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argue topic essay You’ve spent quite a bit of time in your English classes writing argumentative essays, and you’ve even gotten pretty good at writing on the topics your instructor assigns. But when it comes to choosing your own argumentative essay topics, you draw a blank. It’s not that there aren’t any good topics to choose from, but you start over-thinking it, wondering if each topic is too cliche, overdone, or just not good enough. Chances are, all you need to do is concentration relax and find a topic you’re passionate about and, of course, one that is debatable. Why Pick Debatable Argumentative Essay Topics? Photo by David Hume Kennedy via Gerald R. Ford Library. The name of the essay says it all– argumentative . It would be a lot easier to write an monetary policy is thought to be: essay on something that people generally agree on, but that’s not really the graph, point of an argumentative essay.

It’s important to choose debatable argumentative essay topics because you need opposing points that you can counter with your own points. The world isn’t black and hut customer uk, white–there are a lot of gray areas, which is good because that means there are a lot of topics you can choose from. I have listed 50 argumentative essay topics below, phrased as questions, to help get you started. Enzyme? I’ve separated the Elk Grove Unified versus Newdow Essay, topics into five categories–legal, moral, social, media and family–and included a helpful link for graph, each topic. Feel free to use the topics for your own essay, or as inspiration to create your own original topic. 10 Legal Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics about legal matters are a popular choice. These types of apa cite free, topics can include laws that you would want to create, change or completely abolish. They can also discuss certain benefits or negative aspects of existing laws. You don’t have to get super technical with legal argumentative essays, but be sure to do your research on what the current laws about your chosen topic actually say. After all, you don’t want to suggest a changing a law that’s already been changed in the way you want.

Should cigarettes and other tobacco products be outlawed? Should prostitution be legal? Do the benefits of medical marijuana justify its legality? Is the drinking age appropriate (should it be lower, higher, or stay the same)? Should nuclear weapons be outlawed worldwide? Should the United States put more restrictions on gun ownership and use? At what age should girls have access to birth control without the consent of enzyme concentration graph, their parents? Does outlawing controlled substances only create a larger black market?

Should corporations be granted personhood? In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to aesthetic examples an abortion? 10 Moral Argumentative Essay Topics. Moral argumentative essay topics are some of the easiest to get carried away with. They can cover a variety of moral dilemmas, from enzyme graph, animal testing to the death penalty. These topics tend to be very debatable because everyone has different opinions–and justifications for those opinions–on what they think is right or wrong. If you’re talking about human or animal rights, and it’s something you’re very passionate about, it’s tempting to let your emotions take over. While it’s good to be passionate in service, an argumentative essay, remember to keep your thoughts focused and organized. It’s definitely worth your time to create an outline so you don’t stray off topic. Photo by John Snape via flickr.

Is animal testing necessary? Should consumers buy items from countries that endorse child labor? Do patients have a right to die via physician-assisted suicide? Should children’s beauty pageants be banned? Are nude photographs appropriate in museums that are open to the public? Should schools and businesses give more incentives for people to do volunteer work? Are atheists less moral than theists?

Does freedom of speech give people the right to concentration graph use hate speech? Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the death penalty? Do pre-employment drug tests infringe on personal privacy rights? 10 Social Argumentative Essay Topics. Social argumentative essay topics tend to overlap with legal and moral topics, but deal more about how individuals act within society and what kinds of apa cite free, pressures society puts on individuals or groups of people. This is a pretty broad category, so there are a lot of topics to choose from and even more that you could create on concentration graph your own. If you get stuck on standard of neutralisation which topic to enzyme graph write about, consider something that personally affects you or someone close to you. This should make writing about that topic come more naturally. Just be sure to rely on facts and not on personal anecdotes, which are more appropriate to the narrative essay realm. Is there too much pressure on teenagers to go to college?

At what age should citizens be allowed to vote in the United States? Should more rights be given to generator free immigrants? Can heterosexual men and women truly be friends with no hopes or expectations of anything more? In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Should the United States make English the official national language? Should women wear less revealing clothing in order to enzyme concentration graph curb men’s catcalling?

Do prisoners deserve the right to prisoners rights vote? Should there be a legal curfew for minors? Can online dating replace meeting a person in real life? 10 Advertising and enzyme concentration, Media Argumentative Essay Topics. Advertising and aesthetic examples, the media have become nearly inseparable from society as a whole. Essays written on these topics can include how media (television, news, movies, magazines, social media, etc.) affects society, and what should be allowed to be seen or heard through media and enzyme graph, advertisements. Inspiration to aesthetic examples create your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn’t hard to find. Just turn on a television and don’t change the channel when the commercials come on. Pay close attention to all things electronic, and enzyme concentration, you’ll be sure to find something debatable about what you see. Elk Grove Unified School Versus Newdow? Photo by Rod Allday via Wikimedia Commons.

Should sex be allowed to enzyme concentration graph be portrayed on standard enthalpy prime time television? Where should networks draw the graph, line for violence on Unified District versus television? Should news shows talk about enzyme concentration graph, celebrities? Do journalists have a duty to eliminate as much bias as possible? Is it acceptable for companies to advertise in schools? In what situations should advertisements for alcohol and tobacco products be allowed? Should warnings and side effects be made more clear in advertisements?

Is print advertising obsolete? Do TV shows and movies have the monetary policy to be:, responsibility of being more diverse? Are public service announcements effective? 10 Family Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics covering family life and values are abundant. That’s because every family is different. Enzyme Graph? Rules in families vary on a case-by-case basis, contrary to pizza hut customer uk laws that govern a state or nation. Because each family is different, it’s hard to generalize in these types of essays. However, if you look into enzyme research on child development and psychology, marital psychology, and personal stories from parents and their children, you can get enough information to make an argument for any of the topics below (or for a topic of your own).

Photo by Eric Ward via Wikimedia Commons. Final Thoughts on Choosing Argumentative Essay Topics. As you can see, there are a lot of debatable argumentative essay topics you can choose from pizza hut customer service, (way more than are on this list). For more ideas, read 20 Persuasive Essay Topics to Help You Get Started. Once you’re ready to come up with a thesis, check out enzyme graph, these Argumentative Thesis Statement Examples. When you are picking your topic, keep in mind that it’s much easier to enthalpy of neutralisation write about something that you already have interest in–even if you don’t know a whole lot about enzyme graph, it. Researching the prisoners rights, topic will allow you to enzyme graph learn more about what fascinates you, and if you pick something you actually like , writing the essay will be more enjoyable. If you’ve wrapped up your argument, but you think there may be a few holes in your logic, send your essay over to the Kibin editors.

They’ll help give you the winning edge in whatever you’re debating. Is Thought? Psst. 98% of enzyme concentration, Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and Elk Grove Unified District Essay, education. You can find her on Google+.

Thank you for graph, these! I appreciate that you divided the topics into type! Awesome! Glad you found what you were looking for. #128578; Hello Naomi, what will be a good Hook for Argumentative essay about enthalpy, anti immigrants. I want prove them wrong and enzyme, show them posative side from immigrants, thanks for the help. Hi AbdulI#8217;m not sure *who you#8217;re proving wrong?

However, if you are writing a pro-immigrant essay, I would suggest starting with an emotional hook. A hook that makes the prisoners, story of immigration a HUMAN story is a compelling story. Graph? Thank you for the help and the quick feedback! Please give me an example. Is the hook on the title or on the body? Thanks. The hook is the uk, first sentence of your intro paragraph. Hey, I have an enzyme arguementative assay due and I have NOOO idea what to do it on can u help?

Btw I#8217;m 14 so it needs to be school appropriate.? Hiya so I think the important thing would be to choose a topic that you are actually interested in. At 14, and sorry if I#8217;m stereotyping you due to your age, perhaps a good argument would be to discuss the examples, effects of enzyme, video games on young people. Pizza Hut Customer? Here is a great resource to help you: I looked @ the ideas but I#8217;m still not sure. What would be a good resource for supporting the opinion that physician-assisted suicide is morally wrong?

I#8217;m having a hard time choosing a new topic for my argumentative essay. I was writing on how smoking should be outlawed but my professor told me she couldn#8217;t help me on enzyme this and it was a hard topic to aesthetic argue about. Can you please help. It sounds like your teacher wants you to get more specific than that topic (which, to be fair, is graph pretty broad). Service Uk? A more specific version might be: In what case(s) could it be considered fair for graph, a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes?

Or you could argue that more cities should enact smoking bans which disallow smoking in our near public places (look at laws in Elk Grove Unified, California and concentration graph, Colorado for example). I need to write an argumentative research paper about 3000 words. Do you have any suggestions for a topic that I can find so much things to write about? I hope that one of the 50 above topics will get you thinking about what you want to write about. My biggest piece of advice is definitely choose a topic that you care about, otherwise you are really going to struggle getting 3000 words down. Examples? Think about the topics that get you fired up during your regular day-to-day lifemaybe you can turn one of concentration graph, those topics into an argument. Speaking of 3k words, here#8217;s a good post on making an essay longer (without adding useless fluff): I#8217;m sorry to policy is thought to be: hear that. Maybe you#8217;ll find this post to be helpful in your quest for enzyme graph, the perfect topic: Same I have to do that. Policy? I need to write 3 essays and concentration graph, I 5 days to do it need HELP and I#8217;m 15.

Hi Dysoneep that#8217;s a lot of essays in a short amount of time. Monetary Is Thought? You#8217;re going to want to stay organized. Check out this post with 7 different outline templates that you could use: Thank you for that it really helps me. You#8217;re welcome. Thanks for reading! Hi, I was hoping to graph get some advice on hut customer uk an argumentative essay. My argument is broad and about Self-harm and concentration, Suicide, how can I find a specific direction to pizza hut customer service uk follow it I only have 2 days to write a 6 page essay. Do you have any tips or advice to enzyme graph help me specify my topic or where to rights even start?

Can you please help? Hi i need to write 7-10 page argumentive essay and graph, i don#8217;t have any idea can you help me what is it good to write about? contact me.I do help students write their essay. School? I will appreciate. Graph? sweet! Thanks for the comment. Hi there. Apa Cite Free? My name is Lisa.

Do you need any help with your homework? I am available for help and I will be glad to concentration graph help. Contact me for non-plagiarized, well formatted researched work, and hut customer service uk, always on enzyme concentration time. Thank you in advance. I have to right a research essay that will end up over apa cite free, the course be a 7 to 8 page essay and I can not think of a topic it has to be arguable#8230;. Have any idea what topic would be good? The 50 topics in this post should lead you to enzyme concentration something good.

The trick is to generator free choose a topic that you are interested in so that you have a chance to possibly even *enjoy the process of researching and writing. Remember, an arguable topic means that you could conceivably argue both sides (or more than one side). This post covers writing an argumentative thesis statement and enzyme concentration graph, also has more topic ideas: This is service uk literally the same thing i#8217;m going thru for concentration, english 202. It has to apa cite free end up being 7 to 8 pages and it has to be a argumentative research essay. Year 10 800 words essays and these wont make enough. Don#8217;t despair. Enzyme Concentration? You can do it. Prisoners? #128578; Hi Naomi.

I am looking for help in formulating a thesis (a good argument) for a 3000 word research paper on the following #8221; Discuss the social and cognitive consequences on bilingualism and multilingualism#8221; . Concentration Graph? Any assistance rendered would be greatly appreciated. Thank you #128578; A basic framework for your thesis statement will outline the points that you want to defend throughout your paper. Pizza Hut Customer Service Uk? It may look something like this: The social and cognitive consequences of bilingualism and multilingualism include CONSEQUENCE 1, CONSEQUENCE 2, and CONSEQUENCE 3. Or maybe you want to enzyme concentration graph take it a step further and argue that biilingual is socially and cognitively BENEFICIAL, so your framework would be: The social and cognitive benefits of bilingualism and enthalpy, multilingualism are many and include BENEFIT 1, BENEFIT 2, and graph, BENEFIT 3. Your first research goal would be to uncover the Elk Grove School District versus Newdow Essay, consequences (or benefits) that you can defend with evidence , perhaps you want to discuss research related to multilingualism and aging and enzyme concentration graph, how it 1) prevents cognitive decline 2) staves off Alzheimers and 3) something else you can find perhaps more social than cognitive here. Examples? Once you have the points you want to defend in place, you can refine your thesis statement so that it is has a more organic structure than the list framework I provided.

Thank you so much ! Of course! Thanks for reading. Concentration Graph? #128578; Hi Naomi. Elk Grove School District Versus Essay? I have started writing the paper. However, I am having difficulties with the organization of my paper. Is it possible that you can proof read what I have so far and enzyme concentration graph, give me tips on how to properly organize the essay? It would be greatly appreciated. It#8217;s fantastic that you understand the value of Elk Grove Unified District, having someone proofread your essay. While I can#8217;t do this for you (not enough time in my schedule), you have come to the right place. Our editors are available 24/7 to enzyme graph check your essay for organization, clarity, grammar and examples, more. Graph? You can learn more about service uk, that service here: I have to do 700-900 word essays a week and I loose my nerve a lot. but trust me, it can be worse#8230; Good luck on concentration your writing though!I#8217;m sure you need it more than me#8230; i have to do a 10-15 page essay single spaced.

Pinterest tells me that if you want an essay to aesthetic examples seem longer, highlight all the periods, and change the font size from 12 to concentration graph 14. I can promise you that most professors are on to this trick! If you go into an essay well-prepared, you should be able to hit your word count without resorting to tricks like this, which are often more time-consuming than doing a little extra writing in the first place #128578; I am writing an prisoners rights 1800 minimum word essay and for graph, some topics there will be enough you just have to School versus Essay be well prepared. So true! If you#8217;re armed with plenty of sources and make a solid outline to plan your paper, it#8217;s much easier to graph reach your target word count #128578; Here are the basic steps you need to enthalpy take to execute an argumentative essay: 1) pick your topicthis post is a good place to start. 2) do your research

3) formulate a thesis statement 4) write an outline 5) draft your paper 6) edit your paper 7) turn it in and celebrate your accomplishment! three claims right. Enzyme Concentration? Yes, three claims is a nice round number (in some cases you could do more or less, depending on the specific requirements and length of your paper). Prisoners Rights? Hey, i Have to submit a 2000 word argumentative essay by tomorrow afternoon on inspiration vs infringement and so far I#8217;ve written only 200. Could you please tell me what all points i could include? Just saw this and it looks like #8220;tomorrow afternoon#8221; has arrived. I hope that you were able to come up with some good points. Concentration? This makes me think of Elk Grove District versus Essay, Walt Disney and how all of his characters came from previously dreamed up characters (from Grimm and others), and graph, how later on (in the 90s) Disney led the prisoners rights, charge in more restrictive copyright laws. That would be one case study I would use for a topic like this. That is awesome to hear.

Thanks for your comment! thank you Naomi for this. hi Naomi, me and my partner have no idea on what are topic will be, based on our courses. Enzyme? I#8217;m studying entrepreneurship and she is studying computer science. it has been 2 months and yet we cannot come up with an idea on enthalpy what will be our topic. please help us for we are desperate. Enzyme Concentration? we would be so thankful if you#8217;l help us a little bit. I#8217;m not quite sure what you are asking for. Service Uk? Are you trying to find a topic for a research paper that is related to both computer science and entrepreneurship? I hope so, because that is the question I#8217;m attempting to answer here.

What you choose will largely depend on concentration graph where your interests are. You two would do well to uk sit down and brainstorm a list of potential ideas and then do some preliminary research to see if you can find information to enzyme concentration support your project. For example, my initial brainstorm of topics might look like: -what role do robotics play in business? -what softwares are essential for running a scalable startup? -will emerging technologies lead to a jobless economy? -will emerging technologies lead to a new type of job market? -should computer science students be required to take business classes (since most startups require both tech savvy and business understanding)? Then I#8217;d do some initial research on apa cite generator free my favorite two ideas to find out if any of them have enough material to support a full research paper. For example, I found this source that could support my last topic idea (computer sci students taking biz classes).

I think that you may be struggling a bit because #8220;computer science#8221; and #8220;entrepreneurship#8221; or both broad disciplines that cover a variety of topics. You might find this post helpful for you to narrow down your idea: this article is great and also helped me a lot for my project#8230;.but i am currently writing a novel and i need some pointers for enzyme concentration, it#8230;..would you be able to help. The novel is a fan-fic on aesthetic examples the original series Percy Jackson#8230; Congrats on starting the rewarding project of writing your own novel. The best advice for writing a novel is just sitting down and writing it. You may be tempted to make up excuses such as not having enough time or not feeling like it#8217;s coming out as you want it to, but if you#8217;re serious about this, you#8217;ll set those excuses aside and just write. Your first draft does not have to be perfect. Concentration? In fact it won#8217;t be perfect. It will likely be a giant mess.

So you need to be okay with that fact and just get through it. Set a word count goal for every day, and every week. A final novel is rights about 70,000-100,000 words so keep that in enzyme concentration, mind! It#8217;s a marathon. Once you have a draft, you can go back and revise it#8230; again and again until it#8217;s right. were recquired to enthalpy of neutralisation do 1500 word essay and i didnt know what topic I can choose. But thank you for this, it gave me an idea.

I#8217;m so glad you found it helpful! Thanks for reading. Naomi help me please? i#8217;am looking for the disadvantages of concentration graph, a physical store and found only minor things. Examples? i wanted to find a disadvantage that can put up a fight. Enzyme? Do you mean the disadvantages of shopping at a physical store or of owning one? I assume you mean shopping at one, so here are a couple ideas off the top of my head: Unless you live nearby, you have to is thought pay to travel there (gas, wear and tear on your car).

There is a higher risk that the enzyme graph, store will be out of the item you need (or won#8217;t have the Elk Grove Unified District versus Essay, right size, type, flavor, etc.) due to limited inventory. Graph? Prices may be higher due to overhead costs (rent, utilities, etc.) compared to online-only establishments. thank you Erin. this is such a big help. Happy to hut customer service help! Thanks for reading #128578; I think any of the topics listed here could be pretty amazing #8212; just make sure you back up your ideas with solid reasons. Happy writing (and impressing)! Hi, help here how do I start a court criminal observation essay with this thesis- Justice should be maintained but is the system worth it? i have a ten page essay due in a month so any advice on how to get it done without killing myself. Hey, a month is enzyme graph a good long while. Elk Grove Unified School? I#8217;d definitely break it down into lots of smaller steps that you can attack a little at a time #8212; brainstorming, researching, outlining, drafting, then revising. The outlining step will save you a ton of work; I#8217;d definitely read for enzyme concentration, some pointers.

You might also check out I have to aesthetic examples make an long af essay and concentration, english is not even my natural born languege.SEND HELP. Agreed with some comments below that for some kind of essays up to 2k words everything you need is Unified School District versus Essay imagination and nothing else. Especially if you have internet then not a sinple paper work seem hard for me. The internet definitely makes writing papers easier. Thanks for concentration, the comment! Hello, I#8217;m need to write a thesis for my uni#8217;s project this year. But, I#8217;m having a problem with my topic, is it a good topic or not? I#8217;m not sure, will you help me?

My thesis topic is, #8220;Students#8217; perception on integrity, as one of the enthalpy of neutralisation, NDUM characteristics.#8221; *NDUM is my university, so I want to enzyme know how this integrity give an effect to the students, in the way of education. I think you#8217;re off to a good start, but you still need to take a stance on your topic. Here is an example of what I mean: #8220;Students#8217; perception of integrity, which is one of NDUM#8217;s characteristics, has a strong impact on how student success in education.#8221; In a paper with that thesis, you could explore how positive/strong perceptions of integrity affect success and/or how weak perceptions of prisoners, integrity impact success. Another approach, if you want to concentration focus only on Elk Grove District positive impacts, might be: #8220;Students who have a strong perception of enzyme concentration graph, integrity, one of NDUM#8217;s core characteristics, tend to be more successful in their educational endeavors.#8221; I hope these ideas help you narrow down your topic a bit! Hello everyone?

I am an online tutor. I do a wider array of assignments from essays, projects and research papers. I produce quality and original papers that are payable after receiving the assignments. All the assignments are done in 12-24 hours. Be free to policy is thought inquire more. Email: [emailprotected] . Enzyme? I#8217;m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. Policy? I don#8217;t know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is so broad. Can someone give ma an advice on this? I#8217;m writing a 10-12 page essay about graph, mental health. Standard Enthalpy? I don#8217;t know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is so broad.

Can someone give ma an advice on this? You#8217;re right that #8220;mental health#8221; is enzyme concentration a really broad topic. If you#8217;re writing an argumentative essay, you need to come up with an approach/stance that#8217;s a) debatable and b)provable. Aesthetic? Here are a few examples of possible approaches: Argue that the government (national, local, etc.) has a responsibility to increase funding for mental health initiatives. Should free mental health therapy be offered in enzyme, schools?

Argue in favor of/against. Does the mental health of parents impact their children? Why or why not? There are a lot of standard enthalpy of neutralisation, possibilities here, but I hope those spark some ideas for enzyme, how you can narrow your topic to be more specific. Happy writing! Thank you. I started my essay on government should increse the fundings.

Now I#8217;m on my thesis statement. i just started this. Is Thought To Be:? do you think this will improve my spelling problem. Enzyme Concentration? I am writing a 25000 minimum word essay. #128577; That#8217;s a long one, but you can totally do it. Just make sure to organize your ideas before you start. Apa Cite? You might want to enzyme concentration check out . This outline template can work just as easily for a 25000-word essay as it would a 500-word essay depending on how many claims you#8217;re making and how much evidence you use to back them up. Much respect for your decision to go back to is thought school! What an awesome example you#8217;re setting for your kids #128578; I would definitely recommend that you explore some of our (many, many) other blog posts for writing help. I#8217;m obviously biased, but they#8217;re a fantastic resource for getting un-stuck. As for this essay, I think that there are definitely some argumentative angles you could take with the enzyme concentration, subject of apa cite free, autism.

Off the top of my head: 1. Argue that autism should (or should not be) classified as a disorder/disability. For instance, some suggest that it#8217;s simply a type of neurodiversity and should not be treated as something #8220;wrong,#8221; just different. 2. Enzyme Concentration? Argue that autism stems from (or does not stem from) environmental factors. The vaccine debate is perhaps the most popular example of this argument, but there are a host of other causes that doctors, researchers, and Unified School District Newdow, parents have considered too. 3. Enzyme Graph? Argue that Asperger#8217;s syndrome is/is not different from pizza service uk, high-functioning autism.

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How to Write a Masterpiece of a Resume. This award-winning guide to resume writing will teach you to write a resume equal to one done by a top-notch professional writer. It offers examples, format choices, help writing the objective, the summary and other sections. It is one of the most trusted resume-writing guide on the planet, recently updated, and enzyme concentration graph, viewed by more than 20 million people. Define your target market Play up transferrable skills Key in on the tribe. First: Focus Your Objective Your Summary Skills and Accomplishments. Own your digital footprint Use social media to your advantage Leverage keywords. Visual appeal, format, and length Consistency Details that matter. Writing a great resume does not necessarily mean you should follow the rules you hear through the grapevine. It does not have to enthalpy of neutralisation, be one page or follow a specific resume format.

Every resume is a one-of-a-kind marketing communication. Enzyme Graph? It should be appropriate to your situation and do exactly what you want it to do. Uk? Instead of a bunch of rules and tips, we are going to cut to the chase in concentration, this brief guide and offer you the most basic principles of writing a highly effective resume. Who are we to pizza service, be telling you how to write your resume? Our specialty at Rockport Institute is career change coaching, counseling and enzyme concentration, consulting. We help clients design and monetary, change to a new career or job, one they will love; work that makes full use of their talents, fits their personality, their values, and concentration, is also practical, from Fortune 500 C.E.O.s, mid and policy, early career professionals, artists, technical people, millenials, and others in nearly every field of endeavor. Our staff has been commended for excellence by two U.S. presidents. Our first book, The Pathfinder: How to Choose or Change Your Career for a Lifetime of Satisfaction and Success was a top-10 national bestseller. That is our one and enzyme concentration graph, only specialty. Policy Is Thought? If you think you may be in the wrong career, check out concentration, our main website.

The most difficult resumes to write are those of career changers since they depend on thinking out a clear marketing proposition. Standard Of Neutralisation? So, we are resume experts, but WE DO NOT WRITE RESUMES. A resume for a mid-level professional can easily cost $1000. With this guide, you can do it yourself. The good news and the bad – The good news is that, with a little extra effort, you can create a resume that makes you stand out as a superior candidate for a job you are seeking. Not one resume in a hundred follows the principles that stir the interest of prospective employers. So, even if you face fierce competition, with a well written resume you should be invited to interview more often than many people more qualified than you. The bad news is that your present resume is probably much more inadequate than you now realize. Enzyme Graph? You will have to generator free, learn how to think and write in a style that may be new to enzyme graph, you. If you’ve been online trying to make sense of all that’s out there about resume writing – much of standard, it conflicting advice – stay right here. Enzyme Graph? We have the prisoners rights final word on enzyme concentration graph, those nagging questions (Length?

Format? Font? Keywords?). We have clear, no-nonsense guidance based on thousands of real-life success stories. Here’s how to do it yourself, broken down in 10 parts. Our guide is based on one fundamental premise: Your resume is a marketing document. It’s not the examples history of your past; it’s an ad. You’re selling yourself to the employer, and graph, competing against other people who are attempting to do the same thing. A great resume doesn’t just tell them what you have done but makes the aesthetic examples same assertion that all good ads do: If you buy this product, you will get these specific, direct benefits . It presents you in the best light. It convinces the employer that you have what it takes to be successful in this new position or career.

It inspires the prospective employer to pick up the phone and ask you to come in. YOU’RE ADVERTISING YOURSELF. Here’s a key thing we know based on deep research: Every resume is a one-of-a-kind marketing communication. Graph? It should be appropriate to your situation and do exactly what you want it to do. The reality is that most resumes fail to stir the service uk interest of prospective employers. So, even if you face fierce competition, with a well-written resume you should be invited to enzyme concentration, interview more often than many people – even people more qualified than you.

A great resume doesn’t only tell the employer what you have done. It makes the same assertion that all good ads do: If you buy this product, you will get these specific, direct benefits. It presents you in the best possible light. It convinces the employer that you absolutely have what it takes to monetary to be:, be successful in enzyme, this new position or career. The very best marketing is research-based marketing.

So, do your research. Prisoners? Visit the employer’s website often and enzyme, follow the organization on social media. (Do this of course after doing any necessary cleanup of your social media profile – more on that in Section 8 of this guide, WORK ALL THE DIGITAL ANGLES .) What types of standard of neutralisation, accomplishments do they celebrate and how can you weave similar accomplishments into your resume? What kind of language do they use to describe achievements? If almost everything is “significant” or “breakthrough,” how do you tactfully place those words in various sections of your resume? You have to know your customer’s needs – and have a very clear sense of the skills they’re looking for in their ideal job candidate. Our experience shows that your resume must demonstrate that you have at least 70% of graph, a job’s requirements to Elk Grove School District Essay, have a legitimate hope of landing an interview. Do all the research you can, from concentration online searches and social media tracking to networking with people you know. Monetary? If you know anyone who works there, definitely approach them for a conversation – or better yet, coffee or lunch. TIP: Avoid HR at concentration graph, this stage: HR teams are constantly pushing back on unsolicited inquiries from people who want jobs. A sobering fact is Elk Grove District versus Newdow Essay, that job recruiters spend an average of enzyme concentration graph, six seconds on Unified District versus Essay, every resume as they sort through digital stacks of applicants.

So, focus on concentration, the employer’s needs, not yours . Monetary Policy? It is imperative that you take what you learn during your research and apply it as you customize your resume. Enzyme Graph? There is no shame in adjusting your resume to policy is thought to be:, appeal to your target audience; in fact, the opposite enzyme is true. It would be inadvisable not to adapt your resume – even if slightly – for each job application. Imagine that you are the person doing the hiring. This someone with skin in the game.

Often, it’s the person who is responsible for the bottom-line performance of the project or team you hope to is thought to be:, join. Concentration? This is someone who cares deeply how well the job will be done. You need to write your resume to appeal directly to District Essay, him or her: If this person thinks you can be an asset and help make them look good, you have a real shot. To reiterate: Your resume is a very informed, targeted advertisement. At the end of the day it’s an ad…nothing more, nothing less. 2. YOUR RESUME’S #1 JOB: LAND AN INTERVIEW. It’s critical to always bear in mind that your resume is enzyme concentration graph, a tool with one specific purpose: to win an interview. If it doesn’t, it isn’t an effective resume. So how do you prevail? First, embrace some basic truths about the job-seeking landscape. First, let go of any misguided preconceptions about aesthetic, what your resume is: It’s not about you.

Like any strong piece of advertising, it’s not about the product being sold – it’s about the enzyme buyer and what they want. Consider Coke advertisements: They say very little about the standard soft drink; they say a lot about how people who drink the beverage are happy and have a lot of enzyme, happy people around them. Monetary Is Thought To Be:? The focus is on the benefits of drinking Coke. Your resume is enzyme concentration, about the benefits of hiring you. Your resume is not a place to brag; nor is it a place to Elk Grove Unified School, be modest. Its sole purpose is to generate interest in you. Concentration Graph? What differentiates you from the competition. In addition to monetary to be:, including all relevant information about your skills, background, accomplishments, etc. (see Section 5 and concentration, Section 6), find ways to include details that could generate curiosity. Were you born in Elk Grove School District Newdow, a different country?

Is there community or volunteer work that’s appealing? Are you fluent in multiple languages? Did you go through college in graph, three years – or later in service, life? These are real people reading your resume, and maybe there’s a fact about you they’ll relate to or find interesting. What does that mean? In The Pathfinder, we discuss how roughly 75% of people have a personality type we describe as Tribal. Enzyme Concentration Graph? They are group workers, usually most successful and satisfied working with and through other people as members of an organization, group, or ‘tribe.’” They are at pizza uk, their best when they are attuned to the tribe and contributing to its goals. (For the enzyme graph record, the other 25% are what we call Maestros who identify as specialist – e.g., “I am a software developer” versus “I work for aesthetic examples Microsoft” – for more, see The Pathfinder.) Back to the tribe: If you’re selling yourself to an organization, you’re selling yourself to a tribe.

The tribe’s members will have to be convinced that you’re “one of them.” Use the enzyme graph research conducted in Section 1 to inform your approach in how you construct and write your resume. Consider the scenario of two tribes living on opposite sides of a lake. If you want to standard of neutralisation, be hired by the tribe across the lake, you want to appear as though you’re already one of them. This will inform everything you put in your resume – from the adjectives you use to the aspects of your education and work experience that you emphasize, to enzyme concentration graph, the outside interests you include. If the employer’s mission statement includes language about “customer focus” and its website talks about “innovation,” those words should be reflected in your resume (in a not-too-obvious way). If the School Essay employer is “results-driven” and enzyme concentration, cares about apa cite free, “sustainable solutions,” make it clear that you are results-focused and understand the importance of enzyme, sustainable progress.

You have to learn how to of neutralisation, write powerful but subtle advertising copy. Enzyme Concentration Graph? An effective way to do this is to think of it as telling an introductory story. When you meet someone, you want to know “their story,” right? It’s the same for that hiring manager looking at your resume. It’s important that all of the information you present fits together cohesively, and helps the hiring manager understand your background, skills and capacities, and the educational and work experiences that have led to you to where you are today. While you are selling a product, you shouldn’t “hard sell” or make any claims that are not true. Most employers respond to resumes that are both impressive as well as credible. They are not fond of hyperbole; they also have no way of knowing if you’re being overly-modest. Newdow Essay? It’s a balancing act. 3. KNOW EXACTLY WHAT KIND OF RESUME YOU’RE WRITING. There are three basic types of concentration, resumes: Chronological, Functional, and “Combined” Chronological – Functional.

Generally speaking, we prefer the Combined approach – but this decision should be informed by the type of job you’re seeking and the type of employer you’re seeking to impress. For example, if you’re applying for a job in a more traditional field such as law, science, or engineering, a Chronological approach would be best. If you are changing your career or returning to aesthetic, the job market after a break, a Functional resume is the enzyme concentration graph way to go. A Combined approach offers the most flexibility; and if you’re in a creative field, you might make modifications to a Combined format that showcase your artistic eye or style. Hut Customer Service Uk? At the end of the day, it’s all about generating the best marketing copy to sell yourself. The chronological resume is the more traditional resume structure.

The Experience section is the focus of the resume; each job (or the concentration last several jobs) is aesthetic, described in some detail, and there is no major section of skills or accomplishments at the beginning of the resume. Enzyme Concentration? This structure is primarily used when you are staying in the same profession and in the same type of monetary, work. It is also commonly used in enzyme concentration graph, certain fields such as law and academia. We recommend that the chronological resume always have an Objective or Summary for aesthetic the reader. Advantages: This approach may appeal to more traditional readers and may be best in graph, conventional or conservative fields. Apa Cite? It makes it easier to understand what you did in enzyme graph, what job, and may help the name of the employer stand out (if it’s impressive). The disadvantage is that it is monetary policy is thought, much more difficult to concentration, highlight what you do best.

This format is rarely appropriate for District versus Newdow someone making a career change. The functional resume highlights your major skills and accomplishments from the very beginning. It helps the reader see clearly what you can do for them, rather than having to read through the job descriptions to enzyme concentration graph, find out. Actual company names and positions are in a subordinate position, with no description under each. There are many different types of formats for apa cite free functional resumes.

The functional resume is concentration, a must for career changers, but is very appropriate for generalists, for those with spotty or divergent careers, for those with a wide range of skills in their given profession, for Elk Grove School versus Essay students, for enzyme concentration military officers, for apa cite homemakers returning to enzyme concentration, the job market, and for examples those who want to make slight shifts in their career direction. Advantages: It will help you most in reaching for a new goal or direction, and it is highly recommended for enzyme graph such purposes. The disadvantage is that it isn’t easy for the employer to quickly discern exactly what you did in each job (which could be a problem for some conservative resume reviewers). A combined resume includes elements of both the chronological and functional formats. It may be a shorter chronology of job descriptions preceded by a short “Skills and Accomplishments” section – or with a longer Summary including a skills list or a list of “qualifications”). It can also be a standard functional resume with the accomplishments under headings of standard enthalpy of neutralisation, different jobs held. There are important advantages to enzyme concentration, this combined approach: It maximizes the advantages of both kinds of resumes, avoiding potential negative effects of either type. One disadvantage is that it tends to be a longer resume. Aesthetic? Another is that it can be repetitious: Accomplishments and skills may have to be repeated in both the “functional” section and the “chronological” job descriptions. 4. GUIDANCE FOR A CAREER CHANGE RESUME.

Clearly, career change has become a new norm of working. Enzyme Graph? As we noted in Section 3, a career-change job search calls for a Functional resume. DEFINE YOUR TARGET MARKET. “Target market” in advertising refers to aesthetic, people a company aims to turn into customers. In your career-change job search, your target is the collection of enzyme, specific organizations that might hire you to do what you want to do…where you want to do it. Start with geographic requirements – is the world…. or Seattle? Within that geographic area, target the type of organization that interests you: profit-making, non-for-profit, or government?

What kind of business or industry? What size organization? Once you have your parameters, identify specific employers and learn all you can about them. What is their history? What do they emphasize in their messaging?

Who are the enthalpy of neutralisation decision makers? What is their hiring philosophy? What kind of work culture is it? In addition to digging around online and in social media, use your networking skills to learn all you can to help inform how you customize your resume. PLAY UP TRANSFERRABLE SKILLS. Jobs in very different professional fields can often have a number of similar requirements.

Let’s say that you want to go from a marketing position in a pharmaceutical firm to a fund-raising role for enzyme graph a not-for-profit. What are the monetary skills you’ve already demonstrated that are applicable? They may be more than you think. Consider these possibilities: Time management Project management Collaboration Persuasive communicating Strong decision-making Composure under pressure Innovative problem-solving. You should also be prepared to speak to concentration graph, your motivation for a career change.

You can weave a little of this into prisoners, your Objective, then also be prepared to write about it briefly in enzyme graph, your cover letter, and then of standard enthalpy of neutralisation, course speak to it when you land an interview. As a career changer, you are effectively moving from one tribe to another. Within the bounds of integrity, the concentration graph story you tell has to explain why the tribe you now want to enter is hut customer service, really the right one for you (and not the other one). This is another instance where research is critical. Go to LinkedIn and similar sites and enzyme concentration graph, take a look at a good number of prisoners rights, resumes of people seeking similar jobs. Also, tap into your circle of colleagues, friends, and family. Tune into the axis we call the Quality of Transactions in The Pathfinder. The basic premise of this model is that the closer you are to connections that are “hot” (e.g., someone high up in the organization is willing to go to bat for you) versus “cold” (no connections and a basic resume submitted), the more likely you are to concentration graph, have quality transactions that can result in getting you hired. Standard? Even somewhere in the “warm” range – maybe you know someone who knows someone in a position to enzyme concentration, help – is uk, highly preferable to enzyme graph, coming in cold. And create partners: Scan the connections of your connections on apa cite, LinkedIn.

Then follow up energetically (more on this in Section 7 on Digital Angles). TIP: There tends to be higher scrutiny of career changers, so the extent to which you can gain traction within the tribe is concentration, of fundamental importance. 5. THE JUICE: YOUR ASSERTIONS SECTION. In most cases, a great resume has two main sections. In the first, you make assertions about your abilities, qualities, and achievements. Standard Of Neutralisation? You write powerful, but honest, advertising copy that grabs the reader’s attention. Concentration? (Exceptions to uk, this are resumes targeting generally conservative fields such as law, science, or engineering.) The second section, the graph evidence section, is where you back up your assertions with evidence that you actually did what you said you did.

This is examples, where you list and describe the concentration graph jobs you’ve held, your education, etc. And if you have opted to pass on an Assertions section, you have to build a powerful evidence-based resume that builds the case for enthalpy of neutralisation you as a candidate – with especially compelling skills and accomplishments summarized in the top half of the enzyme concentration graph first page. The real juice in your resume is what you assert about yourself right up front. This is where you shine. The hard truth based on standard enthalpy, research: Only one interview is granted for enzyme graph every 200 resumes received by the average employer. Research also tells us that your resume will be quickly scanned, rather than read.

You have only seconds to persuade a prospective employer to read further. The top half of the first page of your resume will either make or break your chances. Ask yourself: What does the of neutralisation employer really want? How would you fill those shoes? What would set a truly exceptional candidate apart from a merely good one? If you are not sure what would make someone a superior candidate, you can gather intel from the job postings you see, and/or from enzyme concentration people who work in aesthetic, the same company or the same field.

You could even call the prospective employer and ask them what they want. Don’t make wild guesses. Write down everything you have ever done that demonstrates that you’re the right fit for the job and the prospective employer. You don’t have to confine yourself to concentration graph, work-related accomplishments. TIP: Use your entire life as the palette to paint with.

The point is to cover all possible ways of thinking about and communicating what you do well. What are the talents you bring to examples, the marketplace? If you are making a career change or are a new to the job market, you are going to enzyme concentration graph, have to be especially creative in getting across what makes you stand out. This initial brainstorming focus will generate the raw material from which you craft your resume. So many resumes we see make a gallant effort to inform the reader. But we don’t want the employer to generator free, be informed; we want them to be interested and curious.

In fact, it’s best to enzyme concentration, leave your reader with a few questions they would like to ask you. In your assertions section, state your Objective – your intended job. Ideally, your resume should convey why you are the perfect candidate for is thought to be: one specific job or job title. There is enzyme concentration graph, debate out there about whether to state an Objective, but generally speaking, we think it’s a good idea. Apa Cite Generator Free? If you’re in a creative field or have gained insights suggesting that the employer would prefer an outside-of-the-box approach, perhaps you forego an Objective. Keep it to graph, the point, and keep the employer front and center as your write. Consider this example. The owner of District Newdow, a small software company advertises for an experienced software salesperson. A week later they have 500 resumes.

The applicants have a bewildering variety of concentration, backgrounds, and the employer has no way of knowing whether any of them are really interested in selling software. Then the employer spots a resume that starts with the following: “OBJECTIVE – a software sales position in an organization seeking an extraordinary record of generating new accounts, exceeding sales targets and enthusiastic customer relations.” This is a fit . Enthalpy? Not only does this candidate want the concentration job, they want to make a real contribution. Job-seekers often make the mistake of saying something like, “a position where I can hone my skill as a scissors sharpener.” Examples follow. In all of these examples, the underlined words and phrases could be interchanged with words and Elk Grove Unified District versus Newdow, phrases relevant to your expertise, industry, and the type of role you are seeking. In this example, the statement is enzyme concentration graph, not preceded by the word “Objective.” Experienced IT professional offering more than five years of hands-on experience in programming , web development , and IT trouble-shooting , and seeks leadership role in examples, leading digital organization.

In this example, you see a collection of brief descriptions versus a formally stated objective in concentration, a grammatically complete sentence. Strategic thinker and Elk Grove Unified District versus Essay, communicator . Enzyme? Expert storyteller . A decade of deadline -driven on-air reporting . Ready to pivot to executive producer role. In this example, the applicant uses a first-person approach to a creative role. “If the client wants a logo people will remember, I give them one people will never forget. If they want their brand to communicate , I make it sing .” In this example, the job-seeker approaches a traditional job role with a traditional string of generator, statements. CPA and CIA with 15 years of experience in financial services for global organizations. Financial strategist with track record for onsidered and decisive recommendations , as well as thorough compliance with all federal, state, and internal regulations . Excels at individual as well as collaborative efforts. Known for work ethic and integrity.

In this example, you see a more traditional approach by a recent graduate seeking an entry-level role in a conventional job sector. OBJECTIVE: A starting position in an engineering organization where leading-edge skills and deep commitment to concentration, every project would be an asset to the company and its people. TIP: The point of using an Objective is to aesthetic, create a specific psychological response in the mind of the enzyme reader. If you are making a career change or have a limited work history, you want the employer to immediately focus on where you are going, rather than where you have been. If you are looking for another job in your present field, it is more important to stress your qualities, achievements and policy is thought to be:, abilities first. It is sometimes appropriate to concentration, include your Objective in your Summary section rather than have a separate Objective section. The “Summary” or “Summary of Qualifications” consists of several concise statements that focus the reader’s attention on your most important qualities, achievements, and abilities. (NOTE: If you are on rights, LinkedIn, it is important that the summary in your resume be reflected in what you have in your LinkedIn summary. Enzyme Graph? You have a lot more space to work with in LinkedIn, so they needn’t match exactly, but they should be close enough that they show consistency. You should be recognizable as the same person!) The things you mention should be the most compelling demonstrations of apa cite free, why you should be hired – not the other candidates. Concentration Graph? This is your brief window of opportunity to highlight your most impressive qualities – the spiciest part of your resume. In fact, this may be the only section fully read by the employer, so it must be strong and convincing.

The Summary is the one place to prisoners rights, include professional characteristics (highly energetic, a gift for solving complex problems in enzyme graph, a fast-paced environment, a natural salesperson, exceptional interpersonal skills, committed to excellence, etc.). Gear every word in the Summary to your goal: getting that interview. Here are the most common ingredients of a well-written Summary. A short phrase describing your profession Followed by a statement of broad or specialized expertise Followed by two or three additional statements related to any of the aesthetic following: breadth or depth of skills unique mix of skills range of environments in which you have experience a special or well-documented accomplishment a history of awards, promotions, or superior performance commendations One or more professional or appropriate personal characteristics A sentence describing professional objective or interest. You would not necessarily use all these ingredients in one Summary.

Use the ones that highlight you best. The examples below show how to enzyme concentration graph, include your objective in monetary policy to be:, the Summary section. TIP: If you are making a career change, your Summary section should show how what you have done in the past prepares you to do what you seek to concentration, do in the future. If you are new to the job market, your Summary will be based more on ability than experience. A few examples of Summary sections: Highly motivated, creative and Elk Grove Unified School Newdow Essay, versatile real estate executive with seven years of experience in property acquisition, development and construction, as well as the management of large apartment complexes. Especially skilled at building effective, productive working relationships with clients and staff. Excellent management, negotiation and public relations skills. Seeking a challenging management position in the real estate field that offers extensive contact with the public. Over 10 years as an organizational catalyst/training design consultant with a track record of producing extraordinary results for more than 20 national and community based organizations. A commitment to human development and concentration graph, community service.

Energetic self-starter with excellent analytical, organizational, and creative skills. Financial Management Executive with nearly ten years of Elk Grove Unified District Newdow Essay, experience in banking and graph, international trade, finance, investments and economic policy. Innovative in structuring credit enhancement for free corporate and municipal financing. Skilled negotiator with strong management, sales and marketing background. Areas of expertise include (a bulleted list would follow this paragraph.) Health Care Professional experienced in management, program development and concentration, policy making in the United States as well as in several developing countries. Elk Grove Unified School Newdow Essay? Expertise in emergency medical services. A talent for analyzing problems, developing and enzyme concentration graph, simplifying procedures, and finding innovative solutions. Proven ability to motivate and work effectively with persons from Unified versus Newdow Essay other cultures and enzyme concentration, all walks of life.

Skilled in hut customer uk, working within a foreign environment with limited resources. Commander – Chief Executive Officer of the U.S. Navy, Atlantic Fleet. Concentration Graph? Expertise in all areas of management, with a proven record of unprecedented accomplishment. History of the highest naval awards and rapid promotion. Proven senior-level experience in executive decision-making, policy direction, strategic business planning, Congressional relations, financial and personnel management, research and pizza hut customer, development, and aerospace engineering.

Extensive knowledge of government military requirements in systems and equipment. Committed to the highest levels of professional and personal excellence. Performing artist with a rich baritone voice and unusual range, specializing in classical, spiritual, gospel and rap music. Featured soloist for concentration graph two nationally televised events. Accomplished pianist. Extensive performance experience includes television, concert tours and club acts. Available for commercial recording and live performances. SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. In this final part of the examples assertions section, go into concentration graph, more detail.

In the summary, you focused on your most special highlights. Now you tell the rest of the standard best of your story. Let the employer know what results you produced, what happened because of your efforts, what you are especially gifted or experienced at graph, doing. TIP: Don’t tell them everything you’ve ever done. It’s okay – in fact, advisable – to leave to your readers wondering about a thing or two in a positive way. Sometimes the “Skills and Accomplishments” section is a separate section. Generator? In a chronological resume, it becomes the first few phrases of the descriptions of the various jobs you have held.

We will cover that in a few minutes, when we discuss the different types of resumes. When it is a separate section, it can have several possible titles, depending on enzyme, your situation: SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS ACCOMPLISHMENTS SUMMARY OF ACCOMPLISHMENTS SELECTED ACCOMPLISHMENTS RECENT ACCOMPLISHMENTS AREAS OF ACCOMPLISHMENT AND EXPERIENCE AREAS OF EXPERTISE CAREER HIGHLIGHTS PROFESSIONAL HIGHLIGHTS ADDITIONAL SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. There are options for enthalpy of neutralisation how to structure your “Skills and Accomplishments” section. Enzyme Concentration Graph? Whichever you choose, put your skills and aesthetic, accomplishments in order of enzyme concentration, importance for the desired career goal. Rights? If you have many skills, the last skill paragraph might be called “Additional Skills.” TIP: Be sure to use action-oriented words. These include words such as Delivered; Created; Solved; Boosted; Designed; Transformed; and Elevated (for more see our Section 9 on enzyme concentration graph, Power Words). Here are a few ways you could structure your “Skills and prisoners, Accomplishments” section:

A listing of skills or accomplishments or a combination of both, with bullets. SELECTED SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. Raised $1,900 in concentration, 21 days in canvassing and standard, advocacy on concentration graph, environmental, health and consumer issues. Conducted legal research for four Assistant U.S. Attorneys, for the U.S. Attorney’s office Coordinated Board of Directors and Community Advisory Board of community mental health center. Apa Cite? Later commended as “the best thing that ever happened to that job.” A listing of major skill headings with accomplishments under each.

The accomplishments can be a bulleted list or in enzyme, paragraph form. The material under the headings should include mention of accomplishments which prove each skill. National Training Project / Conference Management. Director of Outreach on Hunger, a national public education/training project funded by USAID, foundations and all the major church denominations. Designed, managed and promoted three-day training conferences in rights, cities throughout the U.S. Planned and managed 32 nationwide training seminars and enzyme concentration graph, a five-day annual conference for university vice-presidents and business executives. Program Design: Universities. Invited by Duke University President Terry Sanford to develop new directions and programs for the University’s Office of Summer Educational Programs, first Director of Duke’s “Pre-college Program,” first editor of “Summer at Duke.” Designed and successfully proposed a center for the study of creativity at The George Washington University. Generator? A list of bulleted accomplishments or skill paragraphs under each job (in a chronological resume).

Director of Sales and Marketing. DELAWARE TRADE INTERNATIONAL, INC. Wilmington, DE. Promoted from Sales Representative within one year of joining company to Director of graph, Sales and Marketing. Generator Free? Responsible for international sales of raw materials, as well as printing and graphic arts equipment. Oversaw five sales managers. Graph? Was in charge of direct sales and pizza, marketing in 17 countries throughout Europe and the Middle East.

Recruited, trained and managed sales staff. Developed marketing strategy, prepared sales projections and established quotas. Selected and contracted with overseas sub-agents to concentration, achieve international market penetration. Negotiated and finalized long-term contractual agreements with suppliers on standard enthalpy of neutralisation, behalf of clients. Enzyme Graph? Oversaw all aspects of transactions, including letters of credit, international financing, preparation of import/export documentation, and enthalpy, shipping/freight forwarding. Planned and graph, administered sales and marketing budget, and maintained sole profit/loss responsibility. Within first year, doubled company’s revenues, and apa cite generator free, produced $7-9 million in concentration graph, annual sales during the next eight years. 6. THE NITTY GRITTY: YOUR EVIDENCE SECTION. The evidence section includes some or all of the hut customer service following: experience, education, and graph, possibly additional items such as awards, affiliations, and publications. While this section is secondary to enthalpy of neutralisation, your assertions section, it is still incredibly important.

TIP: Think of it as the graph foundation holding up your assertions so they can shine. If this section isn’t strong enough, the resume doesn’t hold together and rights, the hiring manager will question the credibility of your assertions. List jobs in reverse chronological order. Don’t go into detail on the jobs early in your career; focus on graph, the most recent and/or relevant jobs. Standard Of Neutralisation? (Summarize a number of the concentration earliest jobs in one line or very short paragraph, or list only the bare facts with no position description.) Decide which is, overall, more impressive – your job titles or the names of the firms you worked for prisoners rights – then consistently begin with the more impressive of the enzyme graph two, perhaps using boldface type. You may want to describe the employer in a phrase in parentheses if this will impress the apa cite generator reader. Include military service, internships, and concentration, major volunteer roles if desired; because the section is monetary policy is thought, labeled “Experience.” It does not mean that you were paid. Enzyme Concentration Graph? Other possible headings here include: “Professional History,” “Professional Experience”–not “Employment” or “Work History,” both of apa cite generator free, which sound more lower-level.

A note about dates throughout the evidence section: Be honest but also strategic. Generally speaking, put dates in italics at the end of the job to de-emphasize them. Don’t include months, unless the job was held less than a year. If you’re old enough to have considered botox, consider what you might “botox” in your resume. The year you earned your degree(s) doesn’t have to concentration graph, be included. And as you summarize your early career, there is no need to include dates in this information. If there are gaps in rights, your recent professional experience, use years versus months.

Don’t put down anything that isn’t true – it’s too easy for employers to enzyme, check information and discover mistruths. But be prepared to standard enthalpy of neutralisation, speak to any gaps in a way that supports the overall story you’re telling about yourself. List education in reverse chronological order – degrees or licenses first, followed by certificates and advanced training. Set degrees apart so they are easily seen. Put in enzyme graph, boldface whatever will be most impressive. Don’t include any details about college except your major and enthalpy, distinctions or awards you have won, unless you are still in college or just recently graduated. Include grade-point average only concentration if over 3.4. List selected coursework if this will help convince the aesthetic examples reader of your qualifications for the targeted job.

Include advanced training, but be selective with the concentration graph information, summarizing the information and including only prisoners what will be impressive for the reader. No degree yet? If you are working on graph, an uncompleted degree, include the degree and afterwards, in standard enthalpy, parentheses, the expected date of completion: B.S. (expected 20__). If you didn’t finish college, start with a phrase describing the concentration field studied, then the school, then the dates (the fact that there was no degree may be missed). Other headings might be “Education and Training,” “Education and Licenses,” “Legal Education / Undergraduate Education” (for attorneys). If the only awards received were in school, put these under the policy Education section. Mention what the award was for concentration graph if you can (or just “for outstanding accomplishment” or “outstanding performance”). If you have received awards, this section is almost a must. If you have received commendations or praise from some very senior source, you could call this section, “Awards and prisoners rights, Commendations.” In that case, go ahead and quote the enzyme source.

Professional Affiliations. Include only those that are current, relevant and impressive. Include leadership roles if appropriate. Standard Enthalpy? This is a good section for enzyme communicating your status as a member of rights, a minority targeted for special consideration by employers, or for concentration graph showing your membership in an association that would enhance your appeal as a prospective employer. This section can be combined with “Civic / Community Leadership” as “Professional and Community Memberships.” Languages.

Being fluent in more than one language is definitely something to include. Civic / Community Leadership. This is good to include if the leadership roles or accomplishments are related to standard, the job target and can show skills acquired, for example, a loan officer hoping to become a financial investment counselor who was Financial Manager of a community organization charged with investing its funds. Any Board of Directors membership or “chairmanship” would be good to include. Enzyme Concentration? Be careful with political affiliations, as they could be a plus or minus with an employer or company. Publications. Include only if published, and provide links where you can if you think the work is aesthetic examples, impressive and concentration, relevant. Examples? Summarize if there are many. Comments from Supervisors, Clients, other Professional Elite. Include only if very exceptional. Heavily edit for key phrases.

Personal Interests. Tread thoughtfully here. While personal interests tend to enzyme, feature prominently on pizza, social media platforms such as LinkedIn, you should weigh how much it can help you when applying for a job—ideally on a case-by-case basis. It you include a section like this, keep the following in mind. Enzyme Concentration Graph? Advantages: Personal interests can indicate a skill or area of knowledge that is Unified School District versus Newdow Essay, related to the goal, such as photography for someone in enzyme concentration graph, public relations, or carpentry and wood-working for aesthetic examples someone in construction management. This section can show well-roundedness, good physical health, or knowledge of a subject related to the goal. It can also create common ground or spark conversation, and/or help a hiring manager see you as someone who would fit in their tribe. Disadvantages: Personal interests can be irrelevant to the job goal and purpose of the resume. Listing such interests can also have unintended negative consequences. For example, if you’re highly athletic and the people interviewing you aren’t physically fit – or perhaps eve self-conscious about that – the fact that you’re super-fit might not play in your favor.If in doubt, do not include a Personal Interests section.

Your reason for including it is most likely that you want to tell them about you. But, as you know, this is an ad. Concentration Graph? If this section would move the employer to understand why you would be the best candidate, include it; otherwise, forget about it. This section may also be called “Interests Outside of Work,” or just “Interests.” References. You may put “References available upon request” at the end of your resume, if you wish.

This is a standard close (centered at bottom in italics), but is apa cite, not necessary: It is usually assumed. Do not include actual names of references. You can bring a separate sheet of references to the interview, to concentration graph, be given to aesthetic, the employer upon request. 7. WORK ALL THE DIGITAL ANGLES. Social media venues offer valuable possibilities for powering your job search, as well as a few potential downsides. Enzyme? Be sure your digital footprint is an asset as you prepare your resume. OWN YOUR DIGITAL FOOTPRINT. Social media is a primary vehicle for communication. You will want to include at least one of your social media accounts on your resume. Be sure that any e-mail addresses and social media handles look and sound professional. Enthalpy Of Neutralisation? If not, get new ones.

You want to graph, be [emailprotected]; not [emailprotected] Understand that most employers – 65% or more – use social networks to research candidates. Roughly half of them do so to aesthetic examples, see if the candidate is likely to concentration graph, be a “good fit” for monetary to be: their culture – in enzyme graph, other words, right for their tribe. It is documented that employers regularly review social media to see if there are reasons not to monetary to be:, hire an applicant. So, it is imperative that you review all of your social media postings and clean up any content that you wouldn’t want a prospective employer to concentration, see. And keep an eye on your accounts so that you can monitor and remove comments from friends that don’t serve your professional image. Social media posts that employers cite as detrimental include evidence of drug use or excessive drinking, bad-mouthing of aesthetic examples, previous employers, and discriminatory language. TIP: Be sure that information on enzyme graph, your various social media accounts is consistent. You can’t assume that an employer will only check out your LinkedIn page. Standard? They may also look for you on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, or Google+.

It is a good rule of thumb with social media posts to ask yourself whether what you are posting is something that you would be delighted for everyone in the world to see. USE SOCIAL MEDIA TO YOUR ADVANTAGE. Remember that you’re marketing yourself. Owning your digital footprint is graph, also about aesthetic, taking advantage of an additional opportunity to make a good impression. Make an effort beyond any clean-up activity to create a strong social media profile. Graph? This is an opportunity for you to Unified District Essay, appear thoughtful, well-rounded, positive, a strong communicator – the kinds of things employers are generally seeking.

In addition, be active on social media in a way that advances your professional interests and possibilities. Engage on networking sites to increase your visibility and searchabilty with prospective employers. And while you’re active on concentration, social media, to prisoners rights, accommodate search engines, be sure that you are using a consistent version of concentration graph, your professional name. If you’re “Robert L. Smith” on LinkedIn, you should be Robert L. Smith in your resume and on your other social media accounts – not Rob Smith here and hut customer service, there. Your professional “screen name” is probably your most important keyword. As mentioned earlier, follow your prospective employer on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, and the like. Concentration Graph? Think of what you see as an aggregated news feed about the employer.

It doesn’t take long to begin to service uk, get a real sense of the organization’s culture, values, and enzyme concentration graph, work environment intel can help you prepare the most thoughtful resume possible – and prisoners rights, can also help you immensely as you later prepare for enzyme concentration an interview. And bear in mind: The beauty of Social Media is examples, that you can gain access to people you otherwise might not. If you see someone within your connections who is enzyme concentration, connected to a person of interest to you. Perhaps they are in the field in Elk Grove Unified versus Essay, which you are seeking work; perhaps they work for a company you wish to get in to – then ask your contact to introduce you. TIP: LinkedIn offers the opportunity for people to post recommendations.

Be sure to ask people to enzyme concentration, provide recommendations for you, in enthalpy of neutralisation, particular those people who can speak to the strengths that you most want to be emphasized. In addition to your professional name, there are many other keywords to consider. Many employers routinely digitally scan resumes for keywords relevant to their companies and enzyme, cultures, as well as field of work. You should assume that this is being done. Use keywords that are customized for pizza hut customer service the kind of position you’re seeking as well as your job field. For example: Consider that your current title is “Program Assistant.” But when you search online, you don’t see that title much. What you do see with high frequency on Indeed, LinkedIn, etc. is “Administrative Assistant.” It’s not a misstep in integrity to list your current title as “Administrative Assistant” if that’s accurate, and it will increase your find-ability for recruiters and hiring managers searching online.

Similar guidance holds true for graph skills and Elk Grove Unified School District versus Essay, accomplishments. When customizing your resume for a specific position, take careful note of the skills required and use any number of enzyme graph, those words in your resume. If you think of yourself as someone who “leads stakeholder communications,” but the employer uses the to be: phrase “stakeholder engagement” – that’s right, you’re now an expert in stakeholder engagement. If you have “increased website and enzyme, social media traffic” in your current job, but your prospective employer’s website discusses “online presence” – your resume should note that you “elevated online presence.” Then use this same approach to policy is thought to be:, find more keywords that will appeal to concentration graph, that hiring manager. After conducting your research on the employer’s website and social media pages – as well as media articles about the monetary is thought organization – comprise a list of words and phrases that appear regularly. Be sure that these words and phrases appear in your resume, but in a way that doesn’t seem forced or like overkill. Concentration Graph? You have a bit of a fine line to walk – these have to be words and apa cite, phrases you can own in the context of selling yourself through your introductory story. Think of enzyme graph, your resume as a visually appealing piece of art. This your masterpiece!

No matter how closely you follow the guidance we’ve delivered here so far, if you fall short on the presentation of what you’ve written you do yourself a tremendous disservice. A note here about using images or video. Of course, there have been instances where applicants have been hired after using creative visuals or creating “video resumes.” This kind of approach is highly situational, and enthalpy of neutralisation, should be carefully considered based on what you know about the job and the tribe. For instance, if you’re a graphic designer, why not show off your stuff to a certain extent? Or if you’re applying to a video production firm or a start-up with a culture that would accommodate a video submission – go for it. That said, we also recommend that a more traditional PDF with written information accompany your video.

VISUAL APPEAL, FORMAT, AND LENGTH. Everyone freely gives advice on resume length. Enzyme Concentration Graph? There is no universal right or wrong. Our rule of thumb is that shorter is better, as long as the resume contains all of your most relevant information. Elk Grove Unified School Versus Newdow? If you’ve been in the workforce for a while or have many accomplishments or publications to list, you might need to exceed a page – but only if the content warrants it. Enzyme Graph? And whether it’s one page or more, the same rules apply in terms of the front end of the resume being your big, brief chance to make an impression. Use a simple, clean, symmetrical structure. Prisoners Rights? Don’t make it to crowded with text; conversely, don’t have so much white space that it looks oddly sparse.

A good rule of thumb is sections of concentration graph, writing that are no more than six lines, and enthalpy, shorter if possible. Be sure to design elements to your advantage. For example, if there is enzyme graph, information you want to highlight, consider using boldface. Rights? You can also draw the eye to something by ensuring there is ample white space around it. Order information in a way that draw attention to your strengths; readers tend to enzyme concentration graph, focus on the first and last items listed. NOTE: If you’re considering an infographic resume, be sure you give it very careful consideration. Standard Enthalpy? While one might make you stick out in a digital stack of enzyme graph, resumes, I have never read one that didn’t make me work harder to get the information I wanted. Unless you are an infographic designer looking for that kind of work (or something close), I would veer away from this route. Your resume must be error-free.

There are no spelling errors, no typos. No grammar, syntax, or punctuation errors. There are no errors of rights, fact. Any recruiter or hiring manager will tell you that such errors make it easy to weed out a resume immediately. List information in a consistent way. For instance, every job should list this information in this order: Title, Name of Employer, City and State, and the years. Use boldface, underlining, and enzyme concentration graph, italics consistently. If you decide to bold one job title, all titles are in boldface.

If you underline one section heading, underline them all. In addition, there is uniformity in the use of capital letters, bullets, dashes, hyphens, etc. So, if there is service uk, a period after one set of job dates, there is a period after all job dates. If one degree is in bold, all degrees are in bold. If one job is lasted as 1999-2001 (versus 1999 – 2001 or 1999 to 2000). Whatever you decide about such things stylistically, be absolutely consistent.

There are any number of enzyme, details that really matter. Consider all of the following. Font. Use a font that’s universally readable such as Arial, Calibri, Garamond, Georgia, Times New Roman, Helvetica, or Didot (a good choice for standard enthalpy of neutralisation creative industry). Concentration? Whatever font you select, use it consistently. And use a font size that’s readable, but not distractingly large: 12-point is the way to go with some fonts, but sometimes 11-point can get the job done just as well. PDF. Save your resume file as a PDF.

You don’t want to risk what can happen if someone opens your Word document using a different version than you have, which can disrupt your careful layout, formatting, and more. File name. When saving your PDF file, be sure you give a distinctive and relevant name. Definitively don’t give it a number (e.g., NickSmith_V3.pdf) and don’t call it NicksResume.pdf. If Nick is applying for a Marketing Director position, a great file name would be NickSmith_MarketingDirectr.pdf). Keep track. As you customize your resume for each application, keep track of which resume you send to which employer. If you’re called for an interview you will want to show up with nicely printed hard copies of that precise document. Monetary Is Thought? Don’t mix first-person and third-person.

Use either the first person (“I) or third person (“he,” “she”) point of enzyme, view, but do so consistently. Watch your verb tense. If the accomplishment is completed, it should be past tense. Rights? If the enzyme task is enthalpy of neutralisation, still underway, it should be present tense. If the skill has been used in the past and will be used again in the future, use present tense – e.g., “conduct presentations on recruitment to professional and trade association.” Experience first.

Experience sections should come before Education. This is because your qualifications are more related to your experience than your education. Exceptions would be (1) if you have just received or are completing a degree in a new field, (2) if you are a lawyer, (3) if you are an enzyme concentration undergraduate student, or (4) if there’s something particularly impressive about your education – for example, a Rhodes Scholarship or an MBA from Harvard. Sell yourself – first and foremost. Always bear in mind the needs of your customer – the employer. Aesthetic? What do they need to enzyme concentration graph, know to assess that you’re right for the job and monetary policy to be:, will deliver for them?

Customize your resume for each job application. Use keywords selected with your prospective employer in mind. Be sure you can back up what you say (pumping up is fine but within the bounds of integrity). Use dynamic, high-energy language. Tighten up sentences where you can.

Space is at graph, a premium. Use quantitative information when possible as you describe accomplishments (e.g., ($1 million portfolio, increased sales 30%, double revenues). Look at everything you’ve written in your resume and add action verbs wherever possible. Make your resume long enough to include all relevant information. Be sure any e-mail addresses and social media handles shared are appropriate (not unprofessional). Aesthetic Examples? Use the same version of your professional “screen name” consistently. Be unduly modest. You are selling yourself, period. Wing it.

Real preparation and enzyme concentration, homework is required – no matter how lucky you’ve been in the past. Include information – even if you’re proud of it – that could be construed as controversial or possible be off-putting to the employer (e.g., fringe personal interests, religious activity, political affiliation). List everything you’ve ever done. It’s better to leave an service employer a little curious and more apt to concentration graph, interview you. Include salary information. Standard Of Neutralisation? It is appropriate for concentration graph you to provide this information only when asked. Mention reasons for leaving jobs. You can have tactful, professional reasons ready for interviews. Include references.

Provide them when requested, and be sure your references know that an apa cite inquiry is on the way. Try to be funny or cute – no matter how great your personality, these things don’t translate on paper. Concentration? Include every single piece of information about yourself – this is not your resume’s job. If the employer wants to know more about you, they’ll ask you for an interview. Get wordy. Don’t use three examples when one will suffice. Be hyperbolic. Policy Is Thought To Be:? Don’t use more than one power word or adjective in one sentence. Underestimate the power of reading the job posting carefully and graph, doing all of your homework. An astute hiring manager will recognize that you’ve done your advance work and will respect that about you.

10. USE YOUR WORDS (POWER WORDS) This isn’t about using fancy or unique words. Enthalpy Of Neutralisation? It’s about using words that connect with your customer. Remember: This is customized ad copy.

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cognos cover letter Glossary of enzyme concentration, Book Publishing Terms. AP Advertising and promotion, part of the work of the sales and marketing department. A3, A4, A5 etc Standard size cut paper sheets used throughout Europe and the Far East. Prisoners Rights? ISO A0 paper is concentration graph 1189 ? 841mm in size ( ie one square metre, with an aspect ratio of Unified District versus Newdow Essay, 1:v2), A1 is half that size, A2 is enzyme graph a quarter of A0, A3 an eighth, so A4 is is thought one sixteenth of a square metre, 297 ? 210mm. B-size sheets are used for posters etc, and C-sizes for envelopes. RA and enzyme concentration SRA paper sizes are for untrimmed paper sheets, and are about 5% or 10% larger in area than the corresponding A size, so SRA4 is 320 ? 225mm (remember, A4 is 297 ? 210). These ISO 216 paper sizes are not used in North America, where Letter paper – shorter and slightly wider than A4 – is more common. A-format Standard book format (TPS = 178 ? 111mm), typically used for most mass market paperbacks; (US: equivalent typical mass market size is called rack size). AAC Advanced Audio Compression.

Improved system for monetary is thought to be: compressing audio files to save storage or reduce download time. Used for files in the iTunes store. Sacrifices a little less quality than MP3 compression. AAs (Author’s Alterations) Also known as ACs, Author’s Corrections. Changes in enzyme concentration, copy or artwork after it has been typeset. Additional costs incurred for AAs are in general charged to the client, not the supplier, though most typesetting quotations have a certain level of ‘allowable AAs’ built in. ABA American Booksellers Association; UK equivalent is the BA. Accessible editions General term for large print, Braille editions, e-books and audiobooks that can be used by the blind and policy to be: partially-sighted, by dyslexics or others who cannot use a conventional physical book. Acid-free paper Higher quality paper treated so it doesn’t yellow as quickly as normal paper. Acquisition Beginning of the concentration, publishing process – agreeing the contract and purchasing the rights to aesthetic examples publish a work. Acrobat Computer application for viewing PDF files.

Some versions of Acrobat allow (very) limited editing of enzyme concentration graph, PDFs. Elk Grove Unified School Versus? This can include the enzyme, annotation of the standard enthalpy, PDF with virtual sticky notes, the graph, combination of aesthetic examples, multiple PDFs into a single file (called 'consolidation') or deletion of pages from the PDF. Most edits are at enzyme graph page level – the School Newdow Essay, content of individual pages can usually not be edited. Acrobat Distiller Computer application for ‘distilling’ or translating Postscript files into PDF files. Enzyme Concentration Graph? The PDFs can then be viewed with Acrobat.

Addendum Extra agreements or clauses added to the end of an existing contract. Adobe RGB An improvement on the sRGB colourspace. It allows for a wider gamut, and particularly extends the range of enthalpy of neutralisation, greens that can be described, but at the expense of a little precision. However, monitors that support the full Adobe RGB gamut are rare and very expensive in comparison to enzyme concentration normal (sRGB) monitors. Adshel Poster placed on bus shelter, often illuminated.

Advance Money paid to an author once the author’s book is is thought to be: acquired but before it is published. The advance is normally paid in several instalments: on signing of the contract, on graph, delivery of the final typescript, on hardback publication and/or on paperback publication. Advances are paid against future earnings (royalties), which means the author doesn’t receive further royalty payments until the policy is thought, advance has been earned out. Advance copies (Advances) Early finished copies of a book, arriving before the main print run and often used for publicity purposes, reviews etc . AI The native file format of Adobe Illustrator. Enzyme Concentration Graph? Preserves all features of Illustrator files, and usually saves faster and policy to be: is smaller than an equivalent EPS file, but cannot be imported into Quark layouts. AIFF Common type of audio file. Uncompressed, so the files are large, but like WAV, they retain the full quality of the graph, audio. cf mp3 and AAC. AIR 1) See OPI; 2) Adobe Integrated Runtime – a sort of super-Flash for building highly functional websites.

Airside An edition of prisoners rights, a book only for sale in bookshops in the duty-free area of an airport. This effectively counts as an open market territory. Occasionally. special editions (particularly TPBs) are produced specifically for airside retailers. AIS Advance Information Sheet. Concentration Graph? Gives outline information about future publication of is thought to be:, a book, including details of the title, author, ISBN, pub date, format, price, a description of the contents and marketing information; (US: title sheet). ALA American Library Association. Graph? The largest library association in is thought to be:, the United States; UK equivalent is CILIP.

ALCS Authors’ Licensing and Collecting Society. The company that collects and distributes fees to concentration authors whose works have been borrowed ( eg from libraries), copied, broadcast etc . APA American Publishers Association. US equivalent of the UK’s PA. Application file Computer data stored in prisoners, a format used only by a specific application rather than a standard, interchangeable format. Enzyme Graph? Examples include Quark, Word, Excel files. Application files are often more editable and examples reusable, and store features that cannot be retained in more portable or generic formats – for example a PDF file will not retain the flow of text as a Quark file will, and a TIFF image will not retain the ‘layering’ stored in a native Photoshop PSD file.

Artwork Any illustration or typeset material suitable for reproduction. Enzyme? Often abbreviated to Elk Grove Unified District a/w. Generally applies to physical material rather than computer files. Ascender Part of a lower case letter that goes up to the general height of upper case letters – b, d, f, h, k etc have ascenders. cf descender. ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange.

Simple computer character set (alphabet) comprising 0–9, A–Z and a–z, plus a few basic symbols and punctuation characters. Enzyme Concentration Graph? An ‘Ascii’ text file is one that contains plain English text only (‘words and spaces’). There’s no fonts, no formatting, and no accented characters, specialised symbols or fancy punctuation – Ascii does not even allow for proper quotation marks “ and ”. cf Latin-1, Unicode, RTF and pizza uk other rich text. Assets 1) In finance, items the company owns. This can be stock (books in the warehouse are assets), or fixed assets ( eg computers, furniture). Each asset has a value, recorded in the general ledger, and the value decreases as they get older (this reduction in value is ‘depreciation’); 2) See digital asset management. Asterisk The * character, occasionally also called ‘star’. Used to indicate a footnote, or (esp. in computing) mathematical multiplication. Asterism Character looking like three asterisks, often arranged in a triangle like this: ? (your browser may not show this character properly). Enzyme? Usually used to indicate the presence of a text break.

More generally, may refer to any ornamental character used to indicate a text break. Assignment (of copyright). Where a publisher buys out all the author’s rights in their copyright, so the publisher owns the work outright for the full term of the copyright. Apa Cite? This gives the enzyme concentration, publisher the freedom to enthalpy use the material in any way it chooses. Buy outs can be based on a one-off fee or a royalty contract. cf Licensing. At, Commercial At The @ symbol, most commonly used in e-mail addresses and occasionally used to indicate unit prices (4 bananas @ 41p = ?1.64). ATM Adobe Type Manager. Software installed on old OS 9 Macs (and more rarely on concentration graph, old Windows PCs) that allows them to use high-quality Postscript fonts on screen. There is no ATM for pizza uk OS X on newer Macs, as compatibility with Postscript fonts is built in to the system. Attachment File sent enclosed inside an enzyme, e-mail.

Attachments are limited to only 1 or 2MB in apa cite free, size, so are quite poor as a method of enzyme graph, file transfer. cf FTP. Audible Dominant online retailer of downloadable audiobooks, now owned by pizza hut customer service, Amazon. Also refers to the proprietary DRM software used to control copying of these audiobooks. Concentration Graph? Audible has an arrangement with Apple to be the sole supplier of audiobook material through the iTunes store. Audiobook Spoken word on tape or CD, often abridged to fit on a reasonable number of Elk Grove Unified School Newdow Essay, cassettes or discs. Some audiobooks are also available as downloadable e-audio files to play on an mp3 player or iPod. Author Person or corporate body responsible for the intellectual or artistic content of a book. Is often specific to the writer of the textual content – a looser and more inclusive term is contributor.

Author’s copies Free copies given to enzyme concentration the author on publication. Normally, the contract specifies six free copies. Pizza Uk? Further copies can be purchased at a special ‘author’s discount’. B-format Standard book format (TPS = 197 ? 130mm), slightly larger than A-format, typically used for more upmarket or literary paperbacks. BA The Booksellers Association. The Book Tokens company and Batch are subsidiaries of the BA; (US: equivalent is the ABA). Backad Promotional page added at the end of graph, a book (usually a mass market paperback), advertising books by the same author or other similar titles. Backads use up any spare pages left when the te ? t of the book doesn’t exactly fill the extent (because the extent has to be a multiple of 16).

Backlist Books published in previous years that are still in print. Especially in children’s publishing, a book can remain on generator free, the publisher’s backlist for enzyme many years. Children’s backlist books often outsell new titles and for that reason, many bookshops carry more backlist than frontlist titles. Thorsons is another good example of strong backlist performance. In HC’s financial analysis, products become backlist titles 9–12 months after publication.

Backmatter Material printed after the main copy of the book – notes, supplementary material, index etc , and backads. Rights? More usually termed endmatter. Barcode 1) A conventional ‘Bookland’ barcode on enzyme graph, a book has the ISBN printed above the stripes, with the EAN at the bottom. The barcode stripes actually represent the EAN, not the ISBN, and the barcode ‘symbology’ is EAN-13. Aesthetic Examples? See also UPC barcode, a different symbology that sometimes appears on book products for enzyme graph the US market. Why ‘Bookland’? EANs typically have short prefixes that indicate the country of issue of the EAN ( eg a 50 prefix indicates a British EAN – though it doesn’t mean the item was manufactured in the UK). All ISBNs are by nature international, so a 978 prefix is used in the EAN to indicate a fictitious country called Bookland; 2) Other types of barcode (different symbologies) can appear on cartons containing multiple products, and on monetary policy is thought to be:, pallets, shipping labels etc , for example ITF-14 and EAN-128 barcodes. Barcoder Intranet-based system to create Bookland barcodes (as EPS graphics files), for incorporation on cover layouts. Baseline Imaginary line along the bottom of all characters in a line of typeset text. Characters with descenders – g, j, p, q and so on – extend below the concentration, baseline.

Batch Online service company that provides an aggregated invoice and payment system, with the aim of allowing small book retailers to deal with publishers more efficiently. Monetary Is Thought? Batch aggregates invoices and payments, allowing the bookshop to view a single invoice and make a single payment: Batch then pays all the individual publishers. Batch is enzyme graph owned by apa cite generator, the Booksellers Association. BDS Bibliographic Data Services, a company that provides bibliographic cataloguing data and services to enzyme concentration graph the library community. Responsible for maintaining CIP data on behalf of the British Library. Aesthetic? cf Nielsen BookData. BEA BookExpo America, Chicago-based book fair held in late spring by enzyme, the ABA. Best endeavours Legal term indicating a very thorough effort to accomplish something, irrespective of any commercial or logistical considerations. cf Reasonable endeavours, which allow for aesthetic other considerations ( eg the overall cost or difficulty of the effort) to be taken into account.

Bibliographic data Information about our products including title, author, ISBN, pub date, price, which is used in brochures, catalogues, stocklists and order forms, and is supplied to Bookdata and enzyme passed on to the rest of the trade. Rights? Without this metadata, no one would know what we have available to enzyme concentration graph sell. BIC Book Industry Communication, an industry-wide standards setting body, funded jointly by the PA, BA, and CILIP (formerly the prisoners, LA). BIC is best known for ‘BIC Subject categories’, the UK’s standard system of book subject classification, but acts as an umbrella organisation setting and maintaining technical standards for enzyme EDI, for bibliographic data including ONIX and for other e-commerce-related data exchanges within the UK book trade, and acts as an ‘evangelist’ and facilitator for is thought other industry-wide initiatives; (US: equivalent is enzyme graph BISG, the Book Industry Study Group). BIC subject categories Hierarchy of classifications used to describle what a book is monetary is thought about. In principle, similar to the the Dewey system used in many academic libaries. BIC subject categories are standard across the UK book trade, and are used in Plan G, and in ONIX; (US: equivalent is the BISAC subject classification). BIDS Business Information Decision Support system. On-screen database providing sales information, stock holding and other product and concentration customer-related data.

The original BIDS has now beensuperseded by BIDS II; (US: equivalent is ISIS). BIDS II Current Intranet-based replacement for aesthetic the original BIDS, which was retired in early 2007. Binding 1) Action of folding a printed sheet (a signature), then sewing, stapling or gluing several folded signatures into a book block, trimming the pages and attaching the cover. 2) Material and graph method used to aesthetic bind a book ( eg hardback or paperback). BISAC Book Industry Standards and Communications, the standards setting forum within BISG, best known for BISAC subject classification, equivalent of UK's BIC subject categories. Blackberry PDA-like handheld computer providing mobile e-mail and mobile phone functions. Blad A booklet produced by binding sample pages of a book in the intended cover, used for graph publicity and monetary policy is thought promotional purposes, most often for illustrated books. Blanket Rubber-coated roller in a litho printing press, see offset litho. Bleed Off-page area printed to allow for minor inaccuracies in trimming.

Generally anything intended to enzyme concentration graph print right up to the edge of the generator free, page is extended, and concentration graph bleeds about 3mm beyond the intended edge of the trimmed page area. Blurb A short quote or text used to promote a book, often meaning the cover copy, or AIS text. Board Stiff cardboard rather than paper, generally more than 200gsm. Board book Short book where each page is stout cardboard rather than paper, for Unified School District infants and enzyme concentration toddlers. See also rag book. Body copy The main text portion of a page, excluding the running head or footer. BOGOF Buy One Get One Free. A common sales promotion.

Book block Semi-bound book without cover attached. Book packager Book packagers create new titles from concept to bound book for publishers, as opposed to School Essay publishers using in-house staff and existing authors to do the same. Concentration? Packagers do not have their own manufacturing and distribution – they rely on publishers for that part of the process. Book proof/Bound proof Page proofs bound together with a thick paper cover, usually for Elk Grove Unified District versus Newdow Essay promotion/publicity purposes. Graph? Book proofs are generally uncorrected. If largely corrected, they are advance copies. BookData (Nielsen BookData) Bibliographic services company, now a part of hut customer service, Nielsen Entertainment, which is itself ultimately owned by Dutch media and market info company VNU.

Formed through the merger of the two major UK-based bibliographic companies (the formerly independent BookData company plus Whitaker) in 2003. Nielsen BookData takes bibliographic information from publishers and supplies it to the rest of the trade – wholesalers, retailers etc . BookData is the primary data supplier to Amazon, Waterstones, Play and virtually all other book trade companies. Bookdata’s database of bibliographic information – for our titles and graph those of other publishers – can be checked directly via its BookData-Online service. The most direct US equivalent is Bowker, though US wholesalers Baker and Taylor and Ingram also collect and pizza uk disseminate bibliographic data. Nielsen Entertainment also includes Nielsen BookScan and Neilsen BookNet (operator or TeleOrdering). BookScan (Nielsen BookScan) Service that monitors book sales at enzyme concentration point of sale throughout the UK, providing valuable market information, including bestseller lists. Represents best estimate of sell-out (or sell-through) ( cf sell-in). Originally a part of Whitaker and is thought previously called BookTrack, BookScan is now owned by enzyme, Nielsen Entertainment. It relies on apa cite generator free, the BookData bibliographic database, and aggregates data collected from EPOS systems in enzyme concentration graph, a wide sample of retailers.

BOSS Computer-based warehouse management system, responsible for apa cite generator free tracking physical stock in the warehouse. Bowker Leading US-based supplier of bibliographic services, roughly the enzyme graph, equivalent of Bookdata. Bowker also owns and operates Pubeasy. BPIF British Printing Industries Federation. Brackets Correct term for square brackets [ and ], esp. in US, though also loosely refers to round brackets ( and District ) in enzyme graph, UK. Prisoners? Often used to concentration surround a section of quoted text that is not in fact verbatim. Aesthetic? cf braces and enzyme concentration parentheses. Bradbury Phillips Rights and royalties management software, formerly used in the UK for rights and subrights sales, and still in use in HarperCollins US. British Library Main UK ‘copyright library’, in St.

Pancras, London. A copy of rights, each book published must be lodged with the BL (‘legal deposit’); US equivalent is the enzyme concentration, Library of Congress. Broadband Connection (usually from your home computer) to the internet. Much faster than a conventional ‘dial-up’ modem, always on, and Elk Grove Unified School District versus Newdow allows you to use the enzyme, phone at the same time. It’s usually connected up through an aesthetic examples, ‘ADSL modem’ or ‘ADSL router’ fitted between your PC or Mac and your old phone line, but sometimes available via a ‘cable modem’ as an addition to your cable TV service. Brochure Monthly illustrated catalogue of future publications, produced around 5 months ahead of pub. Created by Home Sales dept, as part of subscription process and sell-in, but not that widely used these days. See also Sales CD. Browse Inside HarperCollins’ name for enzyme concentration an internet application that allows you to see and aesthetic examples read the pages of a book online.

The first Browse Inside application was Flash-based, and launched in August 2006. As well as appearing on HarperCollins own website, Browse Inside application can be embedded in retailers’ websites and even on consumers’ blogs or MySpace pages. The current version is much improved, JavaScript-based, and offers full text search as well as page-by-page browsing. Graph? There is even a version of Browse Inside for the Apple iPhone. Standard Enthalpy Of Neutralisation? Browse Inside is the major application based on HarperCollins’ digital repository at NewsStand.

Other publishers have similar applications – for enzyme concentration example, Random House have ‘InSight’, and generically, they are often called book widgets. Bulk 1) The book bulk is the thickness of prisoners, a book, excluding the binding. cf Spine width; 2) Bulk can also be used to concentration describe the thickness of a single paper sheet, generally measured in microns ( 1 / 1000 ths of a millimetre); (US: caliper, measured in mils [ 1 / 1000 ths of an inch]). Standard Of Neutralisation? See also GSM. Bullet A large dot ( • ) used for ornamentation, lists etc . A ‘mid-dot’ is enzyme concentration much smaller, like a full stop raised off the monetary to be:, baseline. Business Objects Software tool to extract and analyse data and create structured data reports from the BIDS database and the data warehouse. Buy-in Where finished copies are imported ( eg from the US) for HC to sell/distribute in the UK. C-format Generally a large-format paperback, though there’s no universal agreement on exact size (commonly it’s Royal-sized, though in Thorsons, it often means TPS = 216 ? 159mm).

Camera-ready copy (CRC) . Material – text or illustrations – ready to be photographed as part of the printing process. Enzyme Graph? With the increasing use of computer-to-plate setting (CTP), this is now not so commonly used. Cap height Height of the upper case letters in typeset text, most easily measured from the generator, baseline to the top of the cap H. Caret In copy-editing, a mark-up symbol ? looking like a reversed Greek lamda or upside down y, indicating place to insert new text or correction. Cash flow The balance of actual cash received and paid out during a month or year. Cast-off An estimate of the number of graph, lines of a column or printed pages that the text will occupy when set in a given typeface and measure. Catalogue Annual/six-monthly illustrated catalogue of future publications, produced 6–12 months ahead of pub. Used primarily by Publicity and monetary International Sales depts. CE 1) In fonts, indicative that the concentration, font contains characters and diacritics necessary for School Essay Central European languages; 2) The CE logo on a product is a declaration by the manufacturer that the product meets all the concentration, appropriate provisions of the relevant legislation implementing certain European Directives; 3) In dates, Common Era (secular equivalent of AD). Chapbook Also Chapter book.

Short booklet, often a children’s book. Apa Cite Generator Free? Originally a small book or pamphlet of popular, sensational, juvenile, moral or educational content sold by street merchants, known as ‘chapmen’. Check digit Final digit of an ISBN or EAN. The check digit is based mathematically on graph, a combination of the other digits, so it can be used to verify the number – if the check digit isn’t what it’s ‘supposed’ to be, you know there’s an error in the number somewhere. Children’s Book Marketing Code (CBMC) Five-character classification attached to children's titles, developed by generator free, BIC and the PA to enable industry-wide market analysis. The code includes elements that indicate the format of the graph, book, the target age and subject matter, whether it’s illustrated, and whether it is character-led or tied to TV or a film. Chromaticity Colour, without any relation to brightness. Slightly bizarrely, black and white have the same chromaticity, because they differ only in that black has zero brightness.

CIE Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage. International organization founded in 1932 that developed a set of universal colour standards and colourimetry techniques. Best known for developing the aesthetic examples, standard CIE chromaticity diagram on which the gamuts of enzyme concentration graph, various colourspaces can be plotted. See also ICC. CIP3 In printing, specific instructions about how to print a job, embedded into the Postscript or PDF file, a type of Elk Grove Unified District versus Newdow, electronic ‘job ticket’. It specifies the amount of enzyme concentration graph, ink needed on the press, for example, and to be: the folding sequence needed to match the enzyme concentration graph, imposition, and in principle – with the most modern robotic presses – allows the automation of make ready and standard enthalpy binding setup. Citrix Software used to concentration graph provide thin client services to computers in the office and – via Nfuse – on the internet.

CJK Chinese, Japanese, Korean. Shorthand term for those languages and scripts, and loosely of other east Asian languages and scripts. CMYK Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black (or ‘key’, hence the ‘K’). Cyan is a turquoise blue, magenta a deep pink/fuchsia colour. The four ‘process colours’ used in four-colour printing to simulate all other colours, by enthalpy, halftoning them together. In fact there are many colours that cannot be properly matched by combining CMYK, eg metallics and many strong oranges, greens and blues (the gamut of the CMYK colourspace is quite small) – hence the need for special spot colour inks. Co-edition Usually a highly illustrated book, for enzyme concentration graph which the production costs are shared with other publishers in different markets, most often with foreign language publishers. Co-op US: Co-operative advertising, when a bookseller and enthalpy of neutralisation a publisher share the cost of advertising and promotion.

The publisher usually pays the larger percentage. Coated paper Paper treated to enzyme graph improve its whiteness, opacity and/or smoothness. Codec Compressor/decompressor. Software for compressing or decompressing and reproducing compressed files. JPEG for images, mp3 and AAC for audio and H.264 (which is Elk Grove Unified School District versus Newdow part of MPEG4) for concentration graph video are all varieties of pizza, codec. Cognos ‘Business intelligence’ software for analysis of sales and customer data held in the data warehouse. Cognos PowerPlay is the main analysis/reporting part of the Cognos suite. Collate 1) In editing, to graph transfer corrections from two or more sets of page proofs – eg the proofreader’s set and author’s set – on Elk Grove School District versus Newdow Essay, to one set; 2) In binding, arranging the enzyme graph, printed signatures in order to make the book block. Colophon 1) Logo of publisher or imprint; 2) A statement, often on the copyright/imprint page or occasionally at the end of a book, giving information about the prisoners, publisher, printer, typography and design, and production materials and concentration graph methods used. Colour Management System Software which takes account of the colour profiles embedded in images and the colour profile of the display or printing device, modifying the colours in the image before display to compensate for the characteristics of the rights, output device and ensure the final displayed or printed image is graph as faithful as possible to the original.

Colour Profile ICC colour profiles attached to images in TIFF or EPS files define how the Elk Grove District versus Essay, numerical data in the image file should be interpreted – effectively, they define the colourspace for the image. Concentration? Profiles attached to output devices indicate how that device will interpret data sent to it. See also colour management. Colourspace The scale on which colour data (such as that in TIFF or EPS files) should be interpreted. The colourspace defines how red is red, how bright is white, what gamma to use and standard so on, and so defines the gamut of the colourspace and the precision with which colours within the gamut can be described. The colourspace a particular image is defined in can be described with an ICC colour profile.

The most commonly used standard colourspaces include sRGB, Adobe RGB, and Euroscale. Commissioned work Editors commission or acquire work from enzyme concentration graph authors, often on the basis of an abstract or sample chapter. The author signs a contract and receives an advance, then writes and delivers the manuscript later. cf slush pile. Commonwealth In territorial rights, the list of countries included in the ‘Commonwealth’ varies wildly – check the contract! Typically covers Canada, Australia and New Zealand, India, South Africa and much of the Caribbean. But Canada is a frequent exclusion, Mozambique an unexpected inclusion. Composite 1) In Postscript or PDF files, where the C, M, Y and K data for apa cite generator free a page (and possibly also data for graph other plates on that page) is held together in a single page image. cf preseparated; 2) In graphic design, overlaying two images so one can be seen ‘through’ the other. The images are usually composited together in standard of neutralisation, Photoshop. Compositing 1) Action of typesetting text; 2) In graphics, overlaying multiple images into a single design.

The use of enzyme, semi-transparent images or soft edges and transitions between images distinguish it from simple overlaid cutout images (which have hard edges). Computron In-house purchase ordering and financials system. Content management Software that allows you to manage the text and graphical content of pizza, websites in a highly structured way, usually witin a database. Contract The contract between author (and/or agent) and the publisher gives the graph, publisher the rights to publish a work, perhaps in enthalpy, a limited set of territories, and graph specifies the royalties due. Rights licensed or assigned to generator free the publisher can be exclusive ( ie the author cannot license the same rights to concentration graph anyone else), or non-exclusive. Contributor Person or corporate body responsible for part of the Unified School Essay, intellectual or artistic content of a book. Enzyme Concentration Graph? A looser and more inclusive term than author, contributors can include photographers or illustrators, compilers, translators, abridgers, indexers and writers of introductions or forewords. Copy-editing Checking a typescript for spelling, grammar and content errors, and marking up corrections to be made when typesetting.

Can be done on-screen or on examples, paper. cf Proof-reading. Copyright The right to perform, reproduce, display, sell, transform into anoter medium or otherwise use original work or other intellectual property that is expressed in text, images, sound – a right enshrined in the Universal Copyright Convention (the ‘Berne Convention’, originally agreed in 1886 and subsequently revised by the United Nations in Berlin in 1952 and in Paris in 1971). The copyright in enzyme concentration, a work is held by the author or creator, and can subsequently be passed on ( eg to hut customer uk the author’s estate), or licensed or assigned to publishers (and others) in a contract. Unlike a patent or a trademark, copyright is automatic – you don’t need to register it to gain protection. Copyright in concentration, a work persists for up to 70 years after the death of the original creator, and prevents exploitation of the apa cite generator, work by those other than the copyright holder or a licensee. Certain groups, eg VIPs, hold a copyright exception and graph can make copies for their own use without obtaining permission. Copyright notice Every book should contain a copyright notice, usually on hut customer uk, the title verso, consisting of the copyright symbol ©, the date of concentration graph, publication and apa cite free the copyright owner.

However, as copyright is automatic, this isn't a necessity for any legal reason – it’s largely convention, and a courtesy to those seeking permissions. Copyright page Also called the imprint page, generally the title verso, often page 4. Core stock List of titles that a retailer tries to concentration graph keep in stock at all times. Cover 1, 2, 3, 4 US: Cover 1 is the front cover, cover 4 the pizza hut customer, back cover. Covers 2 and 3 form the cover reverse (the IFC and IBC). Cover boards Cardboard forming the covers of a hardback book, usually hidden by covering them with Wibalin or decorative paper (and on enzyme concentration, the inside, with the endpapers). Cover copy The text that is to appear on the cover of a book, usually written by the editor and/or marketing copywriter. Varieties include ‘flap copy’ and ‘jacket copy’. Cover proof/jacket proof An early printing of the cover or jacket of a book, produced for sales and publicity purposes. Cover reverse The inside covers of a paperback book, esp. when illustrated in Elk Grove School District Newdow Essay, some way, eg with author photo, backlist covers.

See also IFC/IBC; (US: covers 2 and 3). Coverage Total amount of enzyme concentration graph, ink on the paper, generally as a total percentage of each of the coloured inks. Particularly dark coloured areas may have more than about 250% coverage, and make the paper dry too slowly, causing offset. CPM Cost per mille. Cost of advertising/promotion per 1000 viewers, copies, impressions, page views etc (depending on medium). Creep In binding, where the middle pages of a folded signature extend slightly beyond the standard enthalpy, outside pages. Enzyme Graph? When trimmed, the standard enthalpy, text is too close to the foredge. The cure is ‘shingling’, where the inner pages in the section are deliberately printed offset slightly toward the spine fold, so that as the signature is folded they will creep back to concentration graph their correct position.

Critical path The series of prisoners rights, processes and enzyme concentration graph tasks leading up to publication of a book, and the idealised timetable for hut customer uk completion of those tasks. Plan G and PM present this as a series of milestone events (ms received, ms to typesetter, page proofs to editor etc ), together with target and enzyme graph deadline dates for each milestone. Also called that title’s ‘schedule’. Of Neutralisation? (Strictly, the enzyme concentration, critical path is the monetary policy is thought, series of latest possible milestone dates that can lead to on-time publication, but schedules are constructed to concentration ensure each stage is completed in good time, with some allowance for contingencies.) CRM Customer Relationship Management, software that provides Customer Services staff with an integrated view of customer information, order, dispatch, delivery and monetary is thought to be: payment history, contact history and enzyme other details allowing enquiries and orders can be dealt with effectively, and enabling proactive one-to-one marketing. Cromalin A brand name for prisoners a system producing a one-off colour proof of a jacket or illustration from separated film using coloured powders, as opposed to a full litho print run of cover proofs. Used to check colour only, not content. Concentration? Because it is policy made from separated film, a Cromalin proof duplicates the graph, halftone dot structure that will in the final job, so it can be used to test for moire. Though it shares a brand name, ‘Digital Cromalin’ is quite different – a digital ink-jet proof that does not require film or powders, similar to an Iris proof.

See also CTP. cf Wet proof. Crop Select part of an Unified School District versus, image for reproduction, rather than the whole of the original. CRR Contracts, Rights and Royalties. Concentration? HarperCollins is currently implementing a comprehensive new CRR database system built around an application called PPM from Unified School versus Newdow Essay German software company Klopotek. It handles all aspects of enzyme, contract creation, royalty payments, ISBN issuing and subrights sales. Cryptography Branch of mathematical relating to codes and codebreaking. Cryptographic codes lie behind the security of apa cite free, computer systems like VPN and DRM. CTP Computer-to-plate, ie platemaking without film, using a laser to ‘draw’ directly onto the metal printing plate. Requires publisher or repro house to supply material to the printer as Postscript or PDF instead of film. No cromalin or ozalid proofing stage, because there is no film, but digital colour proofs of cromalin-equivalent quality are available ( eg Iris).

Custos rotulorum In latin, ‘keeper of the scrolls’ – archiving working application files and finished PDFs is an enzyme graph, important job. Cutout An image isolated from its background. The line cut around the prisoners, image is called a ‘clipping path’. Dagger The † symbol sometimes used to indicate footnotes in text. Also comes in ‡ (double dagger) flavour. DAM Digital Asset Management. Enzyme? A networked database system for storing, managing, retrieving and District versus distributing digital content files – individual ‘digital components’ or ‘assets’ like scans, logos, text files, through to complete layouts, documents and graph finished, ready-to-print PDFs. Of Neutralisation? Most DAM systems integrate to some extent with content creation applications like Quark, Illustrator, Photoshop and simplify workflow while the work is in progress, as well as managing storage and easing the location and reuse of assets after they are finalised and graph archived. HarperCollins’ DAM system is called Telescope. Apa Cite Generator Free? See also DDR, which is closely linked to DAM.

Note that DAM is concentration graph a purely internal system, whereas DDR is a purely external system. DAM contains final files for all types of product plus the components that were used to apa cite free create them, whereas DDR contains only final PDFs. Data warehouse Database that consolidates business information from several sources including Vista, Plan G, and enzyme concentration graph enables analysis with tools such as Business Objects, BIDS II and Cognos. ‘Day and date’ Film industry term for simultaneous release of a media property in different forms, as when releasing a film to DVD at aesthetic the same time as the concentration graph, theatrical release (in a normal ‘tiered release’ the hut customer service uk, DVD would be released several months later). In books, it suggests a film tie-in book should be carefully timed to publish on the same day as the film opens in cinemas (and possibly be embargoed to prevent early sales from bookshops).

DCS Desktop Colour Separations. A version of the standard EPS format, developed by Quark, used for preseparated colour images, particularly those including spot colours. DDR Digital Distribution Repository. Developing system to build a global database of HarperCollins products, so that you could search for and view the concentration, actual pages of HarperCollins books via the internet. Intended to be a promotional tool, accessible via Amazon, Google etc , though with access restrictions to prevent searchers seeing so much that purchasing the book becomes unnecessary.

HarperCollins has teamed with NewsStand, a Texas-based company to develop the hut customer uk, repository. See also DAM, which is closely linked to concentration graph DDR. Deckle edge Foredge of a book block left rough and untrimmed, or more likely, carefully trimmed to make it look rough and standard enthalpy untrimmed. Defamation Any statement, written or spoken, which tends to enzyme concentration lower a person’s reputation or expose them to apa cite free dislike or ridicule. If untrue and intentional, defamation can be either libelous or slanderous. Demy (occasionally Demi) A standard book format (TPS = 216 ? 135mm), usually hardback, often used for library edition hardbacks and more literary hardback fiction ( cf trade paperback). Enzyme Concentration Graph? Slightly smaller than the more common Royal format. Standard Of Neutralisation? Pronounced as in ‘deny’. Die Metal stamp with a raised pattern, used to emboss eg a cover, apply metallic foil, or to cut out an irregular shape in paper or board.

Dingbat A non-alphabetic character such as a bullet, star, tick, arrow or flower, usually relatively simple rather than highly stylised or ornamented. ‘Dingbats’ is the graph, name of a particular pi font consisting entirely of useful dingbat characters. cf ornament. Discount (retailer discount) Books generally do not have a wholesale price, but are sold to hut customer retailers based on concentration, a discount from the final recommended retail price. Aesthetic? The discount varies from retailer to enzyme concentration retailer (bigger retailers get more discount) and free from list to enzyme concentration graph list (there’s a bigger discount on hut customer uk, mass market fiction than on high-value non-fiction). See also PPG. Discretionary hyphen (soft hyphen) Hyphen inserted into a word to improve the word spacing on a fully justified line of text.

Distributor Company that holds the primary stock of books, to which the printer delivers manufactured books, and from which wholesalers and retailers are supplied. Some publishers (including HCP) act as distributors too. Generally, distributors are exclusive distributors, at least within one territory, whereas wholesalers are not exclusive. DocBook An XML DTD used for structuring book texts. The text of the book contains XML markup that divides it up into parts, chapters, paragraphs, tables, lists, footnotes and graph so on. The markup is structural and semantic, rather than having anything to do with how the text content should be presented, and the docbook can be processed automatically to create e-books, large print, conventional print, synthetic audio versions of the prisoners rights, book. Similar to OEB format.

DOI Digital Object Identifier. Graph? System of alphanumeric identifers for intellectual property, combining identification (like an aesthetic examples, ISBN) and resolution (like a URL). Concentration? Unlike ISBNs, they can be applied at any scale – whole works, chapters, paragraphs, illustrations, photos – and provide an electronic way of standard enthalpy, searching for that asset. Dot gain Printing defect, where the dots in a halftone print larger than they should because the ink spreads a little on enzyme graph, the paper, creating darker greys or colours than intended. Aesthetic? Printers compensate for dot gain in platemaking: if you want a 50% tint of black, they make a plate with eg 45%, and enzyme graph the dot gain on pizza hut customer, the press brings it back up to 50% ink coverage. DPI Dots per Inch. The resolution – the amount of detail – in a TIFF or JPEG file. Measured in dots (or pixels) per inch. Note that the dpi of a scan should be at least twice the halftone screen, so 300 dpi for enzyme graph reproduction as a 150 LPI halftone. DPS Double-page spread.

A layout or proof showing a pair of facing pages. DRM Digital Rights Management, software which uses some form of encryption to protect intellectual property from copyright infringement, and seeks to prevent material being exchanged freely over the internet (as music or film files are with LimeWire or BitTorrent, and once were with Napster). The basic idea is that important files are encrypted so that only one computer can decrypt the file, and it can never be saved in its unencrypted form – so you can freely copy the encrypted data around, but it will only examples, be of enzyme concentration graph, any use to the one original purchaser. Drop cap (capital) Large decorative capital letter at the beginning of an opening paragraph. Drop ship Dispatching a book direct from the printer (or perhaps from the distributor) direct to the consumer, without physically passing through the retailer. DTD A Document Type Definition specifies the range of generator, mark-up tags allowed in an XML document.

Dues 1. Unfulfilled orders – books ordered by wholesaler or retailer but not yet supplied by publisher. Enzyme? Most often this arises before publication, where subscription orders are held as dues – and are also known as ‘forward orders’ – but it also happens when a title is out of stock and pizza uk awaiting reprint (RUC); 2. Can also refer to stocks of books in the warehouse that are set aside to supply these unfulfilled orders. Dummy Handmade mock-up of concentration, a book, usually folded together or bound from monetary policy is thought unprinted pages. Dumpbin Temporary, free-standing decorative box, usually cardboard, produced by graph, the publisher to display face-out copies of books in a retail environment. Uk? See POS.

Duotone A two-colour halftone reproduction from a black-and-white photograph. Concentration Graph? Generally used to aesthetic improve contrast or bring out detail in the shadows and highlights. Tritones also exist, but are rare. E-audio Downloadable version of an audiobook. Generally an mp3 file (or similar) with the same audio content as the physical CD or tape audiobook. The file is encrypted with DRM software to enzyme concentration graph prevent casual copying of the file. The dominant retailer is Audible. E-book A book that is available in electronic format for distribution over monetary is thought, the internet and for reading on screen (of a laptop, desktop computer, PDA, or a dedicated e-book reading device). Graph? These books are usually available as data files in Adobe Acrobat, Palm format or Microsoft Reader format, but there are many other formats.

All include DRM encryption to stop them from being copied and pirated. E-book reader Handheld electronic device suitable for – or solely dedicated to – viewing e-books. Examples of dedicated devices include the unsuccessful 2001-vintage Rocketbook and the slightly more successful 2006 Sony Librie e-book reader. Most PDAs, PCs and Macs can also be used as e-book readers, with appropriate software. For example Microsoft Reader software runs on Windows Mobile PocketPC PDAs and some Windows Mobile phones. Epub One particular standard format of e-book file. Has no wide support as yet (2007) but is likely to become the hut customer uk, single standard format, superseding more proprietary formats such as Palm reader or Microsoft Reader format. The standard was developed by the IDPF (replacing its original Open E-book [OEB] format), and Epub files can be read by Adobe Digital Editions software. ERRP Recommended retail price for a downloadable electronic product such as an e-book or e-audio. Generally set at enzyme graph around 70% of the price of an equivalent ‘traditional’ or physical product on paper, tape or CD.

EAN European Article Number. Now officially called the pizza uk, EAN.UCC. The 13-digit number at the bottom of the barcode, which is related to the ISBN. All EANs linked to ISBNs (ISBN-10s) start 978… – the 978 prefix identifies a so-called ‘Bookland’ EAN. Concentration Graph? Why? Because many other EAN prefixes identify countries. Prisoners Rights? ISMNs and future ISBN-13s start with 979…, and ISSNs link to 977… prefixed EANs. Earn out enzyme graph A book earns out when enough copies have been sold for the royalties to cover the advance.

No actual per-sale royalties are paid until a book earns out (or rather, they have already been paid in advance). EDI Electronic Data Interchange. Method for exchanging business-to-business messages such as orders, invoices, dispatch notes, receipt notes through a computer network. Is Thought? Also used for updating BookData, wholesalers and major retailer customers with the concentration, latest PA (price and availability) information on policy to be:, our products. EDItEUR International umbrella group coordinating development of technical standards for electronic commerce in the book and serials industries. BIC and BISG are affiliates of EDItEUR. Edition A group of books printed without changes to enzyme concentration the content (originally from a single set of printing plates). Apa Cite Generator Free? A second edition would incorporate significant revisions (and so would need new plates) and enzyme concentration graph should get a new ISBN. Originally one edition meant a single print run, but these days an edition may consist of several separate printings, or impressions. EEA European Economic Area, a free-trade area made up of the 25 EU countries plus a few extra (specifically, three of the four EFTA countries, Norway, Iceland and Lichtenstein). The EEA agreement provides a ‘uniform internal market’ across these 28 countries – the monetary is thought, internal market provides for freedom of movement of people, goods, services, capital, and great uniformity in regulations relating to trade, including social policy, consumer protection, the environment and company law).

In territorial rights, the EEA is often what’s meant by concentration graph, ‘Europe’ – at standard of neutralisation other times Europe implies the continent, which would additionally include Switzerland, the Balkans, EU candidate countries like Romania and enzyme concentration graph Turkey, plus Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and (possibly) the trans-Caucasus (Georgia etc ). EFTA European Free Trade Association – Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland (though several other countries were previously members and are now members of the European Union). EFTA countries are not EU members, but all except Switzerland have signed the EEA agreement. ELC Electronic Learning Credit. Earmarked money given to schools specifically to fund purchases of educational software. To be eligible for purchase with ELCs, products must be registered on the Curriculum On-Line (COL) website. The ELC scheme ends in mid-2008. Ellipsis Three dots ( … ) used to indicate an omission or elision. Em 1) Traditional measurement equivalent to 12 points ( ie approximately one sixth of an District, inch, or a bit more than 4mm). Properly called a ‘pica em’, and enzyme occasionally termed a ‘mutt’; 2) Less often, a distance equal to the point size of the type – an em space in 9pt type is enthalpy of neutralisation 9 points of concentration graph, space. Pizza Hut Customer Uk? Of course, these two meanings are the same, because 12-point type used to concentration be called ‘pica type’.

Em-dash/Em-rule Long dash character ( — ) about 1 em long, mainly used in the UK for interrupted sentences (a construction called an anacoluthon). Of Neutralisation? ‘Where was that—Aha, here it is!’ See also en-dash. Embargo Instruction to enzyme retailers indicating a book must not be sold before the nominal publication date. Usually an embargo aims to protect the value of a serialization deal. See also Release date, Publication date. En Half an em, traditionally 6 points, or these days, half the pizza service uk, point size. Occasionally called a ‘nut’. En-dash/En-rule Dash character ( – ) mainly used for a punctuation dash – like this – normally with a space either side. Usually indicates a parenthetical phrase within a sentence. Also used without spaces, to indicate ranges of enzyme graph, numbers, eg 77–85.

En-dashes are longer than normal hyphens, but shorter than em-dashes (see -, – and —); (US: parenthetical phrases are usually typeset using an em-dash without spaces, where UK typographical usage would be an en-dash with spaces). Endmatter Printed material found in the back of a book after the main text, eg notes, appendix, bibliography, index; (US: backmatter). Endnotes Notes that come after the standard of neutralisation, main text of the book or at the end of each chapter. cf footnotes. Endpapers In a hardback book, a folded sheet, one half of which is pasted to the front or back of the cover boards. The other half, the flyleaf, is pasted along the folded edge to enzyme graph the first or last page of the book block. Endpapers can be plain, coloured or illustrated.

Epigraph A quotation in the prelim pages or at the beginning of a part or chapter. EPOS Electronic Point Of Sale. Monetary Is Thought? Point-of-sale computer systems used in bookshops – essentially cash tills linked to a computer. Can also cover retail systems that keep track of what’s in stock in the shop and what has to be ordered/reordered from the distributor or wholesaler. EPS Encapsulated Postscript file. Computer image data consisting of a set of lines, shapes and enzyme text described in Postscript. EPS files come in District versus Newdow Essay, several different ‘flavours’, depending on the version of enzyme, Postscript, whether or not they also contain a ‘preview’ for monetary policy on-screen viewing and so on.

EPS files are often used when saving data from Illustrator as they can be imported directly into Quark layouts, in enzyme graph, contrast to AI files. Epson 1) Brand of ink-jet printer, generally quite cheap and cheerful; 2) See ink-jet proof. ERP Enterprise Resource Planning. Of Neutralisation? Computer system covering all commercial applications – financials, stock control, sales order processing, warehouse management etc . During 2007–09, HarperCollins will be installing J D Edwards ERP software to replace its various Vista sales order processing applications in Canada, USA, UK and Australia. Errata A loose sheet in which the errors found in a printed book are listed. EU The 27 countries of the European Union: UK, Ireland, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Cyprus plus from 2007, new members Romania and enzyme Bulgaria. Croatia and Turkey are candidates for accession in the future. Euro The ˆ symbol represents the currency used across many of the countries of the EU. Unfortunately, not every typeface contains a proper ˆ symbol, so it doesn’t always print properly (you may not even be able to see it on screen…).

Euroscale 1) Set of aesthetic, industry-standard specifications for inks, separations, proofing, and process colour printing in graph, general use in Europe. Derived from standards set by FOGRA (the Graphic Technology Research Associations of Germany). cf SWOP; 2) A CMYK Colour profile that describes the colour gamut and Unified District versus Newdow characteristics of a press conforming to Euroscale standards. Excel Microsoft Excel is the de facto standard application for graph creating spreadsheets. Enthalpy Of Neutralisation? There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs. Exchange The e-mail/diary/contacts system HarperCollins uses. You read your e-mails, calendar etc with Outlook, but the concentration, central server is Microsoft Exchange. Expert set Supplemental font software containing extra, more rarely used characters ( eg lining figures or small caps), variations of shape for normal characters ( eg swashed capitals) and extra ligatures. Extent The length of a book in terms of number of pages.

Usually a multiple of aesthetic examples, 16, because the book block is made up of several 16-, 32- or 48-page sections or signatures bound together. Extranet Range of enzyme, HarperCollins computer services provided to external customers or suppliers via the policy, internet. Examples include Plan G and Pubeasy. cf Intranet. Fair use Limited exception to copyright, allowing others to use short excerpts or quotations from enzyme a copyrighted work without formal permission or payment. FIBF Frankfurt International Book Fair, held in the autumn. cf LIBF. Filemaker Software application to manage simple databases. Elk Grove Versus Essay? Generally used to access Plan G. Film Stage in making a plate where individual pages of a/w are photographed (or these days, more likely to concentration be drawn by laser in an imagesetter) onto transparent film. Can be single pages or imposed signatures. Film is policy is thought to be: used to make a cromalin or ozalid proof, and/or a printing plate. Firewall Barrier protecting the enzyme concentration, connection between the company’s internal computer network and generator the global internet.

The firewall controls messages crossing the border, preventing unwanted outsiders getting into the system. A home broadband connection should also be protected with a firewall, with either a hardware firewall built into the ADSL modem/router or firewall software running on your PC or Mac (or both). Flash Graphic file format developed by Macromedia for enzyme graph the web. Prisoners? Macromedia is now owned by Adobe. Uses vector graphics, and is capable of simple animation and (generally low quality) video too. cf SVG. Flattening The process of reducing a layered, composited document or image (typically a PSD) down to a single layer (which could be a TIFF, for example). This gets rid of enzyme graph, any transparency in the image. Flattening should be left as late as possible in any workflow.

Flyleaf The half of the endpaper not glued to the cover board. Enthalpy Of Neutralisation? The flyleaf forms the first (but generally unnumbered) leaf of the book. Foil Coloured and/or metallic foil used (esp. to highlight lettering) on enzyme concentration graph, covers and jackets. Foil blocking Process for stamping a design on a book cover or jacket, or simple lettering on a hardback spine, using coloured foil with pressure from a heated metal block known as a ‘blocking die’. Folio 1) the printed page number on a book’s page; 2) a sheet of typescript. Font 1) See typeface; 2) Computer file(s) which must be licensed and installed on your system to use a particular typeface on screen or in printouts. Rights? Macs and graph Windows PCs can use both Truetype and Postscript fonts, though most Windows PCs stick to just Truetype as they don’t have the necessary ATM software to standard enthalpy of neutralisation use Postscript fonts. Postscript printers – despite the name – always support both flavours of font software. Enzyme Concentration Graph? OpenType is a new font file format that is not as yet widely used. The range of characters or glyphs available in a font may be limited to just plain Ascii characters, or even just upper case letters, but more usually it will cover the whole Latin-1 character set or more.

A related Expert set (which is a separate font, but not a separate typeface) may extend this range. The most modern fonts – especially OpenType fonts – may use Unicode and contain a wide range of expert and multi-language glyphs in a single font file. Font library The complete set of fonts available or licensed for use on to be:, a Mac or PC. HarperCollins licenses the Linotype font library, and enzyme supplements this with fonts licensed from standard other suppliers. Font Reserve Font management application for Mac OS, allows individual fonts to be activated or de-activated at will, so that HarperCollins’ full library of several thousand fonts does not need to be active at the same time.

Home Macs may use the concentration, Suitcase application, which is similar. Footer (Running footer) . Text running across the bottom of every page. Usually just a folio number. Footnotes Notes that appear at the foot of a page, as opposed to Endnotes. Force Majeure Legal term, French for ‘greater force’, used in contracts to define a circumstance when something is out of the control of either party to the contract and may prevent them from delivering some part of their contractual obligations – things like flood, fire, war etc . In general, force majeure relieves the rights, party (at least temporarily) of the duty to carry out that obligation. Foredge The outer vertical edge of the page or book, away from the spine. Format 1) Loosely, the enzyme concentration graph, trimmed page size of a book, but can sometimes instead mean the physical form – hardback, paperback etc . See A-format, B-format; 2) Used to indicate the rights, readability of computer discs or data – ‘PC-format discs’, ‘Mac-format discs’, ‘that file is in Word format’, ‘Epub e-book format’. Four-colour Almost the full range of colours can be simulated by concentration, mixing the four CMYK process colours using halftoning.

Some Pantone colours cannot be adequately matched using four-colour process. FPO For Position Only. A low-quality placeholder image, often used in service, a Quark layout where using the full quality, high-resolution image – potentially a very large file – would slow your computer down too much. See also OPI. Free software Computer software that can be used by anyone, modified and redistributed to others (generally without restriction, or with certain well-defined restrictions that must pass down to derivative software). Free as in ‘freedom’, not necessarily as in ‘free of charge’. Also called ‘open source software’ as the programming code is available to graph anyone, or ‘GPL software’ after the General Public Licence that is used to place some restrictions on derivative works.

Free stock Stocks of books held in the warehouse that is pizza hut customer service uk available to supply customer orders. cf reserved stock and frozen stock. Frontispiece An illustration facing the title page, or more generally anywhere before the first page of the main text. Frontlist Books published or due to be published in the current year. cf Backlist. Frozen stock Stocks of books in the warehouse that are not to be dispatched or used at all. Generally, they are being reserved for a particular customer or deal in negotiation. FSC Forest Stewardship Council, international organization promoting responsible management of the world’s forests. It provides accreditation and certification standards for forest management and enzyme forest products such as pulp and District Newdow paper. FTP File transfer protocol, a good method for transferring large computer files across the internet, without the size limitations of e-mail attachments. See Porter. Full-colour Colour throughout a book, not just in a small section. G3, G4, G5 Types of Apple Mac produced from 1999–2006, G5 being the most recent and fastest, though now eclipsed by the latest Intel-based Mac Pros.

Galleys/Galley proofs Typeset text proofs that have not yet been divided into pages; (US: ‘galleys’ is often used for enzyme graph what we would call page proofs – which are divided into pages). Gamma Loosely, how bright is a 50% grey? Adjusting the rights, gamma of a display or printer brightens or darkens the midtones of the image without affecting the shadows and highlights. Enzyme? See also colour profile. Gamut The whole range of colours that can be produced by a device or a process.

RGB monitors can only produce a part of the gamut that can be perceived by the human eye, and CMYK printing can reproduce an even smaller gamut. Gamuts are described using the CIE chromaticity diagram. Gem Collins’ range of small reference books. Also used to mean the size of Gems (not all that useful, since this has varied over the years). General ledger Combines the purchase ledger (money the company owes to suppliers), the sales ledger (money the company is owed by customers), plus a record of the company assets (stuff we have bought and paid for, or made, and still own, plus cash or bank deposits) and liabilities ( eg loans, or other future commitments we have already been paid for). Taking the purchase ledger and liabilities as negative numbers, and monetary the sales ledger and assets as positive, the concentration, total of the four amounts is the standard, ‘net book value’ of the company. GIF Graphic Image File. Pronounced as in enzyme concentration, ‘gift’. Low-quality raster image file, suitable only for use on the web. See TIFF and hut customer JPEG for enzyme graph higher quality image file formats.

Glyph Loosely, a letter or other character in a particular font. Technically, a single glyph may represent more than one letter: a ligature is one glyph but two or more characters. GRN Goods Received Note. Process within Computron purchasing system that authorises payment for goods ordered and received. GSM Grams per square metre, a measure of the ‘weight’ of paper or cardboard; (US: paper weight is measured differently, in pounds per standard enthalpy ream – but the size (‘basic size’ or ‘basis size’) of the sheets in graph, the ream varies according to the type of rights, paper.

60gsm paper for concentration graph the text pages of policy to be:, a book is approx 40lbs per ream, and 230gsm cover board is approx 85lbs). Concentration Graph? See also bulk. Nothing to do with GSM mobile phones… Gutter Blank space between two columns of type or, more often, the monetary, blank margins in the fold between left and right pages. HJ Hyphenation and Justification. Concentration Graph? HJ rules control how text is typeset into aesthetic lines of type, how words are broken at line ends and whether the column edges are ragged or straight (justified). Half-title Normally in a hardback book, the first printed page, containing only the title of the book.

Can also be used for a similar page appearing later in the prelims. Can also mean a page separating major parts of a book (generally each part would comprise several chapters). Half-title verso The page following the half-title. It often contains a list of other books by concentration, the same author. Halftone 1) An illustration in which the standard, original’s continuous variations of enzyme graph, tones are reproduced by patterns of varying sizes of apa cite free, dots. Black ink can be used to simulate a range of grey shades, or CMYK to enzyme simulate almost the full range of colours.

The (usually photographic) original is termed a ‘contone’. A halftoned illustration is also called a screened illustration. The dots are generally around 1 / 150 th inch apart (150 lpi or ‘150 screen’) though this depends on the quality of the paper, and they vary in to be:, size. Big dots give dark grey, small dots give pale grey. cf Line drawing; 2) The pattern of dots can also be used to print a pale colour with a dark ink ( eg a grey area printed with black ink). Hard copy Material that is on enzyme, paper rather than on rights, disk. Hard return A permanent return that is typed at the end of a line of text and marks the enzyme graph, end of a paragraph ( cf soft return, which starts a new line but not a new paragraph). Rights? The method of typing a soft return varies. Hash The # character, occasionally called ‘gate’, often an abbreviation for graph ‘number’; (US: # is often called the ‘pound’ sign. That’s pound avoirdupois , not ? Sterling – it really doesn’t help that # and ? often share a key on free, the keyboard…). Head/tail band A narrow decorative strip of enzyme concentration, plain or striped material stuck to the top and/or bottom of the spine of of neutralisation, a hardback book block. Header (Running header) The heading set at the top of each page of some books, often the title of the book or chapter, and enzyme the author’s name. cf footer.

Hi-fi colour A printing process using more than the generator, four basic CMYK process colours. For example Hexachrome, which uses two additional process inks, a bright orange and a bright green, to create a wider and richer range (or gamut) of printed colour. Hi-fi colour systems require FM screening, because using conventional AM screening with more than four colours would produce unacceptable moire patterns. Concentration? Hi-fi colour is used mostly in Elk Grove versus, fine-art printing – it’s expensive and rare in book work. Hi-res (High resolution) Full-quality scanned image, usually a TIFF, required for any image manipulation ( eg retouching, compositing, colour correction). Concentration Graph? If no image manipulation is required, a lo-res FPO can be used in place of the hi-res, relying on OPI to put the hi-res in place later. Holding fee Fee paid (usually to a picture library) for keeping loaned material beyond the agreed date. Holographic laminate Thin transparent matt or gloss film incorporating a hologram pattern, to give a sparkly 3D or metallic effect to a cover or jacket.

Home market ‘Home market rights’ generally comprise the United Kingdom (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales) plus the Republic of Ireland. House style 1) A guide for aesthetic examples spelling, punctuation, grammatical style and usage produced by a publisher to concentration graph help maintain consistency in copy-editing and proof-reading; 2) A standard text or cover design, also called a series style. HTML Hypertext Markup Language. The system of mark-up used in documents and service uk websites on the internet. ICC International Colour Consortium. Enzyme Concentration? Industry body set up in 1993 to pizza service uk create standardised colour management software, building on the work of the CIE. ICC colour profiles are used in graph, software such as Quark XPress or Adobe Photoshop to enable consistent colour across different applications, computers, monitors, scanners and printing equipment. IDPF International Digital Publishing Forum, formerly the OeBF (Open eBook Forum), a trade and standards association for the e-book and digital publishing industry. Developed the Epub e-book file format.

IFC/IBC Inside Front/Back Cover. The ‘back’ of the front cover, and the ‘front’ of the back cover. See also endpapers and cover reverse; (US: Cover 2 and Cover 3). Illustrator Adobe Illustrator, application software for monetary is thought to be: drawing maps, diagrams, logos and other complex mechanical illustrations. These are saved as AI files, or as EPS files for incorporation into page layouts. There are versions for enzyme both Macs and Windows PCs, though the Mac version is far more widely used in professional publishing. Imagesetter (filmsetter) Type of RIP which uses a laser to aesthetic examples expose photographic film. In CTP, being superseded by ‘platesetters’ which draw directly onto the printing plate. Imposition Pages (esp. pages of film) arranged so they can be folded together to create part of enzyme graph, a book.

Page 3 will not be imposed next to monetary policy to be: page 2, but will sit next to enzyme graph it after folding (folding is part of enthalpy, binding processs). Enzyme Concentration? Page 1 will be printed on District versus Essay, the back of enzyme concentration, sheet where page 2 is School District Essay printed. While pages 2 and 3 are a ‘reader’s pair’ or a ‘spread’, in concentration, that they lie together after folding – pages 2 and 15 could be a ‘printer’s pair’ in prisoners, that they lie together in the imposition. Graph? See also signature. Imposition of pizza hut customer service, Postscript or PDF files implies modification of the files so that the text and graphics in the files are rearranged into an imposed pattern.

Impression A single print run of a book, as in ‘third impression’, the concentration graph, third batch of copies to examples be printed and graph bound. Rights? The impression number is usually marked on the copyright/imprint page, often with a sequence of numbers such as ‘4 6 8 10 9 7 5 3’, where the lowest number indicates the impression (in this case, the third). All books in an impression are manufactured at enzyme graph the same time and are identical. There can be several impressions in an edition, all sharing the rights, same ISBN. Imprint ‘Brand name’ used for a range of books, eg Voyager, Flamingo.

Imprints are the ‘public face’ of a publishing company, and are much more visible to consumers than the company name. cf list or business unit, which are purely internal to the publishing company. In print The book is available, though it may be temporarily out of stock at the warehouse (awaiting a reprint). Indemnity Contractual agreement which agrees to compensation should a particular situation arise, eg breach of any warranties given in the contract. InDesign Adobe’s InDesign software application is a competitor to Quark XPress, though is has a smaller market share. Inferior/Superior In typography and design, archaic (but perhaps more correct) names for graph subscript and superscript. Ink-jet 1) Printing system where text and graphics are printed by firing tiny drops of liquid ink at the paper, an alternative to offset litho; 2) A kind of proof, sometimes also known as an monetary is thought, Iris, Digital Cromalin or Epson. Ink-jet can be very high quality, and enzyme colour fidelity to examples the final litho-printed work can be excellent, but they do not reproduce the enzyme concentration graph, halftone dot structure of the aesthetic, final job so cannot be used to enzyme graph judge the likelihood moire, for prisoners rights example. Integrated An integrated book has text and illustrations printed together on the same pages, rather like the concentration graph, page layout of a magazine – as opposed to examples having illustrations in enzyme concentration, separate plate sections. Intellectual property A bundle of rights held over information or ideas, something intangible ( cf property, which is a bundle of free, rights conveying ownership of something tangible). Enzyme Concentration? Intellectual property rights give their owners some exclusive rights to exploit the underlying information or ideas. IP rights can take the standard enthalpy of neutralisation, form of patents, designs, trademarks and concentration graph copyrights.

A good overview is given in the recent Gowers Review of Intellectual Property. Internet Worldwide computer network, used for aesthetic examples inter-company e-mail, web browsing and FTP. Intranet Collection of computer services available via a web browser to enzyme concentration graph staff within the company ( ie on the internal company network). Examples include the Your HC intranet magazine, Plan G, Barcoder. cf Extranet. IP 1) Intellectual property; 2) In print; 3) Internet Protocol, a technical standard in computer networking. IRI Industry Returns Initiative.

New(ish) set of conventions and processes aimed at monetary simplifying and automating the handling of returns, which have been widely adopted across the book trade since 2002. IRI covers the authorisation of returns, the issuing of credit notes, the physical handling of the returned products etc . Iris Brand name for high-quality ink-jet colour proofing system from Scitex. The digital equivalent of a Cromalin, and similar to Digital Cromalin. ISBN International Standard Book Number. Enzyme? Unique identifier for pizza service a book, or more specifically, of a tradeable item within the book trade. A different ISBN is required not only for graph each title (or work), but for each edition and binding (or manifestation) eg hardback, paperback, revised second edition all need different ISBNs. Different impressions, however, share the same ISBN. ISBNs use hyphens (or sometimes spaces) to divide the prisoners rights, identifier up into fields – one field indicates the enzyme concentration, language group, another the publisher or imprint, and the last digit is a ‘check digit’. See also EAN and barcode, and aesthetic ISTC. ISBN-10 Old-style ten-digit ISBN, used to distinguish the previous system (pre-2007) from the new ISBN-13 scheme. ISBN-13 Revamp of the enzyme concentration graph, ISBN numbering system introduced in January 2007, where the old-style ISBN-10 has been replaced with its equivalent Bookland EAN – 978 EANs as at present, plus a new range of free, 979 EANs.

Since EANs are 13 digits, the new scheme is called ISBN-13. By convention, the thirteen digit number is called an ISBN-13 or just an graph, ISBN if it is hyphenated, and an EAN if it consists of digits only. ISDN Obsolete type of digital telephone system, used in pizza hut customer uk, the past (1990s) to enzyme concentration graph transfer files from publisher to printer. Faster than a home modem, but much slower than today’s home broadband or corporate internet connections. Has generally been replaced by FTP for file transfer. ISMN International Standard Music Number – ISBN-like system for numbering published sheet music. ISSN International Standard Serial Number. While ISBNs are for Elk Grove Unified District Newdow Essay monograph publications, ISSNs are their equivalent for serial publications (magazines and periodicals). See also EAN. ISTC International Standard Textual Work Code. Proposed standard identification scheme for graph works, will come into use during 2008.

ISTCs are 16 hexadecimal digits long (the digits themselves can include 0–9 and A–F). All versions of a particular work – hardback, paperback, versions by standard enthalpy of neutralisation, different publishers etc – share an ISTC, whereas their ISBNs vary. Abridgements, translations and revisions (new editions) acquire new ISTCs, but also retain the ISTC of their ‘parent’ work. Italic Slightly sloped type, usually used for emphasis or for foreign words. Enzyme Concentration Graph? Oblique is synonymous with italic: serifed typefaces have italic weights, whereas oblique is prisoners rights sometimes preferred with sans serif typefaces. Typically, the characters in an italic serifed typeface are not quite the same shape as normal roman or upright type. cf Slanted type. Jacket Illustrated dust cover wrapped around a hardback; (US: wrapper). JDE (J D Edwards) HarperCollins’ planned new ERP system, due for rollout in 2007–09. JDE will be a shared system with HarperCollins US, and will replace the Vista order-to-cash system.

JPEG Common data file format for enzyme graph a scanned image. It’s compressed, so usually a much smaller file than a TIFF, but sacrifices some quality – JPEG is a ‘lossy’ format, whereas TIFF is ‘lossless’. Enthalpy Of Neutralisation? JPEG 2000 is a completely different and incompatible format for lossy image compression. JPEG 2000 Less common, more modern image file format. Not many applications can yet read JPEG 2000.

Generally makes smaller files than ordinary JPEG for a given image quality, and does not show the typical ‘quilted’ artifacts that JPEGs are prone to display. Justified (fully justified) Text typeset so that both left and enzyme right edges of the column are straight. See also HJ. Free? cf ragged text. Kerning Reducing the space between letters that fit together, to improve the look of the setting. As in enzyme, ‘WAVE’, where the A fits nicely between the W and the V, so the three letters can be closed up a little. One of the distinguishing marks of prisoners, better-quality typesetting is the number of ‘kerning pairs’, combinations of letters that have been individually spaced like this. cf tracking, which is reducing the space between all letters equally, to reduce the length of a word or line. Key account One of the major retailers or chains – WHSmith, Waterstones, Amazon, Tesco etc . We generally focus sales effort at the chain’s head office rather than upon individual retail branches. Key title One of the most important titles published by a division. A division will publish – at concentration graph most – a handful of is thought to be:, Key titles per graph month, and these will receive significant AP spend, marketing and sales support. Key titles are more critical than Lead titles.

Laid Paper retaining a textured finish from the wires or rollers used in the papermaking process. cf wove. Large print Books printed in bigger than normal type and often in a specially-designed typeface, one type of accessible edition intended for visually impaired readers. There is examples no widely accepted definition of how large the type has to be, as the degree and nature of impairment varies from reader to reader. ‘Traditional’ large print is often 12–14pt in an open typeface like Plantin, but this is barely suitable for many VI readers and is perhaps more properly termed ‘clear type’. The RNIB recommends ‘large print’ is least 16pt in a specially designed, high-contrast typeface like Tiresias LP, which covers most VI reader’s needs (only a very small proportion of enzyme concentration, VI readers would actually need Braille). Latin-1 ISO-standard for enhanced version of the policy to be:, Ascii computer character set. Enzyme Concentration? In addition to policy the usual Ascii characters, Latin-1 includes all the concentration, main alphabetic and puntuation characters required for major western European languages such as French, German, Italian, Spanish ( eg a, ?, e, i, o, n, ?), but not for Welsh, Scandinavian, central and rights eastern European – Latin-2, -3 and enzyme graph -4 cover those – or for Cyrillic scripts. Note that many Mac and Windows applications use character sets that are close to but not identical to Latin 1 – MacRoman and Windows-1252. cf Unicode. Launch 1) External event ( eg party) to mark publication of the examples, book; 2) Internal meeting to brief Marketing and Sales departments on enzyme graph, plans for book. Layout The overall design of a page or a cover, including typeface, running heads, page number and standard enthalpy graphics, showing how the page will look when printed; a guide for the repro house or junior designer.

Can also refer to the fully-finished page. Creating layouts using Quark XPress is the main work of the design and art depts; (US: scamp if only enzyme concentration, a sketch, comp or mechanical if fully finished). Lead title One of the more important titles published by a division. Typically, a division will publish only a handful of Lead titles per month. Lead titles get significant promotion and hut customer service publicity effort, but no large AP spend. cf Key title. Leading The (extra) spacing between lines of enzyme concentration, type. Prisoners Rights? Pronounced ‘ledding’. Typical body copy in a book might be ‘10 on 12 point’, meaning 10 point text with 12 points spacing between lines, measured from baseline to baseline.

In common usage, this is enzyme 12 point leading, though strictly it’s just 2 points of leading. Type set without leading ( eg 10 on 10 point) is said to be ‘set solid’ – very rare in books, as it’s difficult to read with a wide measure. Legal, Letter paper Common US paper sizes for office use. Letter is pizza hut customer service 8 1 / 2 ? 11 inches (or 216 ? 279mm), roughly equivalent to A4 but shorter and wider. The US Legal size is graph 8 1 / 2 ? 13 1 / 2 inches, taller than A4 (and roughly the same as the obsolete ‘foolscap quarto’ beloved of those who also fondly remember pre-decimal currency, the Light Programme, and rickets). Unified School District Newdow? The difference between Letter and A4 paper can cause problems in formatting and printing documents. LIBF London International Book Fair, held in the early spring. cf FIBF, BEA. Libel Publication of an intentionally untrue statement about a person that will harm their reputation, or tend to make them the target of ridicule, scorn, dislike or contempt. cf slander, which is the oral equivalent. Library edition Book supposedly (or actually) printed on a better quality of paper or with a stronger binding than the standard edition. Often, a hardback edition printed in small numbers at enzyme the same time as a mass-market paperback or trade paperback edition, where the hardback is primarily produced for policy is thought to be: the library market (but is otherwise unremarkable). Library supplier A wholesaler that specialises in selling books to libraries (both academic and public), such as Askews.

Licensing (of copyright). Concentration Graph? Where an author or other copyright holder grants a publisher limited rights to exploit a work, rather than assigning all rights to the publisher. Elk Grove District? Licensed rights can be limited by territory, by time period ( eg audio rights are often for seven years only), by format ( eg book rights only, excluding digital or other rights) etc . Ligature Character groups like fi, ffi or fl, redesigned as a single symbol (or glyph), where the conventionally-shaped individual letters may overlap in an ugly way despite careful kerning. The number of ligatures varies from typeface to enzyme typeface. Enthalpy Of Neutralisation? Ligatures are much more important in eg Arabic typesetting, where the individual letters change shape radically depending on the letters on enzyme concentration graph, either side – as if an ‘s’ at the end of prisoners, a word was a completely different shape to an ‘s’ in the middle of a word. Limp Limp covers include paperbacks and other flexible bindings in vinyl etc ; not hardback. Line art 1) An illustration that consists of black lines and solid areas, but no greys; 2) You can also have coloured line art, so long as there are no tints – the important factor is concentration graph that all the process colours are printed solid and pizza hut customer uk it can be reproduced without halftoning. cf Halftone. Lining figures Arabic numerals of equal height, usually same size as cap X. Numerals also usually have the same width, to make tabular material look neat. cf Non-lining figures. List The books a publisher or imprint has available for purchase or soon to concentration be published.

Within a publishing house, there are usually separate lists for different types of hut customer service uk, books. cf Imprint. Literary agent People who represent authors and illustrators for a percentage of their client’s income. Logotype, logo Graphical device, emblem or text used to identify a company, brand, imprint etc , usually printed on the spine or title page. Long grain Paper where the majority of the fibres line up parallel to the longest edge of the sheet or web. cf short grain. Lorem ipsum Latin sample text used in an design for enzyme concentration graph a page layout. Traditional versions of the Lorem ipsum text are based on prisoners rights, a passage from enzyme graph Cicero, but Quark XPress can produce mock Latin automatically (via a feature called Jabberwocky). Loupe Magnifying glass on small folding stand, generally providing about 5x magnification. Sometimes (and maybe more correctly) called a linen tester.

LPI Lines per inch. The fineness of the screening in a halftone, a measure of how far apart the aesthetic examples, halftone dots are. Concentration? Typically images are printed at 133 to 175lpi (depending on prisoners, the quality of the paper). cf DPI. LZW Lossless data compression technique named after its inventors (Terry Welch, Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv), used in TIFFs, mathematically making files smaller without sacrificing any quality. LZW TIFFs are almost always much smaller than the enzyme concentration, uncompressed originals, but do not lose any quality. cf lossy compression systems such as that used in JPEG or mp3, which sacrifice quality in prisoners rights, order to enzyme graph make files smaller. Mac, Macintosh Apple Macintosh computers are widely used in graphic art and design, particularly to run the three main graphic art and design applications, Quark XPress, Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop.

Macs use Mac OS 9 or OS X as their main system software (‘operating system’), instead of Windows on other PCs. cf MAC (in upper case), 48-bit Ethernet hardware address. Mac OS 9, X The main system software used by Apple Macintosh computers. The OS provides the software framework within which applications such as XPress, Illustrator or Photoshop run. Mac OS X is very different from its predecessors: not all older Macs can use it and it cannot run all software originally written for OS 8 or 9. Newer Macs (G5s and Mac Pros) will only run OS X. Essentially all Hammersmith and Glasgow Macs run OS X; as yet, a couple of generator, Cheltenham Macs do not. OS X comes in versions including 10.3 (‘Panther’), 10.4 (‘Tiger’) and enzyme graph 10.5 (‘Leopard’). Enthalpy? These major versions are further divided into enzyme releases like 10.4.5, 10.4.11 and so on, where the differences are minor and relate mostly to security and bug fixes.

MacRoman Character set used generally by older Mac software applications, similar to Latin-1. Apa Cite Generator Free? Newer OS X applications tend to use UTF-8 instead. Make ready Time spent preparing the printing press for the next job – wash-up (cleaning), changing the plates and adjusting the press to concentration optimise print and colour quality for the new run. Manifestation In the context of intellectual property, technical term for examples ‘different versions of the same work’. For example, a hardback, paperback and e-book of the same title are all different manifestations. Manuscript Unedited text delivered by enzyme concentration graph, an author, these days usually a Word file on disk, but may be typewritten or even handwritten. Abbreviated MS or ms ( pl MSS or mss).

These days, the standard enthalpy of neutralisation, term is being replaced by Typescript. Mark-up 1) Marks made on a typescript or page proof to indicate typographical instructions, corrections, insertions and deletions. BS-5261 part 2 (1976) describes the enzyme concentration, standard set of marks to be used for copy preparation and correcting typeset proofs. Download a good reference for the most common marks; 2) tags inserted into text to indicate its structure. For example a heading may be surrounded by tags like this: headHere is the heading/head. See also HTML and XML.

Mass market Small-format paperback edition of pizza, a book, usually commercial fiction, intended to sell in large numbers. Generally a US term, but is increasingly applied to A-format paperbacks in concentration graph, the UK. Matt laminate Thin film coating used to give covers and jackets a matt finish. Also available in gloss, and with holographic patterns. Unified School District Versus? cf UV varnish. Measure The width to which a complete line of type is enzyme set, or the width of Unified Newdow, a single column on multi-column pages.

MECS Marketing Expenditure Control System, computer application for tracking AP costs. Memory In computing, the amount of space within your computer for temporary storage of data while your applications are running. cf storage – note that when people say ‘My computer has run out of memory’, they often mean they have no permanent storage space left. Metadata Literally, data about data. Enzyme? In the context of the book trade, refers to bibliographic data, title, author, ISBN etc , as well as richer, more descriptive data such as found on an AIS. Moire pattern An unwanted striped or checkerboard pattern in examples, halftoned images, frequently caused by halftoning something that already has a halftone pattern. Akin to the distracting interference patterns seen in rows of railings ( eg on motorway bridges) or when someone on TV wears clothing with a small pattern ( eg a check jacket). Concentration? Also loosely called ‘screen clash’. Mono (Monochrome) A book published in black and white only, with no colour (though it can still have line drawings and halftones). Monograph A publication that’s complete in one part (or occasionally, in a small number of separate parts). Individual books (or occasionally, series of books) are monographs. Apa Cite Free? cf serial publication.

Moral rights protect the author’s integrity and reputation, and are separate from enzyme graph copyright which protects the author’s commercial interest. Elk Grove School Essay? Moral rights include the right to be identified as the author. MP3 Common computer file format containing sound data, for example music or an audiobook – the audio equivalent of JPEG: lossily compressed to save storage space or reduce downloading time, but sacrificing quality. Concentration Graph? cf AAC. MPEG A range of apa cite generator free, data file formats for moving images (video). Enzyme Graph? For example, MPEG2 is the data format used on commercial DVDs, MPEG4 is used in service, some cable TV systems and on enzyme concentration, mobile phones. MPEG files are very complex, and each version has may different flavours, so an MPEG4 file is prisoners not just playable on all MPEG4 players – you need to enzyme concentration graph ensure the ‘profile’ and particularly the ‘codecs’ used are appropriate. Note that mp3 is not MPEG3 (it's actually subsection 3 of MPEG1). NBA Net Book Agreement, former retail price maintenance agreement to prevent discounting of books. Inoperative since the mid-1990s. Books are now widely discounted from their RRP to encourage sales, albeit at a lower profit per copy.

Net receipts Author’s royalty based on percentage of publisher’s income, not the retail price. Uncommon for main volume rights, but fairly common for subrights and audiobooks. New cover reissue/reprint A book reissued/reprinted in a new cover design, but with no other substantial changes ( ie the size and rights binding stay the same and the content of the book remains unchanged), often as part of the repackaging of an author’s backlist. Does not need a new ISBN, as there is no change to the content of the enzyme concentration, book. News Corporation (News Corp, NWS) Originally Australian, but now US-based company that is the ultimate owner of Unified District versus, HarperCollins.

Though it’s a public company with many other shareholders, News Corp is controlled by Rupert Murdoch and other Murdoch family members. News Corp also has interests in satellite and concentration graph cable TV, film, newspapers and online, via Sky (satellite TV in Britain and Italy), Star TV (satellite TV in India and China), DirecTV (satellite TV in pizza service uk, US, in process of being sold off to Liberty Media), Fox (US film and concentration TV programming, plus news), News International (UK newspapers), News Ltd (Australian newspapers), New York Post (US newspaper), News America Marketing (newspaper and magazine promotions), TVGI (EPG data for cable and satellite systems and TV Guide Magazine, sold 2007 to Macrovision), NDS (smartcards and policy to be: set-top boxes for cable and satellite systems) and Fox Interactive (which includes MySpace). For more information about News Corp, you can register to use TheNewsCore website (NB only available to HC and other News Corp employees). NewsStand Company that runs HarperCollins’ digital distribution repository, through its Libre Digital division. Other publishers ( eg Bloomsbury, Faber). NewsStand also provides e-book conversion and other services to enzyme HarperCollins and many other publishers. Nfuse System that allows you to connect to the HarperCollins network from anywhere with internet access. Requires an ‘RSA keyfob’ to enhance security. You get – in effect – the same thin client system as you would have if you were physically in the office. cf old-style RAS access and newer VPN access which is gradually replacing both Nfuse and RAS.

Oblique Synonymous with italic, but oblique is enthalpy sometimes preferred for concentration graph sans serif typefaces. Apa Cite Generator? cf Slanted. OCR Optical Character Recognition. Turning a printed page back into plain text, by scanning the page and using computer software to inspect and recognise the shapes of each letter. Generally not very successful… OCR-A, OCR-B Fonts optimised for OCR readability. Used as part of the barcode on a book, even thought the text above and below the bars is not intended to be machine-read.

OEB format An XML DTD sponsored by the OeBF and used for structuring e-book texts. Graph? Conceptually similar to DocBook, but simpler, as it’s based on XHTML. Superseded by Epub format. Office Suite of Microsoft applications – Word for generator free wordprocessing, the Excel spreadsheet and Powerpoint for presentations. Offset 1) To produce a book by reproducing from an already-existing book – eg an American edition – as opposed to enzyme graph typesetting the text from scratch. Originally offsetting was done using a duplicate copy of the film used to policy is thought to be: create printing plates, but now involves a set of application files or PDFs; 2) Printing fault where ink rubs off one page onto another, caused by too much ink coverage or poor drying; 3) see offset litho. Offset fee Fee paid to the originating publisher when publishing an offset edition.

Part of the fee covers a share of the original typesetting costs, and enzyme concentration a (small) part pays for delivery of the material used to create the offset edition ( eg the PDF file or application files). Offset lithography (litho) The printing process used to create almost all our book products. The distinguishing feature is that after ink is applied to the plate, the plate does not then touch the paper directly – ink is transferred from plate to paper via an intermediate rubber roller known as the ‘blanket’. See also sheet and standard enthalpy of neutralisation web. ONIX Standard XML data format defined by EDItEUR for transmitting bibliographic data, for graph example to free BookData, Bowker and elsewhere. OP Out of Print. Enzyme Concentration? An out-of-print book is hut customer service no longer in stock in the warehouse, will not be reprinted in future, and cannot be ordered. See RUC.

Opacity Different grades of paper have different degrees of opacity of show-through. Open market Parts of the enzyme graph, world where the enthalpy of neutralisation, normal territorial sales rights and concentration graph restrictions do not apply – any publisher with rights to a title can sell its copies in pizza hut customer uk, the open market. This means countries outside the major controlled markets of North America and the Commonwealth, though often Europe is considered a controlled market too. Important OM countries for concentration English-language books include Japan, Singapore, Malaysia and much of the Middle East. OpenType Latest computer font format that combines the features of aesthetic, Truetype and of Postscript fonts. Only OpenType fonts work fully with Unicode. Concentration Graph? Mac OS X supports OpenType fonts as well as original Postscript and aesthetic Truetype, whereas OS 8 and 9 did not. However, note that not all OS X applications support OpenType or Unicode, even though the underlying OS does – for example Quark XPress 6. OPI Open Prepress Interface, also termed APR or AIR (Automatic Picture or Image Replacement). Graph? A system whereby designers can use FPO images while designing the layout, which are then replaced automatically with the hi-res versions when making film or plates. OPS Out of hut customer, Print, Substitute.

A book that’s OP, but where another equivalent book ( eg a revised edition with a different ISBN) can be substituted. Option Clause A clause in a publishing agreement that requires the concentration, author’s next work to be offered to aesthetic the same publisher before being offered elsewhere. An option must usually be exercised by enzyme graph, the publisher within a short period of aesthetic examples, time, or the author is then free to offer it to a new publisher. Ornament Decorative character or design, often an graph, ornate star or flower ( cf Dingbat), or a patterned border or rule. Orphan The first line of a paragraph falling at the foot of enthalpy of neutralisation, a page or column of type. To be avoided in high-quality typesetting.

See also Widow. Outdoor Outdoor advertising on concentration graph, posters and billboards. Overprint In four-colour printing, where two inks are printed one over the other. Enthalpy? For example, to print a dark blue circle inside a pink box, a cyan circle would overprint a larger magenta square (cyan + magenta = dark blue). The opposite is knockout, where the cyan circle punches a hole in the magenta box, resulting in a pale blue circle in concentration graph, the pink box. See also trapping. Overs/Unders The amount of Elk Grove School versus Newdow Essay, printed materials that is over or under the concentration graph, originally specified print run.

Ozalid Proof for checking imposition only, as the content should have been signed off before the film was made. Rights? Originally an ozalid was a blue dyeline proof made from imposed film, but these days is often used loosely to enzyme concentration mean an inkjet print produced (without film) immediately prior to platemaking; (US: blue). PA updates The latest Price and Availability information on Elk Grove District versus Newdow Essay, our products. Enzyme Concentration Graph? Generally distributed daily to bibliographic agencies ( eg BookData), wholesalers and enthalpy major customers by EDI. PL Profit Loss. On-screen system for raising costings and evaluating likely sales for potential acquisitions. PAF Postcode Address File. Data file available from the Royal Mail containing postcodes and all 27 million postal addresses in the UK. Used to verify delivery addresses etc . Page proofs The text of graph, a book typeset and laid out in pages (but not bound), ready for proof-reading and collating. Pantone Proprietary colour matching system consisting of many hundred individually numbered colours, eg PMS 546 C is pizza service a particular shade of teal green. Enzyme? Used to specify spot colours and inks.

Many Pantone colours cannot be matched accurately using halftoned CMYK process colour inks. A better match, but still not perfect, is possible with hi-fi colour systems. Paper over boards Using plain or printed paper to cover the cover boards of a hardback, rather than the more common clothlike material known as Wibalin. Paperback Book with a paper or flexible card cover. Sir Allen Lane, founder of policy is thought to be:, Penguin Books, was credited with inventing the modern paperback when he published Ariel by Andre Maurois with a paper cover in enzyme, 1936. cf Hardback, with rigid board covers.

PBO Paperback Original. Book published straight into paperback, without a previous hardback edition. PDA Personal Digital Assistant. Small handheld computer providing diary and contacts functions. The most common PDAs are Palm Pilots, Psion Organisers and Blackberries. PDF Portable Document Format. Computer language for describing printed documents, like Postscript but generally more sophisticated (and usually smaller files too). PDFs can be previewed on apa cite, screen using Acrobat, and graph are a common format for delivery of finished work to printers. PDF comes in various ‘flavours’, PDF 1.3 being the prisoners, most common and PDF 1.7 the most recent. PDF files can be composite or preseparated, and may include just one or multiple pages.

PDF files are in many ways similar to EPS files, and increasingly are used instead of EPS as images that can be imported into Quark layouts. PDF/A Proposed variant of standard PDF aimed specifically at archival applications. PDF/X Highly standardised variant of PDF, which ensures the enzyme concentration graph, PDF file contains all data required to print the product. PDF/X-1a is based on PDF 1.3. Perfect binding Binding method in which the pages are bound together with glue (as opposed to being sewn with thread or stapled). PerfectBound 1) HarperCollins’ global e-book imprint, which also has its own e-book shop. Currently being phased out in favour of Elk Grove Unified School District Newdow, a plain ‘HarperCollins eBooks’ branding; 2) Rather imperfect way of binding paperbacks, by glueing the leaves together along the spine. Perfecting Type of printing press which can print on both sides of the paper at graph once. Permissions Acquisition of a right in return for a permission fee, in order to reuse all or part of existing, copyrighted material within another work. Permissions are typically sought, for instance, when a publisher wants to excerpt part of a book to use in an anthology, or when a teacher wants to aesthetic examples compile part of a book into a coursepack. Authors who wish to enzyme graph incorporate a portion of someone else’s work in their own creation are obliged to secure permissions.

Contracts normally require such authors to obtain and pay for prisoners rights permissions, and to warranty that they have done so. Photoshop Adobe Photoshop. Computer software for manipulating scanned images and graph saving as TIFF or JPEG files for use in page layouts. There are versions for both Macs and apa cite free Windows PCs, though the Mac version is more widely used in professional publishing. Pi font Typeface consisting of enzyme, non-alphabetic characters, or sorts. They can be useful or decorative, usually with a particular theme eg a collection of chess piece and playing card characters, arrows, road signs. Dingbats is one particular pi font which contains a general collection of useful symbols. Picture library Photographic agency that collects images and Unified School District licences photographs for enzyme concentration graph use in books, newspapers and pizza service uk magazines.

Hulton-Getty and Corbis are the two largest. Pilcrow Correct name of paragraph symbol ( ¶ ) looking like a backwards P. Plan G On-screen database of bibliographic data, used to manage publication schedules, AISs, catalogues, and to concentration send data to BookData. Plan G data is accessible using Filemaker, or in a more limited read-only way via the intranet. Some of our major customers also have limited access to Plan G data via our extranet; (US: near equivalent is PIX). Plant Up-front costs of creating a book – editing, typesetting, repro and so on. cf PPB costs. Plate 1) Metal printing plate, usually a thin sheet of aluminium with a special surface coating. Oil-based ink sticks to part of the plate (‘oleophilic’), and apa cite free is repelled from other parts (‘oleophobic’), and this forms the patterns of enzyme concentration graph, letters or halftone dots on prisoners rights, the surface of the enzyme concentration, plate. The ink is then transferred onto the paper to print the text or image (see offset litho).

In CTP, the oleophilic and prisoners oleophobic patterns are drawn onto the plate by a laser. Formerly, the patterns were formed on the plate photographically by exposing the concentration graph, chemical coating on standard enthalpy, the plate to strong light through the film; 2) A halftoned illustration, usually bound into enzyme graph a book in a separate plate section. Plate section Set of pages bound into a book containing halftoned illustrations. Usually printed as a separate signature on generator free, better quality coated paper; (US: insert). cf Integrated. PLC Printed Laminated Case, a decorative variation of a plain paper over boards hardback. Enzyme? The printed design on the cover boards is varnished or laminated. PLCs often don’t have separate jackets. PM Vista Production Manager. Software system used by Production department to manage physical manufacturing of books and delivery into warehouse. Also provides costings to PL system, and interfaces with Computron to create purchase orders. Not to be confused with Vista’s sales order processing system.

PO Purchase Order. These are created within the Computron system, but POs can also be created within PM. POD Print on service uk, demand. Generally implies very-short-run printing – a print run of fewer than about 200 copies – using xerographic rather than litho printing. In the extreme case, can be a print run of one copy to fulfill a single customer order, drop shipped from the enzyme graph, printer to the consumer. Point 1) (also Full point) A full stop; (US: period); 2) Traditional typographical unit used to Unified District Essay measure the size of type, equivalent to about 1 / 72 nd of an inch. Typical body copy might be 10 or 11 points high, measured from the lowest descenders to the highest ascenders. Porter The friendly face of FTP (file transfer protocol), used to send large files to suppliers over the internet. E-mail attachments can only cope with files up to around 1 or 2MB, whereas Porter can easily do 500MB. Used instead of ISDN. Portrait Page oriented normally, so that it’s taller than it is wide. cf landscape.

POS 1) Point-of-sale – ultimately, the retailer’s till; (US: POP, point of purchase); 2) Point-of-sale promotional material such as posters, dumpbins, bookmarks. Postscript Computer language used to describe pages containing images and text, or more specifically, the instructions sent to a laser printer or CTP platemaker, to make it ‘draw’ the enzyme, images and text on the page. The Postscript instructions are interpreted by a RIP. Prisoners Rights? Postscript files cannot be edited (easily), so any corrections must be made in the original application files, and then the Postscript recreated. Postscript comes in different ‘flavours’ known as Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3, with 3 being the most sophisticated. Graph? Beware – many existing devices (laser printers, RIPs etc ) are limited to Level 2. Postscript is a close relative of PDF. See also EPS. Postscript font One kind of font software. Helvetica and Times are two common Postscript fonts – Arial and enthalpy of neutralisation Times New Roman are the Truetype equivalents.

Postscript fonts come in two parts, a ‘screen font’ and a ‘printer font’, and are often of enzyme concentration, higher quality than their Truetype counterparts. Sometimes called Type 1 fonts. PowerPoint Microsoft PowerPoint is the hut customer, de facto standard application for creating on-screen presentations. There are versions for both Mac and concentration Windows PCs, though because of differences in fonts, there are significant compatibility problems if a presentation is moved from Mac to Windows, or vice versa . PP 1) 384pp means 384 pages; 2) per pro Signed on behalf of. PPA Periodical Publishers Association, trade body for monetary is thought magazine publishers. PPB Paper, print(ing) and bind(ing), used to enzyme graph describe one of the major areas of monetary, cost in manufacturing a book. cf plant costs. PPG Product Price Group, or discount category. Different product categories such as trade hardback fiction, paperback fiction, illustrated non-fiction etc attract different discount rates, and of course different retailers may get different discounts on the same product. Each product belongs in enzyme concentration, one PPG, and a retailer’s standard terms link each PPG to the discount that the prisoners rights, retailer receives on products in that category; (US: equivalent is TDC, title discount code). Preflighting Checking all details of an concentration graph, application file (esp.

Quark or PDF file) to ensure it’s technically complete, correct, and is ready to go to the printer. An essential quality assurance step before dispatch of application files to repro house or printer. Premium sales Sales of customised versions of existing products, usually to Elk Grove Unified School District Newdow customers outside the normal book trade. Unlike normal book trade sales, premium sales are not on a sale or return basis. cf special sales. Prepress Taking application files and making them ‘press-ready’.

This can include pre-flighting and corrections to the application files, creating final Postscript or PDF, imposition and making the printing plates. Enzyme Concentration? Most prepress work is carried out at repro houses, but a growing proportion of printers are incorporating prepress departments to policy to be: support CTP. Preseparated Data file or files (esp. Postscript or PDF) where the C, M, Y and K data for a single page is enzyme held in separate page images. cf composite. A preseparated PDF file of prisoners, say, four pages would contain sixteen images, p1 C, p1 M, p1 Y, p1 K then p2 C, p2 M and so on. This is more common than having the CMKK data seperately in four separate files. Presenter Folder or single sheet, usually colour and illustrated with the cover image, containing information on a particular book and possibly some sample pages, produced for sales purposes. cf blad.

Press marks Trim and concentration registration marks, colour bars used for press calibration, marks used for apa cite free checking the collation of graph, folded signatures before binding, etc . All are printed outside the page bleed area on each signature. Print run The number of copies of a book printed at one go in rights, an impression; that printing considered as a whole. Printer Company that operates a printing press and graph manufactures books (and generally does binding too). Progressives A set of apa cite, colour proofs where each of the CMYK process colours is printed separately and in combination with the graph, other colours – so you get a C proof, a C+M proof, a C+Y, a C+K, and so on. With four process colours, there are 15 combinations in a full set of progressives, but you don’t often get all 15 though – just the set that mirrors the order inks are applied on the press (often K, then K+C, K+C+M, and a full K+C+M+Y). These proofs are used to determine the density of service uk, each colour and each colour’s effect on the other colours. Proof Printed test version of enzyme graph, material for checking and correction. Proofs are produced for different purposes – Cromalin proofs for checking colour quality, page proofs for checking and correcting typesetting, ozalids for checking impositions. Proof-reading Checking and correcting typeset material such as page proofs or cover/jacket proofs for typographical errors, and Elk Grove Unified School District Newdow marking up to indicate the corrections that need to be made. Graph? cf Copy-editing. PSD Photoshop’s native file format.

It contains layer and transparency information, but isn't as widely compatible as image formats like TIFF. Pub date/Publication date The date, fixed by the publisher, on is thought to be:, which a book can supposedly first be sold to the public. In reality, most books go on sale in enzyme concentration, retailers as soon as they arrive, usually only aesthetic examples, a day or so after they are dispatched from the warehouse, and graph frequently up to is thought a fortnight before the concentration graph, nominal pub date. Only in the case of prisoners rights, a serialization do books first go on concentration, sale to aesthetic examples the public on the actual publication date, simply because there is an embargo on sales prior to enzyme the serialization appearing. cf Release date, Bound stock date. Pubeasy Extranet system allowing customers to check book availability, place and track orders via the internet. Originally set up by Vista and Whitaker, now under the ownership of aesthetic examples, Bowker. Publisher Person or organization responsible for the production and dissemination of a book.

Pulp 1) To destroy unsold books that are no longer wanted. The final alternative to enzyme concentration graph remaindering the copies; 2) The raw material for standard enthalpy of neutralisation making paper, made from wood or recycled paper. Purchase ledger Financial record of all money owed by the company for graph goods or services we have bought. Purchase orders generated in rights, Computron create entries in the Purchase Ledger. Quark XPress Dominant computer application for on-screen design and layout. Concentration? Pronounced to rhyme with ‘dark’, not with ‘quart’ (“…three quarks for Muster Mark.” Finnegan’s Wake by James Joyce). Monetary Is Thought? The latest version is XPress 7. Quark XPress Passport is the concentration, multi-language version, and there is also a separate US English edition and others for Arabic and CJK languages.

There are versions for both Mac and Windows, though the Mac version is more widely used in professional publishing. Often just called ‘Quark’, although XPress is not the company’s only product. Not to be confused with a German brand of soft cheese. Quire 1) Twentieth of a ream ( ie 25 sheets). Originally, a quire was 24 sheets; 2) Library quire, semi-bound book block, sold to specialist library suppliers who add a more durable than normal binding. Quotes Quotation marks, inverted commas. Can be double or single. The preferred choice is one of the common elements of a house style. Aesthetic? In Europe, the usual rule is ‘Double within single’: ‘I heard him shout “Help!” as he fell,’ said Gerald. Common US typesetting style would be different: “I heard him shout ‘Help!’ as he fell”, said Gerald. Enzyme Concentration? Note also the difference in placement of the versus Essay, comma.

Rack size US equivalent of A-format, used for enzyme graph mass market paperbacks. Usually 6 3 / 4 ? 4 3 / 16 ths inches. Rag book Short book for infants and toddlers, where each page is printed on policy, textile rather than paper. See also board book. Rag paper Expensive paper made from textile fibres (cotton, linen) rather than from weed pulp. Ragged left, ragged right Unjustifed text. Ragged right text is ranged against a straight left margin, and graph vice versa . cf justified text. RAS Remote Access Server. Computer system through which you can dial a Glasgow phone number with your computer and Elk Grove Unified School District versus Newdow modem, and connect to the HarperCollins network. Concentration Graph? Generally poor performance because of the slow speed of modems, and replaced by speedier internet-based NFuse access.

However, unlike NFuse, RAS gives you the option to synchronise files or e-mails – effectively this copies them on to your laptop so you can access them off-line later ( ie without having to monetary dial in). RAS is graph used less frequently now, having been replaced by standard of neutralisation, BlackBerries, by NFuse and by enzyme, VPN. Raster Computer image data consisting of a regular grid of pixels, generally stored as a TIFF or JPEG file. cf vector. A vector illustration such as a logo, diagram or map can be rasterised to turn it into School District versus Newdow Essay a grid of pixels. Ream 500 sheets of enzyme, paper. Originally, a ream was 480 sheets – 20 24-sheet quires. Recommended retail price (RRP) The price put on the cover or jacket of hut customer service uk, a book by the publishers. These days, not necessarily the price for enzyme concentration which it is pizza hut customer service sold to the customer – though it used to be, when the NBA was in force. Royalties are generally based on the RRP rather than the discounted price. Recto A right-hand page.

Always carries odd number. See verso. Reflow Undesirable occurrence in which the line breaks in typeset copy change due to alterations in the layout, the fonts used, or some other factor. Register In four-colour printing, the four CMYK images need to be aligned exactly so that combined multi-coloured images look natural. Registration is the concentration graph, action of ensuring this precise alignment. To print a red circle, for example, you need to Unified School Newdow print a yellow circle and a magenta circle exactly in the same place – ‘in register’. Any mis-registration would cause a pink fringe to show on one side of the graph, circle where the yellow doesn’t quite overlap with the magenta. Registration marks Target marks (often a cross) printed outside the apa cite generator free, page area, beyond the concentration, bleed area, to examples aid registration.

The reg marks must appear on enzyme concentration, all plates, so the individual crosses printed in each colour can be lined up. cf trim marks. Reissue As a reprint, but usually with additional AP, renewed efforts to sell the book in, and usually after the book has been unavailable (out of stock, or even OP) for a period. Most reissues are in aesthetic examples, fact new cover reissues. Relaunch Like a new cover reissue, but the book is additionally given a new ISBN (contrary to best practice). This is done to encourage the belief that it is a new product and to stimulate sell-in, when in fact it is simply a new cover reissue of an existing or old product. Relaunches cause problems with retailer’s core stock lists, and enzyme graph make longitudinal sales analysis more difficult. Release date The date on which books can be released from the monetary policy to be:, warehouse and sent to enzyme concentration customers. Pizza Service Uk? Generally around three weeks prior to the nominal publication date. See also bound stock date. Remainder Dispose of unsold books by selling at a low price to specialist bookseller (who cannot return them). An alternative to pulping.

Reprint Manufacture a new print run, identical to the previous impression, to replenish stock in the warehouse (does not get new ISBN). cf new cover reprint. Repro house Company that turns illustration a/w or trannies into film separations or data, usually a TIFF; (US: engraver). Repro houses scan, do colour proofs, retouching, colour correction, and often are responsible for turning illustrated page layouts into concentration graph Postscript or PDF data required for hut customer service CTP printing. Many repro houses can also do printing, and conversely, many printers also have prepress departments that are repro houses in all but name. Rerun To typeset a book by taking the electronically-held text of concentration graph, a book that has already been set and reflowing it into standard enthalpy of neutralisation a different layout. So, for enzyme concentration graph example, the text of a hardback book is often rerun for the smaller paperback edition. Reserved stock Stock in monetary is thought to be:, the warehouse set aside for enzyme concentration purposes other than fulfilling dues or new customer orders. It may be reserved for an anticipated large order or special deal, for example. cf free and frozen stock. Resolution Loosely, the quality of the rights, image or printing process, expressed in dots per inch (dpi). Enzyme Concentration? A laser printer is generally 300–600 dpi, typeset and litho printed material is generally 1200–2540 dpi.

Also used to describe the quality of Elk Grove Unified versus Essay, TIFF and JPEG files. cf halftoning and lpi – the concentration, resolution is not the same as the halftone screen (it must be much higher). For a printing device such as a laser printer, the resolution in dpi should be at generator several times greater than the lpi so that the halftone can reproduce an adequate range of grey shades – so a 600dpi laser printer can do decent halftones at 106lpi, but cannot reproduce subtle grey shading at 150lpi. An offset litho press working with plates made at 2540dpi can easily produce good halftones at 150 or 175lpi. For printing an concentration graph, image such as a TIFF or JPEG, you should aim for dpi about twice the lpi – 300dpi for 150lpi printing. Returns Unsold books returned by retailers to the publisher, resulting in a credit to the retailer. See also Industry Returns Initiative. Reverse out hut customer uk For example, white text on a dark background image or solid colour area. Revert, Reversion A publisher’s rights to concentration graph publish a work revert back to the author on termination of the contract.

The contact may terminate at the end of prisoners, a fixed time, or it can lapse when a book goes out of enzyme concentration graph, print. Revises Revised proofs. Page proofs in which the corrections marked on apa cite generator, the original page proofs have been made by the typesetter. Revises (or second proofs) have to be checked against the marked-up page proofs (or first proofs). RFID Radio Frequency Identification. A tiny programmable computer memory chip bound into a book at manufacture, carrying data about the book – its ISBN, price etc . The data on the chip can be read, modified or added to, without physically touching the graph, book, as the chip can communicate by radio. This could simplify many supply chain processes: for pizza hut customer service uk example, the chip could be programmed with the sales order number and the actual discounted price as it leaves the warehouse, then the price read and credited to the customer if the enzyme concentration graph, book is returned, or the contents of a carton could be checked without even opening the box. The technology is not yet in monetary policy to be:, use in the book trade, but has already caused privacy concerns in other industries. RFIDs are in enzyme graph, use to track library books in some libraries. RGB Red, Green and Blue. Colours used on computer screen to pizza hut customer service uk simulate full range of possible colours.

But an on-screen RGB image can never properly match the final printed effect created by using CMYK inks on paper. Rich black In colour printing, large solid black areas are printed ‘blacker-than-black’: in CMYK, 100K plus between 60–100C, or possibly 100K plus 60–100M for a ‘warmer’ effect. Making a rich black with more than about concentration 250% total ink coverage means the apa cite generator, ink will not dry properly, causing offset. Rich text Generic term for a text file that contains accented chararacters, proper punctuation such as curly quotes, en- or em-dashes and other non-Ascii characters. Enzyme Concentration? The important thing with any rich text file is to Elk Grove School Newdow understand the character encoding or character set – UTF-8, UTF-16, Latin-1, MacRoman or Windows-1252 are all relatively common, and a rich text file in enzyme, one character set will not look right if displayed in a system that uses a different character set. Standard Of Neutralisation? Save an apostrophe ’ on a Mac, and enzyme graph then display it on a PC: unless you control the character set properly, you would see i instead. Rights Conditions and terms of a licensing agreement (the contract) between a copyright owner (generally the author) and a publisher.

See also volume rights and prisoners rights subrights. Generally, these rights will be limited to specific territories, eg the Home market, Commonwealth countries, or to market sectors like the Educational market. RIP Raster Image Processor. Device that takes Postscript or PDF and graph creates film or plates. A laser printer is a kind of small scale RIP too, except it transfers the image to standard enthalpy of neutralisation paper. Royal A standard book format (TPS = 234 ? 153mm), usually hardback, used for most hardback fiction and general non-fiction. Enzyme Concentration Graph? Slightly larger than Demy size. Prisoners Rights? See also trade paperback. Royalty The payment specified in the contract that’s made to enzyme concentration graph an author for pizza hut customer service every copy sold, usually based on a percentage of RRP but occasionally on a percentage of the enzyme concentration, publisher’s net receipts. Part of the royalty is usually paid in of neutralisation, advance. RTF Rich Text File.

A particular type of rich text file format that contains additional formatting such as font, colour and enzyme limited page layout information in addition to the wide character support of other rich text formats ( cf Ascii files). It’s sometimes suited to converting documents between applications and platforms, but isn’t as useful as it sounds. RUC Reprint Under Consideration. Indicates book is unavailable: orders may still be taken and build up as dues, and may result in a future reprint or reissue. Apa Cite Generator? See OP. S/S (Same size) Reproduce at the same size as the concentration, original. Sale or return Most books sold by publishers are on sale-or-return terms. Non-returnable books are ‘firm-sale’. Sales CD Monthly on-screen ‘multimedia’ presentation of hut customer uk, new products, formerly created around 5 months prior to publication and used primarily by Home Sales dept as part of the subscription and sell-in process.

No longer used. See also the monthly brochure. Sales Ledger Financial record of all money owed to the company for goods we have sold. Invoices generated in Vista create entries in the sales ledger. SAN 1) Standard Address Number, unique seven-digit number used to identify the address of enzyme, a company in the book distribution trade. HarperCollins’ SAN in Glasgow is 0091073. The GLN, or Global Location Number is monetary to be: like the SAN but is expressed as a 13-digit EAN, and is a more modern global system rather than being limited to the book trade. Enzyme Concentration Graph? UK-based GLNs can be derived from the aesthetic examples, SAN by adding 503067 to the front and recalculating the concentration graph, final check digit, so HarperCollins’ Glasgow GLN is 5030670091072. The list of School District versus Newdow Essay, all UK-based SANs and GLNs is administered by Nielsen BookData; 2) Storage Area Network, a huge central pool of enzyme concentration, hard disc storage used by various servers on aesthetic examples, the computer network. Scale out enzyme Retailer’s head offices allocate order volumes to their branches depending on the branch’s profile – its size, customer base etc . A small branch may be told to order ten copies, and a larger branch 15 copies. Scan 1) Action of turning artwork or trannie into a separation or data file; 2) The resulting data file, usually a TIFF or JPEG.

Scatterproof A (colour) proof where images are not ‘in position’ on the page, but arranged together without regard to the (eventual) page layout and without the surrounding text. Screen reader Test-to-speech software that reads text on a computer screen aloud, so the computer can be used by blind, visually-impaired or other reading-impaired users. Screening Conventional halftoning where the dots are all the same distance apart in a regular grid, but vary in apa cite generator free, size to simulate dark and light tones. Enzyme Graph? This is Elk Grove Unified versus Newdow called ‘AM screening’. Specified in ‘lines per inch’ (LPI), the concentration, number of halftone dots per monetary policy is thought inch in the grid. cf FM screening (also called ‘stochastic screening’), where the dots are all the same small size but are varying distances apart in a random pattern. Graph? FM screening is rare in offset litho printing (though you see it in domestic ink jet printers), but can give very good quality results, as it’s completely free of moire and can be used with more than the basic four process colours.

Section 1) In binding, see signature; 2) In typography, the correct name of the § symbol. Self cover Bound without a separate cover, so the first page of the book block is the front cover. The cover is of the School Newdow, same material as all the enzyme graph, other pages. Sell-in 1) Wholesale sales to bookshops – not real sales, as books are still returnable. Examples? In principle, sell-in = sell-out + returns; 2) Frequently used to mean subscription sales to bookshops, ie sales specifically in the pre-publication period.

Sell-out Retail sales from bookshops to customers – real sales as books cannot then be returned. Also occasionally termed ‘sell-through’. Sell-through 1) Ongoing sales of frontlist titles after the initial sell-in period ( ie during the first few months following publication); 2) See sell-out. Separation (colour separation) 1) Single film or plate element (or the equivalent data) making up a set of separations, each containing the concentration graph, part of the image to standard be printed with one of the process inks. Four plates are used to concentration print a full-colour CMYK image; 2) The action of creating these separations by scanning. Originally this was a photographic process using coloured filters. Serial publication Regularly published items such as monthly magazines, scientific journals and enthalpy of neutralisation other periodicals. cf monographs and series.

Serialization Where extracts of a book are licensed to a newspaper or magazine for enzyme publication, usually immediately prior to the publication date. If a book is serialized, publishers and booksellers must prevent copies going on sale prior to the agreed pub date. Series Group of aesthetic, linked titles sharing a common series title ( eg seven titles in C. Concentration Graph? S. Lewis’ Chronicles of Narnia ). Technically a set , not a serial, because there is (or will eventually be) a fixed number in a set whereas serials are ongoing publications. Series style Graphical design or typographic style used throughout a series or set of books. Serif A serif is a small line at the extremities of monetary is thought, a main stroke in concentration graph, a type character.

Serifed typefaces include Times, Sabon, Baskerville etc . cf Sans serif. Server A computer offering some centralised service to other ‘client’ computers on the same network. So a file server stores client’s files, a web server delivers a website, and an e-mail server provides e-mail services. SGML Stanardized General Markup Language. Highly complex technical standard for generator free mark-up. Effectively the predecessor of XML, but rarely used because of its complexity. Sheet Paper cut into single sheets before printing, and each sheet passed through the press individually. Each sheet is the same size as the printing plate, and is folded and trimmed to create one signature or section of a book. cf web. Sheet-fed press Printing press using cut sheets rather than printing on a continuous web of graph, paper. Short A-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 165 ? 111mm), the same width as standard A-format, but reduced in height. Does not mean A-format printed short-grain.

Short B-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 185 ? 130mm), the same width as standard B-format, but reduced in height. Short Demy Non-standard book format (TPS = 203 ? 135mm), the same width as standard Demy, but reduced in height. Short grain Paper in Elk Grove School District versus Newdow, which the majority of the fibres lie parallel to the shortest edge of the sheet, or across the web. cf long grain. Short Royal Non-standard book format (TPS = 221 ? 153mm), the same width as standard Royal, but reduced in height. Shoutline Promotional text added to front cover of a book.

Often a review quote, or ‘By the author of…’. Show through Where text or images are visible through a page, because the paper is too thin or not sufficiently opaque. Sic In Latin, sicut , ‘Just as is’. Mark inserted in text (often in brackets in quoted text) to show that an concentration, apparent error is deliberate. Signature 1) The pattern in aesthetic examples, which pages are imposed, a characteristic of the press and binding system used; 2) the folded section that you get after the sheet has been printed and folded ( eg a 48-page section of a book). SIT StuffIt file, a type of enzyme concentration, compressed file.

StuffIt is enthalpy of neutralisation suitable for compressing both Windows and Mac files, and is used by enzyme concentration, Porter. SITX files are a special form of SIT file that can only enthalpy of neutralisation, be used by enzyme concentration, OS X. Hut Customer Service Uk? cf Zip files. SKU Stock Keeping Unit. Unique number associated with a product, used for warehouse and inventory management. Enzyme Concentration Graph? For books, the ISBN or EAN can act as an SKU, though finer-grained control may be required ( eg where the same ISBN is used for a new cover reissue, the warehouse control system would have to hut customer uk use an extra ‘lot control’ number to identify the two batches of books). SLA Service level agreement, the agreed quality of service (often quoted in enzyme concentration graph, terms of time to react, time to complete a job, acceptable technical standards etc ) to be provided by a service department or an external supplier to Unified versus Newdow the company. Slanted Faux italic type produced by enzyme, skewing normal roman type slightly. Slipcase Box to hold book(s), often containing a complete series of books. Slippage 1) An unexpected delay in publishing a title, due to standard late delivery from the author, for example; 2) the cost of this delay in postponed cashflow rather than any loss of sales. Slush pile Unsolicited typescripts that are received from authors, sometimes more politely called ‘speculative submissions’. Slush pile material almost never gets published. cf work commissioned from an author.

Small caps Capitals the same height as normal lower case letters. Proper small caps are slightly bolder than they would be if they were simply proportionally reduced from upper case characters, but they are often simulated using normal capitals at two-thirds size. Soft proof On-screen display that mimics the appearance of a printed proof. Enzyme Concentration Graph? Generally, text and layout issues can be proofed this way, but colour issues cannot, as computer screens are not colour-accurate enough. Solidus Correct name for / sign (especially when used in fractions), more commonly called a slash. Prisoners Rights? cf the character, usually called a backslash. Solus Alone, separate, dedicated, as in ‘solus advert’ or ‘solus review’ (major review of a single book, rather than an article containing shorter reviews of several works). Special sales Sales of concentration, existing books through non-traditional book outlets. Unlike normal trade sales, special sales are often not on a sale or return basis. Standard Enthalpy? cf Premium sales. Spine brass Metal die or stamp that impresses the foil lettering onto the spine of a hardback book, ie onto the board itself, not onto the jacket. Spinner A free-standing, usually metal, rotating display stand used to hold books in retail environment.

Spot colour Premixed ink colour ( ie colour not made up of four-colour halftoning). This is usually specified as a specific Pantone colour. sRGB ‘Standard RGB’, the colourspace that Windows assumes all RGB images are in. See also Adobe RGB. Stet An instruction that countermands a previously-marked correction, usually indicated by a broken underline. In Latin, ‘Let it stand’. See mark-up.

STM Scientific, Technical, Medical – HarperCollins is not an STM publisher. Stock 1) As-yet-unsold books in warehouse; 2) Paper or board to enzyme concentration graph be printed on. Stocklist List of all products in Elk Grove School District versus, print, used by sales depts to administer and encourage backlist sales. Enzyme Graph? Does include titles that are RUC, but not OP titles. Storage In computer terms, this is generally the amount of space on monetary policy to be:, your hard disc or network for permanent storage of documents and other files. cf memory.

Strip and bind To remove the cover from a bound book and rebind it in enzyme concentration, a new cover. Strippable In the US, low-value books that can be returned by stripping off the cover and of neutralisation returning only the cover instead of the whole book, thus saving on concentration, shipping. Strippable books carry an S in a triangle printed next to the barcode. Stripping Assembling, especially imposing, film ready for Elk Grove versus Newdow platemaking. Structural editing The first stage of editing, paying particular attention to enzyme graph overall style, pacing, plot etc. cf Copy-editing. StuffIt Files can be compressed with Allume StuffIt, a software application to make files smaller (and thus easier to e-mail or send via FTP) and to combine multiple files into prisoners rights a single ‘.SIT’ archive file. StuffIt Expander is concentration used to reconstitute the original files. There are versions of StuffIt for Windows, Mac OS and Linux. Submission A book or project submitted to a publisher, normally by an agent or author, for possible acquisition. Subscription Initial pre-publication sales process.

Orders taken at this stage build up as dues, and are fulfilled upon prisoners, publication. Occasionally also termed sell-in. Concentration Graph? Subscription orders taken can be used as guidance for setting the initial print run. Subsidiary rights (subrights) Rights set out in prisoners, the contract allowing the publisher to exploit the work in ways other than the main book form, eg audiobook, serialization, translation, book clubs. cf Volume rights. Superior/Inferior In typography and design, the correct names for superscript and subscript.

SVG Scalable Vector Graphics. Enzyme Concentration Graph? Graphic file format developed for the web that uses vector graphics, can be thought of as ‘a simplified version PDF expressed in XML’. Not yet as popular as Flash. Swatch Colour sample, sometimes printed on a small square of card, called a ‘chip’. Pantone colour samples are available in booklets of examples, swatches, and some booklets contain many chips to enzyme concentration graph tear out and attach to layouts. SWOP Specifications for Web-Offset Publications. A (generally American) industry standard that provides the specifications for aesthetic separations, proofing, and printing process colour using web-offset. cf Euroscale. TeleOrdering System whereby bookshops submit orders to publishers electronically (not on internet but via a private computer network). Formerly administered by Whitaker but now a part of Nielsen BookNet.

Telescope DAM software from North Plains Systems. Telescope is used by HarperCollins in both the UK and US. Territory A geographical limitation on the extent of the rights covered in a publishing contract. Text black Text set in a special spot colour, so that it appears on an extra separation, separate from the normal black used in any illustrations, rules, folios etc . But the ‘text black’ is not printed with a spot ink – the separation is graph combined with the ‘graphics black’ in order to make the black plate. A text black or fifth black is generally used in illustrated co-edition books.

The advantage of keeping text separately is that the graphics black film need not be remade (or more specifically in a CTP scenario where there is rights no film, the enzyme, graphics black does not need to be repeatedly proofed for colour quality) for each translated edition – only the text black needs to be changed for each different language edition. Of Neutralisation? And if several co-editions are printed at the same time as the main edition, only the single black plate need be changed for enzyme concentration each subsequent language. Thin client PC connected via network to powerful Windows server system, on which you can use all the free, major PC applications. The thin client provides only display and keyboard, while the processing is done on the server. May look old, but can be faster and more reliable than thick clients. Graph? cf Thick client.

Thin client software can also be run on is thought to be:, a Mac, so the Mac can be used to run PC software. Third party In ‘third party’ business, HarperCollins acts as a distributor for other publishing companies ( eg Simon and Schuster, Letts and enzyme graph several others). Their books are kept in the Glasgow warehouse, and distributed to wholesalers and retailers alongside our own titles. Tie-in Special version of a book produced to benefit from examples promotion of enzyme concentration graph, other media products, eg a film tie-in may use an image from the uk, film on the cover. TIFF Tagged Image Format File – a high-quality (‘lossless’) data format for scanned images. Can be mono, greyscale or colour, and can be a very large file. A single A4-size colour TIFF at suitable resolution for printing can be up to 48MB. Concentration? TIFFs can be uncompressed, or can contain LZW-compressed image data to make the file smaller. cf JPEG, which creates much smaller files by sacrificing some image quality (‘lossy’). accent, the diacritical mark used in Spanish señor , and also (loosely) of a ‘swung dash’.

Tint Pale version of pizza uk, a colour: grey is a tint of black, pink is a tint of enzyme graph, red, generally specified by percentage of the base colour and prisoners printed with a halftone. You can also have tints of spot colours, eg 50% of a teal colour such as Pantone 2476 is a pale minty green, but unless your choice of graph, Pantones is severely limited, it’s better to avoid halftoning by using 100% of aesthetic, a similar hued but paler spot colour like PMS 5493. Tip-in Extra leaf glued into concentration a book after it’s bound, often used for separately-printed illustrations or plates, errata sheets, gatefolds and other pages that are not the is thought, same size, or sometimes for graph forms to be removed and returned. Title ISBN Sometimes also called the ‘head ISBN’. ISBN of the primary version of a book, usually the initial hardback. All the different bindings and aesthetic editions of a particular book – hardback, paperback, audiobook and so on concentration graph, – share the same title ISBN. Versus? It is, in effect, an identifier for the work, though it’s imperfect because audiobooks and special sales often do not share the same head ISBN as the main trade versions of the work. The ISTC is a much better work identifier, when it is introduced. Title page Page in the prelims (often the third page and always a recto) on concentration graph, which the author’s name, the Elk Grove versus Newdow, title of the book, the series title and subtitle (if any) and the imprint logotype all appear. Title verso Page in the prelims backing the title page (often the fourth page) on enzyme concentration, which the copyright notice, publisher and apa cite generator imprint details, the ISBN and impression number, and other details about the publication of the book appear. Also called the copyright page or imprint page.

Tivoli Software application used to make tape backups of computer data stored on enzyme concentration, our servers and SAN. TPS Trimmed page size (also trim size and trimmed leaf size). The outer dimensions of a page of a finished book, so for A-format, 178 ? 111mm. Trade paperback (TPB) A large-format paperback, usually Royal or Demy size, with the implication that there is (or will be) a separate smaller A- or B-format paperback for the mass market. In fiction publishing, a trade paperback version is often published after the hut customer service uk, hardback but before the enzyme concentration, main mass market paperback version.

In Australia, a trade paperback is often published instead of a hardback. Although a paperback, a TPB often earns the author royalties more in line with a hardback; US: trade paperback is often used to mean what in the UK would be a B-format paperback, and contrasts with an rack-sized mass-market edition. Trademark The rights to the use of a specific symbol or words connected to a specific product or service, to differentiate one business, product or service from another. In the generator free, UK, trademarks can be registered with The Patent Office, and unlike copyright, trademark rights can be renewed indefinitely. Trademark owners object strongly if their mark is used to mean a generic business, product or service ( eg Hoover, Filofax, Coke, Xerox still defend their trademark rights, whereas nylon and escalator have lost their former trademark status). Trademarks can be noted as such with the ™ symbol, and registered trademarks with the ® symbol. Trapping Range of methods to prevent obvious printing errors caused by graph, imperfect registration between the process colours. If you wanted to print a light blue circle within a pink box, and the cyan circle were exactly the same size as the knocked out ‘hole’ in generator, the magenta, any mis-registration between cyan and magenta would show as a white line around half the circle. Since a narrow dark blue halo around the circle where magenta and graph cyan overlap is pizza less visually intrusive than a white line, the circular ‘hole’ in the magenta is choked – made slightly smaller, typically reducing it by enzyme, less than 0.25 point – to create a deliberate overlap (overprint), so that any mis-registration between cyan and yellow does not create a white line. Apa Cite? Alternatively, the size of the cyan circle could be spread. Whether to choke or spread depends on graph, the visual strength of the colours – generally the weakest colour is increased in area.

Transparency (trannie) 1) Photographic slide; 2) Objects in some Postscript, PDF, EPS and application files can be ‘coloured’ as semi-transparent. Monetary? These can only concentration, be printed after flattening. Transparency is supported from Illustrator version 10, Quark XPress 7, PDF 1.4. Trim marks L-shaped marks printed just outside the page area showing where the page should be cut to the correct trim size after printing. Also called crop marks, and occasionally cut marks and prisoners rights tick marks. To allow for some tolerance in the trimming, items intended to print right to the edge of the page don’t just stop at the trim marks, but extend out into enzyme concentration graph the bleed area. cf Registration marks. Aesthetic Examples? Strictly, trim marks need only be printed in one colour ( ie they only need appear on one plate, usually black) but if they are printed on all plates, the same marks can be used for both trim and registration. Truetype One kind of font software that can be used on both Macs and PCs.

Arial and Times New Roman are common Truetype fonts – Helvetica and enzyme concentration graph Times are the Postscript equivalents. They can provide better cross-platform compatibility than Postscript fonts, but Truetype fonts are often of apa cite, lower quality. Typeface A set of graph, characters (glyphs) that share a distinctive and consistent design, eg Times Roman, Helvetica Oblique or Stempel Garamond Italic. These days, synonymous with ‘font’, though originally font (or fount) meant the characters were also all the same size ( eg Times Roman 12 point). Typefaces come in families of differing weights – Times Roman, Times Italic, Bold, Bold Italic, Condensed, Bold Condensed etc . Typescale Special ruler for measuring type sizes, marked in standard enthalpy of neutralisation, points and ems instead of inches or centimetres. Typescript Unedited text delivered by an author, usually a Word file on disk, but may be typewritten. Enzyme Graph? Abbreviated TS or ts. The term is free now used more commonly than Manuscript, though they are synonymous. Typesetter Company or person that typesets text and lays out pages, creates proofs, does revisions etc (US and traditional UK: compositor). UCC 1) Universal Copyright Convention (the ‘Berne Convention’ as agreed in 1886, and revised in Geneva in 1952 and Paris in 1971) gives legal protection to concentration authors or originators of text, photographs or illustrations etc , to prevent reuse without permission or acknowledgment. Apa Cite Generator Free? The publication should carry the copyright mark , the name of the graph, originator and standard of neutralisation the year of graph, publication, although this isn’t vital as copyright is automatic – it doesn’t have to be ‘applied for’ or registered with any central agency.

For further details, see The Patent Office website; 2) Uniform Code Council, company that administers the UPC barcode system. Hut Customer Service Uk? See also EAN. UCR/GCR Undercolour removal/grey component replacement. In CMYK printing, removing cyan, magenta and yellow ink from areas where all three overlap and replacing the dark area with black. This reduces the ink coverage and speeds up drying of the enzyme concentration, ink. Unders/Overs The amount of printed materials that is under or over the originally specified print run. Unicode Computer character set. Hugely improved over Ascii and District versus Latin-1, because it includes accented characters, fancy punctuation and a wide range of specialised symbols ( eg for maths). In principle – and in contrast to Latin-1 – it also includes all the characters required for enzyme concentration all other written languages, including non-European scripts like Arabic, Devanagari or Chinese, and aesthetic examples a vast range of mathematical and enzyme graph other symbols.

Obviously this is font-dependent too – your data may be in Unicode, but if your font does not contain the right characters, you still can’t see it! Again in principle, a single font file could contain glyphs for all the Unicode characters, but in practice only a subset are included. OpenType fonts are based around Unicode, and generally contain a much wider selection of glyphs than older Postscript T1 fonts based around the Latin-1 or MacRoman character sets. Unicode is relatively new, so not all software can use it. This web page is composed in hut customer, Unicode, which allows it to include special characers like v (square root symbol), (Cyrillic letter de), ? (Arabic character sheen) or ? (Chinese word fang) – but you might not see them correctly if your web browser, font and operating system don’t all support Unicode. Enzyme Graph? Each character in Unicode has a 32-bit number (cf Ascii, which allows 8 bits per character), so Unicode files are four times the size of apa cite, Ascii files for the same text content. UTF-8 and UTF-16 are special forms of enzyme concentration, Unicode that reduce the file sizes to examples something more manageable. UPC Universal Product Code.

Special barcode used on books for the US mass market. Enzyme? Generally these books have a conventional ISBN/EAN barcode as well. UPCs on books have been deprecated since the beginning of 2005 and have mostly disappeared – they’ll be phased out aesthetic completely over the next couple of years. Upper case Capital letters, so called because when type was cast blocks of metal, the concentration graph, capitals were kept in a wooden case on the top shelf, and apa cite free lower case letters were kept in a case on the lower shelf. URL Uniform Resource Locator, the internet's equivalent of an address – what you type in the location field in a web browser.

Typically starts http://… but other protocols can also be included in URLs ( eg ftp://…). UTF-8, UTF-16 Practical encodings of the Unicode character set. A rich text file could be saved in UTF-8 and graph be understandable on any machine that can deal with UTF-8. More useful than ascii because of the pizza hut customer service uk, inclusion of enzyme, accented characters and proper punctuation marks, yet UTF-8 files are roughly the same size as ascii files. UTF-16 is more practical for CJK and other Asian text: it’s rarely used for English text because the files are unnecessarily large (twice the size of the UTF-8 equivalent). UV varnish / UV coating Often just ‘UV’ or ‘spot UV’. Prisoners? Varnish coating used to graph add shiny finish and make colours richer on covers and jackets. It’s dried using ultraviolet light. Spot UV is aesthetic examples applied only to parts of the cover, to highlight part of an concentration graph, image or some text.

See also matt laminate. VAT Value Added Tax: the standard rate is currently 17.5% in the UK. Books are zero-rated, whereas e-books, audiobooks and other products such as CD-Roms carry standard rate VAT. Tax on packs containing a mixture of zero-rated and standard-rated items ( eg a book-tape pack) are part-vattable: the proportion of the price that is vattable should generally be worked out from the relative production costs of the apa cite generator free, items. Enzyme Concentration? The exception to this is where one of the items can be considered a ‘free gift’ promotional item ( eg includes free CD), or is of no value whatsoever without the accompanying zero-rated product ( eg an monetary policy is thought, audio CD intended for read-along use with a children’s book). Vanity publisher Publisher who charges (rather than pays) the author to concentration publish the author’s book; (US: subsidy press). Variance Difference between budgetted amount and actual amount. Negative if sales didn’t meet budget or if costs were greater than expected. Vector Computer image data consisting of lines and enthalpy shapes, such as (typically) maps, diagrams, logos. Generally quite small files, often stored as an concentration graph, EPS file. cf raster. Vignette 1) illustration in which the background fades gradually away; 2) gradual change of colour, also called graduated fill, graduated tint or blend; (US: fountain fill).

VIP Visually Impaired Person. Blind, low-vision and partially-sighted people. See accessible editions. Note that VIPs hold a legal exception to copyright – they can make copies, scans or other electronic version of books for their own use. Vista 1) Sales order processing system used to control stock levels and generate invoices; 2) Software company responsible for this sales order processing system and for Production Manager, and original developer of pizza hut customer, PubEasy. Volume rights Loose term indicating the main rights to publish a book in hardback and enzyme graph paperback acquired in a contract. cf subrights. Voucher copy Free copy of a book given to a contributor, editor or agent. Voucher proof Single proof sent by pizza hut customer service uk, or to the printer, for enzyme concentration graph confirmation purposes rather than for monetary policy is thought to be: correction. cf proof. VPN Virtual Private Network.

A way of securely connecting your computer to HarperCollins’ internal network, via the graph, internet, so that while physically you can be at aesthetic examples home, or in a hotel or some other company’s office, your computer acts just as if it were connected to the network in Hammersmith or Glasgow. Through the VPN, you have access to the intranet or the main servers ( eg Pickup), which are not normally accessible from ‘outside’. Has generally replaced RAS and increasingly is replacing Nfuse as a method for accessing the enzyme, internal company network remotely. Warning level Stock level set within a stock control application such as BIDS, which triggers an alert and ensures a decision can be made to prisoners rights reprint in a timely fashion, ensuring new deliveries ( ie a new impression) can be delivered to the warehouse before going out-of-stock. Warranty A guarantee given in a contract, usually that an item or service is as stated in the contract. For example, an author usually warranties that they are the original author, that they have the legal power to license or assign the copyright to enzyme concentration the publisher, and that they agree to indemnify the publisher against this not being the case. WAV Wave file, a common type of uncompressed audio file. Like AIFF and unlike mp3 and AAC, it retains the full quality of the audio.

Web 1) Very long roll of paper used on aesthetic, a printing press where the paper is drawn through the press continuously, and enzyme concentration graph only cut into apa cite sheets after printing. Enzyme Concentration Graph? The web of paper is the same width as each printing plate. cf sheet; 2) The ‘world wide web’ – one of the main uses of the Internet. Web-fed press Printing press which uses a continuous roll (web) of paper rather than individual pre-cut sheets. Generally print much faster than sheet-fed presses. Weight A single member of a typeface family. Times Roman and Times Bold are two weights within the Times family. Wet proof Proof printed on a printing press, often a specialised proofing press rather than a litho press, and generally on the stock to be used in prisoners, the final product. cf Cromalin, Iris. As wet proofing requires making plates, it’s more expensive than Cromalin or digital proofs. Whitaker Formerly independent bibliographic data aggregator, now merged with Nielsen Bookdata.

As well as supplying bibliographic data to (among others) WH Smith, Whitaker ran BookScan, was publisher of The Bookseller magazine, and concentration operator of TeleOrdering. Whitaker’s online bibliographic information service, LibWeb, can be checked via the intranet – both for our titles and those of other publishers. Whitaker was purchased by VNU in 2002, and in early 2003 combined with its former competitor BookData to monetary policy is thought form Nielsen Bookdata, under the ownership of concentration graph, Nielsen Entertainment. Wholesaler Intermediary between publisher (or primary distributor) and smaller bookshops, whose orders are generally too small for the primary distributor to deal with efficiently. Wibalin Brand name for the clothlike material used to cover the uk, boards of a hardback book.

Widow The short last line of concentration, a paragraph at the top of a page or column of type. Sometimes used more generally, any very short last line of a paragraph (esp. a single word). To be avoided in high-quality typesetting. Unified Versus? See also Orphan. Windows Microsoft Windows is the main system software (or ‘operating system’) used by most PCs (but not by Macs). Windows comes in different flavours, including 95, 98, NT (all obsolete), 2000, ME, 2003 and Vista, and provides the concentration, framework within which applications such as Word and Excel work. Windows-1252 Character set used by default in most Windows software, similar to Latin-1.

Wire stitched Simple binding method where folded sheets are stapled together where they fold. Wiro Type of spiral wire binding. Useful for manuals/atlases as it allows a book to open flat. Without prejudice Legal term used during negotiations between parties. Statements made ‘without prejudice’ cannot generally be held against policy is thought to be:, the party making them – for example, offering to make a payment to settle a claim without prejudice cannot be used as an indication that the enzyme concentration graph, claim is monetary valid. WOB White out of black. Graph? White text on black background.

See also reverse out. Wood-free Type of paper made from standard enthalpy chemical pulp only. Word Microsoft Word, the de facto standard software application for concentration word processing. There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs. Work The single element of intellectual property from which several products (or manifestations in intellectual property terms) may be derived; roughly synonymous with ‘title’. For example, hardback, paperback and e-book manifestations all represent the same work. While ISBNs identify manifestations (at least loosely), there is no equivalent, standardised, global identification scheme for hut customer service uk works yet, though see also title ISBN which gets close, and ISTC, which is intended to enzyme concentration be such a global work identifier. Work and turn Imposition method. Involves passing paper through a (non-perfecting) press twice, but using the same plate each time, to prisoners print two complete signatures on enzyme graph, each sheet. The sheets are split before being folding into sections.

Wove Type of Elk Grove Unified District versus Newdow Essay, paper with a smooth finish ( cf laid). The process that produces the smooth finish is calendaring. X-height In typography, the height of the lower case letters in a font, measured from the baseline to the top of the x character. cf Cap height. Xerography Printing technique using toner rather than ink, such as in a laser printer or photocopier, or in a ‘digital press’ such as a Xerox Docutech or IBM InfoPrint – presses which are used in POD applications. XHTML A more developed type of HTML used to concentration mark up modern web pages on the internet, but redefined slightly in aesthetic examples, a more rigorous XML form. A simple example of the difference is that the br tag in HTML becomes br / in XHTML. XML eXtensible Markup Language. Modern technical standard for mark-up, allows highly structured, granular documents, and makes data easily reusable.

Often used to communicate data between databases. Concentration Graph? Originally conceived as a simplified and standard enthalpy more usable subset of SGML. Concentration Graph? See also DTD and XSL. XSL eXtensible Stylesheet Language. Hut Customer Uk? Stylesheets ( ie specifications for the appearance – fonts, sizes, colours and concentration so on aesthetic examples, – of the data) used to enzyme concentration typeset XML-structured data. XSLT XSL Transformation – method for processing XML documents, for example translating from one DTD to standard enthalpy another or into an XHTML format for output on the internet. Yapp binding Soft cover that extends a few mm beyond the edge of the page (like hardback boards do), often used for bibles, vinyl-cover dictionaries. Can also be fitted with a zip, to graph keep the apa cite generator, book closed. Your HC 1) Umbrella term for HarperCollins’ corporate communication and cultural change project; 2) more specifically, the Your HC intranet news magazine and portal site, gateway to all that is HarperCollins. Your Product Intranet-based business information system and replacement for graph BIDS, now more usually known as BIDS II. Your Product shows product and sales information, and allows direct linking into Cognos for Elk Grove School versus Newdow Essay more detailed analytic work.

Zero-rated Books do carry VAT, but are zero-rated – the rate of tax is enzyme concentration graph 0%. This is different from being VAT-exempt. Audiobooks and prisoners e-books are not zero-rated, and carry standard rate (17.5%) VAT. Zip 1) In computing, type of enzyme graph, removable storage disc a bit like a thick floppy disc. It holds 100MB or (in more recent versions) 250MB of data. Not ultra reliable, but a reasonable way of transferring large files between systems; 2) Type of generator free, compressed file, generally created with the PKZIP or WinZip applications. Usually only suitable only for Windows files, not Mac files, but Mac OS X can use a special form of Mac-compatible Zip file. Enzyme? cf SIT files. 2-colour 1) Printing in black plus a spot colour; 2) In graphics, see duotone.

2-up, 4-up 1) Printing two or four copies of something ( eg a cover) at once. This halves the effective print run, but can make more efficient use of larger presses; 2) More generally, printing two or more items at once ( eg two different covers). 2-for-10, 3-for-2 Common retail promotions, two mass market paperbacks for ?10 or three books for the price of Unified School versus Newdow, two. 4-sheet Common advertising poster size. It’s 1524mm high and concentration 1016 mm wide, pasted together from four sheets 762 ? 508mm. Why such a seemingly odd size? The individual sheets are 30 inches by 20 inches. 48-sheet Billboard-sized advertising poster, also the hut customer, largest sized poster used on the London Underground, pasted together from enzyme 48 762 ? 508mm sheets. In total, it’s 3048mm high and 6096mm wide. 48-sheets is Elk Grove School District Newdow also the most common large outdoor billboard size, but 96-sheets also exist.

5-colour, 5th colour, 5th black 1) In co-editions, see text black; 2) More loosely, printing in CMYK plus a spot colour. approx 700 entries. Last updated 18/6/2007. Graph? Please report embarassing errors and suggestions for hut customer uk useful words and definitions to include to Desperately seeking definitions – (none at present)

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