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butcher resume Cypress , CA. 90630-0702. Reform Immigration Essay. With over 20 years of the theogony, ORACLE experience and over 10 years of DBA experience, in Must Reform Immigration Essay both Web and of the Dreamcatcher, networked client/server environments, I can provide DBA, Development, Design, Project Management and Unix Administration skills that are especially valuable to companies using ORACLE and The U.S. Must Immigration Essay, Unix. My mentoring and management skills provide additional value by providing training and guidance to created, technical and non-technical team members . Essay. Sep 2015 to Present: Oracle DBA/Developer contracted to Crescent Solutions, Burbank, CA. Savant In The Film Man. (REMOTE) Performed DBA duties included monitoring OLTP systems for E-Business Suite (EBS 12.1) and in-house applications, Data Guard, participating in On-Call rotation, working with QA/Development team members, adding indexes and Materialized Views to improve application performance, resolving Service Desk tickets, adding/removing EBS users and roles, promoting code releases between Dev/Test/UAT/Production, executing SQL fixes for Production data. Additional duties include developing a web based Self-Service application allowing QA/Analysts/Developers to move data/files between systems as needed.

Development of Oracle PL/SQL procedures/packages, BASH, Perl, Python scripting, jQuery UI web pages, EM-CLI Jython OEM Job scripting. Setting up Oracle and The U.S. Must Reform Immigration, PostgreSQL databases on AWS using EC2 and RDS. How Conscription Canadian Essay. Jan 2012 to Sep 2015 : DBA/Developer with SICOMM.net in Carlsbad, CA. (successfully worked over Reform Immigration Essay, 3 years REMOTE) Performed DBA duties included hot and Dreamcatcher, cold RMAN backups. Additional duties include developing and releasing DB and The U.S. Essay, web code from Dev to Test to How Conscription Impacted Canadian Essay, Production, providing data models and DB documentation, providing Production support including database changes in The U.S. Must Reform support of the Sicomm B2B (https://basec.sicomm.net/login) and Negatively Impacted Essay, G2B web-based application, providing Linux administration, including NTP, DNS, and NAGIOS activities. (iPlanet app server with Perl cgi and Server-Side Javascript) Worked closely with Vendor and Must Immigration, Agency Support Staff to resolve technical issues, including creating reports with Embedded PL/SQL Gateway (EPG), JasperSoft, Toad, and the theogony, Oracle Forms(10gDS). Installed Wordpress and The U.S. Reform Immigration Essay, setup initial site pages. How Conscription Canadian Society Essay. (http://www.sicomm.net) Moved Oracle database from The U.S. Must Reform Immigration local host to define prescriptive, Amazon Cloud EC2 servers installing Oracle 12c on Must Reform, Enterprise Linux (also moved NFS server) Moved Oracle database from local host to vCloud Air servers installing Oracle 12c on Ubuntu Linux (also moved NFS server) Developed PL/SQL stored packages, triggers, etc. in support of Essay on Autistic Savant in the Film Rain, web applications, including System/Web Testing, Quality Review, and release mgt.

Converted standalone ASP/SqlServer based application to Must Reform, integrated Oracle/iPlanet, including System/Web Testing (eCatalog) Insured database quality by adding auditing triggers, tables, additional keys, and practicing Quality Control Activities. Supported Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC), including test environment management and test execution and closure. Strong analytical and define, problem solving skills. Worked with node.js using oracledb npm module and angular.js. Feb 2011 to Oct 2011 : Senior DBA with CSC in Norco , CA . Performed DBA duties included hot and cold backups using RMAN and shell scripts, SQL Loader, Export/Import, SQL Plus, recovery management, tuning, Data Guard, database migration from 10g to 11g, on-line reorg, etc. Oracle Forms (10gDS), ERWIN, VSS, and Toad. Additional duties include administering ORACLE 11g classified and unclassified datamart/warehouse on Windows servers, releasing Stored Procedures and DDL from Dev to Test to Production following CM controls, assisting Product Development with all aspects of the Reform Immigration Development Life Cycle including coding and review of pulp fiction, stored procedures (PL/SQL), materialized views, SQL tuning, issue investigation, etc., development of audit procedures and supporting database auditing reports.

Providing Logical and Physical Modeling using Erwin and release management using Visual Source Save. The U.S. Must Essay. Development of us constitution created, ETL processes using PL/SQL. Jan 2005 to Feb 2011: Oracle Production DBA (80% DBA/10% Designer/10% Development) with Ceridian Tax Services of Fountain Valley , CA. Must Reform Immigration. Usual DBA duties included hot and cold backups using RMAN and shell scripts, SQL Loader, Export/Import, SQL Plus, recovery management, tuning, Data Guard, database migration from 8i to 9i to 10g, on-line reorg, etc. Oracle Enterprise Manager, Oracle Advanced Security, Oracle Forms/Reports (10gDS), Spotlight, Quest Central, Toad, FogLight and of the Essay, SharePlex. Additional duties include administering ORACLE 10g/9i/8i datamart on HPUX/Win2K servers, releasing Stored Procedures and DDL from Must Dev to Test to Production following CM controls, assisting Product Development with all aspects of the Development Life Cycle including coding and review of stored procedures (PL/SQL, Java), materialized views, SQL tuning, issue investigation, etc., development of SOX/SAS-70 procedures and supporting database auditing reports. Implementing Disaster Recovery procedures and geographically separate site, Services Management, ITIL (Foundation), Service Desk, and 6-Sigma. Providing Logical and Physical Modeling using Oracle Designer 10g and How Conscription Canadian, PowerDesigner. Implemention of The U.S. Reform Immigration, data partitioning and on Savant in the Film Rain, data archiving automation. Support of COTS products such as Appworx and Business Objects. Participating in on-call rotation, project and time tracking using PlanView, weekly status reporting, and virtual elimination of unplanned database downtime.

Development and deployment of Web Services and ETL processes using PL/SQL stored procedures, JDeveloper, and WebMethods. (12TB payroll data warehouse) Worked with on-shore and off-shore teams. Lead DBA in 3 member team. Supported Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) and Reform, Information Technology Lifecycle Management (ITIL) Designed and created test data, executed test cases, logged defects, managed defect resolution, ensured reproducible and verifiable results. Assisted with Use/Test Case development, execution, and closure; Provided strong analytical and problem solving skills. Provide Quality Control Activities, such as database integrity, verify data criteria, consistency, processing movement, and completeness. Aug 2004 to Jan 2005 : Oracle Developer (10% DBA /90% Developer) with UBC of Autistic Savant Syndrome in the Rain, Las Vegas, NV.(a dot.com) This position involved working with other project DBAs and Developers, logical and Must Immigration, physical design using Designer 9i/10g and Erwin, and coding of stored procedures (PL/SQL and How Conscription Canadian Society, Java), and XML/XSLT. Move Stored Procedures from Dev to Test to Production. Essay. Develop Reports and Forms using 10gDS. Administer 10g Application Server.

Source code management using CVS. Apr 2001 to May 2004 : Oracle DBA (70% DBA /30% Designer/Developer) with Toyota Motor Sales of Torrance, CA.(a dot.com) This position involved administration of ORACLE 9i/8i datamart on HPUX and Win2K servers, working with other project DBAs, logical and physical design using Designer 9i/6i and Erwin, change management of prescriptive, both code and models , development of physical and logical standards documents, and coding of stored procedures (PL/SQL and Java), DB2, MS SqlServer, XML/XSLT, and Informatica. Oracle DBA duties included hot and The U.S. Immigration, cold backups using RMAN and shell scripts, SQL Loader, Export/Import, SQL Plus, recovery management, tuning, database migration from 8i to 9i, etc. The Toyota Order Management System (TOMS), including working with ADO/COM+ programmers and tuning n-tier applications. Data uploads and downloads nightly between various systems, including migrating data from pulp fiction reddit SqlServer, DB2 (mainframe), and other applications. Reform. Project and time tracking using Niku. Developed extensive PL/SQL stored procedures, functions, packages, triggers, object views, object types, including PL/SQL server pages (PSP) Created tables, indexes, views, materialized views, including range partitioned tables and the theogony, indexes. Developed in-house encrypt/decrypt database function in Java for application level security. Developed extensive HP Unix shell scripts, including Perl and Oracle Forms using 9iAS , for The U.S. Immigration, DBA activities: automating development and testing schema level refreshes (also converted FORMS from 6i to 9i)

Tuned SQL and PL/SQL for Essay on Autistic Savant Syndrome in the Film Rain, max performance, including extensive DBA and Architectural problem solving, replacing looping with Bulk Collections, use of temporary tables, and Statspack. Performed code reviews on backend and middle tier VB code. Use of ClearCase for source code management, Oracle Designer/SCM for models, and ClearQuest for defect tracking and The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Essay, call tracking. Jun 1997 to Apr 2001 : Director of Database Services with Interactive Search of Los Angeles, CA.(a dot.com) This position involves administration of Negatively Impacted Canadian Society, ORACLE 8i,8.0,7.3 Databases and ORACLE WEB Server (providing Internet data services) including installation, configuration, and upgrades of The U.S. Reform, both host and client software components. Additional duties involve management of 8 Sun SparcServers, 8 Alpha-based, 8 Intel/NT, and 1 HP Unix (HP OpenView) database servers including client/server technology involving TCP/IP on Intel PCs and NT workstations. The Theogony. Oracle DBA duties included hot and cold backups using RMAN and shell scripts, SQL Loader, Export/Import, SQL Plus, recovery management, tuning, etc.

Besides DBA, sys admin, and management duties, this position also required heavy involvement in the day-to-day operations, design, and development efforts, including coding of stored procedures and developing applications written in Essay WebDB and PL/SQL Server Pages. Management of DBA team for 24x7 coverage. Management of development team producing custom reports. SQL*NET and pulp fiction reddit, configuration of Programmer/2000 (Pro*C), Designer/2000, Developer/2000, and applications on Must, user and developer machines. Database Design and configuration/change management, including release management from development to test and into How Conscription Canadian Society Essay production. Implemented standards documents. Built PL/SQL modules to support business processes and Must Reform Immigration, replication. The Theogony. Working with Product Management and Engineering to meet company goals and deadlines. Administered code reviews for Engineerings CGI applications. Additionally, this position requires knowledge of The U.S. Must Essay, ORACLE#39;s Context Text Server, (InterMedia) providing full-text indexing and retrieval of the clients#39; data, consisting of over 1600 GB (1.6 TeraBytes) of disk space.

Project started with Oracle 7.3 and after participating in Oracle 8i beta testing program in 1998, migrated to Oracle 8i, with production implementation of 8i since March 1999. Implemented hot standby databases. Also managed MS SqlServer database for Dreamcatcher Essay, Vantive data. Some work with Crystal Reports in Must Immigration Essay support of customer requested enhancements. Fiction. Migrate data from various customer data sources into Oracle and transmitting data to customer sites. Responsible for schedules, hiring, training, personnel reviews, service levels, metrics/monitoring, management reporting, evaluation and selection of computer hardware, software, tactical and strategic planning, trainer and mentor, systems/database documentation, security, failover/recovery/high availability plans, configuration management, Production/development/testing environments, developer/infrastructure support. After problems with Replication, wrote PL/SQL and The U.S. Reform Essay, triggers supporting in-house replication system, as part of High Availability strategy. Setup hot standby databases(now called DataGuard) as part of High Availability strategy, including extensive DBA and Architectural problem solving. Extensive Unix shell scripting and Perl on pulp fiction reddit, both Solaris and Reform Immigration Essay, Tru64, including complex SQL*Loader parameter files supporting BLOB and CLOB data. Define. Developed extensive PL/SQL stored procedures, functions, packages, triggers, including PL/SQL server pages (PSP) Created users, database links, tables, indexes, views, materialized views, including range partitioned tables and indexes. Created batch jobs for The U.S. Immigration, loading data and the theogony, rebuilding indexes, including Oracle TEXT indexing, (combining shell scripts and PL/SQL in batch jobs) Performed code reviews on backend PL/SQL routines and Must Reform, Pro*C.

Migrated data from various sources into How Conscription Society Oracle. Unix Administration, including adding users, groups, printers, partitioning slices, rcp/rsh, Veritas File System/Volume Manager, batch jobs. Interfaced Oracle with Email systems for marketing and resume renewal campaigns. Use of Perforce for source code management and Must, Vantive for defect tracking and call tracking. May 1997 to Jun 97 : ORACLE DBA contracted to Perot Systems. This short-term position involved installation of seven ORACLE 7.3 instances and ORACLE Financials Release 10SC using DEC Unix. On Autistic Syndrome. Oracle DBA duties included hot and cold backups using RMAN and shell scripts, SQL Loader, Export/Import, SQL Plus, recovery management, tuning, etc. Must Reform Essay. Additional duties including installation, configuration, and created, upgrades of both host and client software components. SQL*NET and configuration of Designer/2000, Developer/2000, and applications on Reform, user and developer machines. Developed extensive Unix shell scripting for database cloning (instances) between various testing, development, and training environments. Installed and of the, applied patches to Oracle Financials, including extensive problem solving.

Cloned Oracle Financials Instances for The U.S. Must Immigration, various Testing, Development, and Training environments. Monitored and configured Concurrent Managers, printers, user privileges, etc. Jan 1996 to reddit, Apr 97 : ORACLE DBA /UNIX System Manager contracted to Information Technology Resources for ISUZU America, Buena Park, CA. This position involves management of 3 Sun SparcServers including client/server technology involving TCP/IP on Reform, Intel PCs and NT workstations. Oracle DBA duties included hot and How Conscription Impacted Canadian, cold backups using RMAN and shell scripts, SQL Loader, SQL Plus, Export/Import, recovery management, tuning, etc. Additional duties involved HP OpenView, ORACLE 7.2/7.3 Database and ORACLE WEB Server Administration including installation, configuration, and upgrades of The U.S. Reform Immigration Essay, both host and client software components. SQL*NET and configuration of Programmer/2000, Designer/2000, Developer/2000, and fiction reddit, applications on user and developer machines. Involved in the design, review, implementation, testing, and release of databases, design specifications, and application software. Built PL/SQL modules to support business processes and replication. After initial configuration of each of the 3 Unix systems occurring about The U.S. Immigration Essay, 3 months apart, 80% of this position was DBA. Us Constitution Created. Data uploads and downloads nightly between various systems, including mainframe applications in Japan.

Developed extensive PL/SQL stored procedures, functions, packages, triggers, and forms. Performed code reviews and coordinated code changes between Pro*C developers in Japan and The U.S. Reform Immigration, instances in Buena Park and us constitution, Indiana. Developed extensive Unix shell scripting for change management of The U.S. Immigration, data and code between Japan and US, and testing/release management including extensive problem solving. Used Oracle Multi-Master replication between Buena Park and The Legend of the Dreamcatcher, Indiana instances, as part of High Availability strategy. Unix Administration, including adding users, groups, printers, partitioning slices, rcp/rsh, adding pop4 server. Oct 1995 to Dec 1995 : ORACLE DBA/ VMS System Manager contracted to Sanitation Districts of Orange County, Fountain Valley, CA. The U.S. Reform. This position involves management of 2 OpenVMS clusters on Alpha and VAX hardware, including client/server technology involving Pathworks, Novell, and the theogony, TCP/IP on The U.S. Must Immigration Essay, Intel PCs and The Legend of the Dreamcatcher Essay, NT workstations. Additional duties involved ORACLE 7.1 Database Administration on the Alpha cluster including installation and configuration of Reform Immigration Essay, both host and define prescriptive, client SQL*NET and configuration of Developer/2000 on clients. Jun 1995 to Oct 1995 : System Analyst/Developer contracted to The U.S. Must, Unocal 76 Products, Brea, CA. This position involves requirements gathering and applications to fiction reddit, move legacy and POS data into ORACLE FINANCIALS v10.

Applications were developed to interface APPLICATIONS OBJECT LIBRARY (AOL) using ORACLE v7.1, SQL*FORMS 2.3, PL*SQL, SQL*Loader, SQL*ReportWriter 2.0, Sequent-Dynix (Unix). Additional applications were written using SQL*FORMS 4.5 (CDE2 Windows) and client/server technology. Feb 1995 to May 1995 : System Analyst/Developer contracted to McDonnell Douglas, Long Beach, CA. This position involves requirements gathering and Must Essay, applications development in support of the Impacted Society Essay Product Support groups Configuration and Change Management application using ORACLE v7.1, SQL*FORMS 4.5 (CDE2 Windows), PL*SQL, SQL*ReportWriter 2.0, HP-Unix and client/server technology. Sept 1994 to Dec 1994 : System Analyst/Developer contracted to Hughes Aircraft Co., Fullerton, CA. This position involves development of Must Reform Immigration, a Gov#39;t. Air Defense application using ORACLE V7.1, SQL*FORMS 4.0 (CDE Motif), PL*SQL, SQL*ReportWriter 2.0, HP-Unix and client/server technology. Jan 1994 to July 1994 : System Analyst/Developer contracted to Canon Computer Systems, Irvine, CA. This position involves development of a Customer Support Call Tracking application using ORACLE V7, SQL*FORMS 4.0 (CDE Windows), PL*SQL, SQL*ReportWriter 2.0 and pulp, client/server technology. Aug 1993 to Feb 1994 : Principal System Analyst contracted to Must Reform Essay, Rosemont Manufacturing Controls, La Habra, CA. This position involves development of Manufacturing Control applications using ORACLE V6, SQL*FORMS, PL*SQL, client/server technology, and ORACLE*CASE 2.0 under VAX/VMS, Pathworks, DOS, and OS/2.

Nov 1992 to July 1993 : Principal System Analyst contracted to San Diego Port Authority, San Diego, CA. This position involves development of investment and project management applications using ORACLE V6, SQL*FORMS, PL*SQL, SQL*REPORTWRITER, client/server technology, and pulp fiction reddit, ORACLE*CASE 2.0 under RS/6000 and The U.S. Must Immigration, OS/2. Dec 1992 to Feb 1993 : Principal System Analyst at Quantum Health Resources, Orange, CA. This position involves development of How Conscription Canadian Society Essay, health, inventory, and drug interaction applications using ORACLE V7, SQL*FORMS and PL*SQL routines under VAX/VMS. Oct 1992 to Mar 1993 : Principal System Analyst at Peterson Publishing Co., Los Angeles, CA. Must Immigration. This position involved installation and upgrades of ORACLE RDBMS and development of publishing support, marketing, and accounting applications using ORACLE V6, SQL*FORMS and PL*SQL routines under Dynix.

Aug 1992 : Training Consultant at Quantum Health Resources, Orange, CA. Presented one week training, INTRODUCTION TO ORACLE TOOLS FOR VAX/VMS DEVELOPERS to programmers using ORACLE V7, SQL*FORMS, SQL*PLUS and PL*SQL under VAX/VMS. Aug 1992 to Oct 1992 : Principal System Analyst with PTR contracted to PacifiCare, Cypress, CA. This position involves training users in ALL-IN-1, WordPerfect 5.0 (VMS), X-windows based terminals (NCDS), and general conversion of users documents from HP to Savant Syndrome Rain, ALL-IN-1. Nov 1991 to July 1992 : Principal System Analyst with PTR subcontracted to California State Polytechnic University, Pomona. This position requires knowledge of ORACLE RDBMS, COBOL, DCL, and C. Responsibilities include developing requirements and The U.S. Reform Immigration, preparing programming specifications for a large, complex COBOL-based software project being migrating code and data from a Cyber to an integrated ORACLE data base, including physical data modeling and design, structured software design, analysis, synthesis, and implementation skills. July 1987 to The Legend of the Essay, Oct 1991 : Senior Analyst with MIDCOM subcontracted to Must Immigration Essay, McDonnell Douglas Space Station Company. This position requires knowledge of ORACLE RDBMS, ALL-IN-I script language, OMNIBASE (SMARTSTAR) Database, Britton Lee Database Machine, FORTRAN, Pascal, and C. Responsibilities include developing requirements, preliminary, and detailed design documents, conducting Preliminary Design Review (PDR), Critical Design Reviews (CDR) and How Conscription Negatively Impacted Canadian Society Essay, presentations, preparing programming specifications for system implementation, developing Contract Data Requirements List (CDRL) deliverables, providing systems engineering for large, complex software projects in an integrated data environment, including physical and logical data modeling and use of the DACOM methodology (IDEF models), structured design/ analysis/ synthesis/ implementation skills, with systems and database administration and design, conducting code and efficiency reviews, and addressing code re-usability.

Oct 1985 to July 1987 : Task Order Manager (Member of the Technical Staff) with TRW - Defense Systems Group in Dayton, Ohio. This position required having comprehensive knowledge of structured system design, using highly skilled technical capabilities for structured implementation using ORACLE, FORTRAN, COBOL, ALL-IN-1, Datatrieve, and BASIC, management of The U.S., TRW programmer/analysts and subcontractors, project management, tracking, and reporting to both TRW management and the USAF customer, and being responsible for successful completion of the project within time and cost constraints. Varied duties included development of a project management system, software tools, programmer environments, and graphical user interfaces, gathering information for and development of system requirements for large, complex software projects, development of system design, analysis, synthesis, and created, recommendation of alternatives while working closely with the U.S. Air Force customer, providing technical lead and guidance, Database design and Essay, administration, developing preliminary and detailed design Program Specifications to DoD-STD-2167, conducting Preliminary (PDR) and Critical Design Reviews (CDR), preparing programming specifications for system implementation, developing Contract Data Requirements List (CDRL) deliverables, (Product Specification documents, Users Manuals, Version Description documents, etc.), and recommending and implementing standards and training procedures. These activities are performed at the customer#39;s site using VAX-11 hardware. (Provided direct management of How Conscription Negatively Impacted Canadian Society Essay, 5 programmers.) February 1984 to June 1985 : Computer Specialist with Ft. Reform. Campbell School District. Created. Duties included requirements analysis, structured design, and The U.S. Essay, implementation of computer systems for administrative users using RPG-II/III and BASIC on the IBM SYS/36, SYS/23, and Negatively Canadian Essay, IBM/PC. Also conducted faculty and The U.S. Reform Essay, staff service workshops, hardware and software needs analysis, developed programming specifications, evaluated and The Legend Dreamcatcher Essay, recommended micro and mini-computer hardware and software, provided applications software and data conversion, modified and Must Reform Immigration, maintained Accounts Payable, General Ledger, and other accounting software, provided training for and use of MS/DOS, Lotus, WordStar, and Turbo Pascal, established purchasing needs and procurement specifications, set-up and maintenance of micros and minis, provide guidance for future computer utilization and networking. June 1982 to Dreamcatcher Essay, October 1985 : Learning Center Instructor with Ft. Campbell Army Education Center.

Duties included autonomous operation during evenings and weekends of The U.S. Reform, a PLATO Computer Based Education Learning Center for fiction, the Ft. Campbell Army Education Division. Also extensively used microcomputers including developed courseware (using TUTOR), taught programming classes (Pascal and BASIC), training for The U.S. Reform Essay, and use of MS/DOS, Lotus, WordStar, and Turbo Pascal, rostered and maintained student records, assisted students with PLATO, APPLEs, PCs and prescriptive, HP-3000 computers. June 1982 to The U.S. Must Immigration Essay, February 1984 : Computer Systems Analyst/Consultant for Computer Software Associates. Duties included company ownership and management, structured design and analysis of customer hardware and us constitution, software needs, evaluated and recommended microcomputer hardware and software, contracting for services, developed programming specifications, managed and implemented structured software projects using Pascal and BASIC, extensive use of Must Reform Immigration, microcomputers, conducted user training, conducted project management and tracking. Project management of us constitution created, four employees. June 1981 to June 1982 : Programmer for ACE Mini-Systems of Must Reform, Clarksville. Duties included the modification of BASIC language accounting packages for store customers. Other duties included hardware repair, ordering and prescriptive, stocking of computers and supplies, and limited sales. Sept 1977 to April 1978 : Electronics Mechanics Apprentice for the U.S. Essay. Naval Shipyard, Long Beach, CA.

Duties included classroom as well as hands-on training in electronics repair and Rain Man, field-changes of radar and digital equipment. June 1972 to June 1976 : U.S. Army, Sgt. Must Immigration Essay. E-5, Air Defense Artillery. How Conscription Negatively Canadian Society Essay. Secret Clearance. Commanded 6 man squad, provided training and managed simulator classes. Professional Memberships : ACM (Association for Computing Machinery), IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers: Computer Society), LeTip International, ORACLE Developers Alliance, Digital Equipment Corp. Independent Software Vendors Program, ICCA (Independent Computer Consultants Assoc.) Education : Baccalaureate Degree in COMPUTER SCIENCE, Austin Peay State University, Clarksville, TN.

Minor: Math, President ACM Student Chapter 1981. Training : IDEF Modeling Techniques and LEVERAGE workshops by The U.S. Must Reform Immigration D. Appleton (DACOM). ORACLE DATABASE DESIGN and ADMINISTRATION, BEGINNING and ADVANCED SOFTWARE DEVELOPER#39;S (included all ORACLE#39;s development tools, including SQL*FORMS 2.3 3.0, SQL*REPORTWRITER, SQL*MENU, PRO*C, PRO*COBOL, etc.) Courses by Oracle Education Services. IEEE Networking Course. Negatively Canadian Essay. Control Data Corp.#39;s CREATE (Computer Resource for Effective Author Training) curriculum for Developing and Must Immigration Essay, Designing Computer Managed Instructional Materials. 2001: “ Introduction to Java” by Oracle Education. “ Introduction to XML” by Learning Tree International. 2002 : “Administering the Oracle9i Application Server” by prescriptive Oracle Education. 2004 : “Oracle Database 10g: New Features for Administrators” by The U.S. Must Reform Essay Oracle Education. 2005 : 6-Sigma White Belt training. Essay. 2006 : ITIL training.

2009 : Sun#39;s MySQL DBA training. 3rd Place in CODA-94#39;s CDE Tools Programming Contest. (CDE SQL*FORMS 4.0, SQL*REPORT 2.0, and SQL*GRAPHICS ) Oracle Experience (by OS) : * Oracle V11g,10g,9i,8i,8.x,7.x,6 Installations/Upgrades and The U.S. Must Reform Immigration, Applications Development using SQL*PLUS, SQL*FORMS, SQL*ReportWriter, SQL*Menu, Structured Query Language (SQL), PL*SQL triggers and prescriptive, procedures on The U.S. Reform Essay, Unix (Solaris, Linux, Ultrix, Dynix, HP-UX, AIX, and SCO Unix), Data Guard/Hot Standby. * SQL*FORMS 3.0 (character version) using PL*SQL triggers and procedures on Unix. * 11gAS/10gAS/9iAS (Application Server, Net Apps), WebDB, OAS, Oracle Web Server, Portal. The Theogony. * CDE SQL*Forms, SQL*Reports, SQL*Menu, and SQL*Graphics using Motif/MS Windows. The U.S.. * Oracle V7.x,6 Installations/Upgrades and Applications Development using SQL*PLUS, SQL*FORMS, SQL*ReportWriter, SQL*Menu, Structured Query Language (SQL), PL*SQL triggers and procedures. * SQL*FORMS 3.0 (character version) using PL*SQL triggers and pulp fiction, procedures. * CASE*Designer, CASE*Generator, CAS*Dictionary. * Oracle V11g,10g,9i,8i,8,7 Installations/Upgrades and The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Essay, Applications Development using SQL*Forms, SQL*PLUS, SQL*ReportWriter, SQL*Menu, Structured Query Language (SQL), PL*SQL triggers and The Legend Dreamcatcher, procedures. * Developer(11g,10g,9i,6i,2000) SQL*FORMS, SQL*REPORTS, SQL*MENU, and The U.S. Must Immigration Essay, SQL*GRAPHICS. * Designer(11g10g,9i,6i,2000) CASE*DESIGNER, CASE*Generator, CASE*Dictionary (V 5.0, 5.1, 6.0) * JDeveloper (11g,10g,9i,3), 11gAS/10gAS/9iAS (Application Server), WebDB, OAS, OWS. Negatively Canadian. A total of 20 years of experience working in the computer industry. Must Essay. 31 years of Impacted Essay, general experience including 4 years in the U.S. Army (Secret clearance) and 3 1/2 years Civil Service. Most of the last 13 years have been spent as project lead or DBA on various database development projects. Operating Systems : C/Korn/Bourne Shell scripts, Sun Solaris, HPUX, Linux, Compaq True64 Unix, DEC Unix, DEC VAX/VMS, DEC Ultrix, Sequent Dynix, Veritas Volume Manager, Netbackup, Pyramid Unix, AIX, SCO Unix, MS Dos, Motif, OpenLook, Windows (3.11, 95, NT/2000, XP, Server 2003/2008), and The U.S. Reform Immigration Essay, OS/2. Hardware : Sun (Sparc/Intel), HP/Compaq/DEC Alpha, DEC VAX, Hewlett Packard, Sequent, Pyramid, IBM RS/6000. DBA Tools : ORACLE Enterprise Manager/Grid Control, TOAD, Network Manager, Replication Manager, ORACLE Server Manager, SQL Plus, SQL Loader, RMAN, DATAPUMP, Export/Import, Access Manager, SQL*DBA, OMNIBASE (SMARTSTAR) RDBMS, Britton Lee Database Machine, DECs RDB and Datatrieve.

Data Bases : ORACLE Relational Database Management System (versions 11g, 10g, 9i,8i,8.x,7.x,6.x), including Metalink, ORACLE FORMS (versions 2.3, 3.0, 4.0, 4.5, 6i, 9i, 10g, 11g) (Internet, Net Apps, CDE, X-windows, MS-Windows, Macintosh, and character mode versions), SQL*PLUS, ORACLE Reports , SQL*Menu, Structured Query Language (SQL), Procedural Language/Structured Query Language (PL/SQL), Oracle Designer (11g,10g,9i,6i,2000), SqlServer 2005/2003/2000/7. Languages : PL/SQL , Java, XML/XSLT, Perl , Unix Shell, Pascal, COBOL, FORTRAN, BASIC, C++, C, ALL-IN-1 scripts, HTML, HTTP, INTERLEAF Publishing System, Visual Basic, Digital Command Language (DCL) using VMS operating systems, Regis Graphics Language, POSTSCRIPT, Runoff, Forms Management System (FMS), RPG-II/III, TUTOR, PL/1, Logo, PILOT, LISP, VAX Macro, and various other Assemblers. (Familiar with DEC-windows/ X-windows/ MS-Windows APIs). Of The Dreamcatcher. Networking : SqlNet/Net8, Ethernet, DECNET, Pathworks, TCP/IP, ISDN, AppleTalk, Novell Lite, and Micro Soft Windows for Reform Immigration Essay, Workgroups, NT File Servers, NFS, FTP, and Essay Autistic Savant in the Rain Man, POP3 Mail server installation. ERP and CRM Products : Oracle Financials, Vantive, SCT Banner, ACT, GoldMine. ETL/Reporting Tools : Informatica, Business Objects, Crystal Reports, Oracle Reports, Oracle Forms, SQL*Loader, PL/SQL.

Configuration Management Products : ClearCase, PerForce, Oracle Designer/SCM, CCC, CMS/MMS, ClearQuest, CVS, Dimensions, Visual Source Save (VSS). Internet Tools : ORACLE 11gAS/10gAS/9iAS, OAS, WebServer, WebDB, Portal, PSP, HTML, Netscape Communicator and The U.S. Reform Essay, Composer, Internet Explorer, Front Page (Web Page design as well as Web Server management and Networking issues), Internet Information Server (IIS), WebMethods, WebLogic.

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cool resume names Q84: Several sources ask: With rising temperatures are we seeing cockroaches flying more? The increased gliding flight of pest cockroaches might be expected in Immigration Essay a hot NYC because they have a preferred temperature range which is Dreamcatcher Essay, between 75°F and 86°F. Below that temperature they will move to a warmer one if they can find it. Above 86°F they will try to find a cooler temperature. So, in a hot NYC the roaches will be climbing and gliding down to Must Reform Essay find that cooler temperature. In addition, in a drought they will be looking for water, particularly because above 86°F their cuticle lipids allow water to evaporate from their body much faster and they will dehydrate unless they find water.

Hot temperatures and lack of water will keep the roaches jumping or they will die. That is why they have survived since they evolved 250 million years ago. Define! Unfortunately they have staying power. Q83: Christopher Idoy asks: Where do cockroach's bodies go after their lifespan? In nature, wild cockroaches that die of old age are usually on the forest floor under some leaf liter or under some loose bark. There the omnipresent bacteria and Must Reform Immigration molds will degrade them relatively quickly and thus they are recycled. Most cockroaches do not die of old age.

Most are eaten by a predator such as a mouse or shrew or spider. The household pest cockroach may more likely die of the theogony old age and will likely dry up and grow some mold if not vacuumed up in the routine cleaning of the living spaces. If they die in a partition, their dried up bodies may accumulate if not eaten by a beetle larva such as a carpet beetle or silverfish or another cockroach. Eventually they will be recycled also. More important is the question of where do their cuticles go when they molt and The U.S. Reform also when they die. If not eaten by the newly molted individual, the shed cuticle may crumble or be ground into the dust of a room. That cuticle contains the antigen that causes childhood asthma. That is define, one good reason to vacuum up the The U.S. Reform Immigration, dust from carpets and floors so that the level of the cockroach antigen is kept low enough not to irritate the immature immune systems of children. It seems that the immature immune system can be hyper sensitized by the cockroach antigen and other household dust borne items such as dust mites. That is to be avoided. Everytime there's a Cockroach in my house, and I'm about to kill it.

I sometimes shiver in fear, and they start following me, as if they had some kind of censorial mechanism to attack me. How Conscription Canadian Society! In one of the cases, one flew towards me. Can Cockroaches sense fear from, transmitted from, human bodies? Your characterization of cockroaches goes beyond their capabilities as they are currently understood. As presented in my FAQ the cockroach is presented as fairly dumb.

Their basic instincts are to seek our environmental cues in an established order: thirst hunger sex. Temperature of their environment fits somewhere in there. If their water needs are not satisfied their primary goal would be to find water which they can sense in Must Essay a directional way. They can follow humidity up a gradient to a water source. When their water need is solved they would next seek out food, and so on Canadian, . Sensing your fear is way beyond their capacity. Must Reform! If you are sweating due to fear, perhaps they could be sensing the pulp, water coming from your sweat and approach you to Reform Immigration get water. The 'sensorial mechanism' in this case would be activated based on their water thirst. Cockroaches do have their own pheromones which are hormones for communication between organisms.

A fear hormone is talked about for mammals including humans but it would be a real stretch at define prescriptive, this point to accept your characterization of the Must Essay, cockroach behavior you report as a sensing of How Conscription Impacted Canadian Society your fear. I would eliminate the primal cockroach sensations as possible causes before I jumped to The U.S. Must Immigration Essay an as yet unknown sensory mechanism for cockroaches. That said, there are other proposed sensory capabilities of cockroaches that are not yet proven in a rigorous scientific way. Us Constitution Created! One such is their possible ability to sense an earthquake before it happens. This ability if understood could be very beneficial to early warnings in rural or even cosmopolitan situations if it out-performs or is cheaper than conventional detectors. Similarly, a cockroach fear-sensor could be very useful if it could be calibrated and validated to Immigration Essay reliably detect fear.

An hypothesis such as you make needs to be tested rigorously by pointed experiments before it is accepted as 'truth' (i.e. not rejected). I recently went to Essay on Savant Syndrome in the Film open my refrigerator door and The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Essay sure enough, there was a roach inside on the refrigerator shelf. It got away, unfortunately, but made me wonder . How? Most refrigerators chill food to. What are the contents of a cockroach brain that makes it a possible antibiotic against Dreamcatcher MRSA and Immigration Essay Escherichia coli ? The brain is define prescriptive, a very important organ in an animals life and survival. It fights all sorts of attacks from invading organisms and also anything that might disrupt its function. All living organisms fight against microorganisms using whatever they are able to Must Immigration Essay discover through the evolutionary filter of survival of the fittest. Ergo, we find an anti-cancer drug from the Yew tree's bark. There is not enough Yew tree bark to provide the amount of its anti-cancer substance needed.

We have learned how to synthesize this drug without killing Yew trees. For some reason, the cockroach brain has developed a unique general approach to antibiotics about which you seem to us constitution created have heard. The U.S. Reform Immigration Essay! Insects do not have the highly-targeted immune response that we have, i.e. Prescriptive! IgG, IgA, IgM, t-cells, etc. The U.S. Must Immigration Essay! They have general responses to prescriptive fighting against microbes. The U.S. Must Reform Essay! The cockroach brain factors are perhaps a new type of antibiotic which has not yet been identified and studied extensively.

I have only read about it in news reports and the discoverers are keeping the define prescriptive, details that they know somewhat close to their vest perhaps because they are in the process of Must Reform Essay discovery that is needed to apply for a patent. Also the define, criteria for publishing in a peer-reviewed journal are more stringent that those for reporting phenomena at The U.S. Must, a conference. They are perhaps playing the wise strategy of giving a little bit of info to the public to stimulate interest and perhaps private/public investment until they have enough info to publish in a professional journal or patent the technique. Us Constitution Created! I am not sure what the The U.S. Must, British patent law is like vs the USA law. The Theogony! In Europe one can not patent a life-saving protocol. In America you can. In America you need to patent a protocol soon after you make the details public in a journal or you lose the right to The U.S. Must Reform Immigration patent. The most profitable approach would be to keep quiet about Canadian Society technical details until you to get a USA patent on The U.S. Reform Immigration, the protocol/substance. Fiction Reddit! For that reason we may not know the details of this story until the The U.S. Immigration, financial issues are settled. There are many such discoveries that never pan out.

However, if it is actually one or several new ways of fighting bacteria then understanding them could lead to new families of How Conscription antibiotics that could be new treatments for the growing number of antibiotic-resistant-bacterial-strains such as MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) which no longer are controlled by their previously effective antibiotic. We bought two female cockroaches about seven months ago, and . one . has recently given birth. The U.S. Must Reform Essay! They are both . female, and she gave birth about six months after we got her, which is too long for define her to have gotten pregnant in the (pet) shop isn't it?! Even stranger is that she has given birth twice now (we think) but only to about three cockroaches each time. Cockroaches need to mate only Must Reform Essay, once to produce up to 3 or more sequential batches (oothecae) of fertilized eggs. They store the define, sperm in an internal storage location and use it as needed. Sometimes the last batches of hatching embryos are small in number because the sperm was running out. Also the paired ovaries are made up of ovarioles which are strings of maturing oocytes. Reform! Only the terminal oocyte of an ovariole gets ovulated and fertilized to participates in a current ootheca.

Sometimes the ovarioles develop tumors which then inactivates that ovariole from participating in a current or future ootheca. Sometimes if the female is not well fed and well supplied with water an embryo will die before hatching. Several phenomena contribute to how many offspring you will have. The female hissing cockroaches you bought may have been quite old adults when you purchased them. They do not show their age externally. With fresh larvae hatched to rear, you can control their health and growth by how well you treat them. The males usually metamorphose to define prescriptive the adult stage first, sometimes an instar earlier than the females.

Feed the Must Essay, larval males and females well with a low nitrogen diet. Mix ground dog biskit with corn starch to pulp dilute the amount of protein nitrogen, moisten it with a bit of water and bake it into your own custom roach biskits. Too much nitrogen will give the cockroaches a form of gout, excess uric acid in their waste and their fat bodies. This gout can lead to an early death of your pet cockroaches. They are healthier if you feed them something like 10-15% dog biskit with 85-90% cornstarch. Give them a banana or carrot slice occasionally. Keep their container relatively clean and look at their fecal pellets to see if they have too much uric acid in them. They will be white if they have too much uric acid.

A healthy first parturition female Gromphadorhina portentosa can have 40-60 live offspring at Immigration, each birth as you have read. Good luck. PS: Virgin births (parthenogenesis) is known among cockroaches! I . wonder if you might help me with (a) hypothetical: Say someone had found a cockroach that had been living near water and food contaminated by the theogony, runoff from a golf course. It appears normal accept that it's roughly the size of a shoebox. Must Reform Immigration! How might you go about trying to explain such a thing? In your section on the Roach's size being regulated by its respiratory system and wondered if the two things might be connected?` The possibility that a local phenomenon, pollution runoff at a golf course, could be the basis for the appearance of a 'hopeful monster' is an unlikely outcome. The concept of Essay a 'hopeful monster', your 'shoebox sized cockroach', is not new and The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Essay you can read about such phenomena, which was most recently described by the late Stephen Jay Gould. Find out about this phenomenon by googling 'hopeful monster'.

What other insects or arachnids are related to the cockroach? Are scorpions or lobsters? Cockroaches are in the insect order Dictyoptera, which, to define prescriptive some, is a super order of the The U.S. Reform, cockroaches, termites and preying mantids. In my mind, this is a firmly established group based on molecular as well as morphological and on Savant Syndrome in the Rain physiological evidence. I myself have published immunological evidence that the termites are like another family of cockroaches with the preying mantids being more distant from both termites and cockroaches. The termites can be considered social-cockroaches (they have a king and queen, workers and soldiers) and the preying mantids are anti-social-cockroaches (the bride eats the groom after mating!). Bjoern M. von Reumont, Ronald A. Jenner, Matthew A. Wills, Emiliano Dell'Ampio, Gunther Pass, Ingo Ebersberger, Benjamin Meyer, Stefan Koenemann, Thomas M. Iliffe, Alexandros Stamatakis, Oliver Niehuis, Karen Meusemann, and Immigration Bernhard Misof. (2012). Pancrustacean Phylogeny in the Light of New Phylogenomic Data: Support for The Legend Essay Remipedia as the Must, Possible Sister Group of Hexapoda. Mol. Biol. Evol.

29(3):1031-1045. . In one of (your) FAQs, someone asked about roaches making sounds, and you replied that to created the best of your knowledge the (pest species) didn't communicate through sounds. However, one thing I noted at one point when my home was suffering a rather bad infestation of American roaches is that at night I would hear a clicking sound, very similar to the sound made when a person snaps a fingernail and thumbnail together. If I made this snapping noise with my fingernails, I'd get a chorus of replies. When I eliminated the Must Essay, roaches, the The Legend of the Dreamcatcher, clicking noises also were eliminated. So although the evidence is a bit circumstantial, I believe that the Must Reform, American roach actually communicates via this clicking sound, perhaps a mating call? Good observation! That sound might fall within the realm of stridulation which I mentioned about some species of Savant Syndrome in the Film Rain cockroach.

One might ask how stridulation developed evolutionarily and Essay it might have started with a few clicks of the roach wings or limbs against one another. Your experiment with inducing them to click is particularly telling. The Legend Dreamcatcher! I would think that rather than mating, which has been studied fairly thoroughly, that the clicking might be a warning that is transmitted through the roach world. In certain species of the closely related termites the large headed soldiers do head-knocking behavior in Must Reform Immigration their wooden galleries, banging their little heads against the wooden walls which sends an alarm signal to the rest of the the theogony, colony. Alarm-signal evidence in cockroaches would be an important finding. It would be further evidence of The U.S. Must Essay a social structure beyond mating much as white-tailed deer flash their tails or turkeys gobble a warning to fellow turkeys when danger arises. You may not be willing to recreate the environment in which the roaches were clicking and could respond to your nail-snaps but that would be necessary in order to design experiments to test your 'communication hypothesis'. How Conscription Negatively Canadian Society! Someone may read this in my FAQ and do just that. In fact, we may need my readership to do the experiment you just described since once a person rids their home of cockroaches there is no desire to go back. Essay! Before you readers decimate the roach population in the theogony your home, please do the interesting experiment described above!

We are the Reform, producers of a commonly used household item. My question is Society, this, we distribute product to off sight clearing houses (shipping consolidators). Recently we delivered a job to such a facility and they in turn got the Immigration Essay, product to the ultimate customer the The Legend of the Dreamcatcher, next day. When the customer started opening the Essay, 20 some boxes he started finding cockroaches. By the time he had emptied the boxes he had found and the theogony killed ten roaches. We use common cardboard boxes as packing material, comparable to a sealed box of canned goods you would find in a grocery store.

If we delivered to an infested site how long would it take the little buggers to get in the boxes? I know this particular job did not sit on their dock for The U.S. Immigration Essay more than 12 hours. Cockroaches are active for the four hours after the normal 'lights out' in a building. Your shipment was presumably packed in the evening and sat in the dark, perhaps still somewhat open, at The Legend Essay, the end of business. The U.S. Must Reform Immigration! The cockroaches became active and How Conscription Negatively Impacted Essay then after their four hours of activity they sought a hiding place for the coming day. Some hid in your packages and then were found upon Must Reform, eventual delivery the next day. Growing up, my room was the only room in my parents house that cockroaches completely infested. I was and still AM a very clean person so I don't attribute their infesting to food or uncleanliness. I've had cockroaches drop on us constitution created, me in The U.S. Must Immigration Essay the middle of the night countless times, fly directly at me, fall on Essay Autistic Savant in the Rain, me in the shower, crawl underneath my pillow/couch cushion sit on my purse strap or inside my purse, crawl in my shoes/clothes, crawl in my drawers, etc. . (Are) cockroaches . attracted to my scent, is that possible? In 2005 scientists at Cornell and NC State, including my good colleague Coby Schal, identified the elusive hormone that attracts the Must Reform, male of Blattella germanica to the female.

A news release of that discovery can be viewed at URL: Q73: Liz Jeavans asks: I would like to know how cockroaches walk up walls. I heard that they have statically charged feet, but is this true? Liz, The feet of insects including cockroaches are made up of a brush like pile which reacts with a surface like myriad weak suction cups. The weak forces involve adding together thousands of such individual adhering pillus ends and result in a strong enough force to suspend the body of a fly, a roach or even larger non-insectal critters such as lizards. To step the cockroach must remove the pilli individually in the theogony a wave, like ripping off some cellophane or an adhesive bandage. If you tried ripping off a bandage whole at one time it would not come off but if you rip it off from The U.S. Reform Essay one edge it comes of easily. So the insects and prescriptive lizards had invented reusable tape long before humans.

Here is a detailed URL on the topic: Q72: Arlette Koiiman asks: I saw one cockroach with an ootheca when I caught it to throw it out. My question is, where are the cockroaches most likely to place the Must, ootheca?? Would they chose a specific location, or would they just loose the ootheca whenever the time is right? Is it likely they would choose a spot in a frequently used airconditioned room?

Would they climb into the drawers or closet and chose to place it between your clothes. Blattella germanica the German cockroach is the commonest small pest roach and carries its egg case until it hatches in about 18 days at 30C. At hatching the ootheca is on the theogony, the female or dropped at random wherever she is at the time. Periplaneta americana or Blatta orientalis are the The U.S. Must Reform Essay, commonest large pest roaches. They carry their egg case for a few days and then deposit it in a corner or crevice, cementing it there with local debris and saliva. A favorite place is in the corrugations of corrugated cardboard. They chew a hole into the cardboard and use the chewings to paste together over fiction, the ootheca that they have placed into Must Immigration Essay the hole they have made in the cardboard. They would not typically burrow into clothing in a drawer to do it. They might chose the corner of the prescriptive, drawer and use some of the lint available to glue together over the deposited ootheca. Cockroaches prefer warm temperatures and it depends what temperature of air conditioning is The U.S. Must, imposed on the room they find themselves.

Cockroaches prefer temperatures between 25 and 30C. They will move from a cooler spot to Essay on Autistic Rain Man the warmer spot as long as it satisfies their basic drives: thirst, hunger and sex. Does Cockroach like to be touched on all its sides? What is the word for it? Thigmotropic. [Greek thigma , touch; as in thigmotaxis + -tropism.] This is a word used often in the plant world where a plant entwines itself about another object such as a vine climbing another vine or a tree or a string. Cockroaches are thigmotropic in The U.S. Reform Essay the sense that they like to conform to a hiding place during the day, conforming to a curve or having something touching them on top and bottom such as in a crevice.

Q70: Merilliza Chan asks: Is it true that a cockroach can lay eggs without mating. On Savant Syndrome In The Film Rain! how is that possible? o_o. There are three issues here, egg laying, fertile egg laying and virgin birth: 1) Cockroaches and many other animals can lay eggs (infertile) without mating. A cockroach and most other organisms must begin maturing their eggs (oocytes) in their ovary considerably before mating (humans too). The U.S. Must Immigration Essay! The egg is ovulated on a schedule that is determined by whether it has developed in the ovary to a point when it is ready for ovulation. 2) After ovulation, there may or may not be sperm to fertilize the egg that is Negatively Impacted Canadian Society, ovulated. The U.S. Must Reform Essay! In cockroaches, if there are no sperm to fertilize the egg, the ootheca that covers the eggs is created, often thinner.

The cockroach's physiology knows not to waste the protein on producing a thick oothecal covering and very often the The U.S. Reform Immigration Essay, female will eat the infertile eggs regaining the stored yolk protein lest it be wasted from the cockroach's nutritional economy. 3) Parthenogenesis is the process of producing fertile eggs without male participation. Some species of cockroach use parthenogenesis as a rule (there are no males, or very rare males in How Conscription Canadian Society such species). The American cockroach is said to be able to produce parthenogenetic offspring under severe conditions when no males are available. Why is there not a single photo of The U.S. Must Essay cockroach eggs on the net? Well ok I saw 2 photos on google image but they were drawn or cr___y! Cockroach eggs do not occur in nature singly, they come in batches called oothecae. I have several images of cockroach eggs in an ootheca often extruding from the rear end of the female. Try the following links. Two families of fiction reddit cockroaches (Blattinae and Blattellidae) extrude the ootheca and hold onto it for a few day until they deposit it in Reform Essay a safe place to hatch about a month later.

One genus of Blattellinae, Blattella , including our favorite Blattella germanica , the German cockroach, holds onto the ootheca extruding from its rear end until it hatches: The entire Blaberidae family of tropical cockroaches incubate their ootheca covered eggs internally and you never see their ootheca unless you are someone like me who rears them and you see the created, ootheca during the extrusion phase after which they take it back into the uterus and The U.S. Must Reform incubate it until hatching/birth. Probably more than you ever wanted to know about the visibility of cockroach eggs. Finally, you would have seen more cockroach egg pictures on the internet if you had searched Google Image for 'ootheca' rather than 'cockroach egg' What color are cockroaches most atrackted to? Cockroaches (and most other insects) have two light receptors, one sensitive in the ultraviolet range and one in the green range. Many insects also have a third light receptor peaking in the blue.

Most pest cockroaches are not attracted to light. They are active at night and if anything they might avoid light. However, if you have a patio that is lit you might be asking what type of created light should you have in Reform Essay your patio lighting scheme. The yellow 'bug' lights would be least visible to any of the reddit, wild cockroaches that can see light and Reform Essay fly and often are attracted to porch and patio lights. Canadian Society! A fluorescent light has ultraviolet in its spectrum and thus could attract insects. Must Reform Essay! A normal incandescent light will have the usual blue and green light in Dreamcatcher Essay its spectrum and thus attracts insects that see that light.

The actual question of Must Essay whether they are attracted to the light is another issue. Insects attracted to porch lights are often exhibiting the moth to a flame attraction phenomenon. Insects flying at night are often orienting to a light they interpret as the moon. If you are trying to fly in fiction reddit a straight line you might chose to keep the moon at a constant angle in The U.S. Must Reform your front line of sight. Since the moon is so far away, that keeps you going in a straight line.

However if you mistake a porch light for Dreamcatcher Essay the moon and keep a constant angle to it, you are likely to spiral into the light - like a moth into The U.S. Essay a flame. Insects, in that instance, are not attracted to define prescriptive the light but are using it for navigation. Q67: Mike Delozier asks: We wanted to determine just how big a cockroach could get. Would the physiology and Must Immigration structure of the insect allow it to be as big as a dog or cat?

We had heard if a spider got that big they would suffocate because the physiological structure couldn't support it. Is there any similar restrictions with the roach? That is a classic question in insect physiology. Insects are usually thought to be limited by the free diffusion in air of pulp fiction reddit oxygen into their innermost tissues and Essay free diffusion of CO 2 out. Insects supply their tissues with oxygen using their segmental spiracular openings and the tracheal tubes that divide and subdivide until they reach the size of tracheoles which are small tubes that directly tangent the created, cell surface and The U.S. Reform Immigration Essay gases exchange. This subdivision is such that the cross sectional area of the tube does not change at define prescriptive, each subdivision.

If the cross-sectional area of each tracheole at the cellular level does not change, it necessarily follows that as the insect volume increases, the size of the outermost tracheal trunk will needs be get larger in The U.S. Reform proportion to the theogony tissue volume. Given the properties of surface to volume, there is an Immigration Essay upper limit to the size of an insect if the How Conscription Negatively Impacted Canadian, principles outlined are held constant. Extrapolated, the The U.S. Immigration, cross- sectional area of the spiracular openings would need to be larger than the available insect outer surface. These limits might be overcome if in the larger insects a tidal lung function was developed. In some of the larger cockroaches there is a sort of tidal rhythm that occurs through the action of body wall muscles contracting and relaxing. This might extend the size of pulp reddit a cockroach by compensating for the need to Must maintain a constant crossectional area from the smallest to the biggest tracheae. A tidal 'lung' function would get more air into the large tracheal trunks, but would not solve the basic problem of the size of the general tracheal system. I doubt that a single level of tidal 'lung' would allow the cockroach to get much larger than the current tropical cockroaches like Blaberus giganteus but it would be nice for someone to put a firmer theoretical basis on the theogony, that limit. The U.S.! Good luck!

Q66: Wallace Anderson asks: . I was kinda worried because it (the leaf roach) seemed to have been injured a little when I swiped it from Rain my hair where it had landed unexpectedly. Reform Essay! . Will it heal? Good question! Actually I did my Ph.D. dissertation on that very topic. Canadian! Cockroach regeneration of limbs. The U.S. Must Immigration Essay! I wrote a chapter in a book on cockroaches on the topic: Q65: Mariele Pellecer ask: I . wanted to know how do you sex them ( Blattella germanica ) before they molt to the theogony adults? Since this is an important issue for The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Essay cockroach biologists I constructed a page to prescriptive explain it as I understand it from Reform Mary Ross and Don Cochran, and have used this technique for decades. Essay On Autistic Savant Film Rain! It is almost fool-proof:

Q64: Karna and Izzy and Sarah ask: . we are moving. The U.S. Reform Immigration! And we have a problem with big huge roaches in in the Rain Man our house, mainly kitchen and Must Reform Essay bathroom. I am VERY worried that during packing and The Legend Essay moving the Reform Immigration Essay, roaches will jump into my suitcases and of the nest in my clothes. What can I tell you? Cockroach larvae will hide anywhere they can.

Moving with migrating human populations is exactly how pest roaches have gotten around the world. Must Reform Essay! I have no magic solution. Created! Kill the roaches any way you can before you reach your new home. If you have roaches you can see, you need to do a general extermination to get them all, visible and invisible. Fumigate the moving van? I am not an exterminator and have no special expertise in that respect.

After cooking pizza in my microwave, I opened the microwave . and Must Immigration Essay discovered a small roach . Define Prescriptive! still alive. . is The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Essay, it possible that it was in the microwave . and . survived? This experiment has been done often. The microwave oven is prescriptive, amazingly non-uniform in its heating. That is why most of them have carousels to keep the food moving through the focus of the The U.S. Reform Essay, power. The roach you found was clearly not at the focus of the microwaves, otherwise it would have exploded under the heating regime at the focus. I wonder if you know of any roaches that have spiny protrusions extending from a slightly elongated abdomen that they upend and reddit essentially point at each other when fighting. The cockroach species, Diploptera punctata , is found in Hawaii. It has cerci protruding from the Must Reform Immigration Essay, tip of its abdomen and it will spray an acrid fluid from its upturned abdomen at attackers, usually not at each other but some small rodent intent on eating them. Here is a picture of a Diploptera family, (counter-clockwise) 2 adults, 3 larval stages, a late embryo and packet of eggs. Of course, your description sounds like a scorpion, which is not a cockroach but is a household pest in the US southwest. It also sounds like an earwig which has pincer like protrusions from the tip of their abdomen with teeth that are reared up in define the air when they are disturbed.

You may be mistaken about the fighting. Reform Immigration! Mating male cockroaches extend their abdomen and point it at the female offering her a taste of a secretion on define, his abdomen. If the female feeds on this gland it stimulates the male to continue the mating process, eventually copulating and transferring a package of sperm to the female which then uses it for the next month or two fertilizing eggs. What is the little brown sac that falls out of some roaches when they are dying? That is a sac of eggs, called an ootheca. See the pictures at URLs: The females carry the ootheca protruding from their bursa which is at their tail end until, depending on Immigration, the species, it hatches, they hide it somewhere or until they retract it into their uterus to incubate it until the eggs hatch. The German cockroach carries it around until it hatches and might be the reddit, culprit you are specifically asking about. The American cockroach carries it around for a day or two until it hardens and darkens and The U.S. Must Reform Essay then hides it in a crevasse covered with some camouflage they glue in place with saliva. The ootheca is only gently held in us constitution created the bursa and could easily fall off when the roach is roughly handled or dying.

Q60: Elizabeth Palmer asks: How much weight can a cockroach carry? For instance, an ant can carry it's own weight. That saying about the ant sounds just as offhand as what I might give for the cockroach, but for an important difference: The ant is a forager which is designed to find and Must Essay carry objects back to its colony nest. Carrying things has a meaning for ants based on on Autistic Savant Syndrome Film Rain Man, their innate behavior.

The cockroach does not move things more than a few millimeters when it lifts things that it is Must Reform Immigration Essay, nibbling while eating or tasting. Therefore the The Legend of the Dreamcatcher, carrying question is meaningless in most situations. Cockroaches were not designed to carry foreign objects around. The ant can probably carry things twice its weight. . This is a perfect question for an undergraduate lab, but not particularly interesting to an insect physiologist. It would engage the student in The U.S. Immigration Essay trying to get the cockroach and ant to carry something. The student would hopefully learn that the created, ant instinctively carries things off and the cockroach does not. The U.S. Immigration! This exercise would teach that the posing of a logical experimental question is an prescriptive important step in doing research. A close relative of the Immigration, cockroach is the preying mantis which catches and lifts other insects to eat them. The females will even catch and eat the the theogony, male after she mates with him.

The male in Must Reform Immigration mating with the female, jumps on Dreamcatcher, its back and is carried around during the mating process. The male weighs a bit less than the female but you could say that the female mantis can lift its own weight (or that of a mate). The U.S. Essay! In this case the female does carry the male on her back while mating, then she grabs him and eats him on the spot, usually without carrying him any further. Similarly the other close relative of the cockroach, the termite, is us constitution, a social insect which lives in a nest but it does not go foraging and bring back large objects the way that an Must Reform Immigration Essay ant does. The termite can forage for bits of wood and does lift bits of wet saliva soaked wood in order to extend its nest, often building huge structures in Africa, or, more close to home, tunnels from house siding across foundation to ground. Carrying of this building material is essential to survival for these termites. The cockroach female does not carry the Autistic in the Rain Man, male on her back during the Immigration Essay, mating process as the mantid and many other insects do, they mate tail to tail with no carrying involved. So, you need to create a question about cockroaches that has meaning. On In The Film! A carrying question about Essay a cockroach is not meaningful, unless you could create a situation in which it needs to reddit carry something.

When a group of cockroaches is very hungry I have observed them competing for food. Occasionally I have seen a cockroach drag a piece of food off to nibble on it without being harassed by close neighbors. This is the only situation I have observed in The U.S. Must Reform Immigration which a cockroach does anything close to carry an object. Then a good question might be: When a group of cockroaches has been starved, how much food could an individual cockroach lift and carry off in that situation? I do not know the us constitution, answer. Reader Janis Innis (july 11, 2009) notes: I observed a roach running with a large chunk of dog food. It was running across the kitchen, but when I entered the room, it turned and ran back towards the other side of the The U.S. Immigration Essay, room. I would estimate it covered six feet while I was watching it. Us Constitution Created! I would guess the dry dog food chunk weighed much more than the roach. . Q59: Jennifer Manley asks:

I have an The U.S. insect that I believe to be a Blaberus colloseus , just judging by the one picture I could find on the internet. Can you tell me where to find out Essay anything about this guy? I'm not having any luck on the internet. Ans: Jennifer, My experience with Blaberus species is limited to The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Essay B. giganteus, B. The Theogony! discoidalis , and Essay B. cranifer . Define! Now that other species of The U.S. Immigration Blaberus are becoming attractive as pets and feeder cultures worldwide, our poor understanding and literature about the diversity of species in this and pulp fiction most other cockroach genera is becoming obvious. The three species I mentioned were the first to be cultured in research labs and by hobbyists. There is a reasonable scientific literature on their use as lab animals. Immigration Essay! We actually know little about their natural ecology and behavior except where experimentalists and hobbyists have taken the time to describe it. I have no information and could find no information at PubMed or Web-of-Science on Blaberus colloseus the Ecuador roach or Blaberus colossus , the more likely spelling. It is also possible that this name is a synonym or a mistake that you have run across on the internet on the many hobbyist pages dealing with cockroaches.

One note of How Conscription Negatively Canadian Society caution, many Blaberus species look alike and if you have collected your Blaberus species in The U.S. Must Immigration the wilds of the southern USA, it is prescriptive, most likely B. discoidalis or B. giganteus which can be found in the wild on our southern USA coast. I'm a freelance editor on deadline trying to The U.S. Must edit a story on roaches for a reading textbook . (T)here is so much conflicting information on Autistic Film Man, the web. . (C)ould you clear up the following . questions for me? Ans: That number is not the usual number quoted and Immigration Essay is ( 40 x 5-6) = 200-240. In my substantial experience using B. germanica in my lab, a single female can produce at us constitution, max about 5-6 egg cases during her lifetime, each about a month apart after her own approximate 35 day juvenile phase. The timing depends on temperature and they develop most quickly at 30C. Each egg case has approximately 40 eggs so that means a single female will only produce 240 primary offspring. However most people like to scare you with the calculation of Reform Immigration Essay total progeny. That means understanding that only half the 240 primary offspring are females who could each also have 240 offspring half of us constitution created which are females. Depending on the temperature one needs to calculate the larger number of offspring that a female can produce in a year, which is the usual number that is quoted.

Ans: The American cockroach produces 1 ootheca per 2.5-3 days with each ootheca bearing about 12 offspring. The number of ootheca in Reform Essay the adult life of an Negatively Society American roach is probably somewhere in the literature. The egg cases start being less frequent as the female gets older and some of the The U.S. Reform Essay, ovarioles become inactive such that an ootheca might only define, contain 6-8 eggs in later life. I presume an adult female might continue the output for 6 months (although that is a guess) so resulting in 60 ootheca x 12 = 720 offspring. The variance about this average might be quite high so I would not be surprised by actual counts of females producing 500-1400 offspring in her lifetime. I see that you've mentioned that cockroaches are connected to The U.S. Must Essay asthma in kids. Please could you explain this to me? Why do they cause atshma? A: Rochelle, You ask a good question. Why do we develop asthma from interaction with some object we might experience particularly as a child (i.e. The Legend Of The Essay! childhood asthma)?

Asthma is an over-reaction of our body to Must a foreign antigen we find in our environment. We have special antibodies in our serum, immunoglobulin E, that are associated with allergic reactions. Essay Autistic Savant In The Man! When we develop an allergy to something in our environment that allergic reaction sometimes takes directions that are dangerous to the individual. A severe reaction is anaphylactic shock which can kill you. A milder reaction includes various levels of asthma. Why do children develop asthma by growing up in a cockroach infested home? Young children crawl around on the floors and The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Essay carpets which may have the parts and the theogony proteins of The U.S. Immigration cockroaches imbedded in them. The same goes for pet dander and allergies to dogs and cat dander. When an allergy test is How Conscription Impacted Society Essay, given to those asthmatic individuals they find the children react perhaps to cockroach antigen and perhaps to dog or cat dander antigen. Only certain children develop the allergies and the asthmatic reaction to those conditions.

This seems to be partly an Must Reform Immigration inherited tendency, so, allergic parents may pass on the tendency to become allergic to their children. Here is an authoritative link to discussions of the relation between allergies and asthma. How fast are cockroaches? A: Glesne, Cockroaches are fast enough. They have giant fibers in their ventral nerve cord that transmit the sensory info from the theogony their cerci, which sense air currents, directly to their thoracic ganglia which control their leg muscles. Must Reform Immigration Essay! This is define, a reflex circuit which does not need any decision by The U.S. Must Immigration Essay, the cockroach brain. It is pulp, fast enough to Must Immigration detect the air wave in us constitution created front of a predator and allows the cockroach to scuttle away, avoiding capture. If you want to know how fast in cm/sec you will have to do your own experiment. Each species would have its own behavioral and mechanical limits of speed. You might make your measurement of The U.S. Must Reform Essay speed in terms of body lengths per prescriptive, second which might allow you to Must Reform Immigration Essay compare species of cockroaches. What would be your measuring conditions?

Starting from a full stop and measure speed after 0.1 or 0.2 seconds? You have some thinking to do before you can decide how to measure the Essay Autistic Savant Syndrome Rain, cockroach speed. How long can a cockroach maintain its top speed? How long does it take to accelerate to its top speed? Q55: Justin Winstead asks: I had a debate with my brother and his wife over whether or not cockroaches live in Must Immigration Essay organized groups. I said that they do live in organized groups and they acted like I was crazy. Can you set us straight please?

A: Justin, Social structure in created the cockroach pest species is next to invisible. However there are a few indications of group organization. Most such behavior would not be considered social: 1) Many cockroaches care for Immigration Essay their eggs until they hatch, including the German cockroach which carries the eggs externally until they hatch. A whole Family of us constitution cockroaches, the Blaberidae with subfamilies Blaberinae, Zetoborinae, Epilamprinae Diplopterinae and Pycnoscelinae among others, carry the eggs internally until they hatch. One Blaberid species, Diploptera sp. The U.S. Immigration! , provides nutrition to the theogony the embryos which actually molt in utero several times such that they need only molt three times after they are born to become adults, URL: D_punctata-devel-2864.JPG.

2) There is a so-called group-effect among the young of German cockroaches. If they are alone they develop very slowly. The U.S. Must Immigration Essay! If there are at least two larvae in a defined space they accelerate their development to become adults. Pulp! This later behavior is Must Reform Immigration Essay, a mechanism that increases the probability that two adults will be present by define, the time adulthood is reached. Unfortunately, this effect is sex-neutral so the two adults could be both males or both females with a probability of The U.S. Must Reform 50%. 3) The termites are a group of The Legend of the Essay insects that have approximately the same level evolutionary relationship as Families of cockroaches. This group is highly social and could be considered the social branch of the cockroach evolutionary tree. Any suspected social organization of your pest species is more likely a misunderstanding when one finds them all hiding together during their quiet period which is The U.S. Immigration, during our daytime. The Theogony! Hiding spaces are at a premium and a good hiding space will be used by many cockroaches. Is sleeping-together living in organized groups?

Do they aggregate during their quiet phase to activate the group effect, which may insure they are able to reproduce effectively? Q54: Laurie Betts asks: Are there Australian cockroaches in the USA? A: Laurie, There is a pest cockroach, Periplaneta australasiae , which is common outdoors in the southern USA. It is The U.S. Must Immigration, commonly called the define prescriptive, Australian cockroach. It is found worldwide as a pest and also called the greenhouse cockroach because of its predilection for The U.S. Immigration establishing itself as a pest in the warmth of greenhouses at all latitudes. It is also found in western Australia.

I am not sure of the etymology of the common name, 'Australian cockroach'. The actual geographic origin of pest species is not easy to determine. North Africa seems to be the major focus of the wild species of the genus Periplaneta , thus Periplaneta americana is thought to originate in North Africa despite its common name, the American cockroach. It is thought that the pest species of cockroaches have dispersed around the world with the, relatively recent, early human migrations, explorations and trading activity. The 1400's - 1600's would be considered relatively recent relative to the 250 myr history of cockroach evolution. The scientific name is on Syndrome in the, P. australasiae , which translates to Periplaneta of southern ( austral -) asia. The 'austral' of the scientific name does not necessarily indicate that it is from Australia but more correctly from southern Asia. The '-asiae' is the The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Essay, Latin genitive of possession, suggesting 'this Periplaneta belongs to southern Asia'. 'Australia' is generally thought of the theogony as the 'southern continent' not 'southern Asia'. The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Essay! The scientific, Latin names of the theogony insects and their common names, if common names exist, are often applied for local or mistaken reasons.

Somehow, the common name 'Australian' was applied at some point in The U.S. Must time to P. australasiae . See URL: There is another answer to your question. The cockroach Family group, Polyzosterinae, is almost entirely found in Australia, thus it could be thought of define prescriptive as a group of Australian cockroaches. It has hundreds of described species, most if not all wingless as adults. Immigration! There is one species of this Family in the USA, Eurycotis floridana . It is The Legend of the Dreamcatcher, thought that E. The U.S. Immigration Essay! floridana reached the USA prehistorically when Australia was part of the plates that made up the Essay, super-continent Pangaea. During the separation of Australia from South America, about 50 myr ago, it is Reform Immigration Essay, thought that the then nuclear Family of which Eurycotis was a member split, sending one or a few representatives up into South American landmass and the remainder in the future Australian landmass.

The Eurycotis genus is thought to have reached the USA across the Central American land-bridge. Eurycotis floridana is the only surviving species of the the theogony, Polyzosterinae in the USA while the Polyzosterinae blossomed in Australia. So you can say that there is at least one Australian cockroach in the USA, E. floridana . . Immigration Essay! or two if you include P. australasiae . Q53: Kian Hwee (Singapore) asks: . can you share with me a few examples of cockroaches that evolved some kind of us constitution symbiotic relationship with other living organisms? Thank you. A: Kian Hwee, Cockroaches in general have one very important symbiotic relationship with bacteroids living in special cells, mycetocytes, in their fat body tissue. The U.S. Must! The bacteroids are passed from Essay Man generation to generation as a thin coating on their eggs, between the chorion and the oocyte cell membrane. During embryology these bacteroids invest in the female future ovary and the developing fat body tissue. The bacteroids produce all the vitamins needed by the cockroach with the exception of choline and cholesterol which remain as the only essential vitamins of the cockroach. The U.S. Must Immigration! The close relatives, termites and Canadian Society preying mantids have lost or never gained this type of symbiont. They must get their vitamins, like Vit A and D, in their food. This is a true symbiotic relationship since the cockroaches have protected the bacteroids over the millions of years of their association and probably these bacteria-like organisms have been protected from changes forced on their strains by mating with other bacterial strains and have remained true to their type since they accepted the Immigration, cloistered life they enjoy in the cockroach fat body.

As long as the cockroach survives, these bacteroids will survive. They have hung their survival on a pretty sure bet. How is that for a symbiotic benefit? The cockroach makes out pretty well also since due to Impacted Society Essay the vitamins supplied by the bacteroids, the cockroach can eat almost anything organic without thinking of whether it has vitamins and essential amino acids, which we all need to get via our diet or a vitamin pill! How would we know a cockroach was still alive if it does not move? My son would like to perform the experiment of cutting off a roaches head. I looked through the The U.S. Reform Essay, questions already posted, but did not see how we would know it was still alive if it doesn't move.

A: Mendriks, The headless cockroach will move if stimulated with a feather or a toothpick. The cockroach will sense an irritation on define, its leg or back and move to avoid it if it is still alive. The way to do the experiment with the greatest chance of success is to take some old-fashion dental floss, the type made up of Must Immigration Essay very fine filaments and pulp fiction reddit make a simple loop knot that is The U.S. Reform Essay, put over the theogony, the cockroaches head and drawn tight around its neck. You can also use a fine silk thread or hair from The U.S. Must your head and similarly make a loop knot that can be tightened. At that point you can cut the head off on define prescriptive, the head-side of the The U.S. Must Immigration, knot. This prevents the Essay Autistic Savant in the, cockroach from losing any blood. The roach without its heads will survive for several days at least and, if kept from developing any mold, it can last for a month.

Without the knot the experiment will work but if you disturb it too early, before a blood clot is The U.S. Reform Immigration, formed on the wound, the cockroach will expel its innards through its neck and die thereof. I read here that the cockroach can live for about a month without its head. Is it possible for of the Dreamcatcher Essay a female to be headless and get pregnant by a male and give birth before it dies? A: Robert, your question requires explaining several scenarios: (1) A female carrying fertilized eggs could be headless and the eggs she carries could hatch. (2) Females also store sperm and The U.S. Must Reform Essay can fertilize several subsequent egg packages (oothecae) before they need to mate with a male again. Created! However, a cockroach female needs the head associated gland, corpora allata , to produce the reproductive hormone, JH, to produce a batch of Must Reform Immigration Essay eggs and produce the pheromone that attracts a male to mate. Dreamcatcher! Therefore a headless unmated female would not mate and produce fertilized eggs. (3) Whether a mated female with ripe eggs who loses her head could ovulate the now mature eggs and hold onto them until they hatched is questionable. I am not sure if we know the answer to that question. I do know that I did take the ovaries out from of a female German cockroach that was half-way through her ovulation of eggs.

The eggs continued to be ovulated in the physiological saline that I was observing them in. I do not know if the other organs that put the oothecal covering over the eggs would have functioned properly. This would be a simple experiment to confirm using the Must Immigration, synchronized batches of pulp fiction reddit mated females that I have used previously in my experiments, URL: (4) In Blattella germanica , the German cockroach, the ootheca is held by the female for about 18 days before it hatches. The female provides moisture to the ootheca which the female carries protruding from The U.S. Reform Immigration Essay her bursa. It is precisely the prescriptive, moisture that she provides the ootheca that is in short supply when her head is severed. I doubt that a female which has lost her head and just ovulated her eggs could bring those eggs to term and The U.S. Immigration Essay hatching given the inability to provide water. In a moist atmosphere perhaps it would be possible.

(5) Periplaneta americana , the American cockroach, lays its eggs, one ootheca every 3 days, carrying the ootheca for about one day before depositing it somewhere safe. Created! If such a female lost her head prior to dropping the ootheca then I am not sure whether the ootheca would be dropped but it is entirely provisioned with enough water to last until it hatches. So, your question's answer has several stages of possibility. If get pregnant means to mate with a male then losing a head would prevent mating. Immigration! If a female has already gotten to the stage when she has released her sex pheromone to attract the How Conscription Negatively Impacted Canadian Society, male then a male would be attracted but the female must exhibit some requisite behavior, requiring the head, when a male presents himself to Must Immigration Essay mate with her. Without its head it would not accept the us constitution, male's mating overtures. But if a female was already mated before her head was lost and get pregnant means the ovulation and fertilization of the eggs by the already acquired sperm, then the above discussion does not absolutely preclude her producing and hatching some eggs. Carried eggs might well hatch, unovulated eggs might ovulate and be fertilized but whether they would acquire the requisite oothecal covering to The U.S. Must Essay reach hatching is experimentally unknown at the theogony, the moment.

That is a good question. My 9 year old son came home today telling me that his science teacher told him that cockroaches were being used in large farms to produce methane gas. I had never heard of this. Any truth to it? Your son may have access to some information of which I am not aware. The practicality of methane production by cockroaches is Must Immigration Essay, not established as far as I know.

In 1991 some researchers in Tanzania did discover that there are methanogenic bacteria in the gut of Periplaneta americana , the American cockroach. Also in 1991 some Michigan State researchers discovered that the American cockroach will produce methane gas preferentially when they are fed a high fiber diet. These publications were part of a flurry of the theogony publications about methane production by cockroaches in the early 1990's. Reform Immigration Essay! You can find these publications by using Google/Scholar: . and searching on: methane cockroach. I have not found that these facts have been commercialized into farms for Negatively Impacted Canadian Essay the production of Essay methane. Some scientific discoveries are interesting but are dead ends commercially. Small businesses however often go bankrupt because of poor planning and management; and perhaps the define prescriptive, underlying ideas are still sound.

There could be an industrious farmer out there in Tanzania or Canada or Michigan who dreams of making it big in the alternative energy and perhaps fertilizer byproduct market. Q49: Timothy Ampi asks: Does cockroach have emotion (fear, anger, happy)? Emotion is not usually associated with insect or cockroach behavior. The cold and unmoving surfaces of the insect exoskeleton do not allow for movement of surface muscles and skin that one can interpret as a smile or other facial emotion. Insects react to environmental cues with reflexes that we usually do not interpret as emotion. Have you ever seen the waggle communication of the worker honeybee? It is used to Must Reform Immigration Essay communicate the direction and richness of a nectar source. That is interpreted by insect behaviorists to be a reflex behavioral response released by finding the the theogony, nectar source.

The public might interpret it as an indication that the worker is happy at finding the sweet nectar. Go figure? Is there any evidence that the bee is happy? What would that evidence be? Is a bee worker angry when it stings an The U.S. Must Reform Immigration intruder to the hive? We subjectively use the terminology angry worker bee. Now, is there any behavior that you might ascribe to something you see a cockroach do? Is their escape behavior based on fear?

Or is it a 'simple' reflex? Science would suggest it is The Legend, a simple reflex in Reform Immigration all the us constitution created, above cases of insect behavior. Must Reform Immigration! Our emotions (e.g. happiness) are associated with the release of certain chemicals in define prescriptive the brain (endorphins) which also have been discovered in the insect brain. Does that mean that insects feel happiness? Does that mean that what we call happiness, endorphin release, in humans (or mice) is a reflex? These are difficult subjective questions that science rarely deals with but are fun for The U.S. Must Immigration Essay us to define prescriptive think about. If you conclude that insects and cockroaches feel emotions would you treat them differently? Read the poem St.

Roach by Muriel Rukeyser. Q48: Martha Johnson asks: I am interested in some type of roach control that is safe and non-toxic for myself, an invalid, and my companion dog. We live in Must Reform Immigration coastal Texas with high humidity and a leaky roof. The problem is moving me anywhere away from my setup for any length of time is impossible. and my dog loves (to eat) cockroaches. I used the How Conscription Negatively Impacted Canadian, Bengal product which worked for The U.S. Must Reform Essay a while and also spread borax. I was involved as a consultant in created the development of the Bengal product which uses a bait station dispensing a mold that is lethal to cockroaches (but non-toxic to vertebrate animals and humans), rather than a chemical poison. Reform Immigration! I highly recommend it but I would defer to the advice of professional control people because I have only a theoretical perspective on the matter.

The Bengal bait stations might have to be applied periodically if the mold dies out due to prescriptive a lack of critters to pass it on. The boric acid, not borax (a different compound), should not be dangerous to your dog if used in small quantities as a dusting in The U.S. Immigration Essay isolated corners where your dog would not reach to sniff it into its lungs. Chemical safety bulletins are typically alarmist (e.g. Baker) and the theogony warn of respiratory damage and irritation if inhaled. A large amount (grams) needs to be ingested to Essay be lethal. It is prescriptive, commonly used in eye drops to wash your eyes if that is any help in calming your fears of The U.S. Reform poisoning.

Some concern is pulp fiction reddit, voiced about constant exposure. It is not a poison in The U.S. Reform Essay small quantities and should not be spread in of the Dreamcatcher large quantities. People often feel that if a small amount is Must Essay, good, a lot will work better. In this case a small amount is good but a large amount could be dangerous. Also boric acid is said to act in its dry form to abrade the cuticle of the cockroach so that it dies of water loss.

This might not be very effective in your situation where there is abundant moisture that could dissolve the applied boric acid and thus make it ineffective as well as your leaky roof providing plenty of Savant Syndrome in the Man water to the roaches which would also save them from desiccating. The U.S. Must Essay! These two solutions to roaches should not require that you or doggie companion to Essay on Syndrome in the be moved out of your setup during their application as they are both non-toxic to vertebrates if applied in The U.S. Must Reform Essay moderation. In my experience, 75% of pulp fiction reddit your problem is the excess moisture. Securing your roof in some way would make your roach control problems easier to solve with the methods you have already chosen. Q47: Alexandra Manou asks: What is the cockroach reproduction cycle? . Was told by Reform Immigration, pesticide company that it is 40days, including winter. According to them, unless treated on a monthly basis, they cannot be exterminated.

Is this true or an excuse for frequent visits? The reproductive cycle like the life cycle depends on How Conscription Negatively Society, the temperature. It is maximum for most pest species at 30ºC which is about 86ºF. At that temperature an egg case is produced by _Blattella germanica_ adults in Essay about 6 days but it is held by the female for 18 days before they hatch. The other common pest species, _Periplaneta americana_, deposits an us constitution egg case every 3 days at 30ºC and each egg case will hatch in about 30 days. Perhaps that is the Reform Immigration Essay, magic number 30 that corresponds to the lunar monthly cycle that your exterminator has suggested is critical for visits. The rates of egg production and pulp fiction reddit development are temperature sensitive so at 25ºC all the above times are approximately doubled, slowed down by the reduced temperature. Another 5ºC reduction again doubles the times and thus the German cockroach egg laying and hatching cycle would be quadrupled from 24 days to 96 days. Most homes are cooler in the winter than the summer so roaches are probably growing and reproducing slower in the winter than the summer. However the numbers involved may be determined by the exterminators practical experience for your area.

What works best in your community is probably not best determined by a professor of Essay biology. For instance, the outdoor cockroach refuges that provide the reservoir of pests that would enter your home may be the determinant. Us Constitution! In cities, the sewer system may be the The U.S., major reservoir of cockroaches and it is the define prescriptive, temperature there that possibly drives the Reform Immigration Essay, infestation rate. The sewer environment may maintain a more even tropical temperature year round. Q46: Thomas Coxey asks: Where did the cockroach get its name? Pest cockroaches have lived with people of many cultures perhaps before language developed. Here is a link to How Conscription Negatively Impacted Canadian the common names given to Essay cockroaches in different cultures:

Some common names have some suggestive associations. Negatively Impacted Canadian Essay! (1) Water Bug. The U.S. Reform! (2) The German cockroach, Polish cockroach, Russian cockroach, Crotton bug all refer to the same species Blattella germanica because one community wanted to name it after something they despised. (3) Some dominant societies have named their local pest cockroach after their oppressed native population. Essay On Syndrome Man! This practice is a sad reflection of how far prejudice has driven our common language. Our common name 'cockroach' shares sounds with Dutch 'kakkerlak' and Immigration Essay Spanish 'cucaracha' and the Spanish song 'La Cucaracha' brings to mind vigorous stamping of the flamenco dancers feet which could refer to the canons of war . or the stamping feet of a homeowner on the pests. Essay Autistic Savant Film Rain Man! I am told by The U.S. Reform Immigration Essay, a reader that the of the Dreamcatcher Essay, song has multiple potential meanings. The origins of the names are entwined in early cultural history and only careful etymological and sociological study might discover the The U.S. Must Essay, origins of our word 'cockroach'. Pulp Fiction Reddit! I am not aware that such research has been successful in this case. Q45: Frank Melchior asks: I have a question. . Would a male and a female cockroach that weigh the same have the same hemolymph volume? Larval males and Reform Immigration females of the same size have the same hemolymph volume.

Last instar females are bigger than last instar males, anticipating the larger abdominal format of the females and tend to have more hemolymph. Adult females are generally more robust than males particularly in the abdomen where the created, ovaries of the The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Essay, female take up substantially more volume than the adult male gonads. In addition the fat body of the adult female is much more developed due to its involvement in vitellogenin synthesis in support of egg development. Coincident with this greater abdominal tissue development there is more hemolymph in the reproductive adult female. Finding an adult female the on Autistic Syndrome Film Rain Man, same weight as an adult male might be difficult. The largest adult males and the smallest females might be the same weight and perhaps they might have the The U.S. Must Immigration, same blood volume but I doubt it. Prescriptive! The females more extensive abdominal tissues are all laminar and would require more volume of blood to suspend them. I hypothesize that if you measure male and female blood volumes the adult females would have a larger blood volume when regressed against Must Reform Immigration Essay weight due to us constitution their greater tissue surface needs.

Q44: Katherine McGlothlin asks: What was the reason for this cockroach behavior? On Sept.29 around 9:00 pm in my front yard . I observed a large number of cockroaches (maybe 100-200) pouring out of Reform Essay a manhole. Us Constitution! They seemed to flap around briefly, and then form a line 2-3 cockroach wide heading . The U.S. Essay! towards a large tree. Pulp! Half way to the tree they grouped into a large mass and continued to flap about. It almost seemed to Must Immigration be a mating frenzy. This sight, . was observed by the light of define a full moon, was . interesting and also creepy. I am not particularly a behavioral expert but I have seen such a frenzy in Reform Immigration the lab on a smaller scale when I added a bunch of mature adult males to fiction reddit a bowl of virgin adult females who were all ready to mate. What you observed in the wild does sound like a mating frenzy. The population pressure in The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Essay the utility/sewer was probably pretty high. One or more females were probably sending out sex pheromone signaling that they were ready to mate and define prescriptive they were being mobbed by males who were ready to mate.

The flapping of wings is the males' signal to the female that they are ready and the males would pursue the females and occasionally bunch together around what they sense was the source of the pheromone. The females would respond by palpating the abdomen of the male she chose to Must Reform Essay have sex with and How Conscription Negatively Society Essay if she was really ready she would copulate with the most 'attractive' male. I do not know how common the mobbing phenomenon is but I expect it often happens down in the sewer as long as the population pressure is not high. I also would assume that it was only The U.S. Reform Immigration Essay, adult cockroaches that participated. The larval stages, without wings would have been unaffected by the behavioral cues being offered and would have stayed back in the sewer.

This behavior might have the purpose of getting the adults in a crowded population to disperse before they mate and produce eggs. On Autistic Savant In The Film Rain! A close relative, the termite, exhibits this adult mating flight swarming quite frequently. It is interesting that you may have stumbled on observing one of the traits that link the two groups (termites and cockroaches) from a behavioral point of view. Q43: Cressida Mahung asks: How can I tell if a cockroach is breathing? How do I measure the breathing rate? I would like to do project on this for my science fair, but I am stuck! The cockroach's breathing rate, like that of most insects, is The U.S. Immigration Essay, controlled by accumulation of carbon dioxide, not lack of oxygen. Savant Syndrome In The Rain Man! In order to conserve water the average insect closes its spiracles, which are the openings of the insect tracheal system that supplies oxygen to all tissues and removes the carbon dioxide. When the The U.S. Reform, carbon dioxide in prescriptive the animals system rises to a critical level, the Must Reform, spiracles open and then CO 2 leaves the system and oxygen enters.

In most small insects this opening and closing of the spiracles (breathing?) is not perceived from the general insect movement and thus we see insects as rather rigid. We see no obvious breathing. If you however look at breathing as the uptake of oxygen from the available volume of air you could measure this disappearance of oxygen as volume of gas. I have done this in a student laboratory using an apparatus similar to the diagram below, a small vial with a stopper in its end through which a breathing tube is inserted: You could also restrain the insect under a microscope so that you could watch the spiracles and watch them open and close. However, a restrained insect often struggles and its use of oxygen will go up abnormally. Some minimal restraint might be designed such as gluing the pronotum to a wand and giving the insect a small light ball to walk on. The wand can be maneuvered to allow the abdominal spiracles to be observed by a dissecting microscope, allowing the spiracular opening rate to the theogony be counted. Q42: Joe Rowell asks:

I am a illustrator going to The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Essay Savannah College of on Autistic Savant Syndrome Rain Art and Design and I am trying to illustrate a image from The U.S. Must Reform Essay a roaches point of view. Created! What would that look like? You would be looking out of a crack at the world during the early morning or during the day in a half stupor because you would be hiding there sleepy or asleep from 2AM to 10PM. At 10 PM when the human household turns off the lights you would come to Must Reform life and be looking at the world from pulp weird angles since you would be scuttling on Must Reform, the floor or viewing the room in dim light from standing on the wall or the ceiling. Q41: Alejandro from the Impacted Canadian Essay, Phillipines asks: . I have observed that cockroaches in my house get wild before any earthquake occurs. They start running and getting out from their niches. Immigration Essay! . I have the impression that cockroaches can feel some of the very early vibrations of an earthquake, small or big, and can be a very good help to How Conscription Negatively Canadian Essay give early warnings of earthquakes. Can you confirm this?

If you have done a careful experiment to demonstrate the phenomenon you should publish it. There have been newspaper articles professing to demonstrate that point (perhaps 20 years old) but I have never seen confirmation of Must Essay earthquake prediction by cockroaches in the scientific journal literature. The type of proof that would be needed is a type of automated or regular observational record of the cockroaches and the demonstration of fiction how that record changes and predicts future seismic activity. The U.S. Must! A scientific journal will not accept anecdotal observations but would require a careful experimental design with controls from periods with no following seismic activity. Reliability would be another issue. Us Constitution! Do the cockroaches predict every earthquake? Are there times they produce a false positive, i.e. their activity predicts a quake that does not happen? A better approach would be to build a small chamber that would act as an activity meter which would automatically record the cockroach activity. There are several designs for a cockroach activity meter. One that might be useful is a small light plastic pie plate with lid.

It would sit on a metal base that would conduct electricity. The plate would sit on a pin at Must Reform Immigration Essay, its center that keeps the pie plate off the metal base except at one point on its rim. Fiction! A large cockroach such as Periplaneta during its normal activity cycle would make the pie plate rotate on Essay, the metal plate as it walks around the plate. A wire at one or more places on the rim would make a circuit and that circuit closure could be recorded with its time of occurrence. This activity rhythm (because cockroaches are normally active for 4 hours after lights go out in the evening) recording gives one a record of the prescriptive, normal activity something like the following: Then your seismic event might look like: . which predicts a seismic event at X, about 13:00 or 1PM.

While that is the general design of the experimental setup it can be adapted to several other specific hardware designs. For instance the analog design described above could be changed to a sold state and Must Reform Immigration Essay digital design by The Legend of the Dreamcatcher Essay, using a digital camera or camcorder to The U.S. Must take a digital image of the cockroach in its dish which would record if it has moved since the last picture. This would replace the moving-part and The Legend of the analog-electrical-contact design described above. The digital image would be saved with its time stamp and be preferably analyzed automatically using software or by visual inspection to determine the roach activity. I understand that these approaches might be beyond your technical capabilities but that is why we have research labs at universities and Must Reform Essay commercial labs that do this type of sometimes expensive basic and applied research.

Such designs, once proven in the lab, possibly could be commercialized and be able to be packaged with computer software as a seismic prediction device which could be located in a local prediction center or police station where a perhaps automated warning could be broadcast to the public. We have not yet developed mechanical sensory devices that are as sensitive to environmental disturbance as many animal or plant sensory organs. This area of research has been dubbed 'biosensors' and grants are available to The Legend Dreamcatcher pursue such questions. Ultimately we would like to Immigration learn how the cockroach sensory cells and 'brain' carrys out this delicate sensory task. Perhaps we could then design a digital nano-sensor that would accomplish the Essay on Autistic Savant Syndrome in the Film Rain, same task without having to maintain a stable of competent cockroaches. A former science teacher said that cockroaches glow under black light. Are they flourescent? I have never seen a cockroach glow under black light however another arthropod more common in more tropical or desert regions, the scorpion, does glow fluorescently. How do Cockroaches Digest and The U.S. Must Immigration what organs do they use to do so? You can look at the diagram at URL: Cockroaches shred food with their mouthparts and then swallow it using their salivary glands (e) and salivary reservoir (f) to moisten their food before it enters their crop (d).

Their gizzard or proventriculus (g) grinds the moist food further and adds it to the stomach (i) into which digestive enzymes are poured from the gastric caeca (h), after which it flows into the theogony the intestines (l) which is shown separated from the tubular stomach by The U.S. Reform Immigration Essay, a short segment of the peritrophic membrane (k) which is a chitin sac woven by the microvilli of the pulp fiction, stomach to contain the bolus of food which passes through the GI track. The U.S. Reform Immigration Essay! The hind intestine (lower-l) removes water from the of the Essay, digestate and then the rectum (m) compacts the remains into a roach scat. The digested food is relieved of its nutritive materials by the walls of the stomach and The U.S. Must Reform Essay intestines. Q38: Fischer Ling asks: I read your article on the elusive albino cockroach. Just hope that you can provide me with more insight on the following (3) questions: Q38.1: Is it scientifically possible for a albino cockroach to mutate in the wild naturally? Are there any albino cockroaches or other related insects specimens documented before? A1: Such mutants are possible but the hardness of the cockroach cuticle depends upon the tanning process which cross-links its cuticle with a process that creates a mahogany-like color. Thus an albino cockroach (or other naked insect) would have weakened cuticle which would make it very vulnerable to attack. In insects clothed in colored hairs or scales the color of the scales can become white due to the storage of white substance in the scales.

In this sense the underwing moth, Catocal relicta , has an albino morph which is able to hide on birch bark trees based on its ability to hide on the cryptic bark surface, URL: http://www.bio.umass.edu/biology/kunkel/catocala.html. Albino examples such as the one above are relatively common in insects. They were observed by midieval monks who manually transcribed the fiction, bible and included the albino genetic sports as decorations in Must Reform Essay the margins of illuminated manuscripts. Q38.2: I have personally seen American cockroaches . that are not entirely brown. I have seen one (full grown adult) with partially white wings and my friend claimed to have collected one with white eyes.

Are these rare finds? A2: If injured while molting a cockroach may not fully tan its wings. White eyed Periplaneta cultures are available in the theogony some labs but I am not aware of The U.S. Must how frequent the gene is in the wild and the theogony whether any of them are based on distinct genes. There are dozens of genes for abnormal colored eyes in The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Blattella germanica , not all are white. It would be interesting to cross the Syndrome in the Rain Man, available white eye Periplaneta cultures to Must Reform Immigration see if they complement each other (i.e. are from distinct mutant genes). These albino mutant eyes are mutations of the eye pigments which does not involve the cuticle and thus there are not the limitations to the structural properties of the cuticle as is with the the theogony, surface integument. Q38.3: I saw a documentary . reputable organization who claims that a cockroach has two brains one in Reform front and one behind. Created! That is why a cockroach . continues to function as per normal (except feeding) when its head is The U.S. Must Immigration, cut off. Is this true? A3: That is true.

The reproductive behavior is somewhat driven by its terminal abdominal ganglion, the VI abdominal ganglion, which is quite large. Created! The preying mantid is in The U.S. Must Immigration the same insect Order, Dictyoptera, and it is famous for the males prowess in the theogony completing sexual behavior after the Essay, female has bitten off the male's head. In this case the brain (in the head) is thought of inhibiting the reproductive behavior and when bitten off the reproductive behavior, released from inhibition and programmed into the VI ganglion, takes over. The cockroach VI ganglion is responsible for coordinating the reknowned escape reflex of the cockroach. Delicate hairs on the cockroach hind end detect air rushing in front of a predator. Us Constitution Created! The sensory hairs transmit their signals to the VI ganglion, it interprets the signals as an attack (or not) and accordingly sends a rapid message to the thoracic legs to start running. This escape reflex does not require the coordination by the (anterior) brain in the cockroach head.

Q37: Kunal Patel writes: (Does) the presence of an exoskeleton (in cockroaches) increase the Must, efficiency of us constitution locomotion in comparison with the hydrostatic skeleton of worms? I assume you are referring to annelid and polychaete worms and not the larvae of insects (e.g. loopers and maggots) which do depend somewhat on hydrostatic mechanisms. Given that spiders, like worms, have a partial hydrostatic skeleton I am not sure that there is Must Reform, any difference in efficiency unless you say that the success of insects vs spiders shows that the insect design is more successful. I would say that the variety of Essay Savant Film motion shown by The U.S. Reform Immigration, insects is an indication of the benefits of the opposing-muscle approach to design. Insects have established several mechanisms of flight while spiders have only been able to do it by parachuting. The Theogony! Perhaps this is an indication of the The U.S. Must Reform Immigration, limits of a hydrostatic skeleton. I am not sure that it says anything about the efficiency of comparable motion in a biophysical sense. When a hydraulic system is more efficient, the The Legend of the, insect uses it. The spider is The U.S. Immigration Essay, limited to using blood pressure to extend limbs, perhaps because they have not developed an easy local sclerotization of structures by which to create the fulcrum and levers for extensor muscles to work. Again this does not speak to the theogony whether the blood pressure extension is more or less efficient.

I would think that controlling localized pressure differences allowing dexterious extension of one limb but retraction of The U.S. Must Essay another would seem to be less efficient. The tubular worms on the other hand do not in reddit general have the problem of The U.S. Must Essay multiple appendages needing separate control; however they can extend different segments of their body by resisting extension in prescriptive select regions by using their retractor muscles in those regions. I am doing a report on cockroaches and was wondering what are cockroach's support system(s)? This is clearly an assignment from someone who knows the type of The U.S. Reform Essay answer they want. Savant Syndrome Man! I am not sure what the questioner wants. I imagine that the majority of the approximate 3000 cockroach species are largely on Must Immigration Essay, their own in the environment. Their support is based on their membership and place in Autistic Savant in the Rain Man the food web. They are omnivores and thus eat almost any organic matter that does not fight back. They are eaten by many small lizards, amphibians, mammals, and birds. Domesticated cockroaches (about 10 species throughout the world) have found it easy to live with humans and get their food, water and The U.S. Reform Immigration Essay shelter from the human shelters in which they live. We have become their support system despite our development of pesticides to fight against them.

Q35: Diane Wilson writes: I am a graduate students at UAlbany (NY). Right now I am working with undergraduates who are doing extracellular recordings of cockroach hind leg mechanoreceptors. We are having a hard time keeping our roaches alive and have resorted to trying to catch them around the building with limited success. Our orders from Carolina biological supply company arrive half dead and live only 24-48 hours. Us Constitution! I was hoping you have some suggestions as to a good source, trapping tactics and stratigies for maintenance. Cockroaches should be kept and reared at a temperature close to 30C. If you allow them to chill they will die of Must Reform Essay cold shock. That is most likely the reason for your roach deaths after shipments made during the winter in your latitude. 25C-30C is the recommended growing temperature for Autistic Syndrome Man Periplaneta . You can catch them in animal rooms or botanical greenhouses using a large jar or bowl with steep sides that has a very light rimming with real petroleum jelly (Vaseline).

Bait the trap with banana or potatoes and carrots and place it in a warm moist area overnight. There is Must, no excuse for failure! Also, how big is a cockroach baby or nymph? Occasionally I have seen very tiny (about the size of two fruit flys) beetle creatures in our apartment. Prescriptive! (Are these baby cockroaches?) I can not identify things I can not see. The size you mention is Must Reform Immigration Essay, about the size of a first instar cockroach. You can see an example of a recently hatched first instar American cockroach on a dime at URL: . a German cockroach newly hatched larva is half that size and black.

Other beetle like creatures (such as carpet beetles and How Conscription Essay flower beetles) can invade a house also. Also, My roommate says that, if you have previously never seen any cockroaches in your room, but one day you see a huge one, then it is a scout, and Immigration is not really indicative of the size or amount of cockroaches which might be living within your walls. Define Prescriptive! Is this true? The large roaches are more likely to travel than a small roach. They do not have a social network that would include scouts.

Bigger stride and wings allow adult cockroaches to travel further. Must Reform Essay! Some male cockroaches can even gain altitude when they fly, most only use their wings to Impacted Canadian Society glide. My roommate believes that cockroaches don't like air conditioning. Must Immigration Essay! . we live in Hawaii, and air conditioning makes the temperature around us liveable, plus it can cause droplets of water to form, . What is on Film Rain Man, your opinion? Cockroaches will move to a preferred temperature range but also toward a source of The U.S. Must Essay moisture. They prefer a temperature between 25-30C. If your air conditioner creates a temperature below 25C then they will tend to move to a warmer location. 25C is How Conscription Negatively Impacted Essay, (25x9/5 +32) = 77F so your air conditioner is probably set to cool below 77F and tend to repel them. If you turn your AC off occasionally, the water the AC has dripped outside may have attracted cockroaches and Must Reform Immigration Essay provide a local source of cockroaches to Essay on Savant Rain Man move into your temporarily unconditioned space.

It is not a simple question. Q31: Pam Pollister writes: What color is the blood of a cockroach? The long answer: Cockroach blood is not red because they do not use hemoglobin to The U.S. Must carry oxygen. In fact their bloodstream is not used to the theogony carry oxygen either. They use a system of pipes called tracheae to bring the Reform Essay, oxygen and remove carbon dioxide from their tissues. As a result other factors determine the blood color. Male cockroaches have relatively colorless blood. Larval females have colorless blood.

Only adult females which are producing eggs have a slightly orange blood because of the protein vitellogenin which is pulp reddit, made in The U.S. Essay the cockroach liver (its fat body) and How Conscription Impacted transported through the blood to The U.S. Must Immigration Essay the ovary. Us Constitution Created! This protein like chicken yolk is orange because it carries a carotenoid, which is Must Immigration, a vitamin A like molecule needed by embryos to develop normally. The short answer: Cockroach female adult blood is occasionally orange. All other cockroach blood is colorless. Are cockroaches really members of the define, Carp (fish) Family? A cockroach and a carp are in two different Phyla.

The cockroach is an The U.S. Reform Essay Arthropod and the carp is the theogony, a Vertebrate. The closest traditional link is that they are both in Reform the Animal Kingdom. Some have been confused perhaps by the close spelling of the Stick Insect's scientific name, Carausius morosus , URL: Me and us constitution my friends wanna know if the myth is true or its just an urban legend that cockroachs' eggs spread when u squish them with your shoe and you can spread them around where you walk? You and you friends are possibly responding to the urban paranoia about Immigration contracting and spreading cockroaches in ones work and home environments. It seems that they are everywhere and if your apartment or home gets infested one can begin to speculate on prescriptive, how those buggers got into your 'space'.

You have correctly identified it as an urban legend. It is highly unlikely that a cockroach egg case (ootheca) would survive a classic smooth leather soled shoe. But who wears smooth soled shoes these days? If an Immigration Essay ootheca was lucky enough to lodge itself into the honeycomb of a sport shoe tread and us constitution the person took off the shoe in disgust and Immigration threw it in the corner, I could imagine the eggs surviving and the brutal attempt to end their young lives might have failed. However the ootheca and contained eggs are huge and mechanically fairly fragile. Any good mashing should kill them all. I am sorry if I have started another urban legend about the paranoia of passing cockroaches with improper footgear!

I am not recommending going back to smooth soled shoes but I would recommend looking at the size of the waffle holes in fiction your sport/walking/running shoes to see how they compare to the size of an ootheca which is about the size of a pea. Q28: Lynn Gant writes: What do cockroaches eat? Cockroaches are omnivores, like us. For the The U.S. Must Immigration Essay, most part they will eat anything organic. Mostly they eat dead or immobile things. As indicated elesewhere in the FAQ, they rarely bite a human but might nibble on a sore in the theogony the middle of the night when an animal is The U.S. Reform Immigration, sleeping. They will eat the glue off the back of postage stamps and the glue bindings off the fiction reddit, backs of Must Immigration books, traditional glue being derived from animal protein. Do cockroaches live in cold climates. Or put it another way.

Can cockroaches live in Canada? withstanding long cold winters? Please settle an the theogony argument! I have been told cockroaches can not live in Edmonton Alberta. Immigration! Is this True? or False? Domestic pests certainly can live in the theogony houses in Canada but not outside, the Must Reform Immigration, way they do in on Savant Syndrome Film Man Florida or the Gulf coast. There are numerous wild cockroach species which can live in Canada as they do in The U.S. the northern USA. The adults or larvae over-winter in the ground litter and effectively hibernate. There are some of Film Man these species that I have reared in the lab which queue up at a particular larval stage and refuse to proceed with their development toward the adult stage until you give them an artificial winter. Q26: Felicity West writes: I would like to know why this is called a German cockroach please? There are apparently no cockroaches in Germany so where does the name originate from?

The chief biologist at Essay, the Munich TierPark (zoo) said they had no German cockroaches in their zoo and on in the Rain gave me three tropical species that they knew were living in various environments they maintained in the park. Reform Essay! But I knew better. The Theogony! I went to The U.S. Reform Immigration the reptile house which is kept hot and humid and saw loads of Blattella germanica (Linnaeus,1767) in the space of on Autistic Syndrome in the Film Rain Man a half hour, and during the day at that! B. germanica , the German cockroach, probably entered Europe with Marco Polo or along early trade routes. Southeast Asia is its most likely origin. Reform Essay! There are several sibling species that are very close to The Legend Dreamcatcher B. germanica ; some even cross breed with it. Its relatives are common around pig stys in the outer islands of Hong Kong. Live pigs were often kept on exploration ships during long trips.

It became associated with man and traveled around the The U.S. Must Essay, world. It was formally named by Linnaeus and The Legend Dreamcatcher Essay probably was around in Germany for quite a while before the The U.S. Reform Immigration, name was applied. In Germany it is define, sometimes called Die russische Schabe, The Russian Roach. In Russia it is Must Essay, called the Polish Roach. In America it was called the Crotton Bug because it came to NY about the time the Crotton Aqueduct was built which was pilloried in the papers because it took so much land by The Legend Dreamcatcher, eminent domain. The American Cockroach, Periplaneta americana (Linnaeus 1758) likewise is a misnomer since it probably originated in The U.S. Must Immigration North Africa before becoming a world traveler. How Conscription Negatively Impacted! It most likely reached the Americas during the early slave trade. There are thousands of species of Essay cockroach and only about 10 have become cosmopolitan pests of man. Fiction! Most of the The U.S. Immigration Essay, others do not even have a common name.

Q25: Luke Alphonse writes: I need information on on Film, whether or not roaches hibernate ? The wild cockroaches in the northern USA do hibernate. They go into a suspended state of development in late fall and then they must go through a dormancy phase in The U.S. Immigration Essay the winter before they will resume development in the theogony the spring. If you keep them in a warm environment during the winter they will not develop any further and remain in a suspended state for Must Reform more than a year. This phenomenon has not been published on as far as I know. The species I know this about through my unpublished research are Parcoblatta pensylvanicus and pulp Parcoblatta virginica . It would be interesting to know if these species go through this hibernation in the southern reaches of their range where a hard winter is not experienced.

My daughter told me she was at a friends house and they had WHITE cockroaches. UGH. I have never heard of The U.S. Immigration Essay them. How Conscription Negatively! Is there a such creature? I am deathly afraid of The U.S. Immigration Essay cockroaches and it may soothe my fear a little if I knew they had a purpose. What are cockroaches good for? Fear of domestic cockroach pests is perhaps warranted because they have been associated with the development of reddit childhood asthma and thus it is better not to have them in your home environment. Cockroaches as a group are part of the worldwide food web. The U.S. Must Immigration! They are omnivore scavengers which clean up our environment and us constitution created help recycle the organic litter that would accumulate if it were not decomposed by organisms which include cockroaches. Furthermore they serve as food for small mammals, birds, amphibians and lizards. There are over Must Reform Immigration, 3000 species of cockroaches and only 10 species are on the World Health Organization list of human pests.

The other 3000 species are welcome members of the biodiversity on this planet. Is the cockroach's brain spread around its body? Insects as a group are said to think in their periphery. This is because many of their innate behaviors are hardwired in peripheral ganglions more so than vertebrates. For instance flying behavior is controlled in the thoracic ganglia and some reproductive behavior such as copulation is controlled in of the Essay the last abdominal ganglion. Whenever sexual behavior or flying behavior has to be coordinated with the visual system the behavior includes what you might call the brain (head ganglion). The U.S. Immigration! The standard cockroach escape mechanism involves the pulp fiction, tail (cerci) sensory signals that impinge on the terminal abdominal ganglion (A6) and giant fibers that communicate an Must Essay escape signal from A6 to the 3 thoracic ganglia (T1-T3) which control the pulp fiction reddit, legs in running behavior. So people might say that the cockroach's brain is spread around the body in abdominal ganglia A1-A6 and thoracic ganglia T1-T3 and head ganglia (brain, frontal and The U.S. Immigration Essay suboesophageal ganglion). Could You please let me know how do cockroaches breath? Cockroaches, like all insects, breathe through a system of tubes called tracheae, a word similar to the name of the tube leading to our lungs. Fiction Reddit! The tracheae of insects are attached to Reform Immigration Essay the spiracles which are small valved openings on the side of each body segment, excluding the head.

Thus the cockroach can breathe without its head! The valves open when the CO 2 level in the insect rises to an unacceptable level; then the CO 2 diffuses out of the the theogony, tracheae to the outside and The U.S. Reform Essay fresh oxygen diffuses in. The tracheal system brings the Essay on Syndrome Film, air directly to cells because they branch continually like a tree until their finest divisions tracheoles are associated with each cell allowing gaseous oxygen to disolve in the cytoplasm lying across the fine cuticle lining of the tracheole. Must Immigration Essay! CO 2 diffuses out of the cell into the tracheole. Most insects do not have muscular lungs and thus do not actively breathe in the vertebrate lung manner. However in some very large insects the diffusion process may not be sufficient to provide oxygen at the necessary rate and body musculature may contract rhythmically to forceably move air out and in the spiracles and one can actually call this breathing. The Theogony! This might be associated with such activities as the energetic flight of the migratory locust. . a story (is) reputed to have aired on CNN about a woman, who while licking an envelope, got a paper cut from the flap on her tongue and was exposed to a cockroach egg which incubated inside her tongue. The woman later had the alive roach removed by a doctor. The U.S. Must Essay! Is this possible?

This item is utter trash. The cockroach egg is huge. Most eggs are 2 mm long and are closely packed side by side and created 2 by 2 like franks in Must Reform a dozen package. They do not survive outside of the oothecae or egg case, which contains 12-40 of the eggs, and I can not imagine them being associated with the lickable surface of an envelope in any way such that they were transferred into a paper cut tongue. You just have to prescriptive sit back and The U.S. Must Essay laugh at the gullible nature of the CNN producer/director who did not have enough biology in his education to know when he/she was out of her depth and needed to consult with someone who knew better. The producer/director of Essay on Savant Film Man that program should be fired for promoting misinformation. I almost doubt that it ever aired. Thanks for playing the skeptic! Q19: Rachele Besley writes:

I am a . student from New Zealand doing a study on Must, Cockroaches and was wondering whether you could tell me something on us constitution created, their response to light, whether they are attracted to it or not and whether it affects their behaviour. I did a quick search on cockroach circadian behavior and found the following references . of papers. I understand that you . may not be aware of some of the technical language in these (titles) but perhaps some of The U.S. Must Reform Essay it will be useful. The Theogony! Circadian rhythms are activity rhythms that correlate with the light/dark cycle of the day (ie. the normal 24 hour day/night light rhythm). When organisms are put into constant dark they continue to behave as if the The U.S. Reform Essay, normal light/dark cycle was still there; that is they anticipate being awake when they normally would, during the 4 hours after lights go off at night. Impacted! This internal clock can be reset by The U.S. Immigration, an artificially imposed lights off that a researcher imposes in define a research arena. This demonstrates that the cockroaches respond to light and can reset their internal clock to a new rhythm as they should be able to since dusk changes its time of onset gradually during the year. Q18: Sean McGurn writes: could you please let me know if cockroaches fly. if so, have you heard of a species that flies in the palm springs area. If you are in Palm Springs FL you could be seeing _Blattella asahinae_ the recent import from SE Asia which is a very close relative to the German cockroach. The import can fly and The U.S. Reform Essay interbreeds with _B. germanica_ which leads people to Essay on Autistic Syndrome Film Rain Man think that _B. Reform Immigration! asahinae_ was the wild species from on Savant in the Film which the The U.S. Must Reform, non-flying domesticated species was derived. Q17: Alex Stegemann writes:

My father was drinking a Bud Light and on the last swig he discovered something in fiction his mouth. After he spit it out Reform Immigration Essay we discovered it was (what we think is) a cockroach. About 6 minutes later, the cockroach began to move and tried to walk. We killed it! Was this event some kind of miracle that a cockroach survived a 2 month journey in a beer bottle?

Sorry, My conclusion is define prescriptive, that your father left his beer sit for The U.S. Immigration a brief while and the roach decided to take a swig itself. No roach could have survived the bottling process. Q16: Larry and Jennifer Jeffery write: I'm a Marine at pulp fiction reddit, Camp Lejuene down in North Carolina. The U.S. Must Reform! I have heard many rumors about a very large roach being found at Camp Johnson which is How Conscription Impacted Canadian Essay, part of Lejuene. I have heard that this roach was supposed to The U.S. Immigration Essay have been upwards of twenty pounds. I was wondering if you maybe knew anything about this? If it was at all possible I would like to get confirmation on Negatively Essay, this rumor and maybe a picture. A: Larry and Jennifer, Someone is pulling your leg. There is no roach even approaching a quarter of a pound.

Perhaps they are refering to a lobster which is known as the cockroach of the sea since it is a scavenger: Q15: Machelle Broschart writes: I am trying to The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Essay write a paper on a type of roach that I found in my home. . I . Prescriptive! cannot locate anything on flourecent green roaches. I was told that it is rare, but I would like more info . I have the roach in Immigration Essay a jar, thinking to preserve it due to us constitution created its rare type. Please send more info . Q: Kathryn White also writes: I have a beautiful green cockroach in a jar on Must Reform Immigration, my desk. I have lived in Essay Savant Man Louisiana all my life and have never seen one like this. I saw your web page about the cockroaches shedding their mantle and found that amazing, but I am afraid that that is not what I have here. Reform! It has been in my jar for 2 days and there is define prescriptive, no color change. A: Machelle -and- Kathryn, The green roach is the Cuban immigrant Panchlora nivea . It is Reform Essay, not rare on the mainland any more. It is Dreamcatcher Essay, found mainly in Florida to Texas along the Must Immigration Essay, Gulf coast.

It can fly out of its container so be warned that if you rear them, they can get out of any container that does not have a lid. The Theogony! You can find out Must Reform Immigration Essay more info by searching the WWW for the theogony Panchlora. Q14: Elaine and son write: We're trying to Reform find out if common cockroaches (say American) verbalize or make sounds. . No where we've looked has anyone addressed this topic, except to include the sounds of roaches running. A: Elaine and son, The common household cockroaches do not communicate much with each other via sound as far as I know. Of course there are several thousand species and I am only familiar with about 35 species first hand. Q13: Lara Beatty of Calgary, Canada writes: A friend and I were discussing cockroaches the other day, and she claims that a cockroach can live for about 6 years without it's head.

Is this a true fact? (1) We breath through our mouth or nose and the breathing rhythm is the theogony, controlled in Reform Immigration Essay our brain. Cutting off our head would interphere with breathing although that could be maintained with a respirator. (2) Cutting off our head could lead to blood loss and pulp a drop in The U.S. Must Reform blood pressure which would result in created death due to lack of blood transport of oxygen and nutrition to our tissues. (3) Cutting off our head would prevent us from eating and we would die of starvation pretty quickly. (1) Cockroaches breath through spiracles which are in each body segment and the blood does not carry oxygen to Must Reform the tissues. The spiracles deliver air to each cell of the body through a set of tubes called tracheae.

The brain does not control the breathing through the spiracles. (2) The cockroach does not have blood pressure the way a mammal does and so cutting off the head does not lead to uncontrolled bleeding. (3) The cockroach is a poikilotherm or cold blooded animal. They need much less food and a one day meal would be enough to last them a whole month as long as they were not extremely active. Without a head the cockroach would just sit around without doing anything much. Q12: BIRGER HORSBRO writes: I heard a rumor that if you find a cockroach in your house, it means that you have a clean house and are they actually clean animals? Q11: Terri Lamb asks: I was told that lobsters are the roaches of the pulp fiction reddit, sea. Therefore, I was under the impression that roaches are crustaceans. Is this at all true? And if it is not true, what is the relationship between a roach and a lobster?

As both a lobster and roach lover I can give you a reasonably authoritative answer. If you go to the Tree of Life WWW page at the level Arthropod (Phylum), you will see that cockroaches are insects (Class Hexapoda) and lobsters are decapod crustaceans (Class Crustacea); they are two groups in the same phylum, URL: Q10: I aquired a colony of B.discoidalis recently and was wondering if you might know the lifespan of these beauties. . Bob. You probably reached the The U.S. Must Reform Immigration, right person because I did extensive culturing of Blaberus discoidalis many years ago and I can give you some good advice on their longevity. Of course, my intention in those days was growing as many B. discoidalis as I could in How Conscription Society Essay as short a time as possible.

If you want your animals to last longer as pets you should use a different tactic than mine. My whole approach to rearing cockroaches was to provide large numbers of animals of Reform Immigration Essay a uniform stage as well as age and therefore I also introduced the method of regulating food availability to keep the larval stages developing synchronously as I had published on us constitution, for Blattella germanica at URL: If you can read this graph which represents the length of each stadium from The U.S. Must Immigration Essay time of first feeding until the actual ecdysis (sheding of the old cuticle), you can add up the days it would take to get from hatching to adult. Us Constitution! Thus, as an example, 9% of females take 8 molting cycles to get to the adult stage and that represents 153 days. The U.S. Immigration! Such an adult female could live perhaps a year longer as an adult.

All of this takes place at 30C the created, optimum temperature for growth and reproduction. If you wanted to The U.S. Reform slow it down you could lower the temp to 25C and you would double all the times (approximately). Q9: I am graduating in Assumption University (Thailand) . I am making a research about American cockroach life cycle. I would like to know more information about: (1.) how long the us constitution, female cockroach takes to be pregnant; how long it can pregnant again after it produces the first egg case; and how many cases that can be produced per time; (2.) how many eggs in each case; (3.) how many times that the nymph can shed the skeleton; how long it takes for sheding at the first time; and how long it can shed again after the The U.S. Must Immigration Essay, first sheding; (4.) what is the size and weight of nymph when its age is 6 months and 8 months; (5.) how old is the female cockroach can mate with the male at the first time. Ms. Raevadee Nopsuwanchai. You have asked a question a bit more detailed than the average. The information you ask for depends on details of the American cockroach, _Periplaneta americana_ life cycle which are not published in one place.

You could probably find bits and pieces for your answer in the voluminous literature published on this species in the entomology literature. However, I did some reseach on this species in pulp fiction the early 1970's which I can share with you. Immigration Essay! My intention was growing as many _P. Prescriptive! americana_ as I could in as short a time as possible. If the ambient temperature differs from 30 C then your calculations will be different. The U.S. Immigration! My approach to rearing cockroaches was to The Legend of the Dreamcatcher Essay provide large numbers of animals of a uniform stage as well as age and therefore I introduced the method of regulating food availability to keep the larval stages developing synchronously as I had published on for _Blattella germanica_ at URL: Using a similar approach I obtained the The U.S. Must Immigration Essay, following information about pulp fiction reddit _P. americana_ stadium length (i.e. The U.S. Must Immigration! length of each molting cycle). If you can read this graph which represents the length of each stadium from pulp reddit time of first feeding until the actual ecdysis (sheding of the old cuticle), you can add up the Reform Immigration Essay, days it would take to get from hatching to adult. Thus, as an example, 70% of females take 9 molting cycles to get to the adult stage and that represents (8+8+8.5+9+9.5+10+12+16+23) = 104 days. Such an adult female could live perhaps a year longer as an How Conscription Negatively Canadian Society adult. Reform Essay! All of this takes place at 30 C, the optimum temperature for How Conscription Negatively Canadian Society growth and reproduction.

If you wanted to The U.S. Reform Immigration Essay slow it down you could lower the of the Dreamcatcher Essay, temp to 25 C and you would double all the times (approximately). The adult female would take about Reform 9 days to produce an ootheca containing about 12-16 eggs. If the female had continuous food availability it could produce an ootheca every 2-3 days ot 30 C. Define! The newly hatched larva weighs about 2 mg and Immigration Essay doubles its weight at each larva-larva molt. So after molt 1 the larva weighs 4 mg, after molt 2 . Negatively Society! 8 mg and so on. Weight for a typical adult female is Reform Essay, given in the Kunkel (1966) paper. You should refer to it for your research paper.

Weight gain subsides at the larva-to-nymph and the theogony nymph-to-adult molts as more energy is put into transformation toward the adult form. You can make all your necessary calculations from the above data but it would not be simple addition since most cockroach species do not metamorphose to the adult at one particular instar. Some calculations would require using the percentages that metamorphose at each molt. Good luck! Q8: What is the best, non-toxic way to kill cockroaches?

I have a five-year-old boy and a pet rat that get into Reform Immigration Essay everything. A: I often tell people that I am not interested in killing cockroaches but rather learning about their life style and physiology. I realize however that most people are more interested in of the Dreamcatcher Essay killing them since they are pests in their houses and Must Reform can contribute to spreading disease in define prescriptive hospitals and childhood asthma in the home. Beware of most commercial preparations, even those that depend upon Immigration, the 'natural' insect juvenile hormone. Since these are relatively slow acting, the manufacturers often add a 'knock-down' additive poison which gratifies the user since it provides visual proof that the treatment works when it comes in direct contact with the pest. Read the label of whatever poison you use.

I have come across several methods of Dreamcatcher killing cockroaches that are non-toxic to humans: (1) Boric Acid. The crystals of boric acid are sharp and get between the joints of an insect's exoskeleton. The sharp crystals abrade the cuticle and Must Reform make the cockroach lose water and die of dehydration. This is a simple and cheap method. Us Constitution Created! Dust the boric acid (which is Reform Essay, relatively non-toxic) around the corners of Dreamcatcher Essay rooms and in hiding places frequented by the roaches. A more expensive industrial version of this method is called Permadust. It is finely ground ruby dust which performs the same function as boric acid crystals but is Must Reform Immigration Essay, more permanent.

Boric acid washes away when you want to get rid of it. Autistic In The Rain Man! You will find the dried carcasses of Immigration cockroaches in various hiding places as well as out in the open where they marched their last step searching for water. (2) Live Traps. Take a bowl or wide mouth bottle with steep sides; lightly Vaseline the inside wall up to the lip so that a cockroach can not climb up the slippery surface; place the bowl in a typical hiding place such as under your kitchen sink; place some food (bread, carrots, etc.) in the bowl as well as some toweling dampened with water; build some ramps up to define the lip on the outside with paper toweling to encourage the cockroaches to easily enter the Must Reform Essay, bowl. This trap will quickly overnight accumulate a good sample of your household cockroach population.

Flush them down the toilet each morning for sanitary disposal. Soon the cockroach population will be quite low and perhaps undetectable by you. This later method would also provide your pet rat a non-toxic feeding station and your son a place to learn about the local fauna. I would not be suprised if the pet rat ate some of the captives which are good sources of protein and vitamins. Q7: I read a newspaper article about children taken to the hospital with cockroach bites. Do cockroaches bite humans? A: The cockroach is an omnivore, that is, it eats everything edible, animal and vegetable. So if we do not move around too much while sleeping they might be inclined to nibble on our earlobes at created, night. They are rarely aggressive enough to attack us while we are awake. When visiting Tulane University in New Orleans many years ago I slept in a dormitory room and cockroaches were flying down from the ceiling onto my head.

I would guess that these large American cockroaches, _Periplaneta americana_, would be capable of taking a good bite out of The U.S. Must Immigration Essay me. Only the created, larger species could take a bite through our skin. Of course the skin of children is much more tender and vulnerable to a roach bite. Q6: Why do cockroaches die on Must Essay, their backs? A: First, few cockroaches die on their backs in the wild. Natural death of cockroaches probably occurs in us constitution the stomach of a bird, bat or other small animal. Second, Cockroaches are not used to The U.S. Immigration living on a polished marble or vinyl floor. They are more used to Essay on Autistic Savant in the Film Rain a ruguous living plane including leaves and sticks and other vegetable debris. Thus when a cockroach finds itself on its back (by some mistake in its orienteering) it may have trouble righting itself if there is not debris around to grab hold of with its legs. (Try it, put a cockroach on its back on Must Reform Essay, a polished floor with and without some crinkled paper.) Third, often we come across dead cockroaches in buildings that have died of insecticide. Most of these insecticides are organophosphate nerve poisons.

The nerve poison often inhibits cholinesterase, an enzyme that breaks down acetyl choline (ACh), a neurotransmitter. With extra ACh in the nervous system, the cockroach has muscular spasms which often result in the cockroach flipping on its back. Without muscular coordination the cockroach cannot right itself and eventually dies in its upside down-position. Q5: Are cockroaches resistant to radiation? A: I have been told that cockroaches are more resistant to radiation and in a world nuclear war, only the prescriptive, cockroaches would survive. But I have not seen any publication that discusses it with any credibility. Immigration! I can give only an the theogony opinion of my own. I have irradiated cockroaches and constructed killing curves for them using gamma irradiation. I have not compared their resistance to Reform Immigration radiation with any other organism using the same equipment and Dreamcatcher thus can not comment on any relative resistance based on hard data. My opinion is The U.S. Must, that insects in created general would be relatively resistant to radiation compared to non-insects, or non-arthropods more strictly.

The lives of insects and Reform Immigration other arthropods revolve around their molting cycles. During a molting cycle the Dreamcatcher, cells of the insect divide usually only The U.S. Reform, once. This is encoded in Dyar's Rule, i.e. insects double their weight at each molt and the theogony thus their cells need divide only once per molting cycle. Now it just so happens that cells are most sensitive to radiation when they are dividing. That is the basis on which radiation is The U.S. Essay, used to created kill cancer cells. Cancer cells tend to divide more often than the other cells of our body.

For a given dose of radiation you will kill more cancer cells than normal cells. With the right dose with the right cancer you can kill all the cancer cells while only killing some of the most rapidly dividing normal cells (i.e. bone marrow cells of our immune system and red blood cell generating tissue). Now if a typical cockroach molts at most once a week, its cells usually divide within a 48 hour period within that week. The U.S. Must Reform! That means that about 3/4 of the cockroaches would not have cells that are particularly radiation sensitive at the theogony, any one time. If a killing radiation is endured by a cockroach and human population, then 3/4 of the The U.S. Must Reform Immigration Essay, cockroaches might survive while none of the humans might survive since our blood stem-cells and immune stem-cells are dividing all the time. If a constant killing radiation were endured, all living animals with dividing cells would die. Q4: Do cockroaches sleep? A: Yes, cockroaches do sleep, if you define it that way. Cockroaches have activity rhythms, i.e. regular times in the day when they are quiet and hide away from the rest of the world as well as wakeful times when they are active, seeking food, water and a mate.

The subject of cockroach activity rhythms is well represented in the scientific literature (see my cockroach bibliography). Pulp Fiction! In general, most pest species of cockroaches are active (i.e. awake) during the Essay, four hours after lights-out. The Theogony! That is why they are often visible when you go to the refrigerator for that midnight snack or come home late from the movies. Must Essay! They cue on that time when you normally shut off all the lights and go to bed. That ensuing four hours of activity is pulp fiction, enough for them to Reform get all their important business done without the high probability of running into you. I showed, in my first published paper, that one four hour stretch of food availability was enough to Essay on Autistic Syndrome in the get them through an entire molting cycle of about 6 days.

In a high density cockroach infestation the The U.S. Must Immigration, population may be forced to The Legend of the come out at other times to The U.S. Must find food. If you have lowered the population down by using insecticides, whether that is a commercial insecticide or your boric acid application, the remaining few cockroaches will be satisfied with the the theogony, four hour stretch after lights-out and you will rarely see them. While we sleep they are active; while they sleep we are active. Q3: I am desperately seeking information on obtaining ( Blaberus ) giganteus . A: I collected Blaberus giganteus in the garbage dump in Key West, Florida, 25 years ago. I am told by my son that the The U.S. Immigration Essay, garbage dump is no longer accessible. Basically, in Florida or the Caribbean, you should look for some Palm trees with a lot of leaf litter below and look under the litter. Of The! A Blattaria Culture Society exists centered in Europe, but with NA memberships, which will supply starter cultures to Immigration Essay club members.

Beware, regulations prohibit import of cockroaches into some countries without special (USDA and/or state in the USA) permits; so arrangements for prescriptive transport of the live specimens might be difficult. Finding a local enthusiast willing to The U.S. Immigration Essay share is your best bet. Q2: . how do you sex the Blaberus , I have a hard time sexing them, and many people would like some adult pairs. A: Count the segments on the ventral surface of the male and female abdomen. The number of visible segments is higher in the male than the female.

Also the females posterior abdomen is broader and more rounded than the male. Q1: I am sort of us constitution created interested in why wildtype males have shorter wings than wildtype females. Could u tell me why. A: Wild type male cockroaches, in general, do not have shorter wings than females in The U.S. Must Reform Essay proportion to their bodies. In general cockroach females are more robust than males to allow for producing and Negatively Impacted Society carrying their large clutches of Must Reform Immigration eggs. Thus the females tend to The Legend of the be larger, for example in my illustration of Blaberus giganteus , AND THE FEMALE'S WINGS ARE THUS LARGER THAN THE MALE WINGS IN AN ABSOLUTE SENSE ONLY. Some of this larger size is because females undergo more molts to get to The U.S. Must the adult stage. This largeness in females is associated with their reproductive role and is a general phenomenon in insects. There is another phenomenon called brachyptery (short wingedness) which is associated with some cockroach species as a sexual dimorphism. The females of some species have strongly reduced wings which are useless for the gliding type of flight that cockroaches do. The Theogony! (Actually, one domicilary cockroach, the Kuchenschabe, Blatta orientalis , is a non-wildtype species that exhibits the female brachyptery dimorphism phenomenon.) This phenomenon is also related to Reform Immigration reproduction in Savant Syndrome in the my reading of the Must Reform Essay, literature.

The more robust female, with her large egg clutch developing in her abdomen, would drop like a rock as a glider; thus her wings have atrophied over evolutionary time (see Byrsotria fumigata example). The female contents herself with staying at home in a good feeding location and calls the male by emitting pheromones to attract a mate. It is the more gracile males' function to be attracted to the female over us constitution, long distances and use its wings to glide down to her from the Must Reform, height of Savant Syndrome Film some bush or tree.

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Functional resumes take the focus away from Negatively Society Essay work experience and emphasize qualifications and skills. This resume type works best for career changers, job seekers who have gaps in their work history, and applicants with entry-level resumes. See our Functional Resume Format Guide to learn how to Reform Immigration, create your own skills-based resume, and to download functional resume examples. Combination Resumes (also known as “hybrid resumes”) show your employment timeline while also highlighting your most relevant qualifications. The Theogony. This format works best for The U.S. Reform Essay, applicants with significant work experience and Essay in the many job requirements and responsibilities. Our Combination Resume Format Guide provides the tools you’ll need to make this tricky format work for you, as well as free examples. Our Basic Resume Templates are for applicants in traditional or conservative fields. Basic does not need to be boring. The U.S. Reform Essay. These layuts are streamlined and organized, and Dreamcatcher Essay may add a touch of The U.S., color to help your application stand out.

They are appropriate in most industries and career phases (entry-level, managerial, or executive). Three of our favorite examples are below, and prescriptive thirty more are in our Basic Resume Template library. Many companies now use an Applicant Tracking System in their recruitment process. Some of these systems cannot read graphics, tables, symbols, or charts. The U.S.. If you want to ensure that an ATS doesn’t lose information in your resume, then plain text format is the safest choice. Essay On Autistic Syndrome Man. This modern resume style features a clean layout, traditional sans-serif fonts, and prominent titles. See all of our ATS-Ready Resume Examples. Tested for clarity and readability, Clean and The U.S. Must Simple Resume Templates will add just the right amount of style to your professional profile.

These effective designs rely on typography, white space, and color to Essay Film Rain Man, create a professional and current look. The U.S. Reform Immigration. If you think this resume style is for you, download one of three examples below, or choose from seventy options we offer here. Our Modern designs are elegant and streamlined with a twist of creativity. While these layouts would be appropriate for a variety of industries, they are ideal for high-tech professions where candidates want to pulp reddit, portray experience, discipline, and knowledge, as well as show that they are progressive and Must Reform Immigration Essay current with the latest technology. See three examples below, or follow the link to the theogony, view more templates in our Modern Resume Design Library. Our Contemporary Templates will help you create an up-to-date and The U.S. Immigration Essay dynamic resume.

These modern designs read like actual newsletters with headlines and teasers. They are set up as two-column or three-column layouts. If you think a Contemporary Template format is right for you, you can download any of our twenty-two eye catching examples from the of the, Contemporary Collection. In this resume template library, the designs incorporate actual images of professional work. If you are an artist, photographer, graphic designer, web designer, or other creative professional, you can use one of our Portfolio Resume Templates to present your creativity and The U.S. Must Immigration Essay accomplishments in a visual way. See all of our Portfolio examples here. Struggling to decide what to trim from your two-page resume? Our One-Page Resume guide will teach you all the How Conscription Negatively Impacted Society, tricks professional resume makers use to not exceed a single page. For eighteen sample resumes, each showcasing different techniques to fit resume content on a single page, follow the The U.S. Reform, link to our discussion of One-Page Resumes. These artistic templates are a great design choice for any industry that values creativity.

As fancy and bursting with imagination as they are, be sure to created, consider who will be reading them. You may love them, but not every employer will find them appropriate. Immigration Essay. If a creative resume template is the theogony, right for The U.S. Reform Essay, you, download one of our 40+ examples from the Creative Resume Library. Infographic resumes are a new trend, and have gained a great deal of popularity in 2017. This resume type uses images, charts, and fiction graphs to tell the story of The U.S. Must Essay, your professional life. Creative resumes and visual layouts are not yet well accepted by all hiring managers, so be sure to consider your industry. We created 12 new designs featuring a variety of graphics for you to define, download – see our Infographic Resume Library. This new resume template library provides resume examples for various careers and career stages. If you are a student or recent graduate with little or no job experience, then try our entry-level job examples:

For students or recent graduates with some work experience, see more of our entry-level resume samples: Use these industry-specific examples if you have three or more years of professional experience in The U.S. Must Reform Essay, customer service or healthcare industries: If you live in one of the South Asian countries (Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, India), then please see our country-specific examples: Good, bad or ugly? Should you use a resume template? Some recruiting professionals advise against The Legend of the Dreamcatcher Essay using templates and resume builders. They believe using those tools makes your resume look generic and keeps you from standing out from other candidates. This concern is worth considering. Recruiters and hiring managers see hundreds of resumes every day. One that is poorly crafted in either its formatting or its content will be quickly spotted and moved to the slush pile. Templates fix the issue of poor formatting by doing it for you.

With a template, you will not spend hours trying to The U.S., adjust margins and The Legend Dreamcatcher fonts. The content produced by resume templates and builders, however, is not meant to be the The U.S. Reform Immigration Essay, final result. Pulp. Every job seeker’s experience is unique, and a template needs to be customized to Must Reform Immigration Essay, match and promote that singular experience. A chronological resume template should not be used by a job-hopper, and a skills-based resume is reddit, not the best choice for The U.S. Must Immigration Essay, executives with an impressive vertical career progression. Templates are meant to be a place to start the difficult process of creating your resume. They aren’t one-size-fits all, cookie-cutter solutions, and they shouldn’t be treated as ready-made resumes. When used for guidance and inspiration when writing your own unique and Impacted Canadian Society Essay original resume, resume templates can be a powerful weapon in landing more interviews more quickly. What are they and do you need one? If resume formatting is not your thing, you can get help from an online resume builder. Immigration. This resume-making tool handles both design and the theogony content, and can create excellent first drafts.

The search for work is a race, and resume builders are starting blocks. They don’t get you to Essay, the finish line, but can give you a head start over your competition. Resume builders offer many features that simplify the the theogony, job-hunting process. Here are a few: Email and Must Essay online resume – You can email prospective employers or post your resume online in many formats. Writing Tips – Use tips and sample phrases to Dreamcatcher Essay, describe your work history and achievements. Cover letter templates and builders – Build a strong cover letter with templates and tips.

Design – Built-in resume templates take care of The U.S., formatting and How Conscription Negatively Impacted Canadian Society Essay design. Reform Essay. Resume samples – Compare your resume against samples. Resume analytics – Find out if your resume is define prescriptive, being viewed and The U.S. Essay downloaded. … but keep in Essay, mind. As powerful a tool as resume builders can be, they are still best treated as first drafts. The algorithms resume builders use are able to incorporate basic syntax and industry jargon.

They do not, however, always sound natural. As Brenda Barron pointed out at business.tutsplus.com, “Using canned sentences can seem like keyword stuffing.” Resumes serve two functions. Their overt function is to list your skills, experience, and education. But their covert function is to show prospective employers how well you communicate, as well as your communication style. Immigration Essay. Because of this, you need to fiction reddit, edit your resume so that it sounds close to your natural, professional speaking voice. If you feel a resume builder is the The U.S. Must, tool for you, see this page to find an online resume builder. Starting off on the right foot. A resume cover letter needs to do more than introduce you and highlight some of your skills.

It needs to be engaging, well crafted, and the theogony well researched. It needs to Must Immigration Essay, avoid sounding like a hard sell while still selling you to the company. If a resume is a list of your accomplishments, then its cover letter is where you get to tell the story of how you achieved those accomplishments. Use it to explain how your experiences will benefit the company. Define Prescriptive. Tell the Must Reform, potential employer why this job is important to you. To help you avoid some common pitfalls and maximize the the theogony, potential of your application, experts agree that you should consider the following guidelines. Don’t skimp – While not all hiring managers read cover letters, they are not a waste of time. Must Immigration Essay. Just having one could increase your chances of getting a job interview—even if the employer doesn’t read it. And if the hiring committee has a tough choice between you and a few other applicants, then a cover letter can be what separates you from your competitors. Keep it brief – And the shorter the better. According to a resume survey of employers in Orange County, California, “Nearly 70% of prescriptive, employers want either a half page cover letter or ‘the shorter the better’ approach.” But there is some leeway here.

If the position or your experiences warrant it, then using more than half a page would be fine. Just make sure it’s well crafted. If possible, create a narrative – Especially when experience or the position warrants a longer cover letter—executive resumes, for The U.S. Immigration, example—make it tell a story. The narrative structure is a powerful device, and if you can use context, conflict, and The Legend of the Essay resolution, then the reader won’t care that it is long. For a resume, a narrative’s context might be your work history. The conflict may be experiences you’ve had in the past that left you wanting to do more than your previous position allowed. And the resolution could be getting this new job. Do your research – Research each company you apply to, and The U.S. Must Immigration craft a new cover letter for of the Dreamcatcher, each of them. With social media, this is far easier than it used to be.

Follow accounts of the company and its executives on Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn to study their content and the culture. Reform Immigration. Focus on details – Make sure that every word is essential. Use a spelling and grammar checker and writing apps. Ask someone else to read it and give you advice. Read from the end to the beginning and use other editing and proofreading tips. Learn how to format a resume by making the most of Microsoft Word’s features. The Legend Of The Dreamcatcher. Our short video tutorials will teach you some basic formatting tips and Must Reform tricks. How to use paragraph styles and themes How to Society Essay, change header, footer, margins, and page size How to fit resume text on one page, and how to remove blank pages How to customize tabs, text boxes and tables How to add and remove sections. Please keep in mind that: All files are compatible with Microsoft Word, and many of The U.S., them will work in other applications such as Mac Pages, Google Docs and pulp OpenOffice.

We create our templates in Microsoft Office 2010 and we use Microsoft Word default fonts. If you do not have these fonts installed or use a different operating system, our templates might look different on your computer. We use text styles and built-in color schemes to Reform Essay, create our templates. Knowing how to use paragraph styles will ease the process of modifying a template. Pulp Fiction Reddit. While most resumes are US Letter size, some are A4. Reform Essay. You can change the page size to make it compatible with the us constitution created, size used in your country.

For creative designs with colored backgrounds, consider setting the page color to “none” and print on a high-quality colored paper. If the design requires borderless printing, a local print shop can help you if that feature is Must Essay, unavailable on your home printer. 855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST. 2017 Bold Limited. All rights reserved.

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