteria that we can look for and use to establish knowledge.

In the Meditations Descartes comes nearest to this with the introduction of clear and distinct ideas, but he gets to this in the Particularist style. Framework Proposal? Some have suggested that the Method of Doubt is Methodist in Chisholm’s sense: the idea being that we have knowledge when we find that we have beliefs that resist even the most extravagant attempts to doubt them. A major worry I have here is that in leaving the discussion of Descartes at this point you leave too many things undiscussed, the most important being the role of letter essay, clear and distinct perception and the circularity objection. I really think these topics are crucial to this essay. The discussion of example of conceptual framework in research, Slote is riassunto blake, thorough and insightful. This is the best section of the essay.

Written for the Monash University course Origins of Modern Philosophy A. Amended with comments by Aubrey Townsend. #8617; Rene Descartes, Meditations on first philosophy , edited by John Cottingham (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996), p. Of Conceptual Framework? 12. #8617; Rene Descartes, Discourse on method and wings book, the meditations (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1968), p. Of Conceptual Framework? 50. #8617; Rene Descartes, Meditationes de prima philosophia , edited by David Manley and Charles Talylor (Wright State University, 1996): Accessed: 1 December 2003. #8617; Descartes, Meditations on first philosophy , p. 15. #8617; Rene Descartes, The Philosophical writings of riassunto william, Descartes , volume II, edited by in research, John Cotingham, Robert Stoothoff, and Dugald Murdoch (Cambridge University Press, 1984), p. 180. #8617; Descartes, Meditations on scarlet prompts first philosophy , p. 11. #8617; Lex Newman, ‘Descartes’ Epistemology’, in: Edward N. Zalta, editor, The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (2000) – Accessed: 25 January 2004. #8617;

Descartes, The Philosophical writings of Descartes, p. 121. #8617; Descartes, Meditations on first philosophy , p. 49. #8617; Roderick M. Chisholm, The foundations of example of conceptual proposal, knowing (Sussex: Harvester Press, 1982), p. Susan B Anthony Significance? 65. #8617; Descartes, Discourse on of conceptual framework in research method and the meditations , p. 41. #8617; Ernest Sosa, ‘Chisholm’s epistemic principles’, Metaphilosophy 34:5 (October 2003), p. 554. #8617; Descartes, Meditations on wings of fire 8 first philosophy , p. 24. #8617; Peter Unger, Ignorance, a case for of conceptual framework proposal scepticism (London: Clarendon Press, 1975), pp. 7–8. #8617; Hilary Putnam, Reason truth and history (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981), pp.

1–21. #8617; Michael A. Slote, Reason and scepticism , edited by H.D. Lewis (London: Allen Unwin, 1970), p. 67. #8617; David Blumenfeld and susan significance, Jean Beer Blumenfeld, ‘Can I know that I am not dreaming?’, in: Michael Hooker, editor, Descartes: Critical and interpretative essyas (Baltimore: John Hopkins, 1978). #8617; Blumenfeld and Blumenfeld. #8617;

Bruno Latour, Science in action. How to example in research proposal follow scientists and engineers through society (Milton Keynes, 1987). #8617; James Franklin, ‘Healthy scepticism’, Philosophy 66 (1991), pp. 305–323. #8617; Charles Landesman, Skpeticism.

The central issues (Oxford: Blackwell, 2002), p. 37. #8617; Peter Prevos on Desk Study of the construction logistics of the pyramid of wings, Khufu G Watson on Desk Study of the construction logistics of the pyramid of framework in research proposal, Khufu Peter Prevos on Pyramidology: Interpreting the Egyptian pyramids on Pyramidology: Interpreting the Egyptian pyramids Tochukwu on The Social Importance of Rites of Passage and emily dickinson poems style, Initiations. The Horizon of Reason is an imprint of. Social scientist and engineer who dabbles in magic.

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10 cemeteries you'll never regret visiting. W hen my brother-in-law died unexpectedly some years ago, I was assigned the task of of conceptual in research proposal, choosing a gravesite in California, to create, which he would be brought home for burial. As I walked the grounds of Ascension Cemetery in of conceptual in research, Lake Forest, I was fairly certain I had seen a headstone with a picture of Wilma Flintstone. Was it? I asked, fearing a stress-induced hallucination. Riassunto William Blake? Oh, yes! came the reply. That is the grave of Jean Vander Pyl, who was the voice of Wilma Flintstone.

And William Hanna as in animation greats Hanna-Barbera is buried here too. It fell to me to call my sister and ask, Would you mind very much if your husband is buried near Wilma Flintstone? When we visit his grave, it is hard not to shout, Yabba dabba doo. The experience broke the spell that cemeteries once held over me and, indeed, hold over many of us. Example Of Conceptual In Research Proposal? No matter our beliefs, the sadness in visiting these places Nicole Brown Simpson is buried in Ascension never subsides, but the fear can, replaced by an appreciation for life and history. If death is the final reminder that we are imperfect creatures, the book 8, impeccably manicured grounds try to balance the scales. Below, 10 travel writers take you to burial grounds across the in research, United States and outside the blake, country. They invite you to framework in research, remember military veterans, who inspired the Memorial Day holiday, along with actors, comedic and serious; a president's wife, both beloved and create, reviled; a mysterious mother and more. Pay your respects or pay a visit; you'll get your reward, perhaps in heaven but definitely in the here and now. The gates of the Alexandria National Cemetery. (Department of framework in research, Veterans Affairs ) Alexandria National Cemetery has long served the road summary, Union.

Name: Alexandria National Cemetery, Alexandria, Va. Why: All cemeteries tell stories. Some are obvious; others await discovery through hints and clues. Alexandria, established in 1862 as one of the example framework proposal, first national cemeteries in letter essay, the country, has its share. There's the simple boulder with the example framework in research proposal, bronze plaque memorializing four who drowned in the Potomac River chasing Abraham Lincoln's assassin, John Wilkes Booth. Their graves flank the memorial. Poems Style? There's the headstone with the name Dolores Mary, wife of Staff Sgt. Of Conceptual In Research? R.L.

Harper, on one side, and on of fire book 8, the other the names of her three daughters, ages 4, 2 and example of conceptual framework, 2 months. All died on book 8, Nov. 16, 1950 in a fire, we learned later. Alexandria National Cemetery. (Department of example of conceptual framework, Veterans Affairs) And there's the wings book 8, fresh grave of Erdulfo Miguel Cervantes, who died Feb. 27, 2015, at age 32. His headstone identifies him as a Persian Gulf veteran, although he served in Iraq and Afghanistan and not the Persian Gulf War of 1990-91. Alexandria National Cemetery, in a suburb of in research proposal, Washington, D.C., stands out in other significant ways. Road Summary? Established to serve soldiers who died in Union hospitals in the area, it was the first national cemetery to bury together black and white soldiers. Two hundred twenty-nine African Americans, members of the United States Colored Troops during the Civil War, are interred here next to their white brothers-in-arms.

By 1864, the cemetery was almost full, which led to the development of Arlington National Cemetery. The more than 4,500 graves today represent veterans of proposal, every major conflict since the Civil War. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places, the 51/2-acre cemetery is a peaceful spot of riassunto, gently sloping hills and immaculate grounds with neat rows of uniform white marble headstones. As you stroll the example in research, grounds, you can almost hear the voices of the Union Army, which set up camp nearby on the day after Virginia seceded from the Union each voice with its own tale to tell. Walking among the tombs in Recoleta Cemetery (Religious Images / UIG / Getty Images) La Recoleta Cemetery: Peace, history and Eva Perón. Name: La Recoleta Cemetery, Buenos Aires. Why: La Recoleta, tucked amid the towers and historic manses of william, Buenos Aires, evokes a Baroque heavenly procession. Cherubs bow in mourning along marbled avenues.

Angels, saints and soldiers stand guard on domes and example, column-lined tombs about 6,400 honoring presidents and poets who have been buried in b anthony significance, this former convent garden during the last two centuries. Some visitors come for a respite from the city and for the marbled majesty of these 14 acres. Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research Proposal? Others come for susan b anthony a history lesson. Besides 18 Argentine presidents, there are actors (Zully Moreno and Armando Bó), writers (Silvina Ocampo and Adolfo Bioy Casares), a Nobel laureate (Luis Federico Leloir, in in research, chemistry), a granddaughter of riassunto william blake, Napoleon Bonaparte (Isabel Walewski-Colonna) and of conceptual framework in research, even a boxer memorialized in his fighting robe (Luis Ángel Firpo). Riassunto? Eva Perón's tomb in Recoleta Cemetery. (Jane Wooldridge) But most visitors especially foreigners come for a glimpse of one of the cemetery's simpler sepulchers, marked not by statues and carved garlands but by simple bronze plaques. In Research? In life, the rich scorned Eva Perón, the fierce actress-turned-first lady born in poverty who championed rights for workers and women. In death, she may be the wings book, most famous of them all.

Although both she and framework in research proposal, her husband, controversial three-time President Juan Perón, were sometimes derided and emily style, ostracized, when she died in 1952, the streets were filled with thousands of in research, mourners. Thanks in part to pop culture, Evita lives on not just in Broadway lore but also in dickinson poems, the hearts of those who still lay red carnations at her grave. Info: La Recoleta Cemetery, 1760 Calle Junín, Buenos Aires. The blog Recoleta Cemetery is a trove for Recoleta devotees. Example Framework In Research Proposal? A Mickey Mouse trinket hangs in a tree near Walt Disney's resting spot. (Barbara Davidson / Los Angeles Times) Forest Lawn Memorial Park: ‘Happy eternal life’ Name: Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale. Why: Los Angeles might have a shorter history than most of the world's major cities, but who has more celebrity cemeteries? The options in our area include tiny Pierce Brothers Westwood Village Memorial Park (where Marilyn Monroe's marker is often covered in glory, lipstick smudges and Merv Griffin's announces that I will not be right back after this message), and the irreverent Hollywood Forever (where a tomb-top bronze statue of Johnny Ramone jams in perpetuity on his electric guitar). But the mother of them all is the original Forest Lawn in Glendale, founded in 1906. It's the Hearst Castle of cemeteries a convergence of proposal, religion, patriotism, American entrepreneurial pluck and European facsimiles set on about 300 sloping, grassy acres. The auteur was Hubert L. Eaton, who took over the operation in 1917.

By the time Eaton himself was interred here in 1966, he had commissioned copies of just about every known Michelangelo sculpture; a vast reproduction of Leonardo da Vinci's The Last Supper in stained glass; and a 195-foot-wide panoramic painting of Christ's crucifixion that was billed as the world's largest religious painting. Eaton also constructed a free museum and three churches modeled after European landmarks. Ronald Reagan and Jane Wyman married in one of them (Wee Kirk o' the Heather) in 1940. View of the Great Mausoleum at Forest Lawn Cemetery. (Barbara Davidson / Los Angeles Times) I believe in riassunto william blake, a happy eternal life, Eaton wrote in the Builder's Creed that is chiseled in stone at example framework in research proposal the park. I therefore prayerfully resolve on this New Year's Day, 1917, that I shall endeavor to build Forest Lawn as different, as unlike other cemeteries as sunshine is to emily style, darkness, as eternal life is unlike death. Those sentiments and the grounds have been thoroughly satirized by two British novelists Aldous Huxley in example, After Many a Summer Dies the Swan and Evelyn Waugh in The Loved One but famous names still arrive regularly. Among Forest Lawn's permanent residents: Humphrey Bogart, Nat King Cole, Walt Disney, Larry Fine, Michael Jackson, Louis L'Amour, Chico and Gummo Marx, Art Tatum and riassunto blake, Elizabeth Taylor. Management gives visitors little or no help in finding celebrity graves, but there are tips aplenty online. Or you could just browse, bask in of conceptual in research, the grandiosity of it all and treat any sightings as a bonus. Hope Cemetery welcomes whimsy in good taste with all kinds of citation, fun tombstones.(Doug Hobart) Hope Cemetery is a whimsical salute to framework proposal, its inhabitants. Name: Hope Cemetery, Barre, Vt.

Why: From the moment you enter the glory, gates of Hope Cemetery, you start to smile and then laugh out loud. Is this any way to behave in a place where some 10,000 souls are trying to rest in example of conceptual proposal, peace? More than a cemetery, Hope is a 69-acre sculpture gallery created by the master stonecutters of Barre (pronounced berry) and letter, a celebration of the lives of those buried there: an old man revving up his motorcycle on his way to the pearly gates, a large soccer ball awaiting kickoff, a biplane banking left toward cloud nine. And a man dying in the arms of in research proposal, his oh, wait that's not his wife. Hope Cemetery opened in 1895 as stonecutters were flocking to Barre, the self-proclaimed Granite Capital of the william blake, World because of its flawless Barre Gray granite, still mined from local quarries and shipped worldwide. Joey Laquerre Jr.'s race car headstone. (Doug Hobart) One such man was Louis Brusa. He arrived from Italy to work in stonecutting sheds with no ventilation systems, which caused many men to die of silicosis from inhaling granite dust. For years, Brusa led the fight for better working conditions, succeeding in 1936, a year before he died of silicosis at age 51.

In anticipation of the example, inevitable, many sculptors, including Brusa, designed and carved their own monuments long before they were needed. When Brusa's monument was unveiled for the first time at the cemetery, people were shocked, said Ilene Gillander, the cemetery's tour guide. The woman holding him is not his wife. And she has on a flimsy, skin-tight negligee, which by today's standards, no one would think twice about. But then it was considered pornographic. These days, city fathers approve designs, welcoming whimsy in good taste. All memorials still must be carved from Barre Gray, to the tune of $2,000 to more than $2 million, according to Todd Paton, director of visitor services for the nearby Rock of Ages granite quarry. Why not make a day of it: Tour the quarry, where you can watch huge slabs being separated from scarlet essay prompts towering granite walls, then pick up a map for a self-guided cemetery cellphone tour. Or, in advance, call Hope to arrange a small-group cemetery walking tour.

Info: Hope Cemetery, 201 Maple Ave., Barre, Vt.; (802) 476-6245, Rock of Ages, 560 Graniteville Road, Graniteville, Vt.; (802) 476-3119, Rock of Ages. A row of headstones looking toward downtown San Diego. (Matthew Micah Wright / Getty Images) Reflecting on lives of service at Ft. Rosecrans cemetery. Name: Ft. Rosecrans National Cemetery, San Diego. Why: It sits on probably the most valuable piece of real estate in San Diego County: 77 1/2 gently rolling acres atop Point Loma, overlooking San Diego Bay to the east and the Pacific to the west. Stroll among its tidy rows of white gravestones, beneath native Torrey pines and wind-sculpted cypress, and example in research proposal, you begin to understand why Smithsonian Magazine lists this among the most beautiful cemeteries in the world. Create? Today the cemetery is home to example of conceptual framework proposal, about 113,000 veterans and their dependents dating to 1882, when soldiers who died during the Mexican-American War's Battle of of fire book 8, San Pasqual (1846) were reinterred at what is now Ft.

Rosecrans. Of Conceptual? The grounds were registered as a California Historical Landmark in late 1932 and on Oct. 5, 1934, Ft. Letter Prompts? Rosecrans became a national cemetery. Other than spaces left for surviving family members of the example in research proposal, deceased, the cemetery closed to casket burials in 1966 and to cremated remains a year ago. Still, there are two to 10 burials each day, said cemetery director Douglas Ledbetter. Significance? (Veterans and spouses are accommodated in the same grave.) Like all national cemeteries, Ft. Rosecrans is open to the public from sunrise to sunset daily. More than 1 million visitors come every year, some to attend a committal service or to visit the graveside of a loved one. Others come to example in research proposal, pay respects to scarlet essay, the 23 Medal of Honor recipients or other military heroes whose remains reside here. (There's an automated grave site locater at the administration building, and maps are available.) But many come to reflect, to soak up the silence, to settle into the serenity.

They come to framework in research proposal, watch the susan, sun rise over the city or to see it disappear, an in research proposal apricot smudge sinking into the Pacific. As they ramble along the rows of gravestones, meticulously aligned like battalions of dickinson, optimistic young soldiers preparing for battle, they ponder their surroundings and all these thousands of veterans who earned a final resting place here, their families, their stories. A grave in historic Bonaventure Cemetery is surrounded by ancient live oak trees and Spanish moss. (Dennis K. Johnson / Getty Images) Daylight in the 'Garden' at Bonaventure Cemetery. Of Conceptual Framework? Name: Bonaventure Cemetery, Savannah, Ga. Why: Not many cemeteries can claim to essay, have launched a multimedia phenomenon and changed a city. Although Savannah's Bonaventure can't take all the of conceptual in research proposal, credit, the movie and bestselling book Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil would not have been the same without the susan significance, scenic burial ground. As the Garden in the title, it was practically a character in the true-crime story of a deadly lovers' quarrel that ruffled Savannah society.

And when the tale, which is being adapted for Broadway, appears on stage, you can bet there will be a suitably spooky cemetery set. Despite all the framework proposal, attention, the 100-acre property has hardly changed since the 1800s. Even on a sunny day, it retains its Southern gothic ambience with live oaks, Spanish moss and narrow paths leading to style, lichen-covered gravestones and brooding monuments. But don't go looking for the famed Bird Girl statue that graced the cover of John Berendt's book and for a while seemed to be Savannah's unofficial mascot. When vandals began to break off pieces as souvenirs, the city removed the bronze work of a young girl holding a bowl in each hand. It's now in the city's Jepson Center for example of conceptual framework the Arts, but she looks out of style, place there, more at home among gravestones than marble hallways and museum guards. Framework? Instead, take a cemetery tour, offered one weekend a month, or pick up a guide and explore the grounds, incorporated in b anthony, 1847. Amid grieving angels and example of conceptual proposal, ornate mausoleums, you'll find the graves of politicians, poets and even singer and lyricist Johnny Mercer, whose songs were featured in Midnight. If you're charmed by Bonaventure, you won't be the first. In 1867, another author, John Muir, found inspiration in scarlet, the setting. The naturalist was so enthralled that he camped here for in research proposal several days while on his trek to the Gulf of Mexico.

He devoted a chapter in his book A Thousand-Mile Walk to glory road, the Gulf to the site, writing, Never since I was allowed to walk the example of conceptual framework proposal, woods have I found so impressive a company of trees as the draped oaks of Bonaventure. Road? Lafayette Cemetery No. 1 opened in 1833 as New Orleans' first cemetery laid out on example framework, a grid. It has 1,100 tombs, and create apa, is still used for example of conceptual framework in research burials. (Millie Ball) Lafayette No. 1 features 19th century tomb architecture. Name: Lafayette Cemetery No. Create? 1, New Orleans.

Why: New Orleans is example of conceptual framework in research, renowned for its cemeteries, but Lafayette No. 1, in the Garden District, is the one to visit if you can see only road summary one cemetery, said preservationist John Geiser, a volunteer guide with the nonprofit Save Our Cemeteries. It's safe and easily accessible and includes examples of every type of 19th century tomb architecture, he said. Although Lafayette is directly opposite example of conceptual framework in research Commander's Palace restaurant, many locals know little about it. I took a tour with Geiser in early May.

Lemony-sweet magnolia blossoms scented the humid morning air in the cemetery, a mixture of unkempt and renovated tombs, plastic flowers, weeds, magnolia trees and occasional Mardi Gras beads. Once part of a plantation, Lafayette was New Orleans' first planned cemetery, opened in 1833 for immigrants, affinity groups and the wealthy, and susan b anthony, even today welcomes new occupants weekly into its 1,100 tombs. Of Conceptual Framework? Geiser pointed out Christian symbols, such as the riassunto william, lamb atop the John Scheu tomb, which also features the example of conceptual framework, eye of God in a cloud and two women clasping hands over an altar. Beads and shoes thrown from the women's Carnival krewe of Muses adorn this tomb in Lafayette Cemetery No. 1. (Millie Ball) The Earhart resting place is more blunt.

Its message is create citation apa, No cross, No crown, with marble images of the example framework in research, cross and a crown. Buried here is Judge John Howard Ferguson, remembered for Plessy vs. Ferguson, which the U.S. Glory Summary? Supreme Court upheld in example framework in research, 1896, approving Louisiana's separate but equal segregation law. Author Anne Rice based the tomb of the Mayfair family on the Jefferson and Lafayette firefighter mausoleum. When her Memnoch the Devil was published in 1995, she rode through Lafayette lying in scarlet essay prompts, a glass hearse, getting out a block away for an autograph party at the Garden District Book Shop. Just about everyone says the dead are buried above ground because New Orleans is example in research proposal, below sea level. Susan B Anthony Significance? Not true, Geiser said.

We're standing 8 feet above sea level here. Example Of Conceptual? Although half of inhabited New Orleans now is below sea level, much of riassunto blake, this part wasn't developed until the 20th century. Example Framework In Research? Geiser said the earliest graves were holes in of fire book, the ground by the Mississippi River, but after 20 or 30 years, the French settlers decided to copy the burial style they knew in France above-ground tombs. The Corcoran Mausoleum contains the remains of the example of conceptual in research proposal, cemetery's founder, William Wilson Corcoran. (Paolo A. Carosso) A gathering of the susan b anthony significance, power elite at Oak Hill Cemetery. Name: Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, D.C. Why: Like the example, city itself, Oak Hill Cemetery in Washington's tony Georgetown neighborhood is more about dickinson poems style, power than celebrity. Proposal? Its rolling terrain harbors politicians, military figures and notable journalists. Riassunto William Blake? But only a true wonk would come here seeking headline-worthy epitaphs. Instead, Oak Hill is remarkable for its topography.

In a region of of conceptual framework proposal, noteworthy burial spots (Congressional Cemetery, Arlington National Cemetery), this 25-acre idyll stands out as one of the capital's loveliest under-the-radar gardens. Azaleas and william blake, boxwood line meandering paths that cascade to adjacent Rock Creek Park. Centuries-old white oaks tower above. Wrought-iron garden benches beckon visitors to linger. You'd never build a cemetery on a site like this, said Oak Hill superintendent Dave Jackson from a perch overlooking Rock Creek. It's all hills and of conceptual framework in research, valleys. You can't get a backhoe in so all the graves are dug by hand with picks and shovels. You could say Oak Hill's founder, philanthropist and art collector William Wilson Corcoran, chose this challenging spot because he could. He made a fortune selling government bonds that financed the 1846-48 Mexican-American War. The rural cemetery movement was blossoming in mid-19th century America at a time when church graveyards were filling up and the concept of public parks had yet to take root.

Oak Hill is create citation, a prime example of the era's so-called garden cemeteries, where visitors might pay their respects, then settle down for a picnic among the tombstones. Corcoran commissioned architect James Renwick, designer of of conceptual framework in research, St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York and b anthony, Washington's original Corcoran Gallery of Art (now the Smithsonian's Renwick Gallery), to create the cemetery's Gothic Revival chapel, one of two Oak Hill structures on the National Register of Historic Places. Among notable proceedings in the red sandstone chapel: Willie Lincoln's pre-burial service. Abraham Lincoln's son, who died in proposal, 1862, was interred in the cemetery's Carroll family vault for three years, and susan significance, Lincoln visited frequently, Jackson said. In April 1865 the boy's coffin was loaded onto example of conceptual in research the assassinated president's Springfield, Ill.-bound funeral train. The Carroll mausoleum is one of Oak Hill's most asked-about sites, but it's just one of hundreds of spectacular memorials here. Many are artful, such as the 1927 Tiffany Studios monolith etched with the letter, ethereal image of an angel.

Some record a curriculum vitae, such as the one that begins: Co-founder of example in research proposal, Czechoslovakia-Envoy of of fire book, France-Pillar of the League of Nations-Advisor to U.S. Presidents. And one marker celebrates a lesser but no less proud achievement. We finally found a place to park in Georgetown, it says. The life-size Newfoundland dog statue stands at example in research the grave of 2-year-old Florence Bernadine Rees, who died during the Civil War. (Katherine Calos) Hollywood Cemetery hosts presidents, cast-iron dog. Name: Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Va. Why: You would expect to see the resting places of road, presidents and Confederate leaders marked on the map of a historic cemetery in Richmond, but what might surprise you is a cast-iron dog, which draws almost as much attention to the grave of a little girl who died during the example framework in research proposal, Civil War.

The life-size Newfoundland at Hollywood Cemetery stands at susan b anthony significance the grave of 2-year-old Florence Bernadine Rees, who died of scarlet fever on Feb. 7, 1862. People feel moved to of conceptual proposal, leave objects within the tiny confines of the grave's stone edging, though it's not clear whether they're for scarlet letter prompts the child (a doll), the dog (a flying disk) or a personal tragedy (a Virginia Tech hat). The cast-iron dog was created in the 1850s by a Baltimore foundry and stood for years at a Richmond storefront, possibly that of of conceptual framework, photographer Charles R. Rees, whose name is on the cemetery plot. Children then, as now, loved the statue. After little Bernadine died, her Uncle Charles moved the dog to scarlet, the cemetery to example of conceptual proposal, guard over her grave. His motives may not have been completely altruistic, because by moving the dog to the cemetery he also was protecting it from the book, Confederate war effort. They were melting down everything they could find, tour guide E.L. Butterworth said on a trolley tour during the annual Friends of Hollywood Cemetery picnic. Cemetery monuments, though, were exempt from confiscation. Example Of Conceptual In Research Proposal? Rees worried about his dog, Butterworth said.

So he brought it to the plot. Scattered around the cemetery are five other statues of dogs, Butterworth said, but they don't inspire the 8, same lore. Two dogs also may be buried with Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist Ellen Glasgow, if her request was honored at her death in 1945. More than 80,000 people are buried in the sprawling cemetery park, which was inspired by Père Lachaise in Paris. When established in example, 1847, Hollywood was outside the city limits.

The first burial took place in 1849. The cemetery's famous residents include three presidents U.S. presidents James Monroe and John Tyler and Confederate President Jefferson Davis and Confederate war leaders Gens. Apa? J.E.B. Stuart, George Pickett, John Pegram and John Imboden and naval officer Matthew Fontaine Maury. After the of conceptual, end of the Civil War in 1865, ladies of the Hollywood Memorial Assn. raised $18,000 to build a 90-foot granite-block pyramid as a monument to the more than 18,000 Confederate soldiers buried here.

Near the pyramid stands the cast-iron dog, an endearing and riassunto blake, enduring testament to our love for example of conceptual our children and our dogs. A grave marker at Cementerio de Cristóbal Colón, which was founded in 1876. Riassunto Blake? (Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times) Tale of a mother's enduring love told at Havana cemetery. Name: Cementerio de Cristóbal Colón, Havana. Why: In Victorian times, cemeteries weren't just for funerals or Memorial Days. People treated them more like parks. You might stroll in one, admire the example of conceptual in research, monuments or even picnic, whether or not you had relatives buried there. That sounds a lot like modern sightseeing, which may explain why it doesn't feel ghoulish to wander around Havana's Cementerio de Cristóbal Colón. Either that or the fact that it's often so full of visitors that it looks like a block party. Like Recoleta in Buenos Aires, Père Lachaise in emily dickinson, Paris and the above-ground cemeteries of of conceptual, New Orleans, Havana's huge cemetery named for Christopher Columbus, who wasn't buried in it is crowded with memorial sculptures and architectural fantasies. And because generation after generation may be interred in the same tomb, the citation, whole place is full of family stories.

A few of those stories make it to tourist ears, giving the dead an unexpected afterlife. The most famous is the story of La Milagrosa the lady of miracles. The Grave Of Amelia in Havana's huge cemetery. (Wolfgang Kaehler / LightRocket / Getty Images) She was Doña Amelia Goyri de la Hoz, who died in childbirth in 1901 at age 24. Her infant son died with her. They were buried together, Doña Amelia laid out as if she were sleeping, baby at her feet. Her husband never stopped grieving. He visited her tomb every day, knocking on it as if it were a door, calling to her. Years later, he had the of conceptual proposal, tomb opened so he could see her one more time, and by then a miracle had taken place: The baby wasn't at her feet anymore.

The baby was in her arms. The tomb quickly became a place of pilgrimage for pregnant women, worried parents, whole families and now tourists. It's marked with a white marble statue of a woman holding a cross in 8, one arm, a baby in the other, and it's always smothered in flowers, notes and mementos. Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research? You can't miss it. You shouldn't insult it, either. La Milagrosa's husband never turned around when he left he just backed away, his eyes fixed on her resting place.

Visitors are expected to do the same. Info: Calle Zapata and Calle 12 in Havana's Vedado neighborhood.

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Inside Instagram’s Long Guerrilla War on Porn—and the Users Who Keep Coming Back. T here is something zen about example of conceptual proposal, scrolling through photos of thousands of glory road summary penises, all standing at attention, rows and example proposal, rows of thumbnails of of fire erections of all colors, each captured for the camera in varying states of proposal throb. The downside to citation, that calm, however, is getting caught absentmindedly browsing all that dick. Which is exactly the position I found myself in while at of conceptual in research proposal brunch with a group of friends a few weeks ago. “Why am I looking at dicks. ” one shrieked after peeking over at my phone, while pushing her eggs benedict as far away from susan, me as possible, like genitalia was contagious.

I offered the table a reasonable explanation: that a corner of Instagram had become a flourishing nude-sharing community, that it was managing to example framework in research, thrive despite the company’s staunch dedication to scrubbing errant body parts from the dickinson, site, that, oh for god’s sake, hadn’t they heard of the term “Eggplant Fridays,” where users share photos of their penile bulges? Even after swearing that I wasn’t really looking at the penises as much I was looking for example of conceptual proposal, a specific penis—one whose owner had posted it for fun, who wasn’t trying to sell me a cam site membership (“How can you tell the difference?” “You just can!”)—my friends remained unplacated. I realized that no matter how much I tried to create, explain, they wouldn’t realize how mundane the penises actually were until they had spent some time scrolling. As for example of conceptual framework proposal, me? After a month of trying to apa, understand the deep rift between Instagram and its, um, headstrong streakers, I had gotten used to them. I t’s not just penises that are taking Instagram’s backchannels by storm, it’s all manners of example of conceptual sexy bits: 15-second jerkoff videos, exposed anuses, a bevy of wings book 8 braless breasts—the latter of which are sometimes part of a highly politicized battle to “Free the example framework in research, Nipple” on the photo-sharing app. Though nudity is banned by Instagram’s community guidelines, a cottage industry of illicit hashtags has sprung up to find and share these photos, everything from the more mundanely-phrased #seduced and #exposed for broad nudity, to the community-specific tags such as #femdomme and #daddydick, intended more for book 8, kink. And that’s saying nothing of the droves of cleverly-punned tags such as #eggplantparm, which may turn you off Italian food for quite some time. These naked photos are so ubiquitous that I’ve yet to search a kink that hasn’t pulled up at example framework in research proposal least a few steamy selfies.

But as many porn hashtags as there are, many more have been quietly erased by Instagram, revealing nothing when you search for them. Dickinson Poems Style. Pop in #sex and you’re told “No posts found.” Ditto #adult, #stripper, #vagina, #penis, #cleavage. Of Conceptual In Research. Even the Internet’s ultimate innuendo, the eggplant, wasn’t safe. You can still tag your posts with banned hashtags and emojis, but good luck finding your community within. Susan Significance. Typo-laden tags have popped up to accommodate these arbitrary bans: #boobs is example of conceptual framework proposal, gone, but as I write this, #boobss has well over 600,000 posts; #adult’s spinoff #adule is william, quickly closing in on 100,000. Example Proposal. The tag for #seduce may now be useless, but variants like #seduced and #seductivsaturday cropped up in wings its place—though it’s worth noting that in the weeks since I’ve been writing this article, #seductiv, the example in research proposal, tag that brought me into this world to begin with, has vanished entirely, as has #boobss, #adule, and #eggplantparm, after BuzzFeed caught wind of the fact that the eggplant emoji was not searchable on the app. The goalposts on glory summary these hashtags have moved considerably: In 2012, Huffington Post reporter Bianca Bosker wrote about proposal, Instagram’s early porn community, but back then, the banned hashtags were far more intuitive: #instaporn, for instance, or #fuckme. Instagram’s puritanical and summary, often gender-biased stance towards stark nudity and the more nebulous moral boundaries it imposes on its members is nothing new. Since their launch in 2010, the app, which is open to use for anyone aged 13 and above with a valid email account, has been constantly battling the problem of example framework proposal how to keep the community as open as possible while also protecting its members from create apa, things deemed unsavory, like naked body parts. Facebook, which paid $1 billion to of conceptual framework proposal, acquire Instagram in 2012, deals with similar issues and has a robust content moderation team dedicated to eradicating porn, violence, and of fire, other offensive content. But Facebook has one marked advantage over Instagram when it comes to regulation: Your Facebook friends are usually just that— your friends—and the chances of seeing a random stranger’s post, much less an errant nude body part, are incredibly slim.

While public groups do make the example framework in research proposal, chances of seeing an unknown user’s content slightly possible, search functionality on Facebook is still primarily limited to users within your network. On Instagram, anybody who makes their profile public can end up in a search. The battle for style, Instagram’s virtue garnered national attention in the summer of 2014, when Rihanna found her Instagram account temporarily disabled after she posted topless photos featuring nipples. Scout Willis and Miley Cyrus, whose nipple photo had also been deleted, teamed up with the creators of a film, whose name became the hashtag for of conceptual framework proposal, the movement, “Free The Nipple,” and create apa, continued to of conceptual framework, post photos flouting the ban. Comedian Chelsea Handler took a similar tactic, posting topless photos of herself side-by-side with unbanned photos of topless men, like Russian president Vladimir Putin, to protest the discrepancies. While #FreeTheNipple has precious little to do with porn, it has shined a light on Instagram’s guerrilla war on nudity and other “offensive” content. But it’s less a decisive battle and more a fruitless cat-and-mouse game, as Instagram has barely determined themselves what crosses the line, even under this month’s overhauled terms of service.

Though the company finally granted users the right to share breastfeeding photos without being banned (a mitzvah previously reserved only for works of art), they still enforce subjective bans on things like stretch marks and menstrual blood. Instagram does ban a few non-illicit hashtags as well; #iphone was blocked briefly in scarlet letter essay prompts 2013 and #ilovemyinstagram still is. Co-founder Mike Krieger argued back in example framework in research proposal 2012 that certain tags “were too generic and didn’t provide end-user value.” (Instagram declined to of fire 8, comment on this story.) But that logic is part of the example in research proposal, problem: While banning drug use, child pornography, explicit violence and the like can all be understood, Instagram is still positioning itself as the arbiter of wings of fire 8 what is acceptable to share, and what doesn’t provide “end-user value.” While Instagram says it’s bound by the app stores’ nudity restrictions and that their guidelines are intended to make the platform safe for in research proposal, even its younger users, their scrubbed hashtags bring up a larger issue about censorship—namely, whether Instagram should foist morality onto its 300 million users. T he owners of create apa those dick pics livening up my brunch don’t appear to give a shit about any of this. Their photos aren’t adorned with any #freetheeggplant hashtags. Their captions don’t reference politics or gender equality or moral purity. So why, if Instagram has gone out of example proposal its way to susan b anthony, make it clear to nude photo sharers that they’re not welcome, do these users keep coming back? Social media is “a really good way to in research proposal, connect sexually and relationally to others that are outside of your social world,” says Chris Donaghue, a psychologist and author of Sex Outside the Lines: Authentic Sexuality in a Sexually Dysfunctional Culture . Donaghue advocates strongly for porn to create, become more acceptable, and often encourages his patients to of conceptual in research, explore their sexuality through platforms like Instagram so they can find out that their proclivities may not be as niche as they thought. “The most beautiful thing is technology’s use for road, shame reduction and acceptance of example in research proposal self,” he says. Yet the phenomenon of sharing porn openly and brazenly is essay, not a byproduct of example in research proposal our current tech revolution; pornography’s history has long been rooted in group settings.

“Viewing pornography was, at certain points in time, much more of a communal, shared experience, rather than a private activity,” says Lynn Comella, a professor of gender and blake, sexuality studies at example of conceptual in research the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. A century ago, stag films were often screened in dudely gathering places like country clubs or fraternities. And during porn's “golden era” in the 1970s, seeing an glory summary x-rated film was a media event. It was only after the framework in research, advent of the VCR, and then the emily dickinson, Internet, that pornography reverted back to of conceptual framework in research, a private pastime. Last year, Sharif Mowlabocus, a media studies lecturer at wings of fire book 8 the University of Sussex, told the Guardian that the rise of videotape was responsible for forcing porn underground. “The videotape took porn off the example of conceptual proposal, street, out of the william blake, movie theatres and into the intimate and domestic spaces of the in research proposal, home,” he said. Now, thanks to mobile devices, it’s at once stealth and riassunto william blake, ubiquitous. And like most Internet porn, the quality and example framework, nature of Instagram smut varies widely. A majority of scarlet letter essay prompts it is from aggregation accounts that cull photos of proposal naked people—generally women—seemingly out of benevolence, and those soliciting money, usually by directing voyeurs to the user’s personal webcam site. All the accounts’ photos are no older than a few hours at most, likely due to the fact that accounts featuring nudity are reported by other users and susan significance, banned by Instagram almost as quickly as they’re created. For users who are trying to direct followers to their personal sites, Instagram makes sense. Reddit is too heavily moderated, and Tumblr too time-intensive, to be good platforms for spambots and those looking to of conceptual in research proposal, make a quick buck on nudes.

For the aggregators, what better place to go than a platform of 300 million people, all of whom are on the app already because, on some level, they like sharing their lives? But among the letter prompts, hustlers and larger-scale pornographers is example in research proposal, a sliver of individual users who simply want to share their nudes for a variety of personal reasons: fun, horniness, boredom, a desire to connect. These users are harder to create citation, find but very much there, often sharing just a handful of photos of themselves, with captions instructing other users to either direct message the poster or contact them on Kik, a messaging app that's quickly become synonymous with sexting strangers, as users' personal contact info isn't automatically shared. For a casual voyeur, these distinctions may not matter: A vagina is a vagina is a vagina, after all, whether that vagina was photographed and of conceptual framework in research, uploaded by its owner or by a quasi-paid porn site looking for new members with credit cards. But for all the diehard users I spoke with, Instagram isn’t just about voyeurism and getting off to sexy photos of 8 strangers. It’s a conduit for finding your people. As 19-year old Andrew* puts it: “I don’t go on Instagram looking for nudes, [I’m] mainly trying to find Kiks,” he tells me over Kik. “When I’m not horny, I don’t like the idea, but when I am, I just want to sext if I can’t have sex.” He laments the proliferation of posts just pointing to other porn sites; he’d rather connect with an actual person. For users who are posting their own photos on of conceptual in research proposal Instagram, the appeal isn’t far off from Andrew’s—it all still boils down to create, seeking validation and connection from like-minded individuals. “I use Instagram because a lot of in research proposal people are on there, and people like our stuff,” 18-year old Rih explained to me over Kik, about the account she shares with two friends. “We started with three followers, now we have 415.” Rih, along with her friends Lily and Eve, had created their first Instagram account, though they’d previously been posting nudes on Tumblr. When I first discovered the road, account, their bio featured a photo of Lily’s breast, with an introduction: “We’re Lily, Eve Rih. Welcome to of conceptual framework in research proposal, our page, just DM us don’t ask, on private because people are reporting us.” The 29 photos the girls had posted were all from the last hour, and featured the citation, three ladies in example framework proposal various states of nudity: some scantily clad, others completely nude, still others showing the women mid-masturbation.

Save for one photo of Rih and Lily laughing on emily dickinson poems a set of example of conceptual proposal gymnasium bleachers, the photos were all faceless. Each photo had upwards of 10 to susan b anthony significance, 15 catch-all hashtags, including #eggplantz, #eggplantparm, #eggplantraww, #adule, #seduced and #daddydick. As the account amassed followers at a rapid clip, the example of conceptual framework in research, trick became ensuring that their fan base could be maintained and grown without landing on the radar of Instagram. The girls later updated their bio to read that their account would be public only three minutes each day. Create Citation Apa. They also implored users who stumbled across their page by accident to block, rather than report them. “It gets annoying,” Rih lamented, about posts that had been deleted without warning. “If you don’t like nudes, don’t click that hashtag. Don’t follow that page.” Her precautions and frustrations are not unique. The majority of the nude Instagram accounts I’ve been scrolling through contain similarly-worded caveats begging fellow Instagram users to take pity on example in research them. Create Citation. Though lacking the stridence of the #freethenipple, there’s a real sense of community protection here, a shared mein kampf against what these amateur pornographers view as unnecessary censorship from an arbitrary technological overlord.

But the question remains: Why not stick to of conceptual in research proposal, the significantly more accepting communities of Reddit and Tumblr, or even the newer knockoff apps dedicated solely to poems style, porn, such as Uplust or Pinsex, that welcome your community with open arms? The irony is that as actively as tech powers-that-be try to keep deviance off Instagram, it’s the platform’s tech power that brings these naked sharers to Instagram over more accepting corners of the Internet. In Research Proposal. Reddit and Tumblr can be accessed via mobile, but smartphone posting is far more laborious than on create a laptop (as Rih and friends discovered). Instagram’s onboarding process is in research proposal, much easier—point, shoot, post—and cameras, Instagram and significance, Kik are all on one device that goes anywhere its user goes. Ramon*, a 28-year-old from Rhode Island with a particularly impressive penis, says he’s had both photos pulled and profiles banned by Instagram, and yet has rejoined under various handles several times. “All you need is an email [address] and you open an account. It’s simple,” he says. “I’ll do it when I’m bored.” These straightforward reasons start to make sense when you consider how many Instagram users are under 30.

Fifty-three percent of its users in 2014 were adults 18 to 29 years old. Fifty-six percent of all teens in America use Instagram, and 91 percent access the example of conceptual framework in research proposal, Internet from a mobile device. And as it turns out, a lot of create citation those teenagers like sharing nudes—a fact I first learned the hard way after a 14-year-old direct-messaged me an unsolicited photo of his penis from an example framework proposal Instagram account of otherwise fully-clothed photos of the style, teenager with his family and of conceptual framework in research proposal, friends. Click on road summary one of the many penises and breasts available under nudity-filled hashtags and it’s not at all uncommon to see a bio that proudly boasts that the user is 16 or 17, and looking for other kids their age to connect with. Teens were so ubiquitous on even the most hardcore hashtags that it became a Herculean task just to keep their naked flesh at bay, lest the example, line between reporter and child pornographer become blurred. “Instagram is the most popular app for dickinson poems style, teens, after Facebook,” says Amanda Hess, a reporter who regularly covers Internet culture, teens and sexuality (and dutifully investigated the origins of of conceptual “Eggplant Fridays” in Slate). “People end up wanting to share sexy photos, or look at susan b anthony significance them, in a place where they're already hanging out.

They don't want to download some special porn app.” She, too, credits Instagram’s user-friendliness as a major reason why teens share their nudes on Instagram. Its privacy settings “are a lot more intuitive than on Facebook,” Hess says. “Facebook has a thousand privacy settings, and they're always changing and you never know what pictures show up to outsiders. Instagram is just open or locked.” And unlike with Facebook, Instagram protects anonymity. “You can create some screen name that your parents don't know about, and you don't have to add your grandparents and your cousins and example of conceptual proposal, your mom's boss.” Of course, as with any sexual communique, consent is everything—and when teenagers are involved, the summary, water gets murky. As Hanna Rosin pointed out when investigating a “teen sexting ring in of conceptual framework Virginia last fall for The Atlantic , sharing nudes, even by choice, isn’t without its potential consequences. As the deputy sheriff of Louisa County, Virginia told her, “Possessing or sending a nude photo of a minor—even if it’s a photo of yourself—can be prosecuted as a felony under state child-porn laws.” BuzzFeed’s Katie Notopolous ran into scarlet similar issues while trying to investigate the deluge of unsolicited dick pictures she was receiving on Snapchat, often from example of conceptual framework proposal, teenagers. (The best BuzzFeed’s legal team could offer her was that she “probably” would not end up in jail.) Still, in its purest, mutually-desired form, sharing nudes on create apa apps like Instagram has the proposal, potential to create citation apa, help teens healthily explore and develop their sexual identities. And regardless of age, it can be surprisingly liberating.

W hereas it used to take a stiff drink and breaks every 20 minutes to example of conceptual in research, work my way through the porn archives of Instagram, I now can flit through gracefully. Though some photos are decidedly sexy, they’re no longer stigmatized for of fire 8, me, no longer something to frantically clear from example proposal, my Instagram history. Even as a voyeur, I now feel a part of the group, so much so that I was reticent to put their hashtags on blast, lest I send the robust community further underground. Then again, I’m not very worried, given the tenacity of users like Rih and poems, Ramon. While Instagram continues to clear out porny hashtags with an ever-increasing ferocity, dedicated users will simply get more creative. (This week’s up-and-coming tags, which will inevitably be gone by the time you read this, just like all but one of the hashtags mentioned above: #aaaasssss, #seducee, #becauseboobs, #freakshit.) Though these amateur porn producers may not be concerned with politics, free speech advocates and nude art aficionados could learn a thing or two from the Instaporn community’s quiet refusal to back down. Regardless of the users’ political leanings, users like Rih and Ramon are living, breathing examples of how to stick it, hard , to example, censorship and limits on sexual freedom. Instagram now finds itself in the crosshairs of being on the wrong side of history, and glory road, it may behoove them to surrender a losing fight.

For now, Ramon plans to keep coming back for more, even if he has to continually create new accounts to do so. He may be apolitical, but when it comes to Instagram’s assessment of example of conceptual framework proposal porn’s negative “end-user value,” he begs to differ. “When you have thousands of the book, same hashtags,” he says, “you realize you’re not the only one who enjoys doing it.” *Not his real name. Illustrations by Bill Rebholz. Beejoli Shah is a writer based in Los Angeles.

Her work has appeared in SPIN, New York Mag, The Guardian, and other publications. You can reach her on in research Twitter @beejoli, but please, no underage dick pics.

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Cashier Resume: Sample Complete Guide [+20 Examples] Imagine that you’re applying for a part-time cashier job at your local mall. And lo and behold, you have to turn in a resume. What gives? When you applied for proposal a cashier position at Walmart, you only glory road, had to fill out an application. Such a simple job as taking money from customers and hiding it in a drawer can’t merit a professional resume, can it? Well, if you’re here, it must. There’s a way to write a cashier resume sample that’s as simple as ringing people up at example of conceptual in research proposal, the grocery store.

At the scarlet essay, same time, you want to make sure that you’re the person who gets the job. That’s why this guide will show you: How to make a cashier resume for a part-time cashier job that reflects the skills you need. Example. Resume tricks that will skyrocket your resume for a cashier job past the glory road, competition. Simple and easy resume writing tips that you can use later in life. Here’s a sample resume for a cashier made using our resume builder.

Want to example of conceptual framework in research save time and have your resume ready in 5 minutes? Try our resume builder . Road. It’s fast and easy to use. Plus, you'll get tips and right vs. wrong examples while writing your resume. See +20 resume templates and create your resume here . What’s the Best Format for a Cashier Resume? Most cashier positions are entry-level roles. You plan to framework ring up shoppers at the local mall to help pay for college.

Or you want that part-time cashier job at the supermarket or movie theater for some extra pocket money. On the william, flip side, let’s say you do have experience. You’ve held a couple of cashier positions. In either case, which resume format should you choose? Regardless, you’ll want to use a simple, traditional resume format. That’s why the reverse-chronological resume format works best in both scenarios.

Let's start with an entry-level cashier resume with no experience. The benefit of the reverse-chronological format is that you can play with the layout. The education or experience sections can come first. Then you list each item in example of conceptual framework in research proposal, the reverse-chronological order. That way your most recent experiences come first. If you have experience, the wings 8, reverse-chronological format emphasizes your work history.

The result is a clean and natural flow for example of conceptual proposal your cashier resume template. Pro Tip: Your most relevant skills and experience should always go in create apa, the top third of your resume. In Research Proposal. That way, the hiring manager sees your value first. Not sold on the reverse-chronological resume format? Want to see more sample cashier resume formats? Read our guide: “ 3 Resume Formats: How to create citation apa Choose the Best One [Examples] ” Cashier: Resume Summary or Resume Objective? After your contact information, what comes next? The best resumes for of conceptual framework in research proposal cashiers open with a resume summary or resume objective. Emily Dickinson Poems Style. But what’s the difference?

Entry-level Cashier Resume Objective. A resume objective is a quick introduction at the beginning of your resume. It tells the employer who you are now and why you would be a great cashier. It’s short and to the point. Of Conceptual. A resume objective is better suited to entry-level cashier resumes. Try to susan b anthony show relevant skills gained through other experience. Go for skills learned at example of conceptual in research, school or previous jobs. Friendly Psychology major with 2+ years experience delivering excellent customer service as a Server. Quick learner with excellent time management skills, can prioritize tasks. Riassunto William Blake. Seeking to develop my experience as a Cashier at Le Cote Boutique. Hospitality undergraduate with an example of conceptual framework understanding of customer service.

Looking for a cashier job. Don’t tell the hiring manager what you want, tell them what you can give them. A resume summary has a bit more meat on its bones. Riassunto William. It’s suited to professionals with experience. So, a cashier supervisor should use a summary instead of example of conceptual in research, a resume objective. To write an excellent resume summary, include a brief overview of your best skills most relevant to the job. Personable Head Cashier with 5+ years experience with large department stores and boutique retailers. Citation. Can process various types of transactions while delivering excellent customer service. Seeking to example of conceptual expand sales skills as Head Cashier at wings of fire, your company. Experience training junior staff. I am seeking a position as a Head Cashier at of conceptual in research, your department store.

I wish to develop my sales skills before graduating. Pro Tip: Think of your resume objective or resume summary as an elevator pitch. If you had to book 8 sum up your experience and aspirations in a couple of example, sentences, what would you say? How to Put Cashier Experience on a Resume. Let’s say you’ve held jobs in the past. After your introduction, you’ll want to susan lead with your experience. Let’s say you’ve even held lots of part-time cashier jobs in the past. You don’t have to include every job in your cashier resume experience section. Instead, choose those that had similar responsibilities and skills. Just be careful not to leave large gaps on an experienced cashier resume, as this can raise red flags with the hiring manager. June 2016 - September 2016.

JC Penny’s Department Store. Trained 5 new members as full-time cashiers. Example Of Conceptual Proposal. Managed 3 junior staff members in the Accessories Department. Dealt with customer requests and issues, helping the store achieve the dickinson, highest customer satisfaction rate in the region. June 2016 - September 2016. JC Penny’s Department Store. Head cashier on department floor. Greeted customers and of conceptual framework dealt with requests. Helped junior members of the team. Notice how the “right” candidate uses achievements to wings book 8 illustrate the example framework, value of of fire 8, her work.

Her customer service skills helped the store achieve the highest customer satisfaction rating. The hiring manager will now imagine that she can do the same for them. Also, notice the example, addition of numbers. She trained five employees and managed three. Using numbers gives the hiring manager a realistic idea of riassunto william blake, what you can handle. Plus, it draws the eye of the recruiter to example of conceptual framework in research the item.

So, use numbers when you want to highlight a skill and show what happens when you use it. But what if you’re a teenager applying for style your first job? What can you put in the experience section of your teen cashier resume? You can include non-traditional work. Examples of non-traditional work include: Internships Student Organizations Practicums (Student Teaching) Volunteer Work Babysitting Personal Projects Work Study. October 2016 - March 2017.

Daisy Care Home For The Elderly. Greeted all residents in a friendly, polite manner. Patiently listened to example proposal resident requests to emily dickinson poems help make them more comfortable. Participated in daily priorities, taking responsibility for cleaning tasks. October 2016 - March 2017.

Daisy Care Home For The Elderly. Visited a care home once a week to help staff with various tasks. List responsibilities that use skills that can translate to of conceptual framework proposal a cashier job. Citation Apa. For example, the of conceptual framework in research, “right” candidate has listed greeting residents as a responsibility. That responsibility translates to customer service skills in susan b anthony, action. Pro Tip: Include powerful action words instead of starting every responsibility with “responsible for.” Action words can make your cashier resume sample shine. Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be.

I know what your thinking. Is the education section necessary for a basic cashier resume template? After all, some cashier jobs have no educational requirements. Well, you’re not wrong. But if you’re a student, your education is your strongest experience. So, you’ll want to consider putting your education section after your introduction. Plus, hiring managers may favor candidates with high school diplomas for full-time roles. So, it’s best to put what education you have on your resume.

Here’s how to add your high school education to cashier resume: River Creek High School, River Creek, PA. Here’s how to add your education as an ongoing college student: Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. Expected to graduate in 2019 with a BS in of conceptual proposal, Athletic Training. Here’s how to susan b anthony significance add education that you did not complete as a college student: Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. 2010-2012 Completed 50 credits toward a BS in Athletic Training. Pro Tip: You can add awards and a coursework description to this section to fill out your resume for a cashier position. How to Put Skills on a Resume for example of conceptual a Cashier.

For a cashier resume, including a skills section is crucial. A skills section shows hiring managers that you have the glory, skills and abilities to example in research be a cashier. But which skills should go on a resume for a cashier? Start by listing any cashier skills that you have that the hiring manager also listed in the cashier job description. Then consider adding a couple of b anthony, your best universal cashier skills to your resume. What are universal cashier skills? They are skills that you use as a fast food cashier at McDonald's one day and as a pharmacy cashier clerk the of conceptual framework in research proposal, next. Emily Dickinson Style. A good example is cash handling. No matter what, you have to know how to handle cash to framework be a cashier.

One of the top universal skills for a cashier is active listening. And you don't need cashier experience at a restaurant or department store to list active listening on essay prompts your cashier resume. Here are some more universal hard and example of conceptual framework in research soft skills that are great for cashier resumes: Of course, the list is not exhaustive. Riassunto William. And you can use these cashier skills whether you’re applying at a gas station or a Target. Just remember to start with the skills you find in of conceptual framework proposal, the cashier job description. Now, you have a list of lead cashier resume skills, but how do you add them? Excellent active listening and communication skills. Efficient with customer complaints and requests.

Operate cash registers and various POS systems. Math - can make most calculations mentally. Handle cash, checks, and scarlet letter essay prompts returns. Speak intermediate Spanish and French. Remember to be specific.

The hiring manager will have a clearer idea of what you can do. Would you rather hire someone who can do math in their head or someone who can do “math?” Pro Tip: You will want to go beyond adding a skills section. Example. Often, hiring managers scan resumes looking for skills mentioned in the cashier job description. That's why you'll want to riassunto william sprinkle cashier resume skills throughout your document. How to Add Other Sections for an Effective Resume. Let’s face it.

You're going to example proposal compete with other qualified candidates. So, what do you have that other candidates don't? One way to set yourself apart from the competition is to include a hobbies and scarlet interests section. Adding hobbies can help you in two ways: Hobbies can show that you fit in framework in research proposal, with the culture of the company.

Your interests will show the citation, hiring manager a bit of of conceptual framework, your personality. Try to choose hobbies that either fit with the company’s brand or work culture. Blake. And, in the case of a customer service cashier resume, you can choose hobbies that show you have a social personality. Let’s say you’re writing a retail cashier resume for example of conceptual in research proposal a women’s retailer. Here are some examples of susan, hobbies and example interests to include:

I enjoy pairing accessories with outfits and keeping up with the latest fashion trends. I do volunteer work at my local second-hand clothing store. Pro Tip: Your hobbies can be great icebreaker topics during your interview. Make sure you only add things to susan significance your cashier resume in which you have a genuine interest. That way you can talk about them with passion if they come up in conversation later. Here’s the Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. You might assume that cashiers don't need to write cover letters.

A resume is more than enough. At this point, you’re surprised you have to turn in a simple cashier resume in framework in research, the first place. So, a cashier cover letter would be overkill, right? Well, not always. Some hiring managers still want cover letters. And sending one can only help your chances of glory, landing the job. Cover letters can show you have excellent communication skills. You get a chance to tell the of conceptual framework in research proposal, hiring manager more about your personality. Poems Style. You can explain inconvenient gaps or shortcomings in example, your work history.

The good news? Cashier cover letters don’t need to be very lengthy. All you have to do is use your letter to tell the hiring manager why you want the glory, job. Show some enthusiasm. But let’s be honest. Let’s say you only want the job for the extra cash. Do you believe in of conceptual framework, the products they sell? Would you be proud of representing the company’s brand? If yes, go with it. Selling products is one of the responsibilities of create apa, a cashier. Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research. And that's especially true in a retail environment.

Pro Tip: Always address the hiring manager by glory road summary name if you know it. If you’re not sure, call the of conceptual proposal, company or ask in person who will read your resume. You won't often find yourself in a position where you must turn in a resume for a cashier job. But when you do, resist the temptation to send a weak, generic document. Use the opportunity. Set yourself apart from the competition. Even if you only want to be a cashier to bridge the gap between school and “real work,” don’t say that.

Treat your entry-level cashier resume as a serious, professional document. And when you do, that could open a lot of doors for you. The least it will do is land you that cashier job you want right now. Did we miss anything? If you are still struggling with how to write a cashier resume, let us know in the comments, and we will do what we can to william help. In Research Proposal. Thanks for reading!

Simran is a UK based freelance researcher and writer covering careers and self-development. She has spent over six years in headhunting and talent insight and of fire 8 has a Masters in Social Research.