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Autumn Rhythm Number 30 By Jackson Pollock Essays and Research Papers. I chose the painting Autumn Rhythm 1950 by Jackson Pollock . When I first saw the painting, I knew . from the act global start that this was the masterpiece perfect for this project. My initial response to this painting was confusion. I did not understand it; I did not know what I was looking at. I thought to myself, is there something I’m supposed to look for? It seemed impossible to find something due to the numerous slobs of paint everywhere.
I did not understand how this could even be a masterpiece. After. Abstract expressionism , Action painting , Autumn 1471 Words | 4 Pages. Interview Diana Ford FAS 101 4/17/2012 Jackson Pollock (January 28, 1912 – August 11, 1956) . -Many people say that artists think outside the box, would you say you were thinking outside the box with the drip technique? In 1947 Pollock first used the process of pouring or dripping paint onto analysis, a flat canvas in stages, often alternating weeks of painting with weeks of think, contemplating before he finished a canvas. Essay On Small Business Management. A whole series of think local, paintings—beginning with Full. On Small Business Management. Abstract expressionism , Action painting , Encyclopedia 887 Words | 3 Pages. 2012 JACKSON POLLOCK There are several artists who have influenced my work and act global, my passion for the arts. One of my . favorite is Jackson Pollock . Pollocks works inspire me to be creative even if my creativity is random. “ Jackson Pollack was an American artist who had an important influence on Report of Class modern painting as an important figure in the abstract expressionist movement.”(World Book) Jackson Pollock was born January 28, 1912 in think act global, Cody, Wyoming into a family of river, four boys with Jackson being the.
Abstract expressionism , Action painting , Art Students League of New York 1255 Words | 4 Pages. Jackson Pollock There have been many artists throughout history. Local. Jackson Pollock was one that was . Rainy River Archetypes. known for more than just his art. Pollock came to fame in New York City during the 1940s. Local Act Global. He lived in a small apartment, filled with cigarette smoke and the smell of paint. The news of of Class Observations, war played over the radio. It was dark and barely furnished. His paintings were prominent throughout the rooms. It looked more like an art studio than a home. Pollock seemed to have no sense of think act global, time.
Every day. Art , Art world , Arts 1245 Words | 3 Pages. Jackson Pollock Freedom and Originality. and originality” Introduction- Jackson Pollock was an influential American painter and a major figure in the abstract . expressionist movement. Abstract expressionism was developed in New York in of multiple, the early 1950s and introduced new approaches and experimentation to art. Pollock defined modern art through two words, ‘freedom’ and ‘originality’. Pollock expresses his freedom by think act global, straying away from the usual painter’s tools and explores new media. Pollock explores new ideas and techniques without. Analysis. Abstract expressionism , Clement Greenberg , Color Field 1433 Words | 5 Pages.
Artist Intent: Jackson Pollock's Autumn Rhythm. people would have a similar reaction toward Autumn Rhythm when first seeing it. When I had my first look at the piece, I was . Act Global. overwhelmed with the movement and the energy that seem to Business Management, break out from the image. Local. However, I am a little confused about the title and the actual piece itself. Why use such neutral colors to describe a season that is usually so full of color? Is there a hidden image that I should be looking for?
Why is this piece entitled Autumn Rhythm ? The pure chaos of this painting also makes. Abstract expressionism , Drip painting , History of painting 585 Words | 2 Pages. ARTISTS OF ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM. figures in their art. These types of paintings began in New York shortly after World War II. (AIU, 2013). Ends Justify. A few of the pieces from the time period include: . Pollock’s “ Autumn Rhythm ” – Number 30 , (1950), Untitled, (c. Think Local Act Global. 1947) by Norman Lewis, and ends justify, Frankenthaler’s “Eden” (1956), and act global, Koonings’ “Woman and rainy river, Bicycle” (1952-1953). “ Autumn Rhythm ” (1950), was created by soaking a canvas with a layer of think act global, black paint that was diluted and frames of mind the theory of multiple intelligences, used for the framework of the entire painting. Once the initial layer soaked. Abstract expressionism , Action painting , Clement Greenberg 1823 Words | 6 Pages. Act Global. Jackson Pollock’s Number 1, 1950 (Lavender Mist) Final Project 1 Final Project: Jackson Pollock’s Number 1, 1950 (Lavender Mist) James HUMA 1315: Fine . Arts Appreciation 16 March 2008 Final Project 2 Final Project: Jackson Pollock’s Number 1, 1950 (Lavender Mist) Background information about the artist: Paul Jackson Pollock (1912-1956), presumably one of the greatest American painters of all time, was an abstract expressionist painter. The Means. “Abstract Expressionism is a. Abstract expressionism , Action painting , Clement Greenberg 1666 Words | 7 Pages. A Comparison Between Frida and Pollock. arts of local act global, Frida Kahlo.
On the other hand, Jackson Pollock was an American artist. At the age 18 Pollock traveled . alone to Los Angeles to meet up with his brothers and study at justify the means philosophy, the Art Students’ league. He was an alcoholic which caused him to become volatile. The end of Pollock was after he took his last drive drunk, he died immediately from the impact of the tree. So in this paper, will see the differences and the similarities between Frida Kahlo and Jackson Pollock . Frida Kahlo: the artist who painted. Diego Rivera , Frida Kahlo , History of painting 1382 Words | 4 Pages. compare and contrast The Emperor Napoleon in His Study at the Tuileries by Jacques-Louis David which is an example of Neoclassicism, Luncheon of the Boating . Think Local. Party by Pierre Auguste Renoir which is an example of Impressionism, and Autumn Rhythm ( Number 30 ) by Jackson Pollock which is an of Class Observations Essay, example of Abstract Expressionism, as well as discuss each ones painting techniques and any formal elements they may have. Local. Rome, Greece, France was all fans of the Neoclassicism style of art. This style of art was. Claude Monet , Eugene Delacroix , Expressionism 634 Words | 3 Pages. What is real art?
Discuss in relation to Jackson Pollock's Blue Poles. West Story Names. In America around the 1930’s, 40’s and 50’s emerged a new kind of Abstract painting style dubbed as ‘Abstract Expressionism’ with a man named . Local Act Global. Jackson Pollock being, as what some may call, the ringleader and starting point of the movement with Blue Poles, formerly known as number 11, being one of his most famous works of art. But the question or stigma that still remains around the painting is ‘is it actually real art’ with some regarding it as being something that the skill of either a child or a. Abstract expressionism , Art , Expressionism 1552 Words | 4 Pages. Credit Krasner Although recognized as a genius of American modernism, Jackson Pollock may not have become the famous abstract . Essay Business Management. expressionist that he was, if it weren't for the support and dedication of his wife Lee Krasner. Also a well known painter, Krasner was a big part of think local act global, Pollocks life worth and when he had his drunk, unstable episodes she was the one to take care of him. Of Class. She helped him sell his paintings, and basically introduced Pollock's work for him to the art world, in New York at the. Abstract expressionism , Art , Expressionism 1406 Words | 4 Pages. ?Michael Jackson By Morgan Sumpter 8th Grade Language Arts . 2nd Hour March 16, 2011 Michael Jackson I. Introduction Thesis Statement II. Think Local. Life A. Parents B. Childhood/ Jackson 5 III. Career A. Solo Career B. Accomplishments IV. Death A. Causes/How He Died B. Legacy V. Conclusion . Beat It , Berry Gordy , Billie Jean 1046 Words | 6 Pages.
The Tate Gallery, London. Jackson Pollock , Autumn Rhythm Number 30 . (1950) Oil on canvas, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother (1936) Gelatin-silver print. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. are three prime examples of art that best represent our modern world today. Jackson Pollock was born in Cody, Wyoming, in 1912 and was adopted by his neighbors shortly after his biological parents passed away.
While in high school Pollock attended Manual Arts high School. The Theory. Abstract expressionism , Andy Warhol , History of painting 1136 Words | 4 Pages. subway-like transportation opened there was a sign stating they had a Jackson Pollock exhibit. Feeling comfortable with Pollock's . work I took it as a metaphoric sign that I should definitely head over think local act global there early on to see if it was something worth writing about. Being in the theory of multiple, front of think, Jackson Pollock's 8' x 20' painting Mural located in the West Pavilion, Plaza Level, Getty Center was memorizing. Essay Management. Mural was made in 1943 when Pollock used Oil and casein on canvas. Local Act Global. My expectations of the museum being. Art museum , Emotion , Getty Center 537 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis. Michael Jackson-Thrillers Perfect Storm. been fascinated by his contribution to music and entertainment. But, at what point in Jackson’s career did he blast into the stratosphere reaching . popularity and wealth far beyond anyone else, past or present, in the industry? That point was November 30 , 1982, when CBS Records released the album “Thriller”, an album that had the timing of a perfect storm.
The musical forces of nature converged all at once to form a vocal and act global, dancing phenomenon that grew into the biggest selling album of all time. . Beat It , Billie Jean , Diana Ross 1053 Words | 4 Pages. Unit 4 Assignment “ Pollock ” Alison Williams The movie “ Pollock ” staring Ed Harris as Jackson . Ends Justify. Pollock is a story of how art was affected by an artist. The movie follows the latter years of Pollock’s life as he rises to fame as a painter but also watches him struggle with life. American artist Jackson Pollock was an alcoholic, manic-depressant and often an uncontrollable, angry and insecure man. However, through one woman and when he painted, he found a sense of local act global, freedom and west side story gangs, peace, a release. Think Act Global. Abstract expressionism , Expressionism , History of painting 1246 Words | 3 Pages. The Essential Jackson Pollock By Justin Spring In 1912, Jackson was born into the birds a Scottish-Irish working class . family from Cody, Wyoming. It’s a little known fact that Pollock was an alcoholic, and had struggles with mental issues, including depression. Many of his most famous painting, including his splatter paintings that gained him notoriety, were done while under the influence of alcohol. Think Local. Alcohol was the cause behind much of his art, but it was also the cause of his death. On August 11.
20th century , Art , Arts 423 Words | 2 Pages. Brief comparison of Andy Warhol and Jackson Pollock, and Essay Business, their contrasting body of think act global, work. Essay. In your discussion address the local act global significance of intentions to their practice. JACKSON POLLOCK AND ANDY WARHOL . Jackson Pollock and Andy Warhol were American based artists during the same period; the 1940s, 50s, and 60s. Almost every aspect of Report of Class Observations Essay, their art is antonymous and extremely different, from their art practice, to the meaning they constructed in their works, to the audience and world they reflected. Think Act Global. Jackson Pollock wasn an Abstract Expressionist who used the on the rainy river archetypes Action Painting style, as opposed. Abstract expressionism , Andy Warhol , Campbell's Soup Cans 738 Words | 3 Pages. Michael Jackson: Greatest of All Time.
Jared Green March 5, 2012 English 102-Section 2 Professor McGunnigle Essay Final Draft Michael Jackson : The Greatest of All-Time If . asked the question, “Who is the greatest or famous music artist of all time,” which name would first pop into local act global your head? Michael Jackson is the most accomplished artist that ever lived on the theory of multiple this planet. To start things off, he has one of the best voices ever known to the industry of music. Secondly, he is also one of the best dancers to ever walk the earth. Lastly. Beat It , Billie Jean , Jermaine Jackson 2485 Words | 6 Pages. Compare the Practices of Picasso and Pollock and Evaluate How Their Views, Choices and Actions Have Been Affected by Particular Circumstances Within Their World. Compare the practices of Picasso and Pollock and evaluate how their views, choices and actions have been affected by particular circumstances . within their world.
The distinctive practices of Picasso and think act global, Pollock highlight how their views, choices and actions have been affected by the means philosophy, their relative contexts within their world. Cubism was the think advancement in art during the the means philosophy early 20th century, a time when the world was experiencing modernization in technology and medicine; and societies were rapidly growing. Abstract expressionism , Cubism , History of painting 2544 Words | 7 Pages. The Greyed Rainbow by think act global, Jackson Pollock. The Greyed Rainbow by Jackson Pollock Art a small word consist of just three letters, but has huge meaning. It has not any . boundaries or limits. Art can be define in words but sometimes we can express it more accurately and beautifully without words.
But one should have that talent and courage to express emotions and west story gangs names, feelings with the world without even using a single word. There are many forms of art, like dancing, singing, acting, painting and much more, but the true art is what, which you. Abstract expressionism , Art , Federal Art Project 816 Words | 2 Pages. Introduction: * Andrew Jackson was one of the most popular presidents in the history of the United States. * From being a poor orphan . whose mother died at age thirteen to being a military hero and a president that listened to think act global, the voice of the people. * The two terms that Jackson was President it was called the rise of the “Common man”. * Because he didn't favor the Observations Essay rich but instead wanted a true democracy where everyone’s voice is heard. Act Global. * A government formed by Report Essay, the people. Andrew Jackson , Democracy , Democratic Party 1103 Words | 3 Pages. 1001 Monday June 10, 2014 Michael Jackson “Thrills” the World in think act global, 1982 T.S.
Eliot stated, “only those who will risk going too far, can . West Story Gangs. possibly find out how far they can go,” (Crum). That is exactly what Michael Jackson did in the year I was born, 1982. Think Local Act Global. Jackson was born as the seventh child to Report Essay, an African-American family in act global, Gary, Indiana on of multiple August 29, 1958. He went on think act global to debut on the professional music scene with his brothers, and were known as the Jackson 5. After many years singing with his. Beat It , Billie Jean , Disco 1291 Words | 5 Pages. Frames. English Biography Michael Jackson. ?Michael Jackson : King of Pop The famous singer, songwriter, and music producer, Michael Jackson was born on August 29, 1958 at . Gary, Indiana. Michael was born to an African-American family and think local, raised by side story gangs, his parents, Joseph and Katherine Jackson (“Michael Jackson ”). He was the youngest of the black pop group, Jackson Five (Law, 228). Jackson Five consists of the brothers: Marlon, Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, and Michael. The Early Years: Michael Jackson’s musical career started as a lead singer of.
Berry Gordy , Billie Jean , Death of Michael Jackson 1067 Words | 4 Pages. In the poem “To Autumn ,” the author John Keats uses a multitude of poetic elements such as rhythm , diction, sound, imagery and think local, . voice to develop a theme that both nature and our lives follow a similar and beautiful path while living, even as they come close to death. The poem itself is comprised of west, three stanzas of act global, similar length. Each of these stanzas describes a different part of autumn , the beginning, middle and end. The speaker in side gangs names, the poem acknowledges that time passes by in the poem. Furthermore. John Keats , Life , Ode to a Nightingale 1008 Words | 3 Pages. dedicated to their own creativity and expression of art (Sayre, 2010). Jackson Pollack was heavily influenced by automatism, or direct . expression of the self. Pollock created the large scale of surfaces with no place on the canvas for think the viewer’s eyes to rest.
The paintings created such energy and movement, Pollack’s method was labeled as “Action Painting” (Sayre, 2010). In Pollock’s painting, Autumn Rhythm ( Number 30 ), his technique was pouring, or dripping paint onto the canvas. His creative. Abstract expressionism , Art , History of painting 813 Words | 3 Pages. Abstract Expressionist piece Autumn Rhythm ( Number 30 ) by Jackson . Pollock , on the Metropolitan Museum of Report of Class Observations Essay, Art website, located in Appendix B. To access the piece, do the act global following: · Click the analysis link to local, go to the Metropolitan Museum of Art home page. · Select Works of Art. · Type Autumn Rhythm in the Search box, and select the first item that comes up. · You may also find the following helpful: o The Works in Progress explanation of Essay Management, Pollock on pp. 134–135 in Ch. 7 of. Abstract expressionism , Expressionism , History of painting 321 Words | 5 Pages. ODE TO AUTUMN John Keats This poem, an ode, is the last of Keats’ odes.
In it, the poet exhibits a rich mood of local, serenity by describing . autumn as a season of mellow fruitfulness – a season of ripeness and fulfillment. This ode is known for analysis its remarkable sensuous beauty that is think local crafted by employment of several visual, tactile and auditory imageries together with the personification of autumn as a woman engaged in various autumnal activities. On Small Business. In the think local act global first stanza, the poet has described the. Apple , Autumn , Fruit 1516 Words | 6 Pages. The numbers are overwhelming: Over the Report Observations next 17 years, 350 million rural residents (more than the entire U.S. population today) will leave the . farm and move to China’s cities.
That will bring the Chinese urban population from just under 600 million today to local, close to 1 billion, changing China into a country where more than two-thirds of its people are city dwellers, says Jonathan Woetzel, a director in of Class Observations, McKinsey’s Shanghai office. The change will reverse China’s centuries-old identity as a largely rural. City , Metropolitan area , Pollution 1921 Words | 6 Pages. ? Andrew Jackson was born to Andrew and Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson , Scots-Irish colonists who emigrated from Ireland . in 17651, March 15, 1767, in the Waxhaws region between North Carolina and South Carolina. A lawyer and a landowner, he became a national war hero after defeating the British in New Orleans during the War of 1812. Jackson was elected the seventh president of the United States in think, 1828. Known as the people's president, Jackson destroyed the National Bank, founded the Democratic. Andrew Jackson , Democratic Party , Martin Van Buren 802 Words | 3 Pages. Ode to a Nightingale and To Autumn by Report of Class Observations Essay, John Keats.
experiences in life. Many of the local act global ideas in Keats's works are quintessentially of Romantic nature: imagination and rainy, creativity, the beauty of nature, magical . creatures or experience, and think local, the true sufferings of human life. Report Observations Essay. Ode to a Nightingale and To Autumn are two well known odes by think, Keats. They both reflect some of the concerns in its context. Ode to a Nightingale explores the sufferings of mortal life and ways of escape including alcohol, imagination and frames, poetry, and death.
The nightingale represents. John Keats , Ode to think act global, a Nightingale , Poetry 1599 Words | 5 Pages. Frames Of Multiple. Andrew Jackson – Democracy President and Indian Removal Act (1830) Le Hong Quan (UBM-10-10-1037) US History I Instructor: Hoang . ThachQuan 17 November 2011 Introduction: Andrew Jackson (1767 –1845) was the seventh President of the United States (1829–1837) and think local act global, he was one of the most popular and controversial U.S. presidents in ends justify the means philosophy, American history. Think Local Act Global. Andrew Jackson's election to the presidency in Observations Essay, 1828 created a new era with political and economic opportunities for the common man. He also. Andrew Jackson , Cherokee , Democratic Party 2559 Words | 7 Pages. Conclusion: Write a conclusion about speed and think, inertia that links the different variables studied. Rainy River Archetypes. Study the think accident data on Essay on Small Management the next 3 pages and . answer the questions as part of your report REPORT Exercise 1 • The bar graph shows the number of people killed in car accidents at different times of think local act global, day and different days of the week. • What patterns and ends justify the means philosophy, trends do you see in the data? • What cause-effect links can you make as to the patterns and trends seen? Exercise 2 Seat belts . 24th century , Accident , Crash test dummy 899 Words | 7 Pages. Think Local. - Michael Jackson , referred to as the ends justify philosophy “King of Pop”, was an American recording artist, singer-songwriter, dancer, and act global, musician. Report Of Class Observations. He has been . acknowledged as the most successful entertainer of all time. Local. - His contribution to music, dance and fashion, along with a much-publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades. - Through stage performances and music videos, Jackson popularized a number of dance techniques, such as the robot and the moonwalk. Billboard Hot 100 , Jackson family , James Brown 636 Words | 3 Pages.
Song bi?c theo lan hoi g?n ti La vang tru?c gio kh? dua veo T?ng may lo l?ng, tr?i xanh ng?t Ngo truc quanh co, khach v?ng teo T?a g?i om c?n lau . ch?ng du?c Ca dau d?p d?ng du?i chan beo Translation Fishing in Autumn - Nguyen Khuyen$ Autumn pond cold and waters so clear A ?shing boat with me right here Blue waves undulated and ridged with ripples Yellow leaves free falling on justify philosophy the zephyr Clouds ?oating, in think local act global, the sky so cerulean Sinuous bamboo trails, no one is here . 19th century , H? Xuan Huong , Onomatopoeia 1180 Words | 5 Pages. Janet Jackson was born in Gary Indiana on justify May 16, 1966. She is think a member of the Jackson Family musical dynasty. Business Management. #9;Her most . famous family members include Jermaine, Stephen, Jackie, Tito, Marlon,and Michael whom were all part of the musical group the Jackson 5. The most famous of the think brothers is Michael whom helped Janet begin her musical career. Like many of the women in show business today, Janet has been faced with many obstacles in story names, her life. Despite all of the think problems, Janet has overcome. Death of Michael Jackson , Jackson family , Janet Jackson 801 Words | 3 Pages. Heart Beats: Rhythm Self-Quiz: Fast and west gangs names, Deadly. Local Act Global. steps of rhythm analysis: * Determine the rhythm by measuring the distance between R waves and noting any variations in . R-wave regularity. Determine if a 0.12-second or greater variance exists between the shortest and longest R-wave variations. Figure. Rhythm strip * Calculate the heart rate, using the side gangs names rapid rate calculation (counting the number of R waves in a 6-second strip and local act global, multiplying by 10 to calculate the the birds analysis heart rate per minute), for regular or irregular rhythms . Act Global. For.
Advanced cardiac life support , Cardiac arrest , Cardiology 912 Words | 5 Pages. Richard Jackson is an American contemporary artist born in 1939 and raised in Sacramento, he spent his free time hunting on a 2,000-acre . ranch in Colusa County with his family, who are descendants of President Andrew Jackson . He studied engineering and art at Sacramento State College. He held down odd jobs like Christmas tree farming and mining for on Small gold in Sierra City before getting his first gallery shows in L.A. in the 1970s. He now has a studio where he does all his work in Sierra Madre, California. Act Global. Andrew Jackson , History of painting , Modernism 1515 Words | 4 Pages. West Side Gangs Names. Bo Jackson I. Think. Introduction a. No matter what people say, multitasking is on Small one of the hardest things to think, do. Whether it’s play two . sports in high school or work two jobs, it’s tough to of Class, handle all that responsibility. I myself played two sports in high school and trying to balance that out act global, with school was a tough enough task in story names, itself. Now imagine having to manage two professional jobs at the same time, well that’s the life Bo Jackson lived, my favorite professional athlete and arguably. American football , Bo Jackson , Football 1066 Words | 3 Pages. Think. Died: June 25, 2009 in Los Angeles, California Overview: As a young child, Michael Jackson had cultivated stardom as a singer and . performer with the Jackson Five before he reached double digits in age.
In the '70s he remained a stalwart member of that group, becoming an on the rainy river archetypes, ever more central figure in its continuing success. And although he began to step out as a solo artist during the '70s, Jackson did not truly become a full-fledged star until the '80s, the decade he personified, defined and. Billie Jean , Disco , Jermaine Jackson 682 Words | 3 Pages. Local. Andrew Fillingim Betty Sample AMH 2010 October 23, 2012 Andrew Jackson Jackson was the seventh president of the gangs United . States, born in local, South Carolina on March 15, 1767. He was the son of Andrew and Elizabeth Hutchingson Jackson . His dad died in 1767 and the birds analysis, Andrew attended frontier schools while acquiring the reputation of being an easily-tempered and willing to fight any challenger.
Jackson was 13 years old when the American Revolution first began and decided to become a messenger for the. Andrew Jackson , Democracy , Democratic Party 1017 Words | 3 Pages. Michael Jackson : Man In The Mirror Michael Jackson is think local act global arguably the most well know celebrity figure in the world today. . Michael Joseph Jackson was born in on the, August 1958, in Gary, Indiana. Local Act Global. Jackson has spent almost his entire life as a public performer. He was a member of the Jackson Five at the age of four, soon becoming the river archetypes group's lead vocalist and front man. Onstage, he modeled his dance moves and vocal styling on James Brown, and portrayed an absolute self-confidence on stage that belied his. Diana Ross , Disco , Jermaine Jackson 1470 Words | 4 Pages.
Maya Kirk Ms. Bork Sophomore English 17 April 2013 Michael Jackson , a man of act global, many talents, had 13 #1 singles, 17 Grammy Awards, and side story, sold . over 1 billion albums across the globe since his solo debut in 1972. Michael had a big effect on the world. He influenced many people through his music. His dance moves created a new and act global, innovative way for on the rainy river archetypes people to local, express themselves. His videos were a whole new experience for most people in the music industry. Ends Justify The Means Philosophy. It is local really rare in river, the music industry to leave. Beat It , Billie Jean , Dance music 1601 Words | 4 Pages. Analyzing and act global, Interpreting Literary Texts: British Literature (239335) January 5 The use of rhetorical devices in Essay, John Keats’ “To Autumn ” . Act Global. We all know that the autumn is probably the Observations most ambivalent season of the year.
People have more or less fixed associations with the other three seasons, but this is not true for autumn . Local. Summer is usually seen as the warmest time of the year, the time of Essay Management, holidays and relaxation. Winter on the other hand is cold and hard but also the time of feasts like Christmas. Figure of speech , John Keats , Poetry 1419 Words | 4 Pages. Rhythm and Dictions in Gerard Manley Hopkins' Spring and Fall a play for his readers, the poet incorporates visual images as well as aural effects into his poem. In Spring and Fall, Hopkins uses rhythm , . Think Local Act Global. word choice, and alliteration to fully integrate the readers, as if the readers were right next to Margaret as she undergoes these changes. Spring and Fall is a short poem in one stanza; however, Hopkins' choice of rhythm divides the poem into two distinct sections. The first section illustrates the childlike mind, while the second section portrays the grown-up. Duns Scotus , Gerard Manley Hopkins , Meter 1522 Words | 5 Pages.
Adaptations Needed to Address Adolescents’ Circadian Rhythms. Adaptations Needed to ends justify the means, Address Adolescents’ Circadian Rhythms Sleep is the fuel that humans need to properly function. The amount of sleep . people need is determined by their circadian rhythm , or biological clock. A teenager’s circadian rhythm differs from that found in think act global, an adult or younger child. While going through puberty, teenagers need more sleep than when they become adults. Researchers from the National Sleep Foundation have identified several changes in sleep patterns, sleep/wake systems. Circadian rhythm , College , High school 1858 Words | 6 Pages. Analysis. processes. Circadian rhythm in all mammals is a process that describes our inner master “clock” and local, our daily functionality. The Birds. “Circadian timing . is structured in such a way as to receive information from the external and internal environments, and its function is the timing organization of the physiological and local, behavioral processes in a circadian pattern (1)”. With the 24 hour cycle put in use we determine the sleeping and feeding patterns of the birds analysis, all animals. Since the circadian rhythm is such a vital function.
Chronotype , Circadian rhythm , Delayed sleep phase syndrome 1155 Words | 4 Pages. Describe and think local, Evaluate Circadian Rhythms. Describe circadian rhythms (8marks) Circadian rhythms occur every 24 hours; an justify philosophy, example of a circadian rhythm is . the act global sleep-waking cycle. We are diurnal animals who are active during the daytime and asleep at ends the means, night, other animals are nocturnal they are active at think, night but asleep during the ends justify the means philosophy day. The circadian rhythm depends on the interaction of physiological and psychological processes to think local act global, be tuned into the sleep-waking cycle so energy is provided when needed. As diurnal humans we have a fairly stable. Chronotype , Circadian rhythm , Circadian rhythms 1438 Words | 4 Pages.
Presidential Outline: Andrew Jackson I. Andrew Jackson a. March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845 b. Of Class Essay. 61 years old II. No formal . education; Occupation: Major General in local, the military, lawyer in North Carolina and Tennessee, Justice on the Tennessee Supreme Court, military governor of Florida, also became a US Senator III. Democratic Party IV. John Quincy Adams: Federalist, Democratic-Republican, Whig Party; Henry Clay: Whig Party V. The main campaign issue was the Bank of the United States. Andrew Jackson , Cherokee , Georgia 2007 Words | 7 Pages. MATH 4 A. DIVISION of WHOLE NUMBERS B. DECIMALS a. PLACE VALUE of DECIMALS PLACE VALUE | Trillions | Billions | Millions | . Thousands | Ones / Unit | Decimalpoint | .1 | .01 | .001 | HUNDRED | TEN | TRILLIONS | HUNDRED | TEN | BILLIONS | HUNDRED | TEN | MILLIONS | HUNDRED | TEN | THOUSANDS | HUNDREDS | TENS | ONES | | TENTHS | HUNDREDTHS | THOUSANDTHS | 5 | 8 | 9, | 6 | 1 | 2, | 7 | 4 | 5, | 6 | 1 | 8, | 3 | 2 | 5 | . | 1 | 6 | 2 | b. READING and WRITING DECIMALS . 1 , Arithmetic , Divisor 1326 Words | 6 Pages. describe the artworks of the Abstract Expressionism are spontaneous, personal emotions, and freedom. An example of names, a painting from the think act global Abstract Expressionism . Analysis. movement is act global Autumn Rhythm . According to The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Autumn Rhythm is rainy archetypes a painting by Jackson Pollock in 1950. The artist of this painting Jackson Pollock used many ways and styles when painting to local, create unique artworks. Some examples of of mind the theory, his techniques associated with the act global abstract artist include ways of expressing themselves. Abstract expressionism , Art , Art movements 846 Words | 3 Pages.
An Analysis of the Poem To Autumn by John Keats. other essays, but to develop an idea of your own in greater depth and detail as your essay proceeds from names, beginning to end. For your Unit 3 paper, your . thesis will be your own interpretation and statement of what the think local poem To Autumn means. You can use the readings of To Autumn that we’ve discussed in analysis, class to get ideas for your essay, but the idea itself should be original and unique, the think local act global product of your own emotional and/or intellectual response to Essay on Small, the poem. (Although the tips that follow are specific. Essay , Essays , John Keats 1359 Words | 4 Pages. The art of “Early Autumn ” With the advent of the Harlem Renaissance in the 1920s, strong black voices, writing with African-American . rhythms and cadences, broke out all over the country. Of this remarkable creative outpouring, one voice rose among all of the think rest. This was the voice of poet Langston Hughes. Langston Hughes was a well known poet, novelist, journalist, and playwright, and was nicknamed the Poet Laureate of Harlem”. During the Harlem Renaissance, Langston Hughes gained fame. African American , English-language films , Harlem Renaissance 1263 Words | 4 Pages. young man possessed. I. Who do you think won ESPN’s Sport Science “Greatest Athlete of All Times?” (a).
Mahammad Ali (b). Frames Of Mind Of Multiple Intelligences. Michael Jordan (c). . Act Global. Vincent Jackson A. If you answer Vincent Jackson you were correct. B. Side Gangs Names. If you answered anyone else, “You Don’t Know Bo.” II. While watching 30 for 30 ’s show on Vincent “Bo” Jackson I gained an interest in this man’s talent, which is local act global why I have chosen to share what I have researched about him with you. I. Bo had a hard childhood and high. Baseball , Bo Jackson , Chicago White Sox 1069 Words | 3 Pages. Andrew Jackson I cannot be intimidated from doing that which my judgment and conscience tell me is right by Report, any earthly power. . This quote by Jackson underlies the fact the he was a selfish, tyrannical ruler. Local Act Global. He did not make decisions based on the interests of the whole nation but on his own personal benefit, in Report of Class Observations Essay, search of self- achievement.
Although he was portrayed or possibly manipulated the think local citizens to believe that he was a president for Report the common man, that was. Think. Andrew Jackson , Federal government of the United States , Henry Clay 1854 Words | 5 Pages. aspects of President Andrew Jackson's two terms in the office. President Jackson used his presidency to destroy the Second Bank of the United . States and Essay on Small, many government powers and institutions were affected by the methods and principles he acted upon. The idea for a Bank of the act global United States or a National Bank was conceived by Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of Treasury under President George Washington (Remini, Andrew Jackson and the Bank War, 23). Gangs Names. It was originally supposed to think local act global, serve as a central.
Andrew Jackson , Henry Clay , Louis McLane 2014 Words | 6 Pages. American civilization 150 4/7/15 Andrew Jacksons print on America President Andrew Jackson , considered by some to Essay Management, be the local . greatest American President during his American presidency term, but some of his actions sparked a lot of the theory of multiple intelligences, controversial thoughts. Think Act Global. President Jackson accomplished much for ends justify America, most of President Jackson’s accomplishments where positive but along the way president Jacksons committed a great deal of wrong that lead to president Jackson negative view of himself. Among President. Andrew Jackson , Henry Clay , Indian removal 1718 Words | 7 Pages. IX Mathematics Chapter 1: Number Systems Chapter Notes Key Concepts 1. Think Local Act Global. 2. 3. 4. On The. 5. Numbers 1, 2, 3…….?, which are used for . counting are called Natural numbers and think act global, are denoted by N. 0 when included with the natural numbers form a new set of ends justify, numbers called Whole number denoted by W -1,-2,-3……………..-? are the negative of natural numbers . The negative of natural numbers , 0 and act global, the natural number together constitutes integers denoted by Z. The numbers which can be represented in the form of p/q where. Addition , Field , Integer 852 Words | 5 Pages.
The Legacy of Michael Jackson “Please go for your dreams. Whatever your ideals, you can become whatever you want to become,” Michael . Jackson quotes. Allowing oneself to feel liberated in their works and to influence future generations was the driving force behind “The King of of mind the theory of multiple intelligences, Pop.” The social and cultural impact of Michael Jackson’s legacy has allowed current pop artists to show freedom of expression. From the time he began his career to his untimely death, Michael Jackson will be known as one. Local. Beat It , Billie Jean , Disco 1362 Words | 4 Pages.
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My Best Gift Essay Essays and Research Papers. A Gift for My Mother The story “A Gift for think local act global My Mother” is a short story written by Viv McDade which . deals with a family of three; a set of parents and their daughter. The mother envies the on Small Business Management, beautiful houses with hallways and moulded skirting boards on the other side of the railway, and think local act global, she usually gets angry about the differences between her own family and their property compared to the house on other side of the railway. The mother is analysis a housewife, and think act global, the narrator lets the reader get to know this. Character , Family , Father 969 Words | 3 Pages. Gifts Essay The reason why I chose the two pictures with the food, is because in the essay Emerson stated that . “Food is one of the of Class Observations, necessities that we need in order to local act global, survive.” And he also said that “It is also important to Report of Class Observations Essay, the giver and the person who is receiving it. Emerson also stated that “Food is a way to think local act global, say welcome and food has that balance.” Emerson also states in the essay that “Food is Essay on Small Management a reward.” In the first paragraph, in the middle of the second sentence, Emerson said “I do not think. Essay , Faith , Love 864 Words | 3 Pages. ? ”A Gift for local act global My Mother” Poverty is on the a subject that is think very relevant all over the world today. It is an issue, which affects many . Ends Justify? people and think act global, families. Many people have to struggle everyday just to justify philosophy, survive.
They starve and struggle while other people live happy lives without having to worry about if there are enough food or money to survive another day. This is an example of the big distinction between the rich and act global, the poor all over the world. In Africa for frames of multiple instance poverty is very common, because. Africa , Family , Father 995 Words | 2 Pages. Essay about Red Nose Day The purpose is to entertain and change lives in act global the UK and Africa. The money spent to aid young who live on Report of Class Essay, the . street and protect people living with domestic abuse. In Africa for vaccines etc.
People make donations, people also do something fun as games, parties, karaoke night, contests and local act global, other things and it's like winning money. This program is great, I think there should be more people like them, generous y caring. This type of action I love. It is on the rainy archetypes best to help and. British Museum , Cardiff , Remembrance Day 678 Words | 3 Pages. amazing gifts and talents. Having these extraordinary talents makes others realize how special that person truly is because of how much talent . Think Local? they have and how well they execute that talent. For example, a professional athlete is a person who uses their gift as a talent. Lebron James is one of the most gifted and talented athletes on the planet because of his size, speed, and agility. On The Rainy? He is known as the best basketball player in the world because he works harder and harder everyday to be the best he.
Basketball , Carmelo Anthony , College basketball 1162 Words | 3 Pages. maybe you dreamed of walking on think local, Mars and talking to the aliens? B. Connecting Information: Having goals is the best way to achieve success in . Of Class Observations Essay? life. Goals are the building blocks to act global, a happy and prosperous life. C. Thesis Statement: Over my lifetime I would like to achieve many things but there are three main things I would like to accomplish those being: to join the army national guard after my 2 years here at Leeward, to become a certified accountant, and to travel the world. II. West? BODY: A. Paragraph 2.
Accountant , Army National Guard , Need 819 Words | 5 Pages. First Essay I am interested in think becoming a special education teacher because every type of child needs and deserves a proper education. . Of Class Essay? Unfortunately not all children receive the type of education they need. Having worked and volunteered my services to multiple families who have children with different assortments of disabilities. Think Local Act Global? Working with children that required high levels of assistance to perform what would be basic task for other children. While teaching these children the basic life skills.
Education , Gifted education , High school 1808 Words | 5 Pages. ”A Gift for My Mother” is a short story written by Viv McDade. . It’s chronicling the course of a young girl’s . best intentions. The main character in the story is a little, juvenile girl called Lucy. Analysis? “..a bunch of wild flowers in the bushveld..” (p. 8, l. Act Global? 1) The story takes place in South Africa, because a bushveld is ends justify the means a well-grassed plain area in think act global South Africa. Throughout the ends justify, entire story Lucy wants to local act global, give her mother a gift . She decides to collect bunches of flowers, sell them and earn some cash. A Good Thing , Family , Father 1122 Words | 3 Pages. Belonging Essay (the Simple Gift + My Sisters Keeper) which are originally perceived as negative lead the individual to develop insight and reflect upon their current circumstances, ultimately resulting in a . positive action and outcome. This is clearly demonstrated in the prescribed text, The Simple Gift by Stephen Herrick as we see the unlikely friendship and west story gangs names, bond develop between the characters, Billy and Old Bill and think local act global, the passionate relationship that forms between Billy and Caitlin. West Gangs Names? In this text, Herrick uses extensive amounts of literary techniques. Caitlin Todd , Family , Feeling 1729 Words | 5 Pages.
Short Essay Re: Gifts of the Spirit. Short Essay #3 Short Essay on Pneumatology: Spiritual Gifts A friend contacted me on Facebook the other . Think? day and asked me what I know about the gifts of the Spirit. I replied by story gangs telling him the following: The gifts of God the Holy Spirit are recorded in 3 similar, but different lists in think local act global the New Testament. One lists God’s appointment of apostles, prophets, teachers, miracles, gifts of healings, helps, administrations, and various kinds of tongues (1 Cor. 12:28*). Another, Romans. Charismatic and Pentecostal Christianity , Christian terms , Christianity 868 Words | 3 Pages.
? MY HOLY WEEK CELEBRATION During April we celebrated the Holy week. It is when Jesus Christ was crucified and died under Poncioplilate and rose . Intelligences? again after three days. Hundreds of local, people belong to the church to frames of mind of multiple, get to think local, the great unwashed, they prayed and thanked Jesus for saving the world from sins and temptation. Justify? There are many devoted and local act global, believe the power of west gangs names, Jesus Christ. Perhaps processions are also held with prayers too. Think Local? In that respect are different saints, showing up. Side Story Gangs Names? From this day, probably. Beach , Holiday , Holy Week 960 Words | 2 Pages. This entry is dedicated to my dad and he will never read it. Sad thing.* When I was 16 I had to write an essay in school about local act global . the person I admire the most.
So I wrote about Observations my dad. My dad is not famous, nor is he rich or talented. Local Act Global? He is not a scientist or a professor. But he is the best man in my personal world even if he doesn’t know. We never talk about emotional stuff, he never gives me good advice, actually we hardly talk. When my dad was young he was a biker. Motorbikes were his lifestyle. 2006 singles , Mother 940 Words | 3 Pages. How does Billy develop a sense of river, belonging in 'The Simple Gift '? In Stephen Herrick's verse novel, The Simple Gift , the main . protagonist, Billy Luckett, is a sixteen year old runaway who feels that he needs to escape after being constantly rejected and local, alienated in his own town and home by key people and justify the means philosophy, places. He is traumatised by think act global his abusive father, alienated by ends the means all his peers at school and disconnected from the neighbourhood where he has lived and grown all his life.
Billy gradually finds. Friendship , Sense 1335 Words | 4 Pages. Everyone is different – this is act global one of the few things in my life where I have no doubt. And since everyone is different, then his dreams, . ideals and perspective are different. But everyone in river archetypes this world there is no other perspective than his own. As we try to act global, put a strange place, it only managed to touch the foreign thoughts and feelings, and is quite short. But not every time you try to put in place to someone else, you need to side gangs names, change our mindset and local act global, our way of the theory, thinking. There is act global a really a much. Bee Gees , Debut albums , Earth 921 Words | 3 Pages. Leah Young Young 1 2/14/13 Essay #2 English 101 My Best Friends There’s really no great way to . start my story other than with the truth. I was 31 and living in philosophy a tiny apartment in one of the think, worst neighborhoods in Louisville.
I was on my second divorce and third abusive relationship. Between me making excuses for bruises and the women my then husband was seeing while I was working, life for me was a sad one. I woke up one morning and decided I had to leave. I packed. Dog , English-language films , Friendship 2328 Words | 6 Pages. LUKOSE ENGLISH -119 ESSAY # 1 Best Days in My Life . Analysis? After a long time I went to visit my homeland . Those days were my best days in my life. I mean colorful days in my life. for think local act global the first time, after a long time, I saw my grandparents . who were amazed to see me again . My grandfather told me, Hey, son, you are completely changed, You are tall, skinny, but you are strong. My grandmother said that. 2007 singles , English-language films , Family 1094 Words | 4 Pages. My best friend Radar. Descriptive essay about my horse.
_Descriptive essay_ MY BEST FRIEND RADAR When I woke up in west side gangs the morning I knew that today is the day for . meeting my best friend Radar. Radar looks absolutely gorgeous. His black expresive thoughtful eyes are always slightly sad. His moisterous nostrils puff up, that is usually followed by sniffing. He breaths snoaring, sometimes bearing his healthy teeth as if he were smiling. His muscleous body with smooth skin, his slender tall legs, his magnificently shaped head. Feeling , Nose , Olfaction 349 Words | 3 Pages. Essay : A gift for My Mother The story is written by Viv McDade. Think? She was born in Ireland, grew up in Zimbabwe and on Small Business, . lived in think local act global South Africa for most of her life. Frames Of Mind The Theory Of Multiple Intelligences? While living in South Africa, she was a part of act global, some organizations. Report Of Class? She now lives in local act global Ireland.
In the short story the on the, narrator is think local a girl called Lucy. The story is told by a first person narrator and from her viewpoint. When a story is ends justify philosophy told by act global a first person, you need to realize that what the rainy archetypes, narrator is recounting might not be the local, objective. Essay , Family , Father 743 Words | 2 Pages. WRITING THE COLLEGE ESSAY PURPOSE OF THE ESSAY Your GPA, class rank, SATI and SATII scores are all important to intelligences, a college . admissions officer in helping to assess your academic abilities. But they are only numbers – they have no personality.
What can make your application stand apart are the think, personal essays . The college essay will allow an admissions officer to look beyond those numbers and see you as a person. A well-written essay should convey your thoughts, attitudes, personal qualities. College , Essay , Question 1382 Words | 5 Pages. PART A: OUTLINE: I. DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY : Outline: Introduction: Holiday celebrations are often a very fun and festive time with . Essay On Small Management? my family. Think Act Global? One such holiday is Tet holiday of year.
Many families have fun days filled with love, gift sharing, eating, fun times and laughs. Of Class? In my family the entire family gathers at local act global my grandparent’s home. Body paragraph: Decoration: - Outside: + Lights + Flowers + Parallel sentences . Family , Grandparent , Ho Chi Minh 830 Words | 4 Pages. April 11, 2013 Period 2 English 3 Honors Today I am going to Essay on Small Management, explain to think local act global, you about Judy Blume and her childhood, education, and all . of her great achievements. I chose Judy Blume to write my paper on because she is an on the river archetypes amazing writer and I was intrigued to learn more about her.
She is an inspiration to a lot of people and is very successful. Judy Blume was born on think, February 12, 1938 in Elizabeth, New Jersey. West Gangs Names? Her parent’s names are Rudolph Sussman, a dentist, and Esther. A Great Way to Care , Children's literature , Early childhood education 1786 Words | 5 Pages. _____________________________________ Date ________________________________ Period ___ My Dream Life Essay Due Date: Typed . final drafts are due on _______________________ at the beginning of the period. Your graded final draft will be placed in your portfolio. Organization of Paper: Title: Come up with a creative title Paragraph #1: Introduction. Use one of the “hooks” from the six choices on local, side 2. Essay Management? Don’t forget to let your reader know what your essay will be about think local act global (career, family, friends, relationships, house. Automobile , Dream , Henry David Thoreau 647 Words | 2 Pages.
connectedness is conditional upon one’s acceptance of others and by others. How accurately does this statement reflect the ideas . West Names? represented in your prescribed text and at least one other related text of your own choosing? ‘The Simple Gift ’ by Steven Herrick accurately reflects the notion that an individual’s sense of connectedness is conditional upon one’s acceptance of others and by others. This is demonstrated through the protagonist, Billy who leaves home and think, his dysfunctional family. Apple Inc. On The Rainy? , Caitlin Todd , Father 1341 Words | 3 Pages. accompanied your mom to buy some stuffs then you couldn’t come to local act global, the competition that I took last week. Do you know that your coming is really important for . me. Frames Of Mind The Theory Of Multiple Intelligences? Don’t you realize that?” Ami was so sad. “Well, I do have sin with you, Mi. Local Act Global? But, I have my own reason why I couldn’t came lastweek. Believe me that I’ve tried to come, unfortunately God didn’t allow me to see you directly on that competition.
Sorry…..” Denny explained. Essay Business Management? “Just tell me the real reasons!” “I……….I’ve something to do at that. 2005 singles , 2006 singles , 2007 singles 2316 Words | 6 Pages. What is a gift ? A gift is something that is given without anything in return. Any gift I have received has been . very special to me, but one gift in particular stands out. The gift took me by complete surprise.
The best gift I have received was my Kindle Fire. I received it on act global, a Sunday morning church service as a graduation present. It was also my first ever tablet. My Kindle Fire is Essay my best gift , by think local far. The four graduation seniors at my church all received one. I happened to justify the means philosophy, be one of them. The. 2006 albums , Academic dress , English-language films 464 Words | 2 Pages. My Mom, My Hero, My Best Friend Wow where do i begin.
My mom is definitly . Local Act Global? my best friend. She has been here for me through think and thin, good and bad, and ups and rainy archetypes, downs. When I was seven my father passed away who was there for think local act global me and my sister ? My mom she was my mom and my dad for a while untill one day she met a man who has been my dad for the past 12 years couldnt ask for a better dad then the one she found. My mom has helped me through so many things in my life pushed me through school. English-language films , Friendship , Lie 1219 Words | 3 Pages. ?Mikells Smith Dr Bailey Essay , College Writing From feelings to rainy archetypes, the future For 17 years I went through so much.
I held so much pain inside . and honestly didn’t know how I did it. Local? When my high school English 4 teacher told me to write about anything in the world, I knew right then and there I would write her a mini tell all essay . I was at the end of story, my senior year of high school and think local, our last assignment was to the birds, write an essay to local act global, our teacher, about anything we wanted. Essay On Small Business Management? I remember being a little. Debut albums , English-language films , Essay 963 Words | 3 Pages. March 11, 2010 The Real Shakespeare Essay / Analysis…okay maybe not an essay … Poetry is think local a great way for a person to express . what they are feeling, or what they feel about a certain subject through words. Essay? Following simple guidelines poets are able to local, create poetry that affects the way you may think about a certain topic or might have a strong emotional impact on you. Although there are many poems that can be considered great, only one can be the best . And that poem was written by ends the means William Shakespeare.
Alliteration , Emotion , Iambic pentameter 912 Words | 3 Pages. The Gift of the think local, Magi: Narritive Essay. Theme and side, Narrative Elements: The Gift of the Magi ENG 125: Introduction to Literature Theme and Narrative Elements: The . Gift of the Magi The Gift of the think local, Magi is a short story that was written by William Sydney Porter, better known by his pseudonym O. Henry in 1906. O. Report Of Class Observations Essay? Henry was a prolific author penning many short stories beginning in 1899 until his death in 1910. Act Global? O. Henry is rainy river famous for his trademark surprise endings which he called “snapper” endings (Clugston, 2010) and. Fiction , First-person narrative , Grammatical person 1549 Words | 4 Pages. friend in need is a friend indeed. This famous saying holds true. A true friend never sees only your good days and think, good deeds but he stands by you even on . the of Class Observations Essay, darkest day of your life. Ramu Rao studies in my class.
We have been friends since class two. On many occasions when I would forget my lunch box at home, he has shared his tiffin with me. Think Local Act Global? Once when I nearly fought with the class bully he saved me. He thought that no good would come from rainy river bad actions and to local, get good things in life one must. Affection , Friendship , Homework 1063 Words | 3 Pages. My Best Friends Wedding I am feeling lonely and sad. It is a cold and ends, blustery Wednesday in think November. Tomorrow will be the . Story Gangs Names? first Thanksgiving I have spent without my family.
My boyfriend at think act global the time asks me to come to his house and meet his parents and join them for their thanksgiving feast. Though it is quite a tempting offer, I don’t feel up to ends the means philosophy, that level of social activity, so I politely decline and mention that he and I could have some quite time once he gets back. He seems ok with that. 1995 singles , 2000 singles , 2006 albums 1333 Words | 3 Pages. Thumb wrestling federation Regan Lee Block C/D Paolo!! Paolo! My mother said, Paolo what did I say about think act global watching those thumb . wrestling matches” “come on ma what has thumb wrestling ever done to you” said Paolo “you know what I finally think your old enough to know. Now Paolo you’re Grandfather Enrique you know the man you always see in the means the old pictures well when he was 22 he was drafted into the TWF, he was better known as rumble because of his monstrous thumb. Anyway he was knocking. Animation Collective , Family , Ice cream 1625 Words | 4 Pages. 101 Prof.
Blandford My Space photo essay My space There are many places that I could have used to local, describe . myself. Although there are so many I have three that really describe the person I am. One of these pictures may come to most people as a surprise. Analysis? So here is a few pictures that really describe me. My first picture is act global one of my favorite things to do. This is the birds analysis where people become very surprised with me.
I love to play video games. I even play this stuff for money. My ps3 is think everything to. Backpack , Baseball , Focus 1148 Words | 3 Pages. English 111/03 30 Jan 2013 My Best Memorable Sandwich The best memorable food experience that . I have would be the time that I went to Fuddruckers with my mom, dad, both of my grandmothers and my two brothers. The reason why I say this is because this place was very nice and had the best burgers and sandwiches, so I have heard. As I was walking in the restaurant I started looking at the menu and there was something that had caught my eyes, and west side, that was the grilled chicken breast. Cheese , Chicken , Eating 1067 Words | 3 Pages. REFLECTED BEST SELF EXERCISE Introduction: I am Swapnili Jadhao, student with UTD under Systems Engineering and Management. Think Act Global? I am a simple, . Essay Management? happy and passionate person. I like my work and life.
I enjoy working with people and facing new challenges at work. The exercise of Reflected Best Self helped me to know views of people for me. I really astonished me to think local, know that people value me and expect good and bright future for me. I had asked for on the rainy river archetypes the views from around 15 people and act global, 13 of them were really. Debut albums , Decision making , Friendship 1191 Words | 2 Pages. ? My best friend Sam I go to a school in Sydney, we were sitting in class my friend came to me saying “rami do you . want to go for a smoke at lunch”, I looked at him with anger and didn’t reply he then went and side story gangs names, sat back down in his chair.
When the lunch bell rang Sam pulled out a bottle I thought he would of taken a drink but it was empty he told me to act global, follow him so we went towards the back gate he sat down on of Class Essay, the floor he got a small piece of hose out, I would of never thought Sam would be smoking. Bloods , Crime , Gang 1128 Words | 3 Pages. | My Life | The absolute true story of my life. Local Act Global? | | Malik Flournoy | 8/22/2012 | U.S. History Mueller U.S. River Archetypes? . History Mueller | “Life is only as complicated as you make it,” my mom would always say to me. My life has been great so far, then bad at times. But in retrospect my life may seem better than others. Local Act Global? Although that may be the case, my life isn’t as perfect as it may appear.
Being me I had to ends the means, go through a father-less childhood with a “pop-up father”, brainless injuries. Aerosmith , American films , Debut albums 1195 Words | 4 Pages. Narrative Essay Draft Topic: #3 An experience that helped you discover a principal to live by. Buddha once said, “Instead of judging a man . by local act global his appearance, look inside their heart, and read what it is their soul wrote.” I was raised in a family, which at times, could be very judgmental of people. My family lived in ends philosophy an upper-class neighborhood where there was no poverty or homelessness. My parents made sure my brother and I had all the best clothes, the newest cell phones and laptops, they spent. 2006 albums , Dog food , Girl 1173 Words | 3 Pages. in The Simple Gift ? The Simple Gift by Steven Herrick is a novel told in verse form from varied perspectives of three . individuals who are separated by think contrasting experiences however are connected by similar needs and desires. On The? Their respective experiences are skillfully and credibly interwoven, highlighting their individuality and inter-relationship in which we see dramatic change and think, development in each of the characters through the use of poetic techniques. On The Rainy Archetypes? In The Simple Gift , Herrick uses.
Character , Fiction , Literature 946 Words | 3 Pages. Essay question ‘An individual’s interaction with others and act global, the world around them can enrich or limit their experiences of belonging ’ This . statement has two point of views in which that can relate to the novel ‘ The simple Gift ’ by Steven Herrick and the poem ‘ Refugees blues’ by the birds analysis WH Auden. In the novel ‘ the think local, simple gift ’ conveys in the statement ‘An individual’s interaction with others and the world around them can enrich experiences of belonging’ whereas in the poem ‘ refuges blues’ conveys. Christmas , Christmas carol , Christmas Eve 1414 Words | 4 Pages. story ending with: “…he left and closed the door behind him quietly.” 4) Success comes to those who work hard. Do you agree? 5) Strength 1)Why should . children help their parents at home? 2) Describe the on the rainy archetypes, scene during recess in school 3) Power 4) My life is think a joy 5) Write a story which begins with: “It was a miserable day until the Report, phone rang….” 1) An ideal holiday 2) The benefits of saving when you are young. 3) Social networking brings more harm than good. Discuss. 4) Write a story which.
Fiction , Novel , The Last Five Years 802 Words | 7 Pages. My best friends name is Brittney Lewis. Local? We have been friends since the ninth grade. We have a few things in common, but we're . mostly best friends because opposites attract. Brittney and I met in a Physical Science class we had together. At first we didn't talk very much if at all, but after a while we grew on each other and stated hanging out together. Since then we have remained friends and since shared many things together like good laughs, jobs, and even some times that weren't so good for both. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Mother 983 Words | 3 Pages.
to complex, with all the un essential information Best Used : When you want to sort out a data with full information * Column Charts . Advantages : The data can easily be compared with the other Disadvantages : It is Essay not recommend to compare many values without catagories Best used : When comparing data based on catagories * Bar graph Advantages : Comparing values in large amounts/numbers Disadvantages : No cataories included Best Used : Comparing values in large amounts of data . Chart , Cost-benefit analysis , Costs 629 Words | 3 Pages. contained in a brown paper or paper gift bag. The purpose of the local, outside of the bag is to Observations Essay, interest a classmate to think local act global, want to read your book. The . inside of your bag should include items that you will be able to frames, use to explain important parts of your book. Pick any book that is a comfortable reading level for think local act global you. (You will need to get the approval of your teacher.) Due Date: Monday, February 6th MATERIAL SUGGESTIONS: You will need a clean brown paper or paper gift bag (any size). Names? You will also. Antagonist , Character , Plot 797 Words | 4 Pages.
4. Think Act Global? Does this recipe include a good balance of essential nutrients? Explain your answer. Yes. This recipe only has 120 calories and includes milk and . Rainy River? cheese which are good for the bones and provide vitamins that are healthy. I like to give my children mac and cheese because its kid friendly and I know they are eating a meal that is healthy for them. Local? 5. How could the recipe be altered to on the river, include more essential nutrients? This recipe can be made healthier by local act global substituting the of Class Observations, flour noodles. Eating , Essential nutrient , Food 647 Words | 3 Pages.
Heath and think local act global, I played more than ten years together. He turned into more than a friend, Heath became my brother. I am still waiting for him to show . The Birds? up in the field and think, play another game together. “Play the best game of your life today” he said” we don’t know if we will ever play again tomorrow” Those words are engraved in my head, and I realize the analysis, meaning of local, them now that he is gone. It always crosses my mind where could he be alive or dead, I just want to know about west gangs names him. I also wonder if I will ever. American football , Coming out think local act global, 1321 Words | 4 Pages. DESCRIPTION OF MY BEST FRIEND Azeneth has been my best friend for side gangs the last 6 years. I know her . since I entered high school and act global, since that day we have become the most inseparable friends in the world. I have much affection to frames the theory, her because we have lived many things together, through thick and thin, she always has been there for me when I needed her.
I remember the day I met her, it was the first day of high school and I was very nervous because I did not know anybody from there. I remember that. American films , Black-and-white films , Cake 1128 Words | 3 Pages. why: • Limited discovery which is typically the tradition of arbitration can keep your costs down, but it can also make it more difficult to try the act global, . case effectively. Attorneys can achieve the best results for their clients when they have as much relevant information as they can possibly obtain. The best way to obtain this information is through the the birds, depositions of people with knowledge which is better provided through litigation as opposed to arbitration. • The ability to appeal a decision. Alternative dispute resolution , Arbitral tribunal , Arbitration 1832 Words | 6 Pages. Sanela Orucevic English 101 Argument Essay Final Draft 03/01/13 Most people think that age difference between two people that love each . other won’t work out think, because one of the partners is 18 and the other is under age. Age is nothing but a number and it shouldn’t stop people from the birds analysis being together. Age is a problem to people because they think that there is no way the relationship will work out think local, since one person is immature and the other is an on Small adult and is mature. Age difference between two people.
AIDS , Chlamydia infection , Human sexual behavior 1125 Words | 3 Pages. should have a best friend. Think Local? I am lucky enough to have two! There exists a popular phrase, “dog is Essay mans best friend,” and indeed . Act Global? my dog, Maxwell, is my best friend. Maxwell is a cuddly, 5 year-old cocker spaniel and poodle mixture, weighing in at roughly 20 pounds. In addition, a lovely lady by the name of west side, Jenna Michelle also earns the “ best friend” title in my life. Jenna is a 27 year-old goofy lady who has shown me solid friendship for think the past three years. I spend a majority of my time with both.
Best Friends , Communication , Dog 1138 Words | 3 Pages. firm. At this point, the only good Friar Laurence sees in the relationship is that it could eventually bring together the houses of Capulet and Montague. . This first exposure to the Friar shows his careful, wise manner and his obvious care for Romeo’s best interests. This characterization of Friar Laurence stands firm throughout the on the archetypes, play, as he attempts to guide Romeo and Juliet during their struggles. The next time we meet with Friar Laurence, he is about to perform the think act global, secret wedding ceremony. Characters in Romeo and Juliet , John Gielgud , Juliet Capulet 931 Words | 3 Pages. sufficiency of military equipment and Observations Essay, the confidence of the people in their ruler. Act Global? *Socrates : Socrates believed that the people are work for the . Intelligences? government. They are supposed to obey the orders of the government and serve the government to the best of their abilities. = Socrates believed that the government made people’s lives better, more ordered, and civilized • virtue : = Confucius : several qualities : Ren : kindness / li: courtesy/ xiao: respect for think act global older.
Aristotle , Chinese philosophy , Epistemology 1444 Words | 6 Pages. It is difficult to pin point what day was exactly the happiest in my life. Ends Justify The Means Philosophy? Was it the think local act global, day I met my future husband? The day I . married him? Or the day I became a mother? All of these were extremely happy events in my life, but I am convinced that if it wouldn’t be for the fact I agreed to Report of Class Observations, marry the think, man of my dreams, I would have not experienced the side gangs names, joys of motherhood. For that reason I decided, that the happiest day of my life is my Wedding Day. I always was attracted to brunets with brown eyes, so.
Family , Husband , Marriage 1154 Words | 3 Pages. ?Jazmyne Turner Lydia Gwyn English 111 N4 February 12th, 2015 Dr. Crumpler motivated to change my career goal into becoming a biomedical . Act Global? technologist Dr. The Birds Analysis? Crumpler motivated me to change my career goal into becoming a biomedical technologist. It all started when was reading an article online for act global a black history story for a program at my church on someone famous from the past.
So I decided to do some research about of Class Essay Dr. Rebecca Crumpler. Act Global? I found an article about Dr. Crumpler. On Small Business? Although I could had have. African American , Black people , Rebecca Lee Crumpler 1244 Words | 6 Pages. School ??? Unit IV Lesson 1 ??? ??:______________________ ??: _______________________ ????? Project: Create a voki presentation about your . Think Local? best friend. Requirements: Please describe your best friend and include the following information: ? who he/she is: include name, age, nationality, school…. ? a physical description of on the archetypes, your best friend: use at least eight adjectives. ? his/her hobby (what he/she likes to do ) ? food he/she enjoys ? his/her favorite color ( use … ) ? anything. Christopher Nolan , High school , New Port Richey, Florida 298 Words | 2 Pages. Essay on Mother INTRODUCTION . MOTHER- A GIFT FROM ALLAH MOTHER- THE FIRST AND BEST SCHOOL OF A CHILD MOTHER AND ISLAM MOTHER- OUR BEST COMPANY RESPECT OF A MOTHER CONCLUSION Edwin Hubbell Chapin says, “No language can express the local, power, and beauty, and heroism, and majesty of a mother’s love. It shrinks not where man cowers, and the birds analysis, grows stronger where man.
Love , Mother , Mothers 1107 Words | 3 Pages. You Have Received a Gift of Money. the Money Is Enough to Buy Either a Piece of Jewellery You Like or Tickets to a Concert You Want to Attend. Which Would You Buy? Use Specific Reasons … You have received a gift of act global, money. The money is enough to buy either a piece of jewellery you like or tickets to a concert you want to justify the means, attend. . Which would you buy? Use specific reasons … On my 20th birthday my parents gave me 500 euros to spend however I choose. I couldn’t believe my eyes! There were a lot of things I could buy with 500 euros but about a month ago I had set my eyes on a wonderful piece of jewellery and was determined to buy it. It was an exquisite pearl necklace that would match. Choker , Fashion , Gemstone 942 Words | 3 Pages. Best Place to Live In Canada essay.
? Exam Essay - CGC 1D0 Boucherville, Quebec Maud van Gellecum June 19, 2014 Boucherville, Quebec I have chosen Boucherville to . Think? be the best place to live in Canada. This beautiful city, with a population of 41,928 people, is ends the means philosophy located in the Monteregie region in Quebec, in Canada. It is local act global a suburb of the birds, Montreal and is located on the South shore of the St. Lawrence River. Boucherville was originally founded in 1667 by Pierre Boucher, for whom the think, city was later named.
Over several centuries. American films , Canada , Economics 798 Words | 3 Pages. Name Teacher Comp 1 Octdate My best day ever “Breath Jessica, just breath and give me one more big push.” The doctor said . to me as I try to west names, push my baby out. Moments later we hear it, my baby crying alerting the world that she is here. The birth of my daughter was long and local act global, exhausting. Joseph and I had stayed out late the night before not realizing what we were in for the next morning. As we crawled into bed that night I remember talking to analysis, the little baby in my belly asking for her to stay strong. Caesarean section , Childbirth , Debut albums 959 Words | 3 Pages.
Slogans On India Of My Dreams Essays. Form Bottom of Form Slogans on India Of My Dreams Essays and Term Papers Top of Form Bottom of Form Top of Form Bottom of Form . My India My Dream the dream of every citizen of think act global, a country, to see that the country develops with no negative systems or ideas or beliefs. It is gangs names my dream and my vision that India would be the most powerful and developed nation in the world in near future. Think Act Global? India will be a golden bird of the coming years. The Theory? In my dreams more.
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The Actual Astronomy of 2012 and the. Sacred Triple Rebirth of the Sun. Copyright 2008 by Thomas Razzeto. This is my longest and most detailed astronomy essay. Think Act Global? It is 28 pages! Let's immediately get right to the point by taking a look at what will be in the sky over the Maya at midday on December 21, 2012. Here it is: The sun will be in the middle of the dark rift, the Maya birth canal, on the solstice. The sacred tree will be above the Maya with the sun exactly between Mars and Venus. The astronomy that will unfold in the sky directly over the Maya on the winter solstice of 2012 is the key to Business understanding why the Maya restarted their calendar on that exact day.
Almost all calendars are based on astronomy and it appears that this is also true for the Maya calendar, although in a rather spectacular way! In the above screenshot, we see that the local, sun will be in the middle of the dark rift, the Maya birth canal, on the day of the winter solstice. Later in the theory of multiple intelligences this essay, I will go over act global, why this day can be said to contain the triple rebirth of the sun. We also see that there are four planets forming the horizontal crossbar of the sacred tree and west side, the sun is virtually exactly in the middle of these planets. This is local, also quite significant as to why the Maya picked this exact day to restart their calendar. (The fastest and easiest way to understand this is to read my essay: Why the Maya Picked 2012 . For more complete astronomical details, continue reading below.) We will be using the viewpoint of Management Izapa, Mexico, the birthplace of the Maya Long Count calendar. I think that it is crucial to investigate 2012 from the viewpoint of the Maya themselves but this point is often overlooked by think act global other researchers.
Yes, the actual location of the Maya on the surface of the earth is important when examining the on the archetypes, astronomy and in addition to that, their cultural viewpoint is also very important. Both the calendar and the Maya's timeless metaphorical stories about transformation and rebirth have an astronomical basis to them and this is why understanding the astronomy can be so helpful. While the above screenshot shows what is act global, most important to the Maya, most 2012 researchers talk about something called the on Small Management, “galactic equator” rather than the dark rift. Because of this, I will develop this essay along the think local act global, lines of understanding the shape of the galaxy, the plane of the galaxy and the galactic equator. Once you understand these things, it is only a very small shift from the galactic equator to the dark rift, which is something that the Maya could actually see with the naked eye at certain times of the year. On The? As we will soon find out, focusing on the galactic equator leads us to 1998; focusing on the dark rift leads us to 2012. Do the following two facts pique your interest in 2012? 1) If the Maya intentionally pinpointed the think act global, exact day of the winter solstice in 2012 from over 2,000 years ago, they would have needed to know the length of the year to Report of Class within 45 seconds! (Learn more here) 2) Five cycles of their Long Count calendar add up to the length of the earth's precessional cycle to within one-half of one percent and the Maya often talk about all five cycles!
The first fact comes from think a very simple calculation, as we shall soon see. Gangs? As far as I know, I am the only 2012 researcher that has carried out think local act global, this calculation. Essay On Small? The second fact is well known to all good 2012 researchers but it is still important to state it right up front. As profoundly significant as these two facts are to me, hard-nosed skeptics reduce their significance to absolutely nothing with a shrug of the think act global, shoulders and Essay on Small, a quick, “So what?” To them, it's all just a big coincidence. But what if this was planned?
It seems pretty clear to me that astronomy is at the heart of both the Maya calendar and their metaphorical stories. Think? Because of this, it can be very helpful to learn about this astronomy and this is fun and fairly easy to do as long as we take it a little bit at a time. Even still, you may find yourself pondering this subject more deeply for quite awhile. For me personally, the more I dug into the actual astronomy of 2012, the more mind-blowing it all became! Perhaps you will have a similar experience. I intentionally have my title reflecting both the solid science of 2012 and also its metaphorical aspects in order to let you know that I am not going to “squeeze the wonder and awe out of the event” by “explaining it” with science. While I address the Management, metaphorical and mystical aspects of 2012 much further in my essay Mystical 2012 , here I focus on the details of the actual mainstream astronomy. I include some of my own original research so this essay is not a rehash of what you might have read elsewhere. I also utilize unique presentation tools that I created to help you easily understand the think, material. These tools include pictures, diagrams and of Class Observations Essay, also a simple but very important 3-dimensional model that we will build out of a single sheet of paper and a pencil.
When we put this model into motion, you will see the basic astronomy of 2012 right before your eyes. It is helpful to note that in order to understand the astronomy of 2012, you only act global, need to be concerned with the motion of the earth. This makes understanding the astronomy a lot easier than you might expect. The three motions of the earth that create the special event of 2012 are as follows: It spins on its axis once a day, it orbits the sun once a year and it slowly wobbles on its axis like a top that is not standing straight up once every 26,000 years. These three motions combine to Report Observations Essay create what I call “the sacred triple rebirth of the sun” and we will soon learn much more about think, this. I also want to mention that all the astronomy that I present here is in complete agreement with mainstream science. I am not going to ends introduce or support any unproven theories. While I don't believe that today's mainstream science has all the answers for all subjects, when it comes to the astronomy of 2012, it looks to me like the truth is known. And one of the strongest points that I want to make is that as far as mainstream astronomy goes, the earth is in act global no danger whatsoever. We are not going to fall into a black hole or be inundated with a high level of cosmic rays.
The slow change of the angle of the axis of the Essay on Small Management, earth with respect to the center of the galaxy will have no ill effects. As far as Mother Nature goes, it will be business as usual. The sun will continue to shine, the earth will continue to spin and think, the four seasons will continue to transform from rainy river one into another. And yet the astronomy of 2012 is still quite remarkable. In this essay, we will learn about think local act global, it in two steps. The first step focuses on a unique galactic alignment that already occurred in 1998.
Yes, this much talked about Essay on Small Management, but seldom understood alignment has already happened! We will use our 3-dimensional model along with our pictures and diagrams to create a clear understanding of this event. In the second step, I will present some screenshots from my astronomy software program that depict what will actually happen on the day of the winter solstice of local 2012 to help you see why the Report Observations, Maya picked 2012. By the way, many people are surprised to learn that galactic alignments happen once a year. Yes, they happen simply because the earth orbits the sun as we can see in the diagram below. We will study this diagram in more detail very soon but for right now, let's just take a quick glance. The annual galactic alignment between the earth, the sun and the plane of the galaxy.
Here we see that once a year, the earth orbits up into a position where we can draw a line from the earth through the think act global, sun and into the plane of the galaxy, almost directly towards the center of the galaxy. In the 2012 community, this is commonly called a “galactic alignment,” although that is not a formal astronomical term, and as I just mentioned, it happens once a year. But once every 26,000 years, the alignment happens at virtually the same time as the winter solstice and this is what makes the galactic alignment of 1998 so special. Incidentally, the galactic alignment is sometimes loosely described as the sun lining up with the center of the galaxy. But two points always make a line. When this phrase is used, the earth is implied as the rainy, additional third point required for the alignment.
But more importantly, the act global, alignment happens with the plane of the on the rainy river archetypes, galaxy, not the center of the galaxy, although the center of the galaxy is close, as we see in our diagram above. We will soon learn more about the parts of our galaxy and see more clearly why we need to make a distinction between the center of the think local act global, galaxy and the plane of the galaxy. We will also clearly see the almost exactly simultaneous occurrence of the winter solstice and on the rainy archetypes, the galactic alignment when we build our 3-dimensional model. Since our model only has three parts and since the think local act global, axis of the earth is the only thing in our model that moves, you will easily understand the basic astronomy in just a few minutes. With all this in mind, let's begin by learning about the three parts of our 3-dimensional model starting with the plane of the earth-sun orbit and the earth's axis of rotation. Our 3-dimensional model of the astronomy of 2012. Click to see the video. (1) (Click any footnote number to read it. Return by clicking your Back button.) If you want to be picky, the plane of the galaxy should actually be labeled “angle. of the plane of the galaxy” or “a plane parallel to the plane of the frames of mind the theory of multiple intelligences, galaxy” since.
the plane of the galaxy does not go exactly through the center of the earth. But. this does not change the validity of act global our model since we are interested in the. angles. Because of this, we are not even introducing an approximation. Part 1: The Actual Astronomy and Our 3-Dimensional Model. The Plane of the Earth-Sun Orbit and the Earth's Axis of Rotation. Here is an edge view of the plane of the Essay on Small Management, earth-sun orbit, the ecliptic. The wobble of the axis. The first thing we want to look at is the orbit of the earth around the sun. Imagine the sun in the middle of a big tabletop with the earth always staying on this tabletop as it travels around the sun in its yearly orbit.
This tabletop is called “the plane of the earth-sun orbit” or “the plane of the ecliptic” or more simply, “the ecliptic.” The earth does not bob up and down; its orbit around the think local act global, sun is perfectly flat. At all times, the earth and the sun can be found on this tabletop, on the plane of the on the rainy, ecliptic. As you may know, the earth's axis of rotation is always tilted about 23.5 degrees shy of vertical from this plane and it's this tilt that creates the seasons. When the axis is leaning away from the sun as much as possible, we have the winter solstice and local act global, our shortest day. As the earth continues in its orbit, the axis will no longer point away from the sun as much as possible and the seasons change. When it is leaning towards the sun as much as possible, we have the justify philosophy, summer solstice and our longest day. (2) The Precession of the Earth's Axis of Rotation. In addition to think its motion around the west story, sun, the earth is slowly wobbling much like a spinning top that is not standing straight up.
This is the action of precession and it's what makes the event of act global 2012 unfold as it does. Since the earth is floating in the birds space, this wobble is centered around the center of the earth. In other words, both the north and south pole make circles while the center of the earth remains still relative to these circles. As the axis makes these circles, the tilt remains fixed at 23.5 degrees. From the think local act global, side, it looks like two cones, one right side up and the other upside down with the tips of the two cones touching one another at the center of the earth. We will soon see diagrams of the top cone since we will focus on the northern hemisphere where the archetypes, Maya live. Our 3-D model is act global, also focused on the top cone. It does not show the bottom cone. It takes about 26,000 years for frames the theory of multiple, the axis to make one circle and this long cycle has several names. One of think local them is “the great year.” (3)
Natural Cycles of Rebirth: The Day, the Year and the Great Year. Before we go on, let's review some very familiar natural cycles. As you know, the day is the fastest astronomical cycle and there are four distinct points that naturally divide the day: sunrise, high-noon, sunset and midnight. There are significant physical changes at Observations, each of these points and the sunrise can be seen metaphorically as the rebirth of the sun on a daily time frame. The year is similarly divided into the four seasons by its two solstices and two equinoxes. Something physically significant happens at local act global, each point as we travel in our orbit around the sun. We can look at the winter solstice as the rebirth of the sun on a yearly time frame since the on the river, days will start to grow longer. It turns out that the great year also has four naturally occurring points of distinction and we will clearly see them all in just a few minutes. Local Act Global? Is one of them related to the rebirth of the great year itself? We will look more into this very soon.
I want to again emphasize that these three natural cycles are divided into the means, their four parts in a purely natural manner. Local? In other words, the dividing points are not created by the mind of man; they are shifts in frames the theory of multiple actual astronomical layouts. Now let's learn about the last part of our 3-dimensional model, the plane of the galaxy. Imagine that you step outside one clear night and you see the stars that make up the brightest section of the Milky Way. As you know, this part of the sky is filled with so many stars that it looks like a bright cloudy area with many distinct stars shining here and there. Why does it appear like this? Here we are looking towards the bright center region of our Milky Way galaxy. The dark rift is easily visible. It turns out that our Milky Way galaxy contains hundreds of billions of stars and it's shaped like a huge, flat disk with spiral arms that spin around a bulge in the center. It's like a big pancake with a bump in the middle and local act global, our entire solar system is an ends justify extremely small dot that is in this pancake, just over half way out act global, from the on the river, center. Top view of our galaxy.
Edge view: Telescopic near-infrared image of the think local, center of river archetypes our galaxy from just outside our atmosphere. The dark rift is not visible in this spectrum. Because we are in the pancake, it makes a ring that goes all the way around us. At any time of the think, year, given good viewing conditions, we can always see a section of the Milky Way. When we look towards the center of our galaxy, we are looking into the thickest part of the Essay Business Management, Milky Way and the event of think local 2012 is concerned with this section of the sky, the brightest section of the Milky Way. Interstellar dust blocks some of the light from certain parts of this region and this creates an river archetypes interesting pattern in think local act global the Milky Way called “the dark rift.” This dust is not in our atmosphere; it is frames of mind the theory of multiple, scattered throughout deep space between us and the center of the galaxy and the Maya metaphorical stories speak specifically about this area of the act global, sky. From the northern hemisphere, the summer midnight sky offers the best view of the center of the galaxy. On the ends philosophy, other hand, during the winter, the sun is constantly near the center of the galaxy and act global, the sun obscures the brightest section of the Milky Way with its brightness. Report Of Class Essay? In other words, during the winter, the center of the galaxy is always in act global the sky during the day. (By the way, since the Maya live in the northern hemisphere, I will often make statements based on that viewpoint.) I bring this up because on December 21, 2012, the sun will travel along its regular path and everything will appear to be perfectly normal yet if we could push a magic button and make it so that we could see both the sun and frames the theory of multiple intelligences, the stars around it, we would clearly see the sun moving near the brightest section of the Milky Way, right across the middle of the think local, dark rift. We'll learn more about rainy, that very soon.
Now, if you can imagine our galaxy, our pancake, being flattened all the way, you'd be left with something called “the mid-plane of the galaxy.” This is also known as the local act global, plane of the galaxy or the galactic plane. From our viewpoint on earth, we are always looking into the edge of this plane so we “see” it as a line. This line is called the galactic equator since it simply divides the Milky Way into two equal halves. In this way, we can picture the galactic equator as a line in the sky drawn through the middle of the stars of the Milky Way, very near the middle of the on the rainy river archetypes, dark rift. Astronomers have precisely defined the position of the galactic equator and you can see it marked on many star charts because it is part of the fixed background of the stars. Think? Since the Report of Class Observations Essay, dark rift is irregularly shaped, it has no precisely defined midline.
If we focus on the part of the dark rift that the sun travels across and pick the think act global, mid-point of that crossing, that mid-point would be within about a quarter of ends a degree from the galactic equator. Since the sun's diameter is about a half of a degree, we see that the galactic equator is fairly close to the middle of the dark rift. This is the approximate location of the galactic equator. As the night unfolds and. the earth rotates, the angle it makes with the horizon will change significantly.
I am using the local, word “see” a little loosely. West Story Gangs Names? It's like seeing the equator of the earth. Obviously, there isn't a line painted on the ground at the equator of the earth but the think, nature of the earth's equator does gives rise to a precisely located imaginary reference line. So it is with the west side, galactic equator; it can't be seen yet it is precisely located. As I mentioned earlier, in order to understand the astronomy of 2012, you only need to be concerned with the motion of the earth. Now of course, everything in the galaxy is flying through space in think local different directions and at tremendous speeds but the distances are so vast that the relative motion is too slow to make any difference at all with regards to what we see happening around 2012. While the Big Dipper is not specifically a part of 2012, let's use it as an example of things appearing to be fixed from our viewpoint on earth. Ends? In reality, the stars that make up the Big Dipper are moving rapidly in different directions. But it will take many thousands of years for the shape to change significantly. The same can be said about all the background stars. While it is true that in act global the very distant future, all the of mind, stars will be in new locations and all the constellations will have new shapes, for act global, our purposes, they can be considered fixed in their locations.
This means that for our study of 2012, we can focus our attention strictly on the motion of the earth. Before we move on to our next topic, I want to mention that our entire solar system orbits the center of the galaxy approximately once every 250 million years but this has nothing to do with the event of rainy river 2012. Yet I often hear people say that as our entire solar system moves around the center of the think act global, galaxy, it will move through the mid-plane of the galaxy in 2012. While the entire solar system does indeed bob up and down across the mid-plane of the galaxy as it orbits the center, the ends, time frame for this is extremely long and it is not going to happen again for about 30 million years. Local? This real crossing of the galactic mid-plane is being confused with an apparent crossing that will indeed be seen from earth in 2012.
But the crossing in 2012 is only a visual illusion and analysis, we will learn more about act global, that very soon. (4) The Fixed Background Stars of the Zodiac. The zodiac is a band of stars surrounding the solar system. On The Rainy River Archetypes? It's in the plane of the earth-sun. orbit, the ecliptic. Act Global? The earth is the only thing in this diagram that moves.
In order to understand 2012, it is Report Observations Essay, helpful to understand the zodiac, so here's a little information. Throughout the year, as the earth orbits the sun, you can draw a line from the earth through the sun and out into the background stars that surround the solar system. All these stars are on our big tabletop, the plane of the ecliptic, and can be considered fixed in their positions. As the year unfolds, we change our point of think act global view, and, looking away from the sun at night, we eventually get to see all the Essay on Small Business Management, stars that lie in this big circle. This circular band of stars is known as the zodiac and it's divided into twelve regions. The most distinct constellation in each region has a name, such as Leo, Virgo, Libra and so forth. Of course you recognize them as the signs of the zodiac.
As you look down on our tabletop, the plane of the ecliptic, you can imagine this huge circle of the zodiac surrounding our solar system with the twelve signs in their fixed positions. The circle of the think, zodiac is much larger than the circle of the earth's orbit since the Essay, stars are so far away. By the way, the solar system is pretty flat. In other words, the think local act global, orbits of almost all the planets are close to the orbital plane of the earth around the sun. (5) Additionally, the moon's orbit around the earth is also near the plane of the earth's orbit. This means that you can draw a line from the earth through Jupiter, for example, and then out to one of the constellations of the zodiac.
This is why you hear people say that Jupiter is in Gemini, for example. You can do this with the sun, the moon or any of the other planets. Frames Of Multiple Intelligences? In the picture above, the think, sun is in Leo. One month later, the earth will move around in rainy river archetypes its orbit and the sun will be seen in Virgo. But it is the earth that has moved, not the sun! As I mentioned before, the plane of the galaxy, which includes the center of the galaxy, is part of the background stars and therefore fixed in its position. As it turns out, the direction towards the center of the galaxy is always towards Sagittarius. This does not change as the think local act global, earth changes it's position in its orbit around the sun since the center of the justify, galaxy is extremely far away.
In other words, the diameter of the earth's orbit is microscopic compared to the distance to the center of the galaxy. (6) All this leads us to the subject of the annual galactic alignment, which, as you might expect, always happens when the sun is in Sagittarius. In our picture of the zodiac above, this will happen in about four months. Now let's take a closer look at this alignment. The annual galactic alignment between the earth, the sun and the galactic plane. First, let's consider our two planes: the plane of the galaxy and the plane of the earth-sun orbit. It turns out that they are not parallel planes; they intersect each other at an angle of 60 degrees. This angle never changes. Think Local Act Global? (7) In our model, as we shall soon see, this intersection is the crease in our folded paper and in our diagram above, we see it as the blue dotted line. The diameter of the the birds analysis, earth's orbit around the sun is greatly exaggerated so that you can see this important layout. You quickly see that once a year the earth orbits up into a position where you can draw a line from the earth, along the crease, through the sun and into the plane of the galaxy, almost directly towards the center of the galaxy.
This is the annual galactic alignment and you can see from the layout why it repeats itself every year. For our purposes, it's helpful to remember that the earth is the only thing in act global this picture that moves since the orbit of the on the river, solar system around the act global, center of the galaxy is too slow to matter. Notice what happens 6 months after the alignment. At that time, the Management, earth will have the center of the galaxy behind it as you draw a line from the earth, through the sun, along the local, crease and out the ends the means philosophy, other edge of the plane of the think local act global, galaxy, the on the, shorter edge that faces away from the center. While this alignment is also with the think local act global, galactic equator, it's not near the center of the Essay on Small Business Management, galaxy and local, therefore has nothing to analysis do with the special event of 2012. The important point is that once a year, the think act global, earth orbits into the special position that creates the galactic alignment and once every 26,000 years, this happens at virtually the same moment as the winter solstice. This was the case in 1998 as shown by the work of Belgium astronomer Jean Meeus. Now let's examine another diagram that shows the view looking right along the Essay on Small Business Management, intersection of the two planes at the time of the alignment. Local? Again, the diameter of the earth's orbit around the sun, shown as the yellow dashed line, is greatly exaggerated. Our model in the sky at the time of the annual galactic alignment.
The crease is. always pointing about six degrees away from the center of the galaxy. Here we see that when we look exactly along the crease, we see the galactic equator, not the Observations, center of the galaxy, although the center of the think act global, galaxy is somewhat nearby. It is west side, only about six degrees away from think local act global being aligned with the earth and the sun and ends philosophy, this angle never changes. (Note: The path of the sun crossing the galactic equator looks the same every year. In other words, there will not be a year when the sun travels closer to the center of the galaxy, as some people seem to think local act global suggest. This confusion arises because on the day of the winter solstice in 2219, the sun will be closer to the center of the galaxy than any other winter solstice date since the Report Essay, sun will be higher on the dashed yellow line in act global the above diagram. On the day of the winter solstice in 2219, the line you draw from the sun towards the center of the galaxy will be perpendicular to the dashed yellow line hence the shortest distance. But on the day of the winter solstice in 2219, there will not be a galactic alignment for precisely the same reason: the sun will be higher on the dashed yellow line away from the west side, galactic equator.) So we see that the galactic alignment is correctly stated as being between the earth, the local act global, sun and the galactic equator rather than the center of the galaxy.
Nevertheless, when we look in justify philosophy the general direction of the crease, we will always see the Milky Way and the region of the sky around the local act global, center of the Essay, galaxy if we have good viewing conditions and the sun is not obscuring them with its brightness. The Annual Galactic Alignment - The Pancake and the Coin. The annual galactic alignment is so central to 2012 that I want to go over it again with two other ways of visualizing it. The first way will look very much like our previous diagram, the one titled, “The Annual Galactic Alignment.” Let's use a coin to think represent the ends the means, plane of the earth-sun orbit. The sun is at the center of the act global, coin and the earth orbits around the edge of the coin. First, pretend that the the theory, plane of the earth-sun orbit is not tilted and local act global, that the coin and the plane of the galaxy, our pancake, are both flat and level with the coin inside the pancake. Put the center of the coin, our sun, a little more than half way out from the center of the side story gangs, pancake. Now tilt one edge of the coin up 60 degrees, 30 degrees shy of straight up, while tilting the opposite edge of the coin down 60 degrees. Notice that this causes the coin and the pancake to intersect and that that intersection is local act global, a line.
Make sure that you have the center of the coin a little more than half way out from the center of the Business, pancake and the line of think act global intersection pointing approximately towards the the means, center of the pancake, about six degrees to the left of the center of the local, pancake. Again, this direction never changes. Now let's imagine that the earth is at the bottom of the coin. If we draw a line from the earth through the sun, it will continue out the gangs names, top of the pancake and into deep space. Act Global? There's not much of Essay Business interest at this time. Three months later, however, the earth will orbit up and out into a position where we can draw a line from the earth, through the sun and into the pancake, through the edge of the pancake, almost directly towards the center of the pancake. Think Local Act Global? Notice that this line will be exactly along the crease, the Essay on Small Management, intersection of our coin and think, our pancake and that we again have a galactic alignment.
The Annual Galactic Alignment - The Big Room and story, the Zodiac. Now let's go through this annual galactic alignment again but on a bigger scale and with our tabletop, the plane of the earth-sun orbit, flat and level rather than having the pancake flat and think, level. It doesn't matter which plane we have flat and level as long as we keep the angle between them at 60 degrees. So let's imagine our tabletop in the middle of a big room with the sun in the center and on the, the earth going around it flat and level. Viewed from above, looking down on the north pole, the earth is traveling counterclockwise and the sun is staying in its fixed position. As before, the earth is the only thing in this picture that will move. Imagine that the room does not have four walls but instead is surrounded by one circular wall with the constellations of the zodiac painted in their fixed positions.
Now, paint a somewhat vertical line on the wall. This line is the plane of the galaxy seen on its edge, the galactic equator. To get the correct angle for this line, move the top part to the left so that the galactic equator is 30 degrees shy of straight up. This line should be near the constellation of Sagittarius but you don't really need to concern yourself with its precise location, you only need to realize that it is present and think local, fixed in its position. Now examine the situation as the earth orbits the story gangs names, sun.
Let's draw a line from the earth through the sun and into the background stars of the zodiac. Let's call this line “the line of conjunction.” You will notice that the line of conjunction sweeps around the room such that once a year, it points right at the galactic equator, our painted line on the wall. Think Act Global? So we again see that at this time, the line of conjunction goes from the earth, through the sun, right along the crease, the intersection of our two planes, and into the birds, the plane of the galaxy. As this line of conjunction sweeps across the plane of the galaxy, the disk of the act global, sun appears to move from Business Management one side of the plane of the galaxy to the other, as seen from the earth. Think Local Act Global? Due to the size of the disk and the speed of the orbit of the earth, this crossing takes just about Essay Business Management, 15 hours. As you might imagine, the alignment happens at the middle of this crossing. By the way, six months after this crossing, the sun crosses back to the other side of the galactic plane but this crossing takes place with the shorter part of the plane of the galaxy, the part that faces away from the center of the local, galaxy, so it is not involved in 2012. I want to again point out that the of mind of multiple, center of the galaxy is on the line made by the plane of the galaxy. It's below the point of intersection by about six degrees. So again, when we look along the crease, we see the plane of the galaxy, not the center of the galaxy.
The Key: Our 3-Dimensional Model in Action. Now that we have covered the basics, it is time for us to build our 3-dimensional model. (Technically speaking, the plane of the galaxy is should actually be labeled “angle. of the plane of the galaxy” but this does not change the think act global, validity of our model.) Take a sheet of paper and fold it in half. Then place it on the table and open it up a little more than half way. The half that's lying on the table represents the plane of the earth-sun orbit. The other half represents the plane of the galaxy. Again, the crease in Essay the paper points almost directly towards the center of the galaxy. Note that we have rotated the previous two diagrams clockwise 60 degrees to make the plane of the earth-sun orbit flat and level, which makes the think, plane of the galaxy come in at a 60 degree angle, 30 degrees shy of straight up.
We will be focusing on the precession of the earth's axis of rotation and this is archetypes, a better view for that. Local Act Global? Again, it doesn't matter which plane we consider flat and level as long as we keep the angle between them at 60 degrees. I should point out that the neither the sun nor the earth is exactly on the plane of the galaxy, they are both a little bit above it. Some people think that this invalidates our model but when we look more closely, we can see why our model is still perfectly valid. Technically speaking, the plane of the galaxy is should actually be labeled “angle of the plane of the galaxy” rather than just the Report Essay, “plane of the galaxy.” Or it could be labeled “a plane that is parallel to think local the plane of the galaxy.” But a parallel plane does not change any of the angles at all. And since we are only analysis, interested in the angles, we are not even introducing an approximation. This can be seen in the diagram below. Just imagine a line parallel to the plane of the galaxy and notice that the angle between this line and the axis of the earth is unchanged.
Because of this, I will continue to act global use the simpler term “plane of the ends justify philosophy, galaxy” rather than “a plane that is parallel to the plane of the galaxy” or “the angle of the plane of the galaxy.” As you have seen, we are going to use a pencil to represent the earth's axis of local act global rotation. Take the pencil and west names, put one end in the middle of the crease and keep it there. Local? This point is the center of the earth. Stand the pencil up about 23 degrees shy of river vertical and make the top of the pencil go around in a circle while maintaining the 23-degree tilt.
By the way, as you look down on think act global, our model from Essay on Small Management above, you should make the pencil go around in think local act global a clockwise direction. Again, imagine that one time around takes 26,000 years. I encourage you to actually build this simple model and examine it closely as you move the top of the pencil around in the birds a circle. Now let's consider what this looks like from the front. Looking directly at the front of our model, we see the cone of precession. This diagram looks at the front of our 3-dimensional model and local, allows you to see the cone of precession. The tip of the cone is the analysis, center of the earth and it is always on the crease. You are looking directly along the crease in such a way that it only appears as a dot: the intersection of the plane of the galaxy and the plane of the earth-sun orbit. (The crease is not the local act global, vertical dashed line.
That line just helps you see the the theory of multiple intelligences, tilt of the earth's axis.) You can see that since the earth's axis is tilted 23 degrees shy of straight up and since the galactic plane is 30 degrees shy of straight up, there is a time during the precessional cycle when the axis of the think, earth is rainy archetypes, almost directly aligned with the plane of the local act global, galaxy. It only the theory of multiple intelligences, misses by 7 degrees. This is when the pencil is closest to the folded half of the paper and will happen in 6,500 years. You can also see that there is local, a time when the pencil is pointing away from the plane of the on the rainy archetypes, galaxy as much as possible. Act Global? At this time it misses by 53 degrees, which is Essay Business, 7+23+23. (Note that here we are talking about the plane of the act global, galaxy and not the Report Essay, center of the galaxy.) This occurred 6,500 years ago and this is think local act global, where the pencil is in the above photograph of of Class Observations Essay our 3-dimensional model. Next, let's consider the most important view: what it looks like from above. Looking down on our model, we see the circle of precession and the four parts of the great year.
This diagram looks down on our 3-dimensional model from above and allows you to see the circle of precession. Basically we see that twice during the cycle of precession, the axis is directly over think local, the crease and twice the axis is exactly perpendicular to the crease. These positions are marked by the four points of distinction as shown by the small orange circles. They naturally and of multiple intelligences, equally divide the great year into four periods of approximately 6,500 years. These points are not artificially created by the mind of man. They are as natural as sunrise, high-noon, sunset and act global, midnight or the points that divide the Report Observations Essay, year into the four seasons. To get a feel for think local act global, how slowly precession unfolds, imagine that the circle is made out of 26,000 equally spaced dots and imagine that each year the top of the pencil moves to the next dot. Now, let's take a closer look at the position of the of mind the theory of multiple intelligences, axis in mid-1998. Local Act Global? Since the Essay on Small Business, axis moves so slowly, let's start by imagining that the axis will be virtually directly over the crease during the entire year.
While the year unfolds, the winter solstice will occur and this means that the local, axis will also be pointing away from the sun as much as possible since this is what makes the of Class Observations Essay, winter solstice. Think Local Act Global? This means that on this day the gangs, sun will also be on the crease and that you will be able to draw a line from the center of the earth, which is the center of the circle, up along the act global, crease through the names, center of the local, sun and then out through the plane of the galaxy! This is why the moment of the winter solstice and the moment of the galactic alignment come together near the time when the axis is over the crease. When we take into account that the axis was over the crease in mid-1998 and not during the entire year, we see that both 1997 and 1998 had these two events happening very near each other. It turns out that they happened within about 9 minutes of each other for both 1997 and 1998.
Upon very close inspection, it turns out that 1998 is the year that these two events are the closest but 1997 only differs by river archetypes less than approximately one minute. (8) It is important to note that without the galactic plane, which makes the think, crease, each and every point on the entire circle of Report of Class precession would look basically the same. There would be no naturally occurring points of think local distinction. But when we add the Essay Business Management, galactic plane to our model, we see that this gives rise to the four naturally occurring points that we are talking about. Several Ways to Think About the think, Special Alignment of 1998. Our paper and of mind the theory of multiple intelligences, pencil model gives us a great way to clearly see the local act global, axis in its position over the crease. I think this is the best way to understand the alignment of 1998 but there are others.
A common way, as we will soon see, is to look behind the sun every winter solstice. For each year as 1998 approached, the center of the sun moved closer to the galactic equator at story gangs, the moment of the local, winter solstice. For 1999 and the birds analysis, each year thereafter, the center of the sun has moved farther away from the galactic equator at the exact moment of the winter solstice. In the next 13,000 years, the “solstice sun” will continue to think move farther away from the galactic equator. In the 13,000 years after that, the conditions will shift and Essay Business, it again will move closer. Yet another way to look at this event is to stay focused on the yearly conjunction of the earth, the think local, sun and on Small Business, the plane of the galaxy and examine the think local, direction of the tilt of the earth's axis. You only analysis, examine the angle once a year during the conjunction. Once every 26,000 years, the think act global, angle of the axis will create the winter solstice and we again have this special event. If you understand why all three ways are equivalent, you really do understand the basic astronomy very well. For many of ends justify the means you, this solid astronomical foundation will be sufficient and you may choose not to dig any deeper.
Dwelling on the simple beauty of just this can be quite fulfilling. Yet in my opinion, some of the act global, more detailed aspects of the the birds, special event of 2012 are quite amazing. If you are inspired, I invite you to continue. You won't be disappointed! A Deeper Understanding of the Sacred Triple Rebirth of the Sun. Five cycles of the Maya calendar add up to the great year.
As you may know, the Maya used several different calendars for business, social, scientific, and religious purposes. It is their Long Count calendar, which is over five thousand years long, that is restarting on December 21, 2012. I want to point out local, that many researchers say that the Long Count calendar ends on that date, rather than restarts on it. Yet after careful analysis, it is clear to me that that date marks the birth of a new calendar cycle. Observations Essay? In other words, December 20, 2012 is the last day of the cycle that we are currently in and December 21, 2012 is the first day of the next cycle since the calendar is continuous and just starts again the next day. So the Maya are linking that particular winter solstice with the start of a new calendar cycle. Michael Coe and others traced the act global, origin of the Long Count calendar back over 2,000 years to the little-known pre-Maya site of Izapa in the southernmost tip of frames of mind Mexico, near the Pacific Ocean, south of present day Chiapas. (Don't confuse Izapa, pronounced es-AH-pa, with Ixtapa, pronounced eeks-TAH-pa, which is up the Pacific coast.) In Izapa, we find more than sixty carved stone monuments that display ancient esoteric cosmology. Even though it appears most likely that the Olmec, rather than the Maya, created the Long Count calendar, I will be like everyone else and continue to call it the Maya calendar. (9)
In Izapa, we also find a supremely important ball court. It is long and narrow and it points towards the location on the horizon where the sun will rise on the day of the winter solstice and it has been doing this like clockwork for think local, thousands of years. As you may know, the frames the theory, sun does not rise from the same location everyday. On the summer solstice, it rises from its northernmost point and on the winter solstice, it rises from the southernmost point. During the year, it swings back and forth between these two points. So we see that the ball court marks the location of the southernmost sunrise. At one end of the ballcourt, there is think act global, a throne, which gives the king the best view of Essay Business Management this special sunrise.
On the front of this throne is a carving of think local a large round ball, symbolic of the frames of multiple intelligences, sun in the birth canal coming forth into think local act global, our world. This is just one of the many examples that demonstrate the importance of the winter solstice and the fact that the west story names, Maya saw it as a rebirth. In addition to think act global that, there are many non-astronomical metaphors in Izapa that also point to transformation and rebirth but since this essay focuses on the astronomy so I will just continue. It certainly is ends the means, not a coincidence that the ball court points towards the winter solstice sunrise. Likewise, I don't think that it's just a coincidence that the calendar also restarts exactly on a winter solstice. The Long Count calendar is 5,125 years long. Five cycles of the Long Count calendar add up to the great year to within one-half of one percent and the Maya show all five cycles in local act global their artwork and talk about them in the birds their folklore. (See the five-pointed star above.) Notice that the Maya have gone through less than one Long Count. What is most interesting is that they did not start using it as if they were on the first day. It appears that it was shifted intentionally in order to place its restart date exactly on the winter solstice of 2012.
In other words, the error of one-half of one percent did not come into play at all and they are pointing to the exact day that they want. Act Global? Yes, the exact day! So this brings us back to December 21, 2012, which is the winter solstice. To correctly pinpoint a winter solstice from several thousand years away shows a precise understanding of the length of the year. And again, the length of the Report of Class Essay, Long Count calendar clearly demonstrates knowledge of the think local, length of the great year. So it seems to me that the Maya are saying, “Yes, we understand the year and yes, we understand the great year.
We have extremely precise values for both.” But it even goes beyond that. Frames Of Mind Of Multiple Intelligences? By picking the year 2012, they also show that they knew where they were in local the precessional cycle. It is this complete understanding of the rhythms of nature that allowed the Maya to create their calendar. At it's heart is the sacred triple rebirth of the sun. Let's take a closer look. The Sacred Triple Rebirth of the story gangs, Sun. It is my opinion that the think local, special event of 2012 is the sacred triple rebirth of the sun. Let's go over these rebirths one at a time.
Everyday when the on Small Management, sun sets, it goes below the horizon, seemingly under the ground of the earth, and we are left to endure a dark, cold night. Metaphorically, it can be said that the sun leaves our world and act global, travels into the underworld, where it is said to be dead for the duration of the night. Yet at dawn, it rises above the ground and Essay on Small Business Management, is reborn into our world bringing forth the light and heat we all need to stay alive. Obviously, if the sun would no longer rise, all of life would perish and because of act global this, the sun has been used for thousands of years by cultures all around the world as a symbol of the Creator's sustaining love. Since the sunrise is so frequent, it is often taken for granted, but all of of mind the theory intelligences us of course know that this rebirth is truly vital. In addition to that, sunrises are often quite beautiful.
In fact, this astronomical shift can be one of nature's most dramatic display of beauty with its blaze of think act global red and pink, yellow and gold. Ends Justify? This is the shift that naturally awakens us from think our slumber. Next is the winter solstice, which can be seen as the rebirth of the sun in the time frame of the year since the length of the day will now start to grow longer. If the days were to continue to grow shorter, the cold winter would only tighten its grip and we would all perish. Essay Business Management? So this rebirth is also vital. Our comfortable homes insulate us from the long, harsh winter nights but when you think of both the daily and yearly rebirths from the perspective of cultures with significantly less physical comfort, you can appreciate that these rebirths of the sun would be experienced in a very tactile way. Add to that the act global, rhythm of the harvest and you can certainly understand the strong motivation to celebrate these turning points in the cycles of time. With excellent viewing conditions, which the Essay on Small Business Management, Maya certainly had, it is possible to easily see the bright section near the center of the galaxy without a telescope, although the dark rift intrudes into it. For the Maya, the massive ball of bright lights at the center of the galaxy was seen as the pregnant belly of the mother of creation and the dark rift was seen as the galactic birth canal. In this way, the third rebirth occurs when the sun moves into the middle of the dark rift and this can be referred to as the galactic rebirth and it happens once a year.
So the three rebirths of the sun can be referred to as the daily rebirth, the solstice rebirth and the galactic rebirth. Think? A triple rebirth of the sun occurs in frames of mind the theory of multiple intelligences the years around 2012 when all three rebirths happen on the same calendar day. By the way, the solstice rebirth happens once every tropical year and the galactic rebirth happens once every sidereal year. A sidereal year is about 20 minutes longer than a tropical year and think local, this difference is caused by the slow wobble of the on Small Business Management, earth's axis. Local? This is what causes these two rebirths to come together in the years around 2012. I will go into frames of mind, this more in just a minute but for right now, let's just continue. Now let's take a look at what I call the galactic crossing of 2012.
On December 21, 2012, the sun will appear to cross both the middle of the dark rift and the galactic equator. While I think that the Maya focused on the middle of the dark rift for their rebirth metaphor, the following section will focus on the galactic equator but bear in mind that it is only a slight shift from the galactic equator to the middle of the dark rift. Again, the reason that I am covering this material by focusing on think act global, the galactic equator is because almost all other 2012 researchers focus on analysis, the galactic equator so by understanding the following material, you will be able to understand these other researchers. Throughout the year, due to the orbit of the earth around the sun, from the viewpoint of earth, the sun appears to be continuously moving slowly against the background stars and it is think, this apparent motion that creates a visual illusion of the sun crossing the galactic equator since the galactic equator is part of the fixed background of the stars. As I already mentioned, this crossing takes about 15 hours and the midpoint of the crossing is a perfect alignment of the earth, the sun and the galactic equator. Again, if we could push a button and make it so that we could see both the sun and the birds, the stars during this time, we would see the sun appear to cross the local, galactic equator very near the middle of the on the rainy archetypes, dark rift of the Milky Way.
Please note that from the viewpoint of the Maya, both the local act global, background stars containing the galactic equator and the sun appear to move in side the sky from think left to right due to the spinning of the earth. But the apparent motion of the sun is not as fast as the background stars due to the counteracting effect of the of mind the theory intelligences, orbit of the earth around the sun. This results in the sun moving from right to left against the background stars and this makes the sun appear to cross the galactic equator. Let's take a look. The following simple exercise will help you correctly understand this crossing. Think Local Act Global? Hold your left arm straight out with your thumb straight up. Your thumb will be like the ends justify the means philosophy, galactic equator.
Imagine it to think local act global be very far away. Now, close one eye and hold your right index finger straight up about halfway between your thumb and your open eye. Of Mind? Make it so that your finger appears just to the right of your thumb. Your finger will be like the sun. Now, without moving either your thumb or your finger, move your eye from your left to your right.
Your eye is like the earth orbiting the sun. You will see your finger appear to move from the right side of your thumb to the left side of your thumb. This is just like the sun crossing the galactic equator. At the peak of the crossing, your eye is perfectly lined up with your finger and your thumb. While the alignment is real, it is an illusion that your finger moves across your thumb; only your eye is moving, not your finger. So it is with the sun crossing the galactic equator; only the earth is moving, not the sun. Since this point is so important and so often misunderstood, I want to be perfectly clear: the think act global, sun does not actually cross the ends justify philosophy, galactic equator, it only appears to do so from our viewpoint on earth. The sun crossing through this region of the Milky Way was seen by think the Maya as father sun mating with the on the river archetypes, galactic mother. In 2012, this special lovemaking results in the birth of what the Maya called “a new world age,” which is represented by think act global a new cycle of the Long Count calendar. Yes indeed, lovemaking and creation is at the core of the birds 2012, not death and destruction.
Now let's take a look at think local, what will actually unfold in the sky above the Maya in Izapa, Mexico, which is in west side story Central Time. What Will Actually Happen on December 21, 2012. Venus will start things off by local rising above the justify philosophy, horizon at 4:46 AM. It will be extremely easy to see in local act global the black predawn sky and it will lead the sacred tree on its journey across the west story names, sky throughout this special day. The fact that Venus will rise before the sun should not be taken lightly with regards to the question of why the Maya picked 2012. Jim Reed, editor of the Institute of Maya Studies’s newsletter, said: I think it is important that they chose a date of a winter solstice and think, a. winter solstice when Venus would rise up before the sun. Venus is there.
to witness the rebirth. Yes, of course the Maya would have had a vision that included the planets, especially Venus, which they tracked with a very precise calendar. The Maya were so concerned about story names, Venus that they could even predict when it would pass as a black dot across the face of the sun. This is called a Venus transit and there will be one in June 2012. Now, let's get back to the unfolding of the day. At 5:11 AM, the think local act global, moment of the winter solstice will arrive and the sun will be reborn with the days becoming longer. Mercury will rise at 5:23 AM and it will be visible even with dawn's increasing light. It will be the second object on the sacred tree. Next, the sun will enter our world with a blaze of the birds analysis color at 6:29 AM to become the most important object on the sacred tree. Obviously, by this time, the local act global, sky will be so bright that both Mercury and Venus will be obscured from Essay Management view but nonetheless, they will continue their journey across the sky. Pluto, which is never visible to the naked eye, will rise at 7:03 AM and finally Mars will rise at 8:24 AM, making it the last object on the sacred tree.
Notice that the sun will rise 103 minutes after Venus and that Mars will rise 115 minutes after the sun. This means that the sun will be close to the middle of these two planets! (10) A few hours later, at 10:05 AM, the center of the sun will be exactly on the galactic equator. This is the galactic alignment of 2012 and the peak of the local, celestial love making! This is the of Class Observations Essay, moment of cosmic orgasms! Screenshot showing the center of the sun exactly on the galactic equator. [ Note to astronomers : I used The Sky version 6 for this screenshot BUT this version has a bug regarding the location of the galactic equator. While there is no doubt that The Sky locates the galactic equator incorrectly, I can only speculate what the act global, problem is. In this regard, it seems to me as if The Sky is locating the galactic equator with B1950 coordinates rather than the correct J2000 coordinates since the error amounts to what one would see if that were the Report Observations, case. It is important to local note that since the side story gangs names, galactic equator is act global, a precisely located imaginary reference line and not a visible object, this error has gone undetected.
No one could ever look into their telescope and noticed that it was incorrectly located. To determine the precise time that the center of the sun will be on the galactic equator, I used the NASA JPL Ephemeris online calculator called “Horizons” and looked for a galactic latitude (GlxLat) of zero degrees. At some point in the future, I may post all my work showing the exact details but for right now, I will just give the Business, results as shown. Horizons is an excellent tool but its results are in local table format with cryptic labels and this is Report Observations, not ideal for the general public. That is think act global, why I use the Horizons data but the screenshot from The Sky. The screenshot is valid as an image but if I were to show the Observations, date and time, the time would be inaccurate. So I just show the image and omit the date and act global, time.] The next moment that I want to present is the moment when sacred tree is at its highest point of the day. It is at this time that the sacred tree is properly oriented in the sky over the Maya. Ends Justify The Means? The sun and the four planets are virtually exactly horizontal.
This is act global, what we saw at the very beginning of this essay. Let's take another look. The sun will be in the middle of the dark rift, the Maya birth canal, on the solstice. The sacred tree will be above the Maya with the analysis, sun exactly between Mars and Venus. While I have already mentioned the sacred tree several times, let's go into it a bit more right now. Act Global? The sacred tree is in the Maya folklore and other cultures around the Report Essay, world also concern themselves with it. Local? It has several names such as “the sacred cross,” “the tree of life,” “the sacred tree of life,” and “the world tree.” The Maya sacred tree has been shown to be an astronomical reference to the cross made by the galactic equator and the ecliptic near the center of the galaxy. (The ecliptic is the analysis, path of the sun, as seen from earth.) It is important to note that the sacred tree is think local, part of the fixed background of the stars; its shape and location with respect to the other stars never change.
Yet in the eyes of the Maya, things might have been slightly different. As we have already seen, it looks like the Essay on Small Management, galactic equator goes very near the middle of the dark rift. This creates some uncertainty with regards to what the Maya were really talking about. When you take into consideration that you can actually see the dark rift and that you cannot see the galactic equator as such since it is an imaginary line, it makes sense that the Maya were referring specifically to the dark rift rather than the galactic equator. Likewise, the other part of the sacred tree might not be restricted to the razor thin line of the ecliptic. Act Global? While the sun always moves exactly along the ecliptic, the planets also move along the ecliptic, although not necessarily exactly on it. Because of this, the Maya might instead have been referring to of mind the theory the “road” that the sun and all the planets travel on think act global, since this is what the Maya actually witnessed. This slightly broader path would be quite useful for their metaphor. In this way, the sacred tree might be better stated as the cross made by the dark rift and the path made by the sun and the planets rather than the galactic equator and the ecliptic, although these two phrases amount to the birds very nearly the local, same thing.
By the way, notice that the philosophy, tree of life is made up of one crossbar of darkness and one crossbar of light since the light of the sun and the planets can only be found along the ecliptic. Thus we see that the tree of think act global life represents the yin-yang quality of duality exhibited by all of creation. And right on the intersection of Essay these two crossbars on local, this special day, we have the sun, which bring us the light and warmth of the day when it rises and the darkness and coolness of the night when it sets. Ends Philosophy? So in this way, the sun can be seen as the most powerful creator of the duality that we witness in our world. It even bringing us life itself and invites us to inquire about the most mysterious duality that we all face: our very own life and death.
We should also consider the location of the local, center of the galaxy, the Maya womb of creation. On this day, at this time, it is at the bottom acting as the source, the root system, of the sacred tree. So everything comes forth from the source into our world of duality! What a beautiful metaphor! This makes much more sense than the false yet often repeated statement that the sun will be on west side story gangs, top of the act global, center of the galaxy on this special day.
When we look at the configuration at mid-day - the moment of the sun’s greatest strength - we have the sacred tree being exhibited in an extremely interesting way. When we consider the sun's presence in frames of mind of multiple the middle of the act global, dark rift while it is Report of Class Essay, also in the middle of these four planets, I think we have found something that is quite remarkable! Now let's continue with the unfolding of this special day. What Will Actually Happen on December 21, 2012 - Continued. For the rest of the afternoon, the sacred tree will travel across the think act global, sky, sinking slowly towards the horizon. Of Mind Of Multiple? As it does so, the act global, sun will continue to the theory shift slowly against the background stars. As I mentioned earlier, it looks like the sun will be virtually exactly in the middle of the Maya birth canal at about 4:30 PM. Let's zoom in for a closer look. The sun will be in think act global the middle of the dark rift in Report Observations Essay the late afternoon on Dec 21, 2012.
This is local act global, it! The position of the Business, sun is the main reason why the local act global, Maya picked this exact day. We will have the sun in the birds the middle of the dark rift, the birth canal, on the same day as the winter solstice! This will create the triple rebirth of the sun! In addition to that, the local, sun will be virtually exactly in the middle of four planets on the sacred tree with Venus leading the parade across the sky! This combination is why the Maya picked 2012! About 70 minutes later, at about 5:44 PM, the sun will set and on Small, Mother Nature herself may provide another spectacular scene of glorious colors.
Finally, at 7:37 PM, Mars will be visible against the night sky as it sinks below the horizon, marking the think act global, end of the sacred tree's journey across the sky on this fantastic day! I can only imagine that the Maya celebration will continue throughout most of the night! The Driving Question Behind the Creation of the Long Count Calendar. Now let's go way back in time and imagine being a Maya sky watcher several thousand years ago. In the summer time, you would clearly see the spectacular section of the sky containing the ends philosophy, center of the galaxy and the dark rift.
There is nothing else in the night sky that looks even remotely like this. It is quite stunning and very intriguing. You would be drawn to think local it and stories would be created about it. Of Class Observations Essay? Throughout the think act global, year, you would also frequently see planets traveling on Report Observations, or near the ecliptic and at certain times, you would see them travel right across the dark rift. Planets stand out because they are free to think local wander against the fixed background of the stars - that is the origin of the frames, word, wandering star - but they cannot go just anywhere; they can only travel along the special road near the ecliptic. Eventually we would also learn that the sun travels across the dark rift - the birth canal - as winter approached and each year it would do this a little bit closer to the day of the winter solstice. This would lead us to ask what year in think act global the distant future will the sun be in the middle of the dark rift on the day of the Report Observations Essay, winter solstice.
In other words, when will there be the triple rebirth of the sun? In my opinion, this was the driving motivation behind the think local act global, creation of the ends, Long Count calendar, not a psychic prediction of any kind concerning the conditions of mankind or the world we live in. Now let's add a little more to our desired scenario. The Maya would most certainly want to celebrate the sun's presence in the middle of the birth canal at a time when this is actually happening in the sky above them - in other words, during the day. Local Act Global? Since the sun is considered to of Class Observations Essay be dead at night, if this astronomical event happened at night, it would not be very useful for their metaphor or very interesting for the purpose of local their festivities; they would want the sun to be alive during the justify the means, rebirth celebration! So the question now becomes: When will the sun be in the middle of the dark rift on the day of the act global, winter solstice while in the sky over the Maya? If there is more than one year that fits these qualifications, what year will also include an interesting planetary configuration, preferably one that has Venus rising before the sun so that we can easily see Venus rise and it can witness the ends justify, rebirth of the sun? Remember that Venus is known as both the evening star and the morning star because these are the only times when it can be seen even though it is think, one of the frames, brightest objects in the sky. In my opinion, it is important to note that these are all very natural questions; I don't think that they are contrived at all. And there is absolutely no doubt that the sacred tree of 2012 offers us an excellent solution to these questions.
While the moment of the winter solstice and the moment of the think local act global, galactic alignment do happen near each other in the years around 2012, only 2012 has this stunning collection of events. As interesting as this is, it will be helpful for us to rainy river learn just a little bit more about it. Exactly how often does the sun travels across the think, dark rift? Once a year, right? Yes, but let's go deeper.
The Difference Between a Tropical Year and a Sidereal Year. Most people don't know that there are two different types of years that differ only by about 20 minutes, on average. Yet we all know that basically the justify philosophy, year is the amount of time it takes the earth to make one complete orbit around the sun. Astronomers call this a sidereal year and the background stars are used to determine when the local act global, orbit has been completed. In addition to that, we also think of the year as the amount of time from one winter solstice to the next winter solstice, for example. While the earth is making its journey around the sun, its axis of rotation is the birds analysis, precessing very slightly. Since it is the direction of the axis that determines the winter solstice, the solstice line-up occurs about 20 minutes before the earth completes the full orbit. This type of year is called a tropical year or a solar year and it's what we commonly call a year. Astronomers themselves usually mean this type of year unless they make the distinction of a sidereal year. (11)
So we see that the winter solstice happens once every tropical year and that the alignment with the middle of the dark rift happens once every sidereal year. Or to use our rebirth metaphors, there is a rebirth of the sun once every tropical year due to the winter solstice and there is a rebirth of the sun once every sidereal year due to the alignment with the middle of the dark rift. Precession is what causes the relative occurrence of these two rebirths to shift. Precession is what slowly brings these two rebirths together in local act global 2012 and later drives them apart. On Small Business? In about 13,000 years from now, they will be as far apart as possible with the rebirth in the dark rift happening six months after the winter solstice. The following 13,000 years will bring them back together again. So on the day that the calendar itself is reborn, we have the sacred triple rebirth of the sun! How fantastic!
A Bigger Idea: The Rebirth of the Great Year. I find the triple rebirth of the sun to be fascinating. But perhaps the think act global, Maya are actually using it to point to frames of mind of multiple something even bigger: the think local, rebirth of the great year. Let's revisit our diagram of the top view of the circle of precession for some more insights. Looking down on our model, we see the circle of precession and the four parts of the great year. The fact that the great year is naturally divided into four parts leads directly to this question: Is it reasonable to metaphorically view the great year as having four seasons, just like the regular year?
When we look closer at our diagram, we notice that the four points of distinction have an interesting correlation with the Essay, solstices and equinoxes of the regular year. At each of the four points, the act global, galactic alignment takes place at the same time as one of the solstices or equinoxes of the regular year. Remember, at the moment of the of mind, galactic alignment, the sun is on think act global, the crease, above the center of ends philosophy our circle, which is the center of the earth. Also remember that from act global above, the analysis, earth orbits the sun counterclockwise. Local? Here is what we find from the perspective of the ends justify philosophy, northern hemisphere where the Maya live: So an analogy that uses these points in a way that is similar to the solstices and equinoxes of the regular year is perfectly reasonable.
Notice that we have the same order of the seasons for local act global, the great year as we do for the regular year. With this in mind, we can easily make the analogy that the great year is now being reborn during its own winter solstice! How interesting! And let's consider the following. Everything in west gangs the galaxy slowly orbits the center of the galaxy. So the galaxy is analogous to the solar system with the center of the galaxy playing the role of the sun.
And furthermore, the center of the think local, galaxy is, in fact, millions of suns all grouped closely together. The center of our Milk Way galaxy. I bring this up because I want us to consider the orientation of the axis of the earth with respect to the center of the galaxy, similar to Report Observations how its orientation towards our own sun determines our regular seasons. I know that this analogy is flawed since the crease of our 3-D model does not point exactly towards the center of the galaxy but it is only off by just over six degrees. So for the purpose of an analogy, I feel that this is acceptable. Local? In this way, we see that when the axis is at the bottom point of analysis distinction, it is leaning away from the galactic center, a posture that is akin to that of the think local, winter solstice of the regular year.
So we have another configuration supporting the view that we are now in the time of the rebirth of the great year. Very interesting. And have you been wondering about this: Since the day, the year and the great year are naturally divided into four pieces, why didn't the Maya setup the length of the Long Count calendar to be one-quarter the length of the great year, rather than one-fifth, and use a square or some other four-stroke symbol to denote the great year, rather than the star? I wondered about that, too. If they had set the calendar to one-fourth the great year, each of the four restart points would correspond with one of the points of the theory of multiple distinction.
All four points of distinction would be highlighted, but they would be highlighted equally. With the approach that they took, only the approaching restart point in 2012 corresponds to the point of distinction of mid-1998. In other words, this particular point of distinction is held forth as more important than the others. And there is something else that happens in 2012 that might have contributed to its selection by the Maya - a Venus transit! On June 6, 2012, Venus will visibly cross in front of the disk of the sun. When using the proper safety precautions, you can actually see the small dot made by Venus as it slowly moves across the sun. Venus transits have an unusual rhythm to them. They alternate between happening 8 years apart and then either 105 or 122 years apart, approximately, and the Maya have a calendar to track this rhythm. (That is to say: 8, 105, 8 122, 8, 105, 8, 122 and so forth.) The connection between the think, Venus transit in 2012 and the restart of the Long Count calendar is perhaps circumstantial but I still think that it did play a factor. Few people ever get to see even one Venus transit in their entire lifetime so with so many other factors pointing to 2012 as an excellent restart date, I think that this event also made the designers of the Essay Management, Long Count calendar smile. You can read all about the Venus transit that we had in 2004 and see some fabulous pictures here.
Now we see that from the viewpoint of the Maya, December 21, 2012 is more than just another winter solstice; it is the local act global, most important winter solstice of all the winter solstices throughout the entire great year. This therefore makes this day the single most important day in the entire great year! There are over 9.4 million days in the great year and the Maya have picked this day as the Essay, day the great year restarts! The concept of precession is in the Maya mythology and also in their calendar. The calendar's restart date undeniably contains all this amazing astronomy that is keyed to precession and the position of the planets. The poetic beauty is breathtaking; the actual astronomy is profoundly precise! How can all this be a coincidence? I find it to be completely mind-blowing! To my knowledge, I am the only researcher who describes the special event of 2012 exactly like this with consideration for the position of the planets, and the Venus transit. Some researchers focus on 1998 and think local act global, the years surrounding it.
But I don't think that that is what the Maya were trying to pinpoint with their calendar, though missing it by 14 years. I think that they successfully hit exactly what they were aiming at: the on the rainy archetypes, sacred triple rebirth of the sun as a marker for the rebirth of the great year! How difficult was it for the Maya to pinpoint the winter solstice? What level of think local act global precision is required to hit the exact day of the winter solstice from over 2,000 years away? Let's approach this problem by focusing on analysis, the length of the tropical year, which is the think local, amount of time from one winter solstice to west side gangs names the next. Astronomers record this value as 365.24219 days, on average. Let's see how accurately the Maya would need to know this number in order to make their calendar. As a starting point, let's say that we want a calendar that restarts on the winter solstice 10 years from now. We would multiply the above number by 10 to get 3,652.4219 days from our current winter solstice to the one 10 years later.
If we were using only a 365.0-day year, our results would be 3,650 days, which is about 2 and local, a half days short. Now suppose we want to restart our calendar in 100 years. We would just move the decimal point two places to get 36,524.219 days. Again, if we were using a 365.00-day year, we would be short, this time by about 24 days. West Gangs Names? So of local course you see that if we wanted our calendar to restart in 1,000 years, we would have 365,242.19 days and, just for completeness, let's note that for 2,000 years, we would have 730,484.38 days.
Note that I will talk about this 0.38-day fraction in just a minute. I stepped you through this slowly so that you could easily see how the numbers after the decimal point are so important. As the time frame gets longer, the precision required increases. You can see that if the Maya intentionally restarted their calendar on the exact day of December 21, 2012 because it is river archetypes, a winter solstice, they needed to know the value of the tropical year to within at least 3 decimal places. Let's look at this in even more detail. Basically, what we have is a tolerance of local act global one day over a period of 2,000 years.
To calculate this as a percentage, we multiply this one day by 100 and frames of mind of multiple intelligences, divide by the total number of days in this period. This results in a tolerance of 0.0001369 percent, which means that the Maya needed to know the length of the tropical year to a level of 99.9998631 percent correct or better! Wow! This works out to knowing the value of the year to within about 45 seconds, which can be stated as plus or minus 22 seconds. In other words, even a small error would build up as we add together all 2,000 years and the resultant total error needs to be such that we still land on think local, the correct calendar date of the winter solstice. If you multiply 45 seconds by 2,000, you see that it is just under one day so we are on west side story names, the right track. To help you get a better feel for local act global, what this level of Essay on Small precision is think local act global, like, consider measuring the width of the United States to on the rainy within 20 feet or the distance from Los Angeles to Tokyo to within 40 feet.
Good luck! But there is even more to act global this. If the winter solstice for of mind the theory, 2012 was at noon, then our evenly split tolerance would be fine. But since the solstice is at 5:11 AM central time for the Maya, calculations that are just 5 hours and 12 minutes too early would result in the wrong calendar date. So the level of local precision required is even higher. And you probably already realize that the 0.38 day fraction from the total number of the birds days in think the 2,000 year period also needs to be considered since it amounts to over 9 hours and this can easily push the time of the winter solstice across the boundary of a calendar date. Indeed, if this factor were ignored, the winter solstice for 2012 would be calculated as being at about 8 PM on December 20th central time, which is the wrong calendar date. So you see that great care must taken in order to correctly calculate the exact date of the winter solstice several thousand years in the future.
In addition to an accurate value for the length of the on Small Business Management, year, the Maya also need to know an accurate value for the rate of precession and an accurate value for the number of degrees the sky needed to shift during the 2,000 year period in think local act global order for the sun to be in the middle of the dark rift on the day of the winter solstice. I should further point out that the value of precession is analysis, not a constant. Local? It is getting shorter by Essay on Small Business about 36 days every year. But even this rate will change! When I take all this into consideration, it is hard to believe that the Maya used naked-eye astronomy to build their calendar; the level of precision required is just too demanding to be achieved without sophisticated measuring equipment. It seems to local act global me that it is either absolutely astounding that their calendar restarts when it does or it is a meaningless coincidence. It is so difficult to believe that the Maya could have had this level of precision that it is easy to understand why mainstream science denies them this knowledge and attributes the restart date to mere coincidence.
But is this justified? Is the restart date landing on the winter solstice a coincidence? If the story names, Maya were Christian and the restart date was Christmas, would we be justified in stating that it was just a coincidence? Of course not! It would be obvious that it was intentional. And yet the winter solstice plays the role of Christmas for the Maya. It is their most important day of the think act global, year. It is too much for west names, me to think of this as just a coincidence.
As a side note, consider that in about 130 B.C., the same time frame as the creation of the Maya calendar, the Greek astronomer Hipparchus estimated precession to be 36,000 years or less. He was off by 10,000 years! Even so, Hipparchus is very famous for his work on precession and he wrote two books on the subject. He is considered by some people to think act global be the greatest astronomer of river archetypes antiquity. I can only local act global, add that it's a good thing he was not in charge of creating the Maya calendar! (12) By the way, some researchers argue that the the birds, Long Count calendar does not restart on December 21, 2012 but on various other dates. While most researchers agree with the winter solstice date, the next most popular end date is only two days later and a very small number of researchers have picked dates that are years away. A change of two day would hardly affect the calculations above; we would now have a tolerance of two minutes. Furthermore, no matter which date we choose to use, or even if the restart date really is coincidentally the solstice, it still seems undeniable that the Maya knew a fairly precise value for the length of the great year. Remember, five cycles of the think local, Long Count calendar add up to the great year to within one-half of one percent or 140 years. (Or is this just a coincidence, too?) So they knew the number to at least that degree of accuracy.
I feel that we should at least give them credit for this. But was their astronomical understanding vastly superior to even this? Can anyone prove that it wasn't? The structure of the Long Count calendar demonstrates to me beyond a reasonable doubt that the Maya knew a lot about astronomy. It is not a lucky guess or a coincidence that the calendar works the way that it does. Report Observations? In my view, there is no getting around this, no matter how uncomfortable modern mainstream researchers are with attributing this sophisticated knowledge to them. It required great ingenuity and scientific understanding to create this calendar. The two most important aspects of think local act global it are that it accurately reflects the frames of mind, underlying astronomy while being easy to manage on think local act global, a daily basis. The Maya accomplished this beautifully. Pinpointing the Winter Solstice and 2012 Separately.
The Maya hit the day of the winter solstice exactly. It might seem that if they hit the west side story gangs, day they wanted, they must have also hit the year they wanted since the local act global, year is a bigger target. While I do think that 2012 is indeed the exact year that they wanted, let's see why it is possible that they hit the day exactly, but only on the rainy river archetypes, came close with the year. As we have seen, in order to hit the day that contains the moment of the winter solstice, you need to know the length of the local, year with a certain degree of accuracy. But to correctly pinpoint the year that the sun will be in the middle of the dark rift on the day of the winter solstice involves knowledge of the rate of precession, which, obviously, is a different astronomical phenomenon than the length of the year. So we see that the rainy river, pinpointing of the think, day and the pinpointing of the year are really two different problems.
First the Maya would have had to find out Report, how many years until the event that they were interested in. Then they would have had to calculate how many days until the day of the winter solstice for the year that they had picked. Under certain circumstances, they could have made an error picking the year but once they had selected that particular year, they could have exactly calculated the local, number of days until its winter solstice. 2,000 years ago, the the means, sun was about 30 degrees away from being in the dark rift on the day of the winter solstice. To find the think local act global, correct year to of multiple restart the calendar, they would have needed to accurately measure this angle and think act global, also accurately measure how much this angle changes from one year to the next. Once you know both the Management, angle and the rate of change, it is trivial to calculate when the angle will become zero. While it is easier to measure the angle than it is to measure the rate of change, you still need to measure both with a high degree of precision. But even if the think act global, results are off by 50 years, just to pick a number, this could still be considered reasonably accurate since the total amount of time is so large. Even if we are only considering the 2,000 years since the calendar has been in use rather than the entire precessional period, being 50 years off is still only about 2.5 percent incorrect. But I think that the Maya did better than that. When I consider the extremely high degree of accuracy that they demonstrated for west side story names, the length of the year, I can't help but think that they might have also had a very precise value for both the angle and the rate of change for that angle.
Their length of the year is 99.9999 percent correct or better. Think Act Global? If they brought that level of accuracy to Essay on Small Business the angle and the rate of local act global change, the year 2012 is also exactly what they wanted. The Maya's Timeless Message of Transformation and Rebirth. It is my view that the astronomy of 2012 will not cause anything unusual to happen to us, physically or spiritual. Remember that the justify philosophy, triple rebirth of the think act global, sun is caused by the earth going through three different motions: it spins on of mind the theory, its axis once a day, it travels around the sun once a year, and it wobbles on its axis once every 26,000 years. The triple rebirth of the sun does not come about due to local act global anything happening to archetypes the sun itself; it comes about due to the shifts in local act global our relationship with the sun.
These three motions have been repeating for billions of years and there is no reason to expect that the astronomy will suddenly cause something unusual to happen to us in 2012. I think that the Maya knew this, too, and this is west side story gangs, why it made perfect sense for them to use the local, astronomy as a timeless rebirth metaphor rather than as an alarm for danger or a time marker for world peace. In my opinion, this is an extremely important point that is completely misunderstood by many people. If you think that the astronomy might cause some effect - either physically or spiritually - I invite you to consider that the rainy river archetypes, time of change connected with 2012 would be a long period of transformation, rather than a sudden shift. Astronomically, there is very little difference between the position of the earth's axis now and where it will be in 2012. Act Global? In fact, it is 99.986 percent in that position today (Spring 2009). Add to this the fact that the galactic alignment happens every year and we should completely remove people's fear of imminent global disaster due to story gangs some astronomical driving force. Since the precessional cycle is local, so slow, I think that it is safe to say that not only west side, would this period of transformation be happening now, it would have been happening for hundreds of years and it would continue for the next several hundred years. But again, I don't think there is any effect whatsoever due to the astronomy of 2012.
While I do acknowledge that our world today is most certainly heading for tremendous change, I believe it is due to the unsustainable nature of our behavior, not the astronomy of 2012. But if this astronomy is not going to cause anything unusual to happen to us, why did the Maya bother with all of this? I think that it is important to keep in mind the magnitude of the efforts the think local act global, Maya put forth with regards to all of this. They were highly motivated. The work required to learn the frames of mind of multiple, astronomy, create the calendar, build the monuments, write the metaphorical stories, and create the local, artwork is absolutely immense. Analysis? Why did they do all this work when the think act global, apparent focal point was over two thousand years in their future? What could have possibly provided that much motivation? Did they make the calendar simply because they could even though it was difficult? Was it a way of rainy archetypes boasting or did they want to give us something, perhaps an invaluable treasure? The calendar clearly points to the rhythms of think act global nature. What could they possibly want us to rainy archetypes think or do in response to pondering the cycles of the day, the year and think local, the great year?
Their metaphor involves lovemaking and birth. Do they want us to contemplate the of Class Observations, question of life itself? Do they want us to contemplate who we are at the deepest level? Do they want us to ponder the process of creation and think local, the source of our very being? Without providing answers, perhaps they simply wanted to inspire us into the theory of multiple, being in a state of think local act global wonder and awe. Life can be difficult. It takes hard work to maintain our existence on of multiple, the physical plane. This daily burden can wear people down and even break their spirit. In addition to that, it seems that some people lose their sense of wonder when people explain things with science.
Indeed, in today's world, many people believe that science has explained what life itself actually is. But has science really explained the local, mystery of life? Do you personally feel like you know what life really is? And in my opinion, the Maya want us to do more than just wonder. They want us to actually find answers. However the Maya do not give us the west side story names, answers. Why? Perhaps they simply did not have them. Or perhaps it is because answers to questions like this are not appreciated as much when they are simply given to local you.
Furthermore, these answers are often resisted or even rejected if they are pushed upon you from an apparent authority. Answers to questions this deep really begin to on the river mean something only if you find them for yourself. The Maya personified the sun because you are like the sun. Think Local Act Global? From our perspective on earth, the sun is born when it rises and it dies when it sets. But from rainy river archetypes a perspective out in space, we see that the sun is never born and it never dies; it is essentially eternal. Act Global? Is there a different perspective, a larger framework, that reveals that our true self, our fundamental unconstructed self is rainy river archetypes, indeed also without birth or death? Are we also eternal? In my opinion, the calendar is not being used to predict a good or bad event. For me, 2012 is about holding each and every new moment in wonder and awe as the eternal now is continually born anew. For me, 2012 is about being born into our eternal awareness.
(For those who are inspired by these comments, I talk much more about this in my essay, Mystical 2012.) John Major Jenkins's Alignment Zone. First and foremost, I have the utmost respect for John Major Jenkins as a person, as a researcher and as a scholar. Without John's brilliant groundbreaking work linking the restart of the Maya calendar to a certain time in the earth's precessional cycle, millions of people would be completely unaware of this extremely intriguing information and I would not have dug into the question of why the act global, Maya picked 2012. While there is ends philosophy, virtually no difference between how John and think local act global, I understand the actual astronomy of 2012, our difference lies in what we think is important. As you will see, he emphasizes a multi-year period of time while I focus on what happens in the sky over the Maya on on the archetypes, that one special day. By the act global, way, John clearly gives credit to the authors that helped him become aware of the justify philosophy, ancient cultures that knew about think act global, precession and created metaphorical stories based on the shifts they saw in the sky. Two important books are Hamlet's Mill (1968) (13) and Maya Cosmos (1995). Story Gangs Names? These books, along with others, are what made John look for something in our precessional cycle that might be happening in or around 2012, the think act global, restart date of the Maya Long Count calendar. This is how he found what he calls “the galactic alignment” or “the solstice-galaxy alignment.” In his book The Center of Mayan Time (1995), John discussed “the astronomical fact that the alignment of the solstice meridian with the galactic equator - the alignment the Maya were trying to indicate with their 2012 end-date - in fact occurs sometime between 1997 and 1999.” (14)
John zeroed in on 1998 for Essay, several reasons and one of the most important reasons was the excellent work of think local act global a Belgian astronomer, Jean Meeus, whom I greatly respect. Essay Management? Meeus published material in 1997 that stated that this special event (the axis over the crease of local our 3-D model) would occur in May of 1998. John noted that the of Class Essay, center of the disk of the sun would be almost exactly on the galactic equator at the precise moment of the winter solstice in the year 1998. He also noticed that this alignment would occur repeatedly in local act global the years around 1998 with only a slight variation from on the rainy river one year to local act global the next. Because of this, he decided to pick a range of 36 years that he centered around 1998 as the intended target of the Long Count calendar and he refers to these years as the “alignment zone” or era-2012. During these years, the disk of the sun will be touching the galactic equator at the moment of the winter solstice. Here is the way I like to explain it. Ends Justify? At the moment of the winter solstice of think local each year, imagine that you take one picture of the sun and mark the position of the galactic equator. Side Story? (Remember, since the galactic equator is think act global, invisible, you have to mark it rather than photograph it.) I call these pictures “time slices.” If you play all these time slices like a movie, you will “see” the sun move across the galactic equator over this 36-year period. But notice that this collection of time slices is not something that you would actually see unfold in the sky above you. It is an unnatural way of “seeing” since you are only “watching” one moment per year. Side Gangs? This is an artificially created scenario that seems to indicate motion but it does not really represent what happens in the sky.
Again, I have tremendous respect for John personally and I like much of his work. While he most certainly discovered that the local, calendar is linked to the astronomy, I do not find this zone approach to Report of Class be very satisfying. With so much precision being demonstrated by the creators of the calendar, I seriously doubted that they missed their intended target by 14 years, even though that is still a very small error. I felt there must be something special about the exact day of the local, winter solstice of 2012 as seen from the specific location of the Maya. This is why I went further with my own original research and thinking and I came to the birds analysis the conclusion that both the triple rebirth of the sun and the unique configuration of the sacred tree flying through the sky over the Maya on that special day was the target of the calendar. Both the restart date and think local, the place where the calendar was created are important.
We cannot ignore that this is a Maya calendar, not an Egyptian calendar or a global calendar. On Small? While the sun will be exactly in the middle of the local, dark rift during the day for the Maya, this event will happen during the night for rainy, people on think, the other side of the world. So the triple rebirth metaphor will not play out very well for those locations. But this is not a problem since the Maya were only ends the means philosophy, concerned with what will be over them during that day, not what will be over think act global, others elsewhere. In this way, we see that the Maya hit the exact day that they were aiming at! Completely mind-blowing! My view focuses on river archetypes, the center of the act global, dark rift, not the galactic equator, although again, these two things are very close to each other. But more importantly, my view focuses on what will happen on that day over Essay Management, the Maya, not what will happen over a long period of act global time. Essay On Small? Please consider the fact that no one can ever look up into the sky and see the galactic equator for it is as invisible as the equator of the earth. Both are precisely located by scientists yet both are imaginary lines.
It is important to note that the Maya could look up into the sky at certain times and actually see the dark rift with their naked eye and this makes the astronomy useful for their metaphorical folklore. I think this is an essential point in understanding 2012. The idea that the Maya restarted their calendar because of the combination of the triple rebirth of the sun and this unique configuration of the sacred tree is to the best of my knowledge, original with me. While other people are aware of the solar rebirths and the sacred tree in general, to think local my knowledge no one has connected them to 2012 like I have. John is frames of mind the theory of multiple intelligences, well aware of the Maya's metaphor of the dark rift as the birth canal and he clearly sees the act global, sun’s presence in the dark rift as a rebirth but, as we have seen, he emphisizes the galactic equator rather than the dark rift. This is not surprising since, again, the galactic equator has a precisely defined location while the justify, dark rift is an local irregularly shaped image in the sky without a precisely defined midline. Strictly speaking, the dark rift is not even an of Class Observations astronomical object, it is a visual image due to interstellar dust blocking the light from the center of the galaxy. Because of act global all these reasons, astronomers pay little attention to the dark rift while the galactic equator becomes the main focus. Why I Believe My View Is Unique and Original. Just to be very clear, it is the work of John Major Jenkins that linked the Maya calendar and the cycle of precession.
He was the first one to point out that the sun will be in the middle of the dark rift on the day of the winter solstice in 2012. Yet I find the time slice approach unsatisfying since a full year passes between each slice and justify, the alignment swings through about 360 degrees as the earth orbits the sun. The time slice approach is simply an unnatural way of act global “watching” the sun cross the plane of the galaxy. In fact, it is not watching at all. My approach of watching what unfolds is the birds analysis, completely natural. It is not an artificial reconstruction. Again, I cannot overemphasize the importance of John Major Jenkins' work. He has focused on this subject since the 1986 and local act global, has written over seven books. He is extremely knowledgeable in areas that I know virtually nothing.
And again, it is John's brilliant groundbreaking work that linked the restart of the Maya calendar to a certain time in the earth's precessional cycle. It is almost as if John discovered a huge pyramid deep in the jungles of southern Mexico, a pyramid that was completely hidden and totally overgrown. Then over the course of several decades, he virtually single-handedly removed all the overgrowth so that we all could see this fabulous monument. Yet I do not want to understate the potential significance of my work. Analysis? The Maya did not simply miss 1998 by 14 years, they hit exactly what they wanted and think, perhaps I am correctly pointing out the actual capstone to John's pyramid. Could the Maya be focusing on another event?
While my research gives me a high degree of confidence that the Maya were indeed using their Long Count calendar to precisely pinpoint the sacred triple rebirth of the sun and the rebirth of the great year as presented in this essay, there are numerous scholars and popular writers who maintain that the Maya had something else in mind. This opens up a complex debate that is of mind the theory of multiple, beyond the scope of this essay but the solid astronomical understanding that you have gained will give you an excellent foundation to explore those other possibilities. Think Local? While we presently have no absolute proof as to justify the means what the target is exactly, the think local, event of 2012 is immensely fascinating for analysis, millions of people. How exciting for us all to see it unfold for ourselves right now! That's the end of think this essay but I invite you to explore the comments and links in the endnotes section. And don't miss my 10-minute video of our 3-dimensional model in action! (Click here for the video.) By the way, I have several 2012 essays and I may write even more.
In one essay, I ask how the Maya acquired this astronomical knowledge and in another essay, I present my own views of Report Observations Essay what all this might mean for us. Will consciousness shift from “the me” to “the we”? Will we shift from think local competition to cooperation? And will you experience your own personal triple rebirth? If you are inspired, please check these essays out frames, soon! Thanks for local act global, reading my essay!
Written: May 2, 2008. Revised: October 24, 2009. All my 2012 essays are here. (1) This is a simple 3-dimensional model that you can build yourself with just a pencil a sheet of paper. It demonstrates the actual astronomy we are concerned with. As you move the top of the pencil around in a circle, you can see the 26,000-year precessional cycle unfold. Don't miss my 10-minute video of this model in action:
The Actual Astronomy of 2012 - Absolutely Amazing! (2) The following excellent website gives a simple yet thorough explanation of the the birds, seasons: (3) A more exact figure is 25,765 years but for this essay I use the approximate number of 26,000 because it is close enough and easier to remember. You can find more information here: This next link shows an animation of a top precessing. There is an important difference between what is shown here and what the earth does. In the animation, we see that the bottom tip of the axis of the top stays still while the rest of the top wobbles. For the earth, it is best to imagine the center of the earth staying still while both the top and bottom tips of the axis of rotation make circles. In other words, the earth still wobbles but there are two cones of local act global precession, one above the other.
One is up-side-down and the two are touching at the center of the earth. When we build our 3-dimensional model, we put the tip of the pencil in the crease. This is the center of the earth, not the bottom of the earth. (4) The following website discusses the Essay on Small Management, topic of the entire solar system bobbing up and down across the plane of the galaxy. It states that we last crossed the plane of the galaxy 2 million years ago and that we are currently about think local, 50 light-years above the mid-plane of the galaxy. Report Observations? We will continue to get further away for another 14 million years and then we will start moving closer again. While some other researchers have come up with slightly different numbers such as a current distance of 70 light-years, you can clearly see why I don't consider this topic to be relevant to local our study of the astronomy of Essay on Small Business 2012. By the way, the center of the galaxy is estimated to be just over 25,000 light years away and it is estimated that it takes 240 million years for our entire solar system to make one orbit around the center of the galaxy. Also notice that since the distance above the think, galactic mid-plane is very small compared with the distance to the center of the galaxy, our model is justify, still an excellent representation of local act global what is going on in the the means philosophy, sky with regards to the annual galactic alignments even though our solar system is not exactly on local, the mid-plane of the galaxy. The following forum brings forth a few more points about this topic.
(5) While it is true that the orbits of almost all the planets are close to the orbital plane of the Observations, earth, the two exceptions are Mercury, whose orbit is tilted at 7 degrees, and think, Pluto at 17 degrees. (6) Let's look closer at why the direction to the center of the galaxy basically stays the same. Imaging that you are in Los Angeles and you are pointing to the center of on the river archetypes New York City. If you then move 500 miles north and point to New York, you will have to point more south than before since you are now further north. Think Local? But if instead of justify philosophy moving 500 miles north, you only move 50 feet, the direction to New York will basically be the same. Technically, it is a slightly different direction but the difference is think, extremely small. So even though the earth is moving around in analysis its orbit, the change in position is not enough to affect the direction to the center of the galaxy.
(7) The angle between the plane of the galaxy and the plane of the earth-sun orbit (the ecliptic) is local act global, about 60 degrees. Astronomy magazine tells us where to frames of multiple look in the summer sky to see it for ourselves here: Here is further discussion: And here is clarification of the confusion between 60 degrees and 63 degrees: (8) Technically speaking, we have three independent events, each of which occur at think, different times: the moment the axis is over the cease, the moment of the analysis, winter solstice and the moment of the alignment of the earth, the sun and local, the galactic equator. Indeed, these events really are independent from each other since one does not cause either or both of the other two.
Yet the justify the means, time when the axis is over the crease is key. Whichever December solstice is closest to this time will have the other two events occurring almost simultaneously and this will be the case in 1998. The following webpage, written by John Major Jenkins, provides the scientific reference that mentions the calculations of the think local act global, Nautical Observatory: That webpage contains some material that I will comment on later, after you have read more of my essay and have a more complete understanding of some of the issues raised on that webpage. (9) I consider John Major Jenkins one of the most important voices on the subject of 2012. Frames Of Mind The Theory Intelligences? Here are John's brief comments on act global, Izapa as the origin of the justify the means, Long Count calendar. Local? You can learn much more from on the rainy river his DVD, Izapa - 2012. Here is John's main website: (10) The brightness of stars and planets is think local, reported as their magnitude and this is measured on a logarithmic scale.
The brighter an object appears, the lower the value of frames intelligences its magnitude. Very bright objects have negative magnitudes. On this day, Venus's magnitude will be -3.9 and it will look fantastic against the black, pre-dawn sky. Mercury's magnitude will be -0.5 and this will be bright enough to see for a short while even though the sky will be starting to become light at the time Mercury rises. (11) Detailed information about the sidereal year is here: Detailed information about the tropical year is here: (12) More on Hipparchus can be found here: (13) John Major Jenkins' comments about Hamlet's Mill can be found here: (14) Here I again make reference to John Major Jenkins' short essay, The True Alignment Zone (1999):
John uses a phrase that I would like to clarify. Here it is: the alignment of the solstice meridian with the galactic equator. This is just another way of stating that the axis is over the crease in our 3-D model. Think Act Global? Initially I found this phrase difficult to understand and visualize. Perhaps the following will help you. First, here is a definition of the solstice meridian.
Imagine a circle or hoop around the earth that goes through the on the river archetypes, north and act global, south poles. As you know, there are an infinite number of such hoops and they are all called “meridians.” Pick the hoop that is also perpendicular to the plane of the earth-sun orbit, the ends philosophy, plane of the ecliptic. There is only one such hoop. Now project this hoop into the sky. This makes a line that is shown on some star charts and this line is called the “solstice meridian.” When the sun is on this line, we have the moment of the winter or summer solstice depending on which way the axis is tilting, towards or away from the sun. The solstice meridian moves with respect to the background stars at think local, the rate of precession. This line intersects both the the birds, line made by the path of the sun (the ecliptic) and the line made by the plane of the galaxy (the galactic equator).
When the axis is over the crease, the solstice meridain, the galactic equator and the the ecliptic all intersect at the same point. This is the think local, point that you see in my diagrams when you look down the crease of the 3-D model. Perhaps the phrase could have been more clearly stated as the of Class Observations Essay, solstice meridian intersecting the galactic equator at the level of the ecliptic. By the way, I also want to correct a very minor point regarding the topic of water spinning down a drain since John mentions it in his essay. My opinion is that John is very bright and well informed on a wide variety of subjects yet on the topic of water spinning down a drain, he has slipped into the commonly held false belief that it spins one way north of the equator and the other way south of the equator due to think local the coriolis effect.
This is simply not the case yet John's mistake does not affect the core issues presented in story the essay. Here is more information: (*) This site mentions that the winter solstice sun will be closest to the center of the galaxy in the year 2219: (*) Here is a 3-D animated movie of the event of 2012. Think Local? They have it spinning around in an unnatural way so that might add some confusion.
Yet it is still helpful for those looking for more ways to understand the actual astronomy: (*) Here are other interesting links: Thanks for side story gangs names, reading my essay! Have a magical and mystical day! If you enjoyed this essay, then you might like some of my other work:
• Infinitely Mystical, my main website, is here: infinitelymystical.com. • My completely free ESP board game for 2 or more people of think local all ages is here: Copyright 2008 Thomas Razzeto - All rights reserved.
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Aldous Huxley Huxley, Aldous (Vol. Think Local Act Global! 8) - Essay. Huxley, Aldous 1894–1963. A British-American novelist, essayist, short story writer, poet, critic, and analysis, playwright, Huxley was noted in his early works for a satiric tone, while his later works express a concern for the political and social problems of contemporary society. The grandson of Darwinist T. H. Local Act Global! Huxley and brother of Essay Business Management, scientist Julian Huxley, Aldous Huxley retained a central interest in science. His concern with societal problems and local act global, his continuing interest in science coalesce in the birds analysis his most famous work, Brave New World . (See also CLC , Vols. 1, 3, 4, 5.) [Huxley's] excursions into local, political philosophy were most notable for the uncompromising pacifism which drove him into his self-imposed Californian exile. He was, most of the time, miserable there during the war years, unavoidably prone to feelings of guilt in the bad years. He had brought the misery on himself because he remained to so large an Report Essay, extent the prisoner of the Victorian rationalism in which he had been brought up and against which he constantly rebelled. In true rationalist style, he seems never to have believed in evil as a positive force. Think! This seems to have made him incapable of Report Essay, grasping the significance of Hitler, and of the inevitability through him of World War Two, and allowed Huxley in local his last years to divert his enormous talent into the unreal and fatuous Wellsian serenities of Island (written in 1960)….
One might have supposed that Huxley's self-exile, his separation from his normal environment—and in Los Angeles, of all uninspiring places—would have had a damaging effect on his talent. This did not happen. Some of his best writing belongs to these years. Grey Eminence , written in 1940 and 1941, is a masterly performance. His first novel since 1936, Time must have a stop (published in 1944), was Huxley's own favourite among his fiction. It is a brilliant invention, though … I cannot believe that it is more than that. The Perennial Philosophy , published in the next year, 1945, is perhaps the book by rainy river which Aldous Huxley will be best known to future generations. The most horrifying of all his novels, Ape and Essence , was published in 1948. It is think local act global, a book of great and terrible power…. After 1950, he wrote books which are better described as brilliant pieces of controversy rather than masterpieces, with one exception.
One of them, The Doors of Perception , is still a matter of lively controversy today. At the risk of sounding prudish, I give my opinion that it would have been better if he had not published this book. If one reads it, one quickly appreciates that Aldous Huxley's attitude to drug-taking was responsible, reasonable and morally justifiable. He saw the dangers in his tolerant view of the use of of Class Observations, certain drugs. Think! What he did not see was that the fact of his name appearing on a book which, superficially viewed, seemed to ends philosophy approve of drug-taking, would give enormous encourgement to pushers of pot and think act global, suchlike…. He underestimated, even though aware of the possibility, its harmful latency. He continued to think of evil as a negative force. Christopher Sykes, The Unhappy Pacifist, in The Listener (© British Broadcasting Corp. 1974; reprinted by permission of Christopher Sykes), October 17, 1974, p. 511 . [Aldous Huxley] was haunted by the vision of two possible futures.
One, the most likely, was of destruction, war and ever-increasing tyranny in an overpopulated world. Story Names! The other was that of the pragmatic dream that he advanced in his last essay-novel, Island: psychologists must be given power to disqualify certain types of people from act global, ever getting into positions of power. The economic system must be cured of overproduction and the world of overpopulation. Scientists, psychologists, educators who have mustered techniques which could bring life closer to the pragmatic dream should be given every opportunity to ends justify the means philosophy do so. This is the think local act global Huxleyan Utopia of a happiness brought about by scientific techniques. It is the opposite of his somber vision of a world made miserable by its abuse of these techniques in justify the means the hands of power maniacs. Stephen Spender, A Pilgrim's Progress, in Book World—The Washington Post (© The Washington Post), November 17, 1974, p. 1 . There is not a character who speaks on his author's behalf in local act global Huxley's novels—Gumbril, the timorous inventor of the means philosophy, pneumatic trousers for men of sedentary habit, in Antic Hay; Quarles; Anthony Beavis in Eyeless in Gaza—who fails to share his affliction of non-feeling. As a man Huxley is remote and unresponsive.
As a writer he lacks the think local all-encompassing humanity of the real novelist. But if there was this always-visible inherited disproportion between his capacity for thought and feeling, at least Huxley's intellectual endowment was an uncommon one…. West Side! [One] can think of no other writer who was as personally implicated as Huxley in local act global the break in traditional thought between the the theory 19th and 20th centuries; in important part it had been the work of think local act global, his own grandfather. Under the general burden of social uncertainty and the peculiar burden of being a Huxley, he turned to satire as his instrument of Business, social and personal renovation and, during the years in which he made the contribution for which he is best remembered, wrote the brightest, most mercurial books of his generation. (p. 1) [Despite an enormous] output it was actually to a small handful of early novels … that Huxley owed the special reputation he had in his contemporary literary world; and even among these only local act global Antic Hay blended charm, erudition, humor, intelligence and narrative interest with an Essay, entire ease and success. Never did a writer who worked in so many different fields, from poetry to playwriting, from travel reporting to sociology to think act global politics to side names spiritualism, impress himself so particularly in think but one field, satire, and even in that one field produce really only a single completely satisfactory book. Ends The Means! And certainly never did a satirist flash so coruscating a wit over think local so vast a field of learning: not alone the of mind the theory intelligences range of his study—history, ancient and modern literatures, philosophy, the local social sciences, all the physical sciences, music, art—but his competence at whatever he undertook was staggering…. Man's greed, his folly and selfishness, his concupiscence, his inability to use his skills to his own best purposes: all of this in Huxley's best work became his good-natured joke behind which there loomed, of the birds, course, his great fear. Fifty years ago in his early satiric fiction the issues which today press upon us so relentlessly—pollution, the uncontrolled growth of populations, the destruction of cities, our insane waste of the world's natural resources, social and racial inequity, national ambitions and prides—were already given first sharp statement.
An advantage which Huxley shared with his literary contemporaries Lawrence and Joyce—it made his despairing view of the universe also an enlivening one—was the possibility of shocking his readers. Looking back on Huxley from our present circumstances it is difficult to suppose that it required much daring to act global write about sex as he did—the most he ventured in side names erotic overtness was an occasional gaping blouse or the rhythmic strokings of a female arm and shoulder. It was not, however, what happened on the pages of his novels that made Huxley famous for sophistication, that poor sad accolade now lost to us; it was what he suggested as taking place off-page, especially the compulsions and deviations of think, sexual desire. For Lawrence sex was a metaphor for burgeoning life. For Huxley it was among the plainer manifestations of the tyranny of selfhood. The erotic sphere might be only one area in which to observe the infinite gradations of human gracelessness, but for someone of Huxley's disposition it was an inescapable one…. Death, ugliness, decay: he brings these repeatedly into juxtaposition with sensuality. As a countervailing principle to sensuality Huxley proposes the religious transcendence of self. He speaks of a self simultaneously discovered and lost in one's spiritual unity with one's fellow man…. For Huxley,… who was a writer of the analysis twenties and thirties [in contrast to today's writers], society was still there , faulty and perhaps doomed but still decipherable; a sum of discernible parts, not an undifferentiated and undifferentiating hostile mass. Its intimate patterns of waywardness and think act global, perversity, even of possible beneficence, were still available to description.
Huxley might himself choose not to describe in the manner of the traditional realistic novelist. My life … is the birds analysis, not so long, he has a character protest in Antic Hay, that I can afford to spend precious hours writing or reading descriptions of middle-class interiors. But as solidly as he rested his portraits of the people in his books on their unexplained or certainly unspoken inner lives, he accounted for their conduct in terms of their membership in a society of class, money, custom, an English society, indeed, of establishment, education and taste. (p. 2) Already in Crome Yellow in 1921 Huxley had made it clear that faith is the think local act global necessary attendant on on Small Business, our worldly programs, their sole reliable source of local act global, proper content and justify, direction…. Think! But it is not until the final section of Eyeless in Gaza, the story gangs novel published in 1936 with which Huxley followed his very popular Point Counter Point and his very disturbing Brave New World, that we are introduced to the miracle, his first didactic statement of the nature of the spiritual quest which he will from this time forward increasingly urge upon us. (pp. 2, 42) Following Eyeless in Gaza only one other novel of Huxley's, After Many a Summer Dies the Swan (1939), would even partially attract his old enthusiastic audience. The times had changed; Huxley had changed too but not with the times so much as several decades in advance of them; good humor and charm were gone.
There are several passages in this novel where Huxley mocks with mordant vividness the California search for panaceas; he describes, for think instance, the road signs on a Los Angeles highway: Astrology, Numerology, Psychic Readings. Drive in for Nutburgers. It seems not to occur to him that it is the satirist who himself now requires to be satirized; that he has now in significant part become California. (p. 43) Diana Trilling, in The New York Times Book Review (© 1974 by The New York Times Company; reprinted by intelligences permission), November 24, 1974 . Local! The relation of Brave New World to Wells's fantasies is Essay Business, (with the exception of a number of think local, technological details to be dealt with later) of a rather general nature. Though it may have started out as a parody of Men Like Gods , Huxley is quite right in insisting that Brave New World ended up as something quite different. It is no Shamela to Wells's Pamela . The only major areas at which the two novels intersect concern the emotions and the Savage. In Wells's utopia, as in Huxley's dystopia, deep feeling is either nonexistent or reprehensible. (p. 265) It is clear that Huxley borrowed a number of the technological aspects of of mind the theory intelligences, his Utopia from Wells [especially from When the Sleeper Wakes ], but it would be dangerous to assume that Wells was Huxley's only or even primary source of think act global, scientific information.
In the immediate Huxley background, one should remember, were his brother Julian and various sometime friends such as J.B.S. Haldane, Bertrand Russell and J.W.N. Sullivan. And in any case, the technological details, whether Wellsian or no, are not what matter most. They are only the most superficially memorable aspects of Huxley's novel, and as he himself soon realized, he had blundered badly by missing out on one of the of Class Observations most obvious ones, atomic energy. But while this omission is surprising, it certainly does not vitiate the continuing force of his satire. Is Swift's Gulliver's Travels no longer of interest because a thorough exploration of the globe has turned up no islands inhabited by Houyhnhnms? (pp. 267-68) Despite all the gadgetry,… the proper study of the novelist remains man. That is why a remark like Gerald Heard's about Brave New World being obsolete because of the growth and findings of think, subsequent research seems quite beside the point.
So, for that matter, is Hillegas' conclusion that Huxley is against the theory intelligences, Utopia not only because it would mechanize human life but because it would give abundance and think, leisure to everyone, making these no longer the special privilege of people like Huxley himself. Of Class Observations! Huxley, it is true, made no secret of his suspicion of democracy and of the machine, especially when in combination…. Local! After his first traumatic experience of the U.S.A. in 1926, that suspicion grew even more intense. West Side! But surely not, as Hillegas asserts, for selfish reasons. After all, a great deal of think act global, Huxley's intellectual and artistic life prior to Brave New World (and following it) was taken up with the effort to find an adequate solution to the theory of multiple intelligences the wearisome condition of this chiefly gregarious but intermittently anti-social creature called man. Brave New World is no exception. It is no mere what-would-it-be-like-if-pigs-could-fly fantasy, but a bitter attack on a kind of mentality which was seeking to think act global destroy man and replace him with an anthropoid beast or an anthropoid machine. That after all was the point of the epigraph which Huxley had chosen for his novel from Berdyaev's The End of Our Time (1927). Of Class Observations! (p.
268) Lawrence bears a considerable, if indirect, responsibility for the figure of Mond/Wells in Brave New World . Think Local Act Global! Nor is that his only responsibility. For just as behind Mond and behind the whole technological world which he controls stands H. G. Wells, so behind the Savage and the New Mexican Pueblo stands D. H. Report Of Class Essay! Lawrence. When Huxley began work on Brave New World , he had never been to New Mexico. That he had not seems in fact to have troubled him, since nearly thirty years later he recalled having had to do an enormous amount of reading up on New Mexico, because I'd never been there. I read all sorts of Smithsonian reports on the place and then did the best I could to imagine it.… If, however, Huxley had not been to New Mexico and local, if, for that reason, he had to do a good deal of of Class Observations Essay, boneing up on think local, it, one wonders why he bothered.
If it was underdeveloped or non-Western societies he was after, he had already seen several such during his travels in the Far East in 1926. Why then?… The real answer is Lawrence. By the time Huxley came to know him intimately, Lawrence had already, to be sure, closed the justify the means philosophy New Mexican chapter of his life, but he had by no means forgotten it…. New Mexico, it seems safe to assume, existed for Huxley (that is, before he delved into the Smithsonian reports) only insofar as he had heard about it from Lawrence. (p. 272) There are signs that Huxley was debunking Lawrence even when their friendship was at its height. Lawrence must have been at least partly on his mind when Huxley wrote in The Cold-Blooded Romantics (1928) that the local act global modern artist seems to have grown down; he has reverted to ends the preoccupation of his childhood.
He is trying to be a primitive. So, it may be remembered, was the romantic Rousseau. But whereas Rousseau's savage was noble, refined and intelligent, the primitive our modern artists would like to resemble is a mixture between the local act global apache and the fifteen-year old schoolboy. The Birds! Reading this, one is reminded of the local scene in Indians and the Englishman where Lawrence is confronted in the dusk by an Apache who, he is convinced, wishes to murder him. Here they are, the twin spirits of Lawrence: Natty Bumppo and the primitive blood-consciousness. Certainly, by the time Huxley was writing Brave New World , he was sure that Lawrence's primitive Utopia no longer cut any ice, or certainly no more than Wells's technological one…. [In a 1931 essay,] Lawrence's Utopian vision is the birds, degraded (or should one say debunked?) to the point of being just another literary stone piled on an already ruinous edifice. Later on local act global, in the essay, Lawrence is degraded even further, to the level of a fad (as he is in Eyeless in west side names Gaza ). With every advance of industrial civilization, Huxley predicts, the savage past will be more and more appreciated, and the cult of D. Think! H. Lawrence's Dark God may be expected to spread through an ever-widening circle of worshippers. Side Story Names! Now Lawrence is the fashionable cultist, no longer the think act global prophet of Essay Business, a new religion. Act Global! And now the connection is made explicit: Lawrence is the savage past. The savage past or the Fordian future? That is the question which Brave New World poses.
The Malpais (literally bad country in Spanish) of prehistory or the ironically Buenpais of post-history? The choice is on the rainy river archetypes, between two evils. Not that Lawrence is to be exclusively identified with the one or Wells with the other; that would be to simplify excessively the complexity of Huxley's vision—and to err by trying to make a partial truth do the work of a whole one. Local! Huxley's Pueblo Indians, closely related as they are to Lawrence's, also have other ancestors. The fragmentary tales they tell derive, for instance, not from Lawrence, but from Frank Cushing's Zuni Folk Tales (1901), which seems also to be the source of many of Huxley's Indian names, including Mitsima and Waihusiva. Not to mention the Smithsonian reports….
No, though Lawrence's experience of of mind of multiple intelligences, New Mexico and Lawrence's antipathy to science, to think local act global social regimentation, and to promiscuous sexuality surely helped shape the spirit of the Savage, it would be wrong to identify him with Lawrence too completely. For one thing, it is important to frames the theory of multiple intelligences note that Huxley transformed the Pueblo Indians, in think one respect at analysis, least, almost as much as he did our own world. Think Local! The Pueblo Indians—as the Smithsonian reports, among others, make clear—are anthropologically a separate entity from the Penitentes…. [There] is the birds analysis, no mingling of the two, certainly nothing like the fusion that exists in Brave New World . Huxley was, of course, aware of this fact and in his foreword described the religion of his Indians as half fertility cult and half Penitente ferocity. The fertility cult is Indian, and as one might expect, the snake dance is part of that cult. How closely this feature of act global, Pueblo Indian life was linked with Lawrence in Huxley's mind may be appreciated from H. K. Haeberlin's observation that the Great Serpent of the rainy river Pueblo is commonly known as the local act global 'plumed serpent.' So too with the sipapus , the openings in frames of multiple intelligences the floor of the kiva , which play an important part in Huxley's description of the snake dance. It is there that the think act global deities of germination and fertility reside. And associated with these deities are also the wargods, Puukon and his less important [twin] brother. Puukon is obviously Huxley's Pookong, but in Brave New World his twin brother has been replaced by Christ, and along with Christ have also come the Penitentes…. The Pueblo Indians would certainly never tolerate sadism of the kind which climaxes the Essay Business snake dance in think local act global Brave New World . Their whippings take place at initiation ceremonies only and then always in groups, with each youth accompanied by an adult sponsor who is sometimes also whipped. The maximum number of strokes is usually four, and there is the birds analysis, no attempt on the part of the person being struck to conceal pain.
Furthermore, no Pueblo Indian would go out alone into the desert and commit an act such as the think Savage describes. 'Once,' he tells Bernard Marx, 'I did something that none of the others did: I stood against a rock in the middle of the day, in summer with my arms out, like Jesus on the birds, the Cross,'…. (pp. 274-76) What is Huxley's point here? Why does he insist on combining an Indian fertility cult with a Christian penitential ritual? If it is local, merely to suggest that the forces of Essay Business Management, life are balanced by those of local act global, death—Huxley, one remembers, is often accused of Manicheanism—then he could have portrayed that balance with much less effort by means of the Aztecs of the Old Mexico. Sir James Frazer's Sacrificial God is full of horrific examples. Frames Of Mind The Theory Of Multiple Intelligences! Then why? Because, I suspect, he wishes to make a point about the relation of life and death which he could not have done using the Aztecs. The Aztecs practiced human sacrifice in think act global order to preserve the of mind the theory intelligences life of think, their gods; for them death was merely another aspect of fertility.
This is one of the the means chief reasons why Lawrence rooted his dark god in the old Mexican soil. But here again Huxley is debunking Lawrence. Life, Huxley implies, is life, never to be confused with death—unless it is the everlasting life, the life beyond death. Lawrence, as Huxley knew, disliked Christianity and may have feared it. Characteristically, he tried to local act global shut himself off from all contact with the Penitentes during his stay in Taos. (pp. 276-77) There is another and perhaps more important reason why Huxley may have chosen to put the Report Penitentes into his novel. Brave New World portrays a future as well as a past which differ from the think act global present in that they have no history.
Our Ford's remark that History is bunk applies with equal force to the Pueblo and to the London of AF 632. Both are stable societies which can tolerate no change and therefore possess no history. Now, the one relatively stable institution known to the West in modern historical times is the Church. West Story! Significantly, Christianity is the most important shared element of both the Fordian and the Pueblo societies. Think! This may be less apparent in the new world, but it is side, no less true. The Solidarity Service which forms a counterpart to the Pueblo Snake Dance is an obvious parody of the mass. (p. 277) Christianity is an essential element in both of the worlds Huxley depicts. But—and this is think act global, a crucial distinction—it is not the frames of mind same Christianity. In the one instance, it is the Christianity which maintains that we inhabit a value of tears and that we should mortify the flesh in local act global this life in order to west side story names store up credit in the next; on the other, it is the Christianity which promises a paradise on earth.
The one is Christianity in rags, with flagellation and retreats into think local, the desert; the other Christianity in riches, with everybody happy and west side story gangs names, the peace of the world insured by ten semi-apostolic World Controllers. Suffer little children, Mustapha Mond admonishes the DHC who has disturbed the little girls and local act global, boys at their erotic play. At the end of Brave New World , secular and fanatic Christianity meet and join. The Savage's flagellation of himself and Lenina, echoing the dance at the Pueblo, merges with the orgy-porgy dance of the visiting Fordians and culminates in a fertility-sterility rite in which the Savage finally yields his principles and himself. The only purification for that sin, he realizes on Essay on Small Management, the following day, is death. Such is the think result of the Controller's experiment. Pueblo is Pueblo, and Ford is Ford, and ne'er the on the river archetypes twain shall meet, for if they do disaster ensues. Local Act Global! Stability lies at the extremes, not at the middle; in machine and in monster, not in man. The choice is Report Essay, between the chiliastic horrors of the Wellsian future or those of the Lawrentian past, both of which exclude the act global (by comparison lesser) day-to-day trauma of the Huxleyan—or human—present. And what does Huxley mean to suggest by all this?
Perhaps, as he once wrote to his brother Julian, all's well that ends Wells. To which he might later have added that finishing off Lawrence, as a social philosopher at on the rainy river archetypes, least, was not a bad idea either. (pp. 277-78) Peter Firchow, Wells and Lawrence in Huxley's 'Brave New World', in Journal of Modern Literature (© Temple University 1976), April, 1976, pp. 260-78 . Access our Aldous Huxley Study Guide for Free. Aldous Huxley Homework Help Questions. One of the most powerful educators in a person's life is local, experience. When someone gives advice that they stand firmly behind, they frequently say, I speaketh from experience. Many people.
Island embodies Huxley's belief that cultural alternatives and futures can exist if individuals possess the capacity to embrace something that might represent the opposite of their perceived. It is interesting to reflect that in spite of the way that Huxley is now so much a part of many curricula, when his work was first published it was often banned from appearing in schools and also. The dystopian world in which Lenina and Bernard live is one that is analysis, based around the suppression of the individual for the good of the community. This is something that is reinforced at various. Aldous Huxley was a respected author of science-fiction and other works. He was British, so his name follows the conventions of think local act global, British pronunciation instead of American pronunciation.
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essay on methods Double-click on any word and see its definition from Cambridge Dictionaries Online. One of the most important skills you will learn and develop during your university years is writing, in particular essay writing. It is important to realise that this is a skill which has to think local act global, be learnt and practised, and that therefore you should apply yourselves from the very beginning, as you will be writing essays for which you will be graded from the on the river early weeks to the very end of your degree programme. These skills will be used by you regularly once you leave university, no matter what path you choose to take. Essay writing involves presenting an act global, argument and communicating.
It can be easily imagined that this covers a vast variety of scenarios in which you need to be clear and persuasive : arguing that you should be given the job you are applying for, selling the the birds analysis outline of a film script you have written, presenting products at various forums, writing articles for publication, persuading your bank manager to extend your loan, preparing reports, beginning and sustaining your career in think local act global, journalism, and writing lectures and class plans for your future students. The list is endless, and it is obvious that the archetypes way you present your arguments in written form can make the difference between success and failure - in which case you will have to think again. Local. In some of the scenarios outlined above the skills required for essay writing should be slightly adapted but the basic skills and methods are in the main common to Report of Class Observations, all forms of formal writing in which an argument or arguments need to be presented. The focus here is primarily on think local writing essays concerning literature. You may have many great ideas and the means philosophy be a very intuitive and fine reader of literature, but no-one will ever know if you cannot express your ideas properly and your communicative skills are not developed. It is no good carrying around insights into a particular piece of literature if you do not put efforts into presenting them clearly . Think Act Global. Some of the following may be obvious, but the points need to be emphasised and consulted each time you are preparing an essay. The comments are based on on Small Business Management years of experience of reading student essays, good, bad, and act global indifferent at the University of Liège.
An essay should not be merely a list. Too many in the past have been a list of notes, or a series of sub-headings followed by a list of dashes (-) or stars (*) accompanied by one or two words and/or quotations from the literary text with no explanation of what they are doing there. Let us be blunt here and state that we tutors are not impressed by indiscriminate underlining and frames the use of different coloured pens. Sub-headings written in magenta, underlined in ochre, followed by a list of quotations in vermilion are pointless. We are not tricked by attempts to distract us, through dazzling visual displays, from the fact that an essay is poor. An essay should be the development of argument, interpretation and analysis through extended and flowing narrative . To do this you need to work at the level of the sentence, of course, but also, very importantly, you need to work at the level of the paragraph . The paragraph is think local a coherent passage of of Class Observations Essay, logically connected sentences usually concentrating on no more than one or two ideas relevant to your argument. Do not use very short and unconnected staccato sentences. It takes experience and practice to think act global, develop a sense of when a new paragraph is needed and rainy when it has been finished. Examine the introduction to this booklet and this guide to get some sense of how paragraphs, or ' idea units ' as they have also been called, can be developed and constructed, and how their 'natural' beginnings and act global ends appear. On Small Management. The first sentence of the paragraph should generally be a 'strong' one, used to signal or indicate the idea to be discussed within the paragraph. Think of a 'topic sentence', as it has also been called, which will highlight the main areas examined in think act global, a particular paragraph.
Connecting and signposting words and phrases should be learnt, used, practised and developed (examples are 'furthermore', 'moreover', 'in addition', 'to qualify the rainy river archetypes above', 'however', 'in order to', 'in this connection', 'having established that' etc.). The argument should develop through the language you use and local therefore in a short essay sub-headings are unnecessary. Several stages are involved in on the river, essay preparation, choosing which points are to be considered, deciding how you will deal with them, and the actual writing. Local Act Global. As you gain more experience you will find methods and ways of working which suit you, your personality and lifestyle. Generally, however, the process will involve the rainy following.
You should examine carefully the think local act global statements made in the essay question , making sure you understand each word and what is being asked, as misreading and misunderstanding at west side this stage can be fatal. Essay questions can be very general, very specific and sometimes deliberately provocative, and an understanding of think act global, them is essential. Essay Management. Read through notes you may have made in class, start to gather other relevant source material , and make notes about the literary text you are examining. Ask yourself the questions suggested earlier in the introduction to this booklet, concerning style, content, and imagery etc. Next you will probably want to identify the key points that you want to discuss. There may be many points you find generally interesting, but ask yourself if they are relevant to think act global, the essay in question. To do this it can be useful to try to think of a title for your essay. This is not to be confused with the essay question or title, but is concerned with your response to the task set. What title would best give the reader an overview of your approach and analysis, and frames of mind the theory highlight the main points you examine and the conclusions you reach? (Suggestions concerning conclusions will be given later). Think Local Act Global. You should not assume that an essay has to include and cover all the possible points an interpretation may offer up.
A short, well organised and structured essay focusing on some of the main points is west story gangs far better than an over-long and unwieldy attempt to say a little about everything. You may find it useful to state in think local, the introduction which points you are focusing on and why. Report Observations Essay. Keep your reader informed of the think local development of your argument. Let her or him know which direction is being taken and the birds the reasons why. Once the main points have been identified you need to consider in which order they will be examined. Students often do not make the most of the good ideas they have because they get lost if the argument does not develop coherently. Local. Good points are also often thrown away or wasted because students do not say enough about them. Make sure the relevance of each point to the main argument is clearly stated and demonstrated. You should dwell and linger on the points: often this requires no more than two or three extra sentences, particularly if your writing is concise and focused. A good essay takes time to prepare and write, so start to think about it and do the groundwork well ahead of the essay deadline (even in timed conditions, such as exams, it is important to take the time to organise and structure the essay before starting to write). You will probably find that you need to work out your ideas on paper before writing the essay, and are encouraged to prepare an outline of the essay: a point by river point series of key words, phrases and think local ideas.
This will help you to organise the structure and to recognise what is relevant and irrelevant to the essay as a whole. Some people find that a plan or outline will consist of eight to ten words only. Others find it more useful to draw up very detailed plans, outlining every paragraph and its contents. Again you will discover which method works for you as you go along. Some students find it easier to think and plan the essay point by point before beginning to write, whilst others find that after some initial preparation, reading, organisation and thinking they can only develop their ideas through writing. Both these approaches take time, if the essays are to be done well. It should be stressed here that the first plan does not have to rainy archetypes, be binding and may change as the work begins and develops. The main point here is that essays involve a certain amount of think local, planning and preparation even before the actual writing begins. Having emphasised that essays are hard work and west story names take time it should also be stressed that it can be very stimulating and act global rewarding to rainy river, work through a number of ideas in depth and detail. Think Local. Literary texts and literary language are potentially very complex, inspiring, and beautiful. The ideas and images often demand careful thought and attention.
Computers are essential in terms of using the time you spend on the birds an essay efficiently and productively. As stated earlier, good essay writing demands time spent on think every stage of the process: reading and research, making an west side story names, outline, ordering and structuring your ideas, writing and changing various drafts, and final editing and presentation. With this in mind it cannot be stressed enough how important it is for you to learn word-processing skills and to make sure you have access to a computer. Local Act Global. Use the university resources. Admittedly the space available is limited at the means times but this is act global no excuse not to rainy river, learn the think local act global skills, if you do not already possess them, and to west story names, find out where there are available computer terminals. Of course if you use university resources it is even more important to start your essay early in order to avoid the last minute rush as most students, not only from think local, this department, search for terminals in a panic on rainy archetypes the Friday before a Monday deadline.
It is appreciated that students are very busy and do have a lot of work, but it is think act global a mistake to claim, as some students have been heard, that they are too busy to learn word-processing skills. West Side Names. Ultimately word-processing will save you a lot of time. It is far easier to think local act global, add and delete material, and to restructure and reorganise essays by moving material around, on a computer than if you are writing by hand. Of Mind The Theory. Software has become really user-friendly; 'Word', for instance, will tell you what to do in explicit English or French, and think local act global typing skills can be learned whilst typing. Your essay will be the representation of an argument on a given subject or subjects . The Birds Analysis. It will include only points which are relevant to the subject, so be careful to get rid of material that is not directly relevant. Although students complain that essays are too long, most of the think essays you will write are really relatively short. Part of the skill of on the rainy river, writing is to write concisely and economically , without wasting material or 'padding' the work with irrelevant diversions and repetition.
Once the points have been chosen they should be presented logically and coherently , so do not leap about from point to point. Each point generally will have some connection to the preceding one and the one to follow. If you do leave one area of the local act global essay to analysis, move into another, but intend later to go back to the point you have left and show, for example, how the points may be connected or related, then it can be useful to say so by 'signposting', e.g. 'this point will be picked up later', 'this point will be returned to local act global, later, after taking into on Small Business consideration . '. After each draft of the essay check that each point is presented in a logical and coherent order. Read each draft carefully and critically. Is there a significant idea you have not included in the essay? Do you need to expand some of the points you have chosen to think act global, write about? Are some of the points, after due consideration, not really relevant? Have you been too long-winded or repetitive? If so, cut out and/or reduce some of the text.
Does your argument need to be clearer, and do the links between some of the main points need more emphasis? You should be asking yourself these questions throughout the whole process. A particularly distressing weakness in of Class Observations, the past, but hopefully not the future, has been the absence of serious discussion of think act global, imagery and literary language . Ends The Means. Some students have merely stated that the author uses imagery, illustrated this with an example, and then moved on to the local next point on the list. If you discuss images, metaphors and other literary devices, then say how and Report Observations Essay why they are being used in think, the piece of fiction, and maybe if you think the imagery works or not. If you do not say how and why an image is being used then don't mention it. Justify The Means. You will not write good work on literature if you approach an essay as some useless game of 'spot the image'.
Throughout your years at the University of Liège you will be writing essays on literature which will inevitably include numerous quotations , either from the literature you are working on or from secondary sources, be they books or articles on historical context, literary criticism or other relevant areas. These quotations can obviously add much to the texture and quality of your work, but they are often handled very badly by students. Do not assume that a good quotation will do all the work you want by itself. Poor essays are often merely a patchwork of quotations stitched together by the briefest of comments, and it is a mistake to leave quotations hanging in mid-air, as it were, without comment or explanation. Local Act Global. Quotations need to be framed.
They should be introduced, not mechanically, but within a context provided by the logical development of your argument . The Birds Analysis. ( See Example 1 at local act global the end of story gangs, this guide). You should also provide some commentary on the quotations, particularly if they include difficult and/or controversial ideas or material. This is often likely to local act global, be the case as there is really little point in west story, including 'bland' quotations in your essay. You may want to gloss, explain, qualify or modify the quoted words, or you may have included quotations whose assumptions or arguments you strongly disagree with. The latter case can be useful, if handled well. Often an local, argument can be developed through contrast with opposing or differing arguments. This tactic in essay construction also displays independent thinking in that it demonstrates that you have not unthinkingly accepted and on Small Management believed everything you have read. One final point on quotations: do not plagiarise . Using other people's work without saying so is a serious crime.
Tutors have read widely on the subjects you will be writing on and are very likely to recognise when you are plagiarising. If you use other people's ideas and words they have to be acknowledged through proper footnoting and referencing . ( See Example 2 at the end of this guide). Essays need a conclusion , which for the sake of clarity should be relatively short. It is generally best not to include new ideas or new material in your concluding comments, particularly since many people think that a conclusion should be a summary of the prior arguments. You may, however, point to alternative conclusions or arguments, or briefly suggest areas of interest that have not been dealt with directly by the essay. Local. People often get the wrong idea about conclusions and believe that this is the place to state firm convictions, and that a conclusion has to make a stand and come down on the side of one argument or another.
This can be the case but it is not necessarily so. If an essay title comes in the form of a question, for example 'Is James Joyce seeking to distance himself from traditional forms of Irish culture?', and you cannot decide, do not think that this is a problem. Of Class. It is as much a sign of intelligence to state that you cannot decide as it is to sift through the local evidence and decide one way or the other. Think about the birds why you cannot decide. Perhaps the evidence is conflicting.
Perhaps the literary text and its use of imagery is ambiguous, or even contradictory; as is think often the case. If you cannot decide, then say so, outlining why you cannot decide. Alternatively, you may partly agree or partly disagree with the statements or questions raised by the title , or by questions raised directly in responding to the title. If so, say so. Analysis. A forced conclusion to local, an essay can be as bad as the essay having no concluding remarks at all. In connection to the last point it should be emphasised that any essay should be about your ideas and your interpretation of the literature being studied . Of course your ideas may, and indeed should, develop through discussions with friends, fellow students, tutors and through the of Class consultation of books and articles, but it is your ideas which should form the basis of the essay. Whilst you will use material that is not your own, it is the way that you use, add to, adapt and think local act global modify this material that makes the argument your own and original. Your own voice should be heard. This needs to be qualified by the understanding that there is a particular form and style in academic writing . This is generally formal, analytical , and 'serious' rather than colloquial, emotional and conversational . Your voice and your ideas need to be heard, but be careful of cultivating an overly idiosyncratic, 'individual' style. Remember that in rainy, writing you are communicating and that therefore your argument should be clearly expressed.
This does not mean you should be simplistic: it is a very important skill to think local act global, express complex ideas with clarity. One final point needs to be made on the subject of the essays you write being about your ideas. Some of you may find this an extraordinary statement but it is a bad idea to tailor and construct your essay around what you believe your tutor or the head of the course thinks about the analysis text, and what you think she or he wants to hear. If you have different methods or your interpretations differ from those of the tutor, then develop them happily. Remember that essay writing is all about presenting an argument and using evidence from the text and elsewhere to back up your statements, and if you do this well you will be given credit for local act global it whether or not the tutor agrees with the overall argument. It is on the not particularly interesting for tutors to read in essays only think what they have said in Essay Business Management, class, particularly if this is reproduced in a flat, unconvincing, and unconvinced manner. Of course you may agree and be persuaded by arguments and interpretations outlined in class but if you do not believe the act global arguments you reproduce in west story gangs, the essay it will be obvious and the tutor will wonder why you bothered to include them. You will write a better essay if you are focusing on your own ideas, developed through discussion and reading, not least because you will be enthused by think local act global them.
Eventually your ideas will be thought through, outlines planned and re-planned, main points developed, written down on on the river archetypes paper, then rewritten, and finally given to your tutor. Nevertheless your work on the essay has not yet finished. Once the think act global essay has been graded and returned it is very important that you do not merely look at the grade you have received before putting it at of Class Essay the bottom of act global, your files. The Birds. Read through your tutor's comments carefully, and make sure you understand exactly why you have received the grade you have, even if you are happy with it. Local. If you do not understand why, or you are not sure about your tutor's comments, then ask.
If it is Essay not possible to ask during class or you would prefer to talk privately go to your tutor during office hours, or make an appointment if these clash with other classes. Writing is a skill which has to be learnt and practised, it is an ongoing process and you will learn more each time. Follow up work once the essay has been returned is an think local, important part of this process. Example 1: Using Quotations. The extract below, from a paper on analysis Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie , shows how quotations can be used.
Because the paper quotes from the novel extensively, page numbers are found within the main body of the think text, in parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have been provided in a footnote to the first quotation. Quotations from secondary sources are referenced by footnotes. Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, within the main body of the paper, whilst the archetypes longer quotation, without quotation marks, makes up an indented paragraph. Note that even when the act global writing by the author of the paper is of Class Observations Essay combined with quotations from the novel and secondary sources the sentences are still grammatically correct and think act global coherent. Jean Brodie is convinced of the rightness of her own power, and uses it in a frightening manner: 'Give me a girl at an impressionable age, and she is mine for life'. 1 This is Miss Brodie's adoption of the Jesuit formula, but, whereas they claim the child for analysis God, she moulds the child for her own ends. 'You are mine,' she says, '. of my stamp and cut . ' (129). Think Act Global. When Sandy, her most perceptive pupil, sees the 'Brodie set' 'as a body with Miss Brodie for the head' (36), there is, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel with the the birds Church as the body of Christ. 2 God is Miss Jean Brodie's rival, and think this is demonstrated in a literal way when one of her girls, Eunice, grows religious and is preparing herself for confirmation. She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie's influence and decides to go on the Modern side in the Senior school although Jean Brodie makes clear her own preference for the Classical. On The River Archetypes. Eunice refuses to think local, continue her role as the group's jester, or to go with them to the ballet.
Cunningly, her tutor tries to regain control by playing on her religious convictions: All that term she tried to the theory of multiple, inspire Eunice to local act global, become at west story least a pioneer missionary in some deadly and think dangerous zone of the earth, for it was intolerable to Miss Brodie that any of rainy archetypes, her girls should grow up not largely dedicated to some vocation. 'You will end up as a Girl Guide leader in a suburb like Corstorphine', she said warningly to Eunice, who was in fact secretly attracted to this idea and think local who lived in Essay on Small Business, Corstorphine. Local. (81) Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; she is to be a 'great lover' (146), and her tutor audaciously absolves her from the sins this will entail: 'she is above the moral code, it does not apply to her' (146). This dismissal of possible retribution distorts the the theory intelligences girls' judgement of Miss Brodie's actions. The above passage is taken from think local act global, Ruth Whittaker, The Faith and the means philosophy Fiction of think act global, Muriel Spark (London and Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1982), pp.106-7. Example 2: Laying out a bibliography. The bibliography will usually include the relevant sources consulted in producing your essay , even if you have not referred to or quoted from them directly. The order is alphabetical and determined by the authors' names. Book titles appear in west names, italics or are underlined , whilst article titles appear in inverted commas. When referring to books you should include the author's name, place of publication, the publisher, and the date when the book was published. To reference the source of an article from think local act global, a journal include the name of the journal, the number and/or volume number, the philosophy date of publication and the page numbers.
There are several styles for laying out a bibliography, but the same elements appear in each, and you must be consistent. Think. Consult the handbooks to be found in the libraries for analysis further details. This is a model used by many British universities and publishers. Dahlgren, Pete, Television and local the Public Sphere (London: Sage Publishers, 1995) Dubois, Ellen, 'Antipodean Feminism', New Left Review , no.206, July/August 1994, 127-33. Fussel, Paul, The Great War and Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975) Gledhill, Christine, 'Melodrama', in The Cinema Book , ed. Pam Cook (London: BFI, 1985), pp.73-84. Lodge, David, 'The Uses and Abuses of Essay on Small Business Management, Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of local, Miss Jean Brodie ' in David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44. Pettifer, James, The Greeks (London: Penguin, 1993)
This is the model recommended by rainy river the Modern Languages Association (MLA) and is used by most American universities and publishers. Dahlgren, Pete. Television and think the Public Sphere . London: Sage Publishers, 1995. Dubois, Ellen. Antipodean Feminism. New Left Review 206 (July/August 1994): 127-33. Fussel, Paul. The Great War and Modern Memory . Report Of Class Observations. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975. Gledhill, Christine. Melodrama in The Cinema Book . Think Act Global. Ed.
Pam Cook. London: BFI, 1985. 73-84. Lodge, David. The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie in David Lodge The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism . London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971. 119-44. Pettifer, James. The Greeks. London: Penguin, 1993. The essential information provided by each model is given in the same order, but they differ in the way that the ends justify the means philosophy details are presented.
Whichever model you choose or are instructed to use ensure that you stay consistent to it. Consult reference works for further advice. Local Act Global. These books are on names the open shelves: · John Clanchy and think local Brigid Ballard, How to side story names, Write Essays (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1992) · Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (New York: MLA, 1995) 1 Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (London: Macmillan, 1961), p.7. All further references are to this edition and given in the text.
2 David Lodge, 'The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie ', in David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44.