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birches essay I n Birches ( Mountain Interval , 1916) Frost begins to probe the plan meaning, power of his redemptive imagination as it moves from and health psychology, its playful phase toward the plan, brink of dangerous transcendence. The movement into transcendence is a movement into a realm of radical imaginative freedom where (because redemption has succeeded too well) all possibilities of engagement with the common realities of experience are dissolved. In its moderation, a redemptive consciousness motivates union between selves as we have seen in The Generations of Men, or in any number of Frost's love poems. But in its extreme forms, redemptive consciousness can become self-defeating as it presses the imaginative man into deepest isolation. Birches begins by evoking its core image against the background of a darkly wooded landscape: When I see birches bend to left and right. Across the lines of straighter darker trees, I like to and health think some boy's been swinging them. Meaning? But swinging doesn't bend them down to stay. As ice storms do.
The pliable, malleable quality of the birch tree captures the poet's attention and kicks off his meditation. Perhaps young boys don't bend birches down to stay, but swing them they do and thus bend them momentarily. Those straighter, darker trees, like the trees of define, Into My Own that scarcely show the breeze, stand ominously free from human manipulation, menacing in their irresponsiveness to plan acts of the will. The malleability of the birches is define renaissance, not total, however, and the poet is forced to admit this fact into the presence of meaning, his desire, like it or not. The ultimate shape of mature birch trees is the work of objective natural force, not human activity. Yet after conceding the boundaries of imagination's subjective world, the stress and health psychology, poet seems not to have constricted himself but to have been released. Often you must have seen them. Loaded with ice a sunny winter morning. After a rain.
They click upon themselves. As the breeze rises, and turn many-colored. As the stir cracks and crazes their enamel. Soon the sun's warmth makes them shed crystal shells. Shattering and plan, avalanching on important elements the snow crust-- Such heaps of broken glass to sweep away. You'd think the inner dome of heaven had fallen. Fascinated as he is by the show of plan, loveliness before him, and admiring as be is of nature as it performs the potter's art, cracking and crazing the enamel of ice coating on the birch trees, it is not finally the thing itself (the ice-coated trees) that interests the poet but the strange association be is and health psychology, tempted to make: You'd think the plan, inner dome of heaven had fallen.
Certainly there is no question of belief involved here. The linkage of the scientifically discredited medieval sphere with the heaps of cracked ice suggests rather the poet's need to break beyond the rigid standard of empirical truth, that he himself has already allowed into the poem, and faintly suggests as well the psychology, kind of apocalyptic destruction that the imagination seeks when unleashed (the idea that the inner dome has been smashed clearly pleases the meaning, speaker). Eventually Frost in Birches comes round to exploring in much more sophisticated ways the complex problem broached by this statement from a later poem, On Looking Up By Chance At the Constellations: The sun and moon get crossed, but they never touch, Nor strike out fire from in Elie and William "Lord of the, each other, nor crash out loud. The planets seem to interfere in their curves, But nothing ever happens, no harm is done. Plan Meaning? We may as well go patiently on with our life, And look elsewhere than to stars and moon and define renaissance, sun. For the plan meaning, shocks and changes we need to keep us sane. In Birches Frost looks not to natural catastrophe for those shocks and changes that keep us sane but to his resources as a poet: You may see their trunks arching in the woods. Years afterwards, trailing their leaves on the ground. Like girls on hands and knees that throw their hair. Before them over their heads to dry in the sun.
Manipulating the simile, the overt figure of comparison, is a dangerous ploy for the poet, implying often that be does not have the thetis carol, courage of his vision and does not believe that his mode of language can generate a distinctive perspective on plan meaning experience. For Frost, however, and for care, any poet who is rooted in what I call the aesthetics of the fiction., the simile is the plan meaning, perfect figure of comparison, subtler even than metaphor. Its overtness becomes its virtue: in its insistence on the disparateness of the things compared (as well as their likeness) it can sustain a divided vision; can at once transmute the birches--for a brief moment nature stands humanized and the poet has transcended the scientific universe--and, at the same time, can allow the fictive world to thetis carol ann duffy be penetrated by the impurities of experience that resist the transmutative process of plan, imagination. It is at such moments as this in Frost's work that the strategies and motives of a poetry of play are revealed. There is never any intention of define, competing with science, and therefore, there is no problem at all (as we generally sense with many modern poets and critics) of claiming a special cognitive value for poetry. In his playful and redemptive mode, Frost's motive for poetry is not cognitive but psychological in the sense that he is willfully seeking to bathe his consciousness and, if the reader consents, his reader's as well, in plan a free-floating, epistemologically unsanctioned vision of the world which, even as it is undermined by care approach, the very language in which it is anchored, brings a satisfaction of relief when contemplated. It may be argued that the plan, satisfaction is Abuse of Power and President Obama, greatest when it is autonomous: the plan, more firmly the poet insists upon care programme 2008, the severance of his vision from the order of things as they are and the more clearly that be makes no claim for knowledge, the emotive power of the poem may emerge uncontaminated by the morass of meaning, philosophical problems that are bound to dog him should he make claims for programme, knowledge. Both poet and reader may submerge themselves without regret (because without epistemological pretension) in aesthetic illusion. But I was going to say when Truth broke in.
With all her matter of fact about the ice storm, I should prefer to have some boy bend them. As he went out and in to plan fetch the cows-- Some boy too far from town to learn baseball, Whose only play was what be found himself, Summer or winter, and could play alone. The shrewdness in Frost's strategy now surfaces. Elements? While claiming to have paid homage to the rigid standards of empirical truth in his digression on the ice-loaded branches, what he has actually done is to digress into the language of fictions.
When he turns to the desired vision of the young boy swinging birches, he is not, as he says, turning from truth to fiction, but from one kind of fiction to another kind of fiction: from the fiction of cosmic change and humanized nature to meaning the fiction of the human will riding roughshod over a pliable external world. And the motives for all of this fooling? I think there are two: one is that Frost intends to fox his naturalistically persuaded readers; a second is that this is what his poem is all about--the thrusting of Adaption in Elie Wiesel's and William Golding's "Lord of the, little fictions within alien, antifictive contexts.* As he evokes the image of the boy, playing in isolation, too far from the community to engage in a team kind of sport, he evokes, as well, his cherished theme of the imaginative man who, essentially alone in plan the world, either makes it or doesn't on the strength of his creative resources. And now he indulges to the full the desired vision that be could not allow himself in the poem's opening lines: One by one he subdued his father's trees. By riding them down over and over again. Most Important Elements? Until he took the stiffness out of them, And not one but hung limp, not one was left. For him to conquer. He learned all there was. Plan? To learn about not launching out too soon. And so not carrying the tree away. Clear to the ground.
He always kept his poise. And Health Psychology? To the top branches, climbing carefully. Meaning? With the same pains you use to fill a cup. Up to the brim, and even above the define renaissance, brim. Plan? Then be flung outward, feet first, with a swish, Kicking his way down through the air to by Macbeth and President Essay the ground. One figure seems to plan meaning imply another--the image of the farm youth swinging up, out, and Adaption Means Survival in Elie Wiesel's and William Golding's "Lord of the Flies", down to earth again recalls the boyhood of the plan, poet: So was I once myself a swinger of by Macbeth Obama Essay, birches.
And so I dream of plan meaning, going back to thetis ann duffy be. Plan? It's when I'm weary of considerations, And life is too much like a pathless wood. Where your face burns and tickles with the cobwebs. Broken across it, and one eye is weeping. From a twig's having lashed across it open. For anyone but Frost the carol, pathless wood is meaning, trite. But for him it carries a complex of meaning fashioned elsewhere.
The upward swinging of the boy becomes an emblem for Adaption in Elie Wiesel's "Night" and William "Lord, imagination's swing away from the tangled, dark wood; a swing away from the straighter, darker trees; a swing into the absolute freedom of isolation, the severing of all considerations. This is the transcendental phase of plan meaning, redemptive consciousness, a game that one plays alone. The downward movement of redemptive imagination to earth, contrarily, is define, a movement into community, engagement, love--the games that two play together: I'd like to get away from earth awhile. And then come back to it and begin over. May no fate willfully misunderstand me. And half grant what I wish and meaning, snatch me away.
Not to return. Earth's the right place for love: I don't know where it's likely to go better. I'd like to go by climbing a birch tree, And climb black branches up a snow-white trunk, Toward heaven, till the tree could bear no more, But dipped its top and set me down again. That would be good both going and define renaissance, coming back. One could do worse than be a swinger of birches.
One really has no choice but to be a swinger of birches. In the moment when, catapulting upward, the poet is half-granted his wish, when transcendence is about to be complete and the self, in its disdain for earth, has lofted itself into plan meaning absolute autonomy, nothing having any claim upon thetis ann duffy, it, and no return possible, then, at that moment,, the blessed pull of the earth is plan, felt again, and the apocalypse desired by a transcending imagination, which seemed so imminent, is repressed. At the end of Birches a precious balance has been restored between the thetis carol, claims of a redeeming imagination in its extreme, transcendent form, and the claims of common sense reality. To put it in another way, the plan meaning, psychic needs of programme 2008, change--supplied best by redemptive imagination--are balanced by the equally deep psychic need--supplied by skeptical ironic awareness--for the therapy of dull realities and everyday considerations. * The swings in consciousness between fictive and objective worlds are reflected in a series of perfectly placed linguistic pivots. Meaning? Consider: the conjunctive but, lines 5, 21; or the conjunctive and, lines 42, 49, 55; or the subtle semantic ambiguity of shed (line 10) and trailing (line 18) which points us simultaneously outward (in objective reference) to the inhuman world of stress and health psychology, nature--of birches as birches--and inward (expressive reference) to the warm, ambient world of Frost's consciousness, of bent birches as girls throwing their hair before them, drying in the sun. from Robert Frost: Modern Poetics and the Landscapes of Self . Copyright © 1975 by meaning, Duke UP. The philosophy articulated in Birches poses no threat to popular values or beliefs, and it is so appealingly affirmative that many readers have treasured the poem as a masterpiece. Among Frost's most celebrated works, perhaps only stress and health, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening ranks ahead of it. Yet to critics like Brooks and Squires, the persona's philosophical stance in Birches is a serious weakness.
The didactic and philosophical element that some critics have attacked strikes others as the very core of plan meaning, Frost's virtue. Perhaps impartial observers can accept the notion that Birches is neither as bad as its harshest opponents suggest nor as good as its most adoring advocates claim. Birches . . Define Renaissance? . Plan? contains three fairly lengthy descriptions that do not involve unusual perspectives. In fact, the most original and distinctive vision in the poem--the passage treating the ice on the trees (ll. 5-14)--is undercut both by the self-consciousness of Abuse by Macbeth and President Essay, its final line (You'd think the meaning, inner dome of care 2008, heaven had fallen) and by plan meaning, the two much more conventionally perceived environments that follow it: the rural boyhood of the swinger of birches (ll. 23-40) and the pathless wood, which represents life's considerations (ll.
44-47). As a result, the poem's ardent concluding lines--its closing pronouncements on life, death, and human aspiration--do not arise from ann duffy, a particular experience. Instead, they are presented as doctrines that we must accept or reject on the basis of our credence in the speaker as a wise countryman whose familiarity with birch trees, ice storms, and meaning, pathless woods gives him authority as a philosopher. Most Important? Since in Birches the plan, natural object--tree, ice crystal, pathless wood, etc.--functions as proof of the speaker's rusticity, Frost has no need for extraordinary perspectives, and therefore the thetis ann duffy, poem does little to convince us that an experience, to use [Robert] Langbaum's wording, is really taking place, that the object is seen and not merely remembered from a public or abstract view of it. This is not to deny that the poem contains some brilliant descriptive passages (especially memorable are the clicking, cracking, shattering ice crystals in meaning lines 7-11 and the boy's painstaking climb and sudden, exhilarating descent in lines 35-40), and without doubt, the ann duffy, closing lines offer an engaging exegesis of swinging birches as a way of plan meaning, life. But though we learn a great deal about this speaker's beliefs and preferences, we find at last that he has not revealed himself as profoundly as does the speaker in After Apple-Picking. It is remarkable that the verb to most important elements like, which does not appear in Frost's non-dramatic poetry prior to Birches, is used three times in plan this poem: I like to think (l. 3); I'd like to care programme approach get away (l. 48); and I'd like to go (l.
54). The speaker also tells us what he would prefer (l. 23), dream of plan meaning, (l. 42), and wish (l. 51). But while his preferences are generally appealing, and while they seem intellectually justified, they are not poetically justified in the sense that Langbaum suggests when he discusses the extraordinary perspective as a sign that the experience is really taking place: The experience has validity just because it is dramatized as an event which we must accept as having taken place, rather than formulated as an idea with which we must agree or disagree (p. 43).
Mending Wall, After Apple-Picking, and The Wood-Pile are centered on specific events that involve the speaker in dramatic conflicts and lead him to extraordinary perspectives. The act of repairing the wall and trying to reason with the crusty farmer, the termination of the care programme approach 2008, harvest and the preparation for a winter's rest, the vagrant woodland ramble and the discovery of the perplexing woodpile--all these are events that we indeed accept as having taken place. Unlike the meditative lyrics Frost selected for North of plan meaning, Boston , however, Birches does not present a central dramatized event as a stimulus for the speaker's utterance. Although the conclusion seems sincere, and although Frost created a persuasive metaphorical context for it, the final sentiments do not grow dramatically out of the experiences alluded to. Yes, the speaker has observed ice storms that bend the birches down to stay (l.
4); he has learned all there is / To learn about swinging birches (ll. 32-33); and he has struggled through the considerations of life's pathless wood (ll. 43-44). But the relationship of these experiences to Means Survival in Elie Wiesel's "Night" and William Golding's of the Flies" his present utterance--the poem--is left unclear. We would be more willing to accept what Squires calls a contradictory jumble of plan, images and ideas if we were convinced (as Eliot and Pound often convince us) that the diverse materials had coalesced in the speaker's mind. Frost's confession that the poem was two fragments soldered together is revealing; the overt, affected capriciousness of the transitions between major sections of the poem (ll. 4-5, 21-22, and 41-42) indicates that instead of striving to establish the dynamics of dramatized experience, he felt he could rely on the force of his speaker's personality and rural background. In early editions, a parenthetical question, (Now am I free to be poetical?), followed line 22, making the transition between the ice storm and the country youth even more arbitrary. It may seem arbitrary to press too hard the care approach 2008, issue of honesty in this poem. Art, after all, relies on fantasy and deception. Yet there are different types of fantasy and many motives for deception.
If we are confident that an artist has kept faith with some personal vision or inner self, we can accept falsification of many things. When Frost presents himself as a farm worker, for instance a mower wielding his scythe or apple picker resting his weary body--the fantasy seems sincere and convincing. When we consider Frost's career and personal history, however, we may wonder about his motives in falsifying the character of his childhood. The resulting images lack originality and inspiration. Surely Birches contains some vivid and forceful passages, but when a line or phrase gives us too strong a sense of the plan meaning, poet's calculated effort to validate his speaker's rusticity, the spell of the poem, its incantatory charm and imaginative vision, is threatened. Fortunately, in Birches this threat is hardly noticeable, certainly not overwhelming or repellent, unless we want it to be. [Excerpted from a longer analysis] from Robert Frost and New England: The Poet as Regionalist . Copyright © 1979 by by Macbeth Essay, Princeton UP. Plan Meaning? SEVERAL TIMES in Robert Frost: A Living Voice, his account of the approach, poet's talks at the Bread Loaf School of English, Reginald L. Cook quotes Frost's remarks on Birches.
Frost's words on one such occasion are given a context by Cook, who writes: In spite of his deprecatory view of explication, Frost revealed a good deal about his art. When he disclosed his feeling about plan meaning certain words in Birches, he gave a searching insight into what makes a poet's use of descriptive words stand up. And how cavalierly he did it! He offered this little note on 'Birches' before I begin to most elements read it. Meaning? See.
The kind of explication I forbid, he said self-consciously. Then with disarming slyness, he said: I never go down the shoreline [from Boston] to New York without watching the birches to psychology see if they live up to what I say about them in meaning the poem. Invariably the listener laughed, but on the double take he realized that Frost, the careful craftsman, was confirming his assertion that birches bend to left and right by verification. Getting details right was a telling responsibility. His birches, he insisted, were not the ann duffy, white mountain or paper birch of northern New England ( Betula papyrifera ); they were the gray birch ( Betula populifolia ). The way in which Robert Frost came to write Birches is described by Elizabeth Shepley Sergeant: As for the poet, 'who never saw New England as clearly as when he was in Old England,' he could not tie down his creative moments. It was about this time, early in 1914, while tramping the muddy yard at the Bungalow [West Midlands], that he suddenly; he says, wrote a new poem, not to be included in North of Boston. This was the now so famous and beloved 'Birches,' with its cold and meaning, crystal memories of another kind of wintry world. As this account suggests, Frost's poem might have reflected pure, almost spontaneous invention, but if so, it was stimulated by memories of boyhood experiences of winter and summer in northern New England and Adaption Wiesel's "Night" and William "Lord of the Flies", sharpened by the perspective of the poet's self-imposed exile. What I would suggest, however, is that in Birches, even though Frost saw New England most clearly when he was in meaning Old England, he re-viewed his wintry New England scene through Thoreauvian eyes. On December 31, 1852, a day of rain and ice in Concord, Thoreau wrote in his Journals with keen anticipation: It is a sort of frozen rain this afternoon, which does not wet one, but makes the still bare ground slippery with a coating of ice, and stiffens your umbrella so that it cannot be shut.
Will not the trees look finely in the morning? For the thetis, next few days Thoreau described the storm's fine effects upon plan, the landscape. On the first day of the new year he observed: This morning we have something between ice and frost on the trees. . Abuse Of Power By Macbeth And President Obama Essay? . . Plan? What a crash of care approach 2008, jewels as you walk! . . Plan Meaning? . The drooping birches along the renaissance, edges of woods are the most feathery; fairy-like ostrich plumes of the trees, and the color of their trunks increases the delusion (436-38). The next day Thoreau continued his report: In this clear air and bright sunlight, the ice-covered trees have a new beauty, especially the birches . Meaning? . . , bent quite to the ground in every kind of curve. At a distance, as you are approaching them endwise, they look like white tents of Indians under the and health, edge ofthe wood. The birch is thus remarkable, perhaps, because from the feathery form of the tree, whose numerous small branches sustain so great a weight, bending it to the ground, and moreover because, from the color of the meaning, bark, the most important, core is plan meaning, less observable. The oaks not only are less pliant in the trunk, but have fewer and stiffer twigs and branches.
The birches droop over in all directions, like ostrich-feathers. Abuse By Macbeth And President?  Thoreau's description anticipates Frost's handling of imagery. But Thoreau's entry the next day offers an interesting variation on Frost's poem. Plan? He begins by recording that day's response to the observable beauty which can be attributed to care programme approach 2008 nature's transforming and creative powers and then speculates on the comparative merits of man and nature. The first paragraph is largely descriptive of this finest show of ice (444): Nothing dark met the eye, but a silvery sheen, precisely as if the whole tree—trunk, boughs, and twigs—were converted into burnished silver. You exclaimed at plan, every hedgerow. Sometimes a clump of birches Јell over of Power by Macbeth and President Obama Essay every way in graceful ostrich-plumes, all raying from one centre. . . . Suddenly all is converted to crystal.
The world is a crystal palace (445). The next paragraph, however, moves into a new key. Stimulated by his last attempt at meaning, describing ice-laden birches, Thoreau ruminates: I love Nature partly because she is Abuse and President Obama, not man, but a retreat from him. None of his institutions control or pervade her. There a different kind of right prevails.
In her midst I can be glad with an plan, entire gladness. Care 2008? If this world were all man, I could not stretch myself, I should lose all hope. He is meaning, constraint, she is freedom to me. He makes me wish for another world. Define Renaissance? She makes me content with this. Plan? . . . Man, man is the devil, The source of evil . Means Survival In Elie Wiesel's "Night" And William Golding's "Lord? . . . I have a room all to myself; it is nature.
It is a place beyond the jurisdiction of human governments. . . . There are two worlds, the post-office and nature. I know them both. I continually forget mankind and their institutions, as I do a bank. [445-46] The conjunction of Thoreau's celebration of winter birches and his buoyant homily on man's inferiority to nature may be compared with Frost's similar conjunction of themes in Birches. Plan Meaning? If man makes Thoreau wish for another world but nature makes him content with this, to Frost it is when life most resembles nature—when life is too much like a pathless wood—that the poet would like to get away from earth awhile. Frost would climb black branches up a snow-white trunk / Toward heaven, but he would come back, he quickly decides, for Earth's the right place for love. Thoreau would undoubtedly endorse Frost's aphorism.
But their initial agreement would evaporate, I suspect, if each were to explain precisely what he took the statement to mean. While Thoreau would most characteristically focus on love of nature, Frost would just as readily assert the claim of man's fundamental love for man. The distinction is notable. In the important elements, Journal passages that I have quoted above, Thoreau (for the moment read man) appears almost exclusively as an plan meaning, observer, never as a participant beyond the act of perception. It is Adaption Wiesel's "Night" and William, as if in nature's pure realm man's existence were suspended. Whenever Thoreau does tell in these entries what men are doing, or what they have done, he invariably does so to admonish them. Consequently, when he climb[s] the bank at Stow's wood-lot and come[s] upon the piles of freshly split white pine wood , he does not compliment the worker for meaning, his labor, as one might expect, but decides, rather, that the and health psychology, owner of the woodlot is ruthlessly laying it waste (441). And in the same entry, a page or so later, he comments on the ringing of bells: The bells are particularly sweet this morning.
I hear more, methinks, than ever before. How much more religion in plan meaning their sound, than they ever call men together to! Men obey their call and go to important elements the stove-warmed church, though God exhibits himself to plan meaning the walker in a frosted bush today as much as in a burning one to Moses of psychology, old (443). Even when man does something well (after all, bells are a human invention), he is plan meaning, singularly capable of thetis carol, misinterpreting his own message and betraying his most noble purposes. For Thoreau the beauty and meaning, divinity which exist at of Power and President, this moment are in the glazed birch and the frosted bush. They are most certainly not in men. Meaning? Nature and nature's workings are at the center of creation. In these pages Thoreau reserves his approval for the landscape transformed by ice and snow and the few men who make an appearance intrude momentarily along nature's periphery. In Frost's poem, however, values are weighted somewhat differently.
Its first twenty lines are largely devoted to Abuse Obama a description of the effect ice-storms have on birches: The details in plan these lines are precise and deceptively neutral. The entire passage contains nothing to suggest that nature is superior (or inferior) to man, nor are we to infer that the two are equal. As description these lines exemplify what Frost calls the carol ann duffy, matter-of-fact of plan, Truth. But Frost does not stop with the define, conclusion that ice storms, and not swinging boys, are the cause of meaning, birches bent down to stay. He approaches, finally the idea that man's acts upon nature have their own meaning and beauty: approvingly Frost decides that, given a choice, he should prefer to have some boy bend birches. In the midst of swinging, boys are not observers of nature; they actually collaborate with nature by taking the important, stiffness out of birches. Frost would have a bent tree signify that some boy swinging from earth, has gone beyond that pathless wood / Where your face burns and tickles with the cobwebs / Broken across it. Plan Meaning? Birches suggests that nature's beauty is and health psychology, somehow enhanced when man has worked an effect upon plan, nature. In this sense Frost's poem may stand as a qualified reply to Means in Elie "Night" and William Golding's "Lord Flies" Thoreau's recurrent strain of illimitable nature worship. Plan? Of course there is another side to Thoreau with which Birches does not conflict.
A Thoreau more congenial to Frost appears in Means Survival in Elie "Lord Flies" a Journal entry six months before the notable ice storm of December 31, 1852. He writes: Nature must be viewed humanly to be viewed at all; that is, her scenes must be associated with humane affections, such as are associated with one's native place, for meaning, instance. Thetis Ann Duffy? She is most significant to a lover. A lover of plan, Nature is preeminently a lover of man. If I have no friend, what is Nature to me? She ceases to in Elie Wiesel's and William be morally significant (163). For Thoreau this kind of bravely humanistic sentiment welled forth most clearly on an early summer's day. Plan? The dead of define, winter, we have seen, could evoke other feelings. But Frost's humanism became a harder, more durable thing in plan meaning its midwinter setting of ice and Abuse of Power and President Obama Essay, snow.
As late as August 1919, in plan a list of poems that his friend John T Bartlett might like to read, Frost recommended Swinging Birches. In some ways it is unfortunate that Frost stopped calling the poem by this title. I say unfortunate because the activity at the heart of the important, poem—the activity that generates whatever cohesion the poem has—is the boy's swinging of birches and the poet's ruminations on the possibility that the birches he sees have been bent by boys at play. He would like to think that such is the case. But since liking to think does not make it so, the poet turns to the more likely reason, the permanent bending of birches by ice storms. Plan? You may see their trunks arching in the woods. Years afterwards, trailing their leaves on of Power Essay the ground. Like girls on hands and knees that throw their hair.
Before them over their heads to dry in the sun. Then, interrupting this train of thought—this matter-of-fact Truth—he returns to a consideration of the notion that by swinging them boys also bend trees (though not permanently, as ice storms do). I should prefer to plan have some boy bend them. As he went out and Means Survival in Elie Wiesel's and William Golding's of the Flies", in to fetch the cows— Some boy too far from town to learn baseball, Whose only play was what he found himself, Summer or winter, and could play alone. Here the meaning, poem shifts into a generalized description, a semi-dramatic account of the important elements, way such a boy proceeds: At this point the poet acknowledges that he, too, was once a swinger of birches, and he admits that even now he dreams of being one again. When does he have such dreams? It's when I'm weary of considerations, And life is too much like a pathless wood. Where your face bums and tickles with the cobwebs. Broken across it, and one eye is weeping.
From a twig's having lashed across it open. Plan? To what sort of define, boyhood pleasure would the adult poet like to return? Quite simply; it is the pleasure of onanism. We do not need either Erica Jong or John Updike to remind us that flying is often a dream or linguistic substitute for sexual activity. But we do need to be reminded that early orgasms at puberty induced by meaning, friction against a tree trunk are not an uncommon experience, to quote from a writer commenting on the following passage from the early diaries of James Boswell: Already (age 12-13) in of Power by Macbeth Obama climbing trees, pleasure. Could not conceive what it was. Thought of heaven. Returned often, climbed, felt, allowed myself to meaning fall from of Power and President Essay, high branches in ecstasy—all natural. Spoke of it to the gardener. He, rigid, did not explain.
If physiologically there is some sort of pubescent sexuality taking place in the swinging of birches, it is not surprising, then, that the boy has subdued his father's trees by riding them down over and over again until not one was left for him to conquer and that the orgasmic activity should be likened to riding, which despite the conquering can be done time and again. One need only plan meaning, note that the notion of riding, already figurative in Birches, reappears metaphorically in Frost's conception of Education by Poetry, wherein he writes: Unless you are at home in the metaphor, unless you have had your proper poetical education in the metaphor, you are not safe anywhere. Because you are not at ease with figurative values: you don't know . . . how far you may expect to ride it and when it may break down with you. And what is true for most, metaphor and poetry is true for love. Frost insisted that a poem run . . . from plan, delight to wisdom. The figure is the same as for love.
Like a piece of ice on Abuse by Macbeth and President Obama a hot stove the poem must ride on its own melting. Then it is meaning, totally appropriate within the metaphor of swinging birches that even the storm-bent trees should look to the adult male like girls on hands and knees that throw their hair / Before them over their heads to define renaissance dry in the sun. Plan? No wonder, then, and fully appropriate it is, that when the poet thinks that his wish to get away from earth might by some fate be misunderstood such that he be snatched away never to return, his thought is that Earth's the right place vor love. At some level of his consciousness the pleasurable activity of Abuse of Power and President, swinging birches has transformed itself into the more encompassing term love. One might say, within the logic of this reading of the poem, that Earth's the meaning, right place for [sexual] love, including onanistic love.
The same sexual metaphor runs through the final lines of the poem as the Adaption Means Survival "Night" and William "Lord, mature poet thinks of how he would like to go but only to plan come back. from Robert Frost and the New England Renaissance . Lexington: The University Press of Adaption Means in Elie Wiesel's "Night" Golding's "Lord of the, Kentucky, 1988. Plan Meaning? Copyright © 1988 by the UP of Kentucky. Although Birches describes a boy's game instead of thetis carol ann duffy, a chore, it too has fact, dream, and in that intent game a commitment as deep as one of earnest love. Plan Meaning? Here Frost's comments on being at home in figurative values are most apt for his actual poetic images: knowing how to ride metaphor is analogous to knowing how to ride birches. The facts about the ice storm in Birches grow the Abuse of Power and President, more and more figurative as the plan, poet's imagined preference sounds real and prosaic.
In the first lines, the poet associates a real scene with an image in his mind, and he deliberately distinguishes between the two. The casual assumption, you must have seen them, makes his statements sound public and verifiable: What follows is by no means lifeless fact but an enchanting account. Not Just some ordinary woods, the enameled trees look as crafted and ornamental as fine glass sculpture, and care programme, the fallen ice evokes a mythical catastrophe: Again the poet knows metaphor's limits and implies that anyone knows them. The offhand You'd think shows how common it is to slip into expressions of fancy and fall back on shared myths about the heavens and earth. The accurate description in the next lines also suggests possible metaphors : They are dragged to meaning the withered bracken by the load, And they seem not to break; though once they are bowed. So low for long, they never right themselves: You may see their trunks arching in the woods. Years afterwards, trailing their leaves on the ground . In Elie "Night" And William Golding's Of The Flies"? . . After withered, bowed, and years afterwards, I tend to picture old men bowed by life's burdens, but that is not the case.
As part of our education in metaphor, we must learn that a visual image can take us in several directions. To the poet these trees are. Like girls on hands and knees that throw their hair. Plan? Before them over renaissance their hands to dry in the sun. The poet then circles back to his first image of the boy. That turn itself suggests something about the way one habitually thinks of truth and plan, fact: But I was going to say when Truth broke in. With all her matter of fact about the and President, ice storm . . . Truth with a capital T is abstraction personified, a figurative value. She, a trusted absolute, it seems, and not the poet interrupts with these facts#151;crystal shells and the inner dome of plan, heaven. By implication, the poet prefers an untruth which does not deal in facts. His fancy, though, is down to earth.
No idle, elvish tale here: Why is the game of this solitary boy so appealing and poignant? He never expresses his feelings, whether of joy, accomplishment, or adventure. Of Power By Macbeth Essay? His game, which leaves the plan meaning, birches limp, places him in no idyllic, pantheistic relation with nature, yet it redeems itself in part. The meaning of his actions is not explicit. As Frost once said, in poetry We like to talk in parables and in hints and in programme 2008 indirections (Education by Poetry, p. 332). Here the hints and indirections tease us to make more of the parable. Plan Meaning? At the renaissance, same time, something holds us back, an adherence to fact, perhaps, to orchises or apples or birches. The tease lies in the account of the boy's thoroughness and intentness in his sport. An air of meaning, dedication, purpose, and fulfillment hovers about one by one, over and over again, not one . . . not one.
The boy has power; he subdues and define renaissance, conquers. He understands perfectly how to maneuver the trees and meaning, fly from branches to ground. And Health? The predicates which convey this could preface some finality. He learned all there was and he always kept his poise, themselves poised at the ends of lines, evoke the mastery and freedom of one who knows all there is about life. But the boy's wisdom, after its fling into the air, lands on meaning something specific: He learned all there was / To learn about not launching out thetis carol ann duffy, too soon, He always kept his poise / To the top branches. His knowledge is valid in that context, as truth in Mowing is valid in terms of the sun#146;s heat and the silence. The swinger of birches, boy or poet, must know his own powers and know the strength of the trees and the strength of metaphor. This parable is both history and dream: Unlike the plan, boy among the birches, the Essay, poet is subdued by a pathless wood.
The form of his dream of release corresponds to the boy's physical action: getting away from meaning, earth to begin over and over again. Most Important Elements? In the last lines, the poet clearly uses the parable for its figurative value, and plan meaning, another of programme approach 2008, Frost's comments comes to mind: the aim of plan, metaphor is to restore you to your ideas of free will (Education by thetis carol, Poetry, p. 333). The poet's imagination, with metaphors which attend to longings and to real events, restores free will without distorting the truth. The trees are not bent by the boy; thinking that he changes the woods is the fiction. However, it seems someone really has climbed the trees and enjoyed a flight from plan meaning, sky to earth. By using metaphors which fuse fact and dream, the poet is no longer beaten back; and he recovers the freedom of the boy who knows all there is to know and Adaption in Elie and William of the Flies", who always kept his poise:
In the end, dividing Frost's poetic images into fact, dream and both is impossible. Frost undermines such divisions in a manner both playful and meaning, serious, exploring slippery issues about the natures of perception, interpretation, reality and truth. His poems often illustrate the of Power Obama Essay, mind seeking out metaphor and meaning in some rural or domestic scene, testing different possibilities. They also show with varying degrees of irony the mind, language, and familiar, perhaps inherent, myths imposing themselves on a landscape. Or maybe the landscape imposes something on meaning the mind. . . . from psychology, Comparing Conceptions: Frost and plan, Eddington, Heisenberg and Bohr. In On Frost: The Best from American Literature . Ed. Edwin H. Cady and Louis J. Budd. Durham, NC: Duke UP, 1991. Copyright © 1991 by Duke UP. Orginally published in American Literature 59:2 (May 1987). The discursive blank-verse meditation Birches does not, like The Wood-Pile and An Encounter, center on a continuously encountered and revealing nature scene; rather, it builds a mosaic of thoughts from fragments of memory and fantasy.
Its vividness and genial, bittersweet speculation help make it one of Frost's most popular poems, and because its shifts of metaphor and tone invite varying interpretation it has also received much critical discussion, not always admiring. The poem moves back and forth between two visual perspectives: birch trees as bent by boys' playful swinging and by ice storms, the thematic interweaving being somewhat puzzling. Thetis Ann Duffy? The birches bent across the lines of straighter darker trees subtly introduce the theme of meaning, imagination and elements, will opposing darker realities. Then, almost a third of the poem describes how ice storms bend these trees permanently, unlike the action of meaning, boys; this scene combines images of most elements, beauty and of distortion. Ice shells suggest radiating light and color, and the trees bowed to the level of the bracken, suggest suffering, which is immediately lightened by the strange image of girls leaning their hair toward the sun as if in happy submission. The fallen inner dome of heaven alludes to Shelley's dome of plan meaning, many colored glass (also alluded to in The Trial By Existence) to suggest the thetis, shattering of the meaning, ideal into renaissance everyday reality. Frost's speaker then self-consciously breaks from his realistic but metaphorically fantasied digression to say he would prefer to have some boy bend the birches, which action becomes a symbol for controlled experience, as contrasted with the genial fatality of ice storms. The boy's fancied playfulness substitutes for unavailable companionship, making for a thoughtful communion with nature, which rather than teach him wisdom allows him to learn it. Despite the insistence on the difference between ice storms' permanent damage to birches and a boy's temporary effects, the boy subdues and conquers the trees.
His swinging is practice for maintaining life's difficult and meaning, precarious balances. The third part of the poem begins with a more personal and renaissance, philosophical tone. Plan? The speaker claims to have been such a youthful swinger of birches, an care programme 2008, activity he can go back to only by dreaming. The birch trees, probably both ice-bent and boy-swung, stand for meaning, the order and control missing from Means Survival Wiesel's of the Flies", ordinary experience. The considerations he is weary of are conflicting claims that leave him disoriented and stung. The desire to get away from earth, importantly qualified by awhile, shows a yearning for the ideal or perhaps for the imaginative isolation of the birch swinger. His I'd like to go by climbing a birch tree . / Toward heaven suggests leaving earth, but he reveals by his quick apologetic claim that he doesn't mean that.
He wants to be dipped down again toward earth, but the pursuit of the ideal by plan, going sounds like death, as his quick apology acknowledges. Frost does less in this poem than in After Apple-Picking to suggest a renewed pursuit of the ideal in life rather than a yielding to death. His main pursuit is care programme approach 2008, continual balance between reality and plan meaning, ideality, but as John F. Sears and Radcliffe Squires point out, his vehicle for transcendence and his desire for nature to reinforce human intuition do not quite work. From The Poems of Robert Frost: an stress psychology, explication . Boston: G.K. Plan? Hall and Co., 1991. Copyright © 1991 by Mordecai Marcus. Birches connects poetic aspiration and physical love. It begins with a fanciful image(I like to think) of a boy swinging on and bending birches.
It then shifts to a brilliant description of ice-laden branches blown by the wind that cracks and crazes [suggesting cracked glazes] their enamel. Inspired by medieval cosmology and by a famous passage from Shelley's Adonais (an elegy for Keats, about poetic power cut off in mid-career by death), Frost writes of all the broken ice-glass: You'd think the inner dome of heaven had fallen. He then returns to the swinger-of-birches theme as the boy, like the future poet, launches out at the proper time, keeps his poise and climbs carefully. Swinging himself on the branches Toward heaven, he'd. like to get away from earth awhile. And then come back to it and begin over.
Earth's the right place for approach 2008, love: I don't know where it's likely to go better. Opposing the Platonic view of idealized love, Frost believes Earth, not Heaven, is the right place because love should be physical and tested against the realities of life. From Robert Frost: A Biography. Copyright © 1996 by Jeffrey Meyers. Toward heaven but never to plan , never all the of Power Essay, way.
Frost fears transcendence. Despite all the apparent moralizing (earth's the plan meaning, right place for love), this passage is one of the most skeptical in Frost. He contemplates a moment when the soul may become completely absorbed into a union with the stress, divine. Plan Meaning? But he is earthbound, limited, afraid. No sooner does he wish to get away from earth than he thinks of elements, fate - rather than God. And what might be a mystical experience turns into a fear of death, a fear that he would be snatched away not to return. He rejects the unknown, the love of meaning, God, because he cannot know it, and he clings to carol the finite: Earth's the right place for love. From Going and Coming Back: Robert Frost#146;s Religious Poetry.
South Atlantic Quarterly (Autumn 1974). The first twenty lines of Birches clearly hint at Promethean tendencies. The poem is set at that time of the natural year which most suggests imaginative stirrings: the plan, springtime moment in the imagination's life when it begins to rouse itself from winter lethargy. Though immobilized by their wintry covering of ice, as the Eolian breeze rises the birches move and Means Survival in Elie Wiesel's "Night" "Lord, turn many-colored / As the stir cracks and crazes their enamel. Soon, warmed by the sun, they shed crystal shells, like the human beings of Sand Dunes casting off dead external coverings to take on new shapes and new vitality. Plan? The evidences of that spiritual molting, as many have noted, echo the Promethean outreach of Adonais : Such heaps of broken glass to sweep away / You'd think the inner dome of heaven had fallen. And, though the birches are permanently bowed by the ice storm, they remain suggestive of aspiration: You may see their trunks arching in the woods / Years afterwards, still straining toward that inner dome of heaven. In the poem's central fiction, Frost adroitly converts the birches from carol ann duffy, emblems of Promethean aspiration to emblems of natural fact conquered by that aspiration. Rather than an ice storm, the poet should prefer to have some boy bend the meaning, birches; this fictive explanation represents more clearly the central presence of human activity, and human domination of the natural (One by one he subdued his father's trees).
The comparison used to describe the care which the boy takes in climbing to the very top branches of the birches#151;climbing carefully / With the same pains you use to fill a cup / Up to the brim, and even above the Abuse of Power by Macbeth and President Obama, brim #151;reminds us that this is not only plan, a poem about trees but a celebration of spiritual thirst. But, in the last third of the poem, where he explicitly reads in the act of swinging birches a lesson for define, the governance of one's imaginative life, Frost draws back from the Prometheanism implied earlier in the poem: I'd like to get away from earth awhile / And then come back to it and begin over. As that latter line suggests, the visionary assertion of plan meaning, Birches is ultimately less extreme than that of Wild Grapes. As Richard Wilbur notes, the echoes of Shelley in this poem are ultimately used to argue against Shelley's Prometheanism: #146;Birches,#146; taken as a whole, is in fact an answer to Shelley's kind of boundless neo-Platonic aspiration (113) .The famous closing lines of the poem clearly move toward a reconciliation of define renaissance, human aspiration and plan meaning, earthly reality .The poet hopes that no fate will willfully misunderstand him And half grant what I wish and snatch me away / Not to return. Earth's the right place for love. I'd like to go by most, climbing a birch tree, And climb black branches up a snow-white trunk. Toward heaven, till the tree could bear no more, But dipped its top and set me down again. Meaning? That would be good both going and coming back. The proper role of the mind or spirit is seen here, not as a conquest of the and President Obama Essay, natural, not as a transcending of earth or a steering straight off after something into space, but as an integral part of plan meaning, a larger process of carol, give and take, launching out and return.
The young girl in Wild Grapes, because of her not knowing anything about letting go, about accommodating natural fact, is meaning, carried off by the birch in that poem like a fish caught by a fish pole. The mature speaker of Birches, on the other hand, knows how to use natural fact to reach its uppermost limits, to climb Toward heaven, till the tree could bear no more, but then to accept the end of the trip and be returned by the tree in stress and health a kind of cooperative effort. The imagination here again asserts its freedom and autonomy by dominating natural fact; but then, refreshed by that flexing of imaginative muscle, it comes back to natural fact to begin over, now willing to accept the different but also almost incredible freedom, as Frost puts it elsewhere, of being enslaved to the hard facts of experience ( Letters 179). Plan? Such a return or reconciliation would, for Blake or Shelley, amount to surrender. But Frost, like most other American nature writers, does not posit Blake's or Shelley's kind of inevitable struggle to the death between imaginative perception and natural fact.
Like Thoreau (with certain exceptions), like Emerson in his more restrained moods, Frost believes that, in programme approach the final analysis, the two forces are capable of cooperating to achieve meaning. from Frost and the Book of Nature . Copyright © 1993 by The University of Tennessee Press.
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Safety administration in aviation. In the history of aviation, accidents have been one of the dangers that have coloured the plan, sector. According to an ironical statement credited to an aviation magazine, a??Aviation safety is excellent–but accidents will occura??, it is very scary when considering how dangerous flying in the air could be. Define Renaissance? Why is it that accident must occur? How can safety in aviation then be in excellent mode? What instrument has been used to achieve this excellence?
Just to mention a few, on the 9th of May 1987, the last words of the pilot of the LOT Polish Airlines, flight 5055 according to NTSB investigative group are a??Goodnight, Goodbye, We Perisha??. Another statement says a??there it goes, there it goes! Oh no!a?? made by plan the pilot of American Int. Airways on the 18 of August 1993. On 4th of April 2010, the Continental Express pilot of flight 3407 said a??we are downa??. It is very unfortunate that safety is 100% not guaranteed but fortunately, safety has been effectively buffered since the industry is now responsive to all hazards revolving round the air transportation and has become safer as more knowledge and experience is being acquired. Since the inception of the tracking of accident rate by care 2008 ICAO, it is estimated over plan meaning, the previous six years in the trend of accident rate that 2009 had 4.1 accidents per million departures. In 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 it was 4.2, 4.2, 3.2 and 2.8 accidents per million departures respectively. This fact and in Elie Wiesel's Golding's Flies", figure seem interesting as it can be seen that there is a reduction in rate of plan meaning accidents as year goes by.
This is a feat even though death is still recorded each year. 2008? Just in meaning 2014, there were approximately 2.5 million airline flights per fatal accident in 2014, putting the industry in a range classed as ultra-safe. Furthermore, there would be very few accidents if the elementary rules of flying were rigidly observed and stupid risks avoided. So many instruments have been used to care approach keep aviation safety in the present state it is and one of the instruments used that this study will address is meaning law. Approach 2008? Law in the shape of rules and regulations has helped to make air transport the safest means of transportation. Rules and regulations have been made to enforce laws; both federal and state governments have joined hands together to plan meaning enact statutes and create administrative agencies to regulate air traffic and ensure safety. So many international meetings and conventions have been held unifying rules and regulations to ensure safety. Has it has been known that a??air safety has improved greatlya??, the understanding of the of Power and President Essay, influence of law in aviation safety that has provided a framework that keeps the aviation industry safe would be the focus of plan meaning this study in the area of civil aviation which is the flights and aircraft used for personal and most important elements, business purposes, such as transporting goods or passengers, rather than for military purposes.
1.2 Statement of Problem. In any atmosphere where Humans are carrying out daily activities whether with primitive or sophisticated techniques, it is highly imperative that both the humans and non-humans are given the appropriate checks to ensure that one is not affected by the action of the other. According to facts, flying is the safest means of transportation, which is due to plan the deployment of modern equipment and well-trained personnel who work according to set procedures and in Elie Wiesel's "Night" and William of the Flies", responsibilities. In addition, air traffic has doubled over plan meaning, the last twenty years and the number of accidents has not increased in most elements this respect. All the glory to the implementation of rules and regulations made by national and international bodies in improving aviation safety. The focus of this thesis is to carefully examine, in selected jurisdiction such as United State, Canada, and Nigeria, the safety administration in its dimensional structure with the lens of law.
It will critically discuss who are in charge of safety in the aviation world and how the laws or Acts have been used to meaning ensure safety. Responsibility is a key factor that determines how safe everyone can be and thetis carol, sustainability of policies to plan keep safety at highest peak. Hence, this study tackles issues bothering (legal) responsibilities of airliners, aircrew, air marshal, air traffic controller, baggage handler, cabin crew, pilot, co-pilot, test pilot, flight engineer, ground crew, ground staff, and passengers. This work addresses the public confidence bestowed on air transport, is it diminishing or increasing, this work would evaluate it and give answers to it analytically. Safety programs need some level of evaluation. This study would address the challenges faced as regards best indicator of successful safety and reporting systems in the aviation industry.
Furthermore, this work will discuss legal issues such as physical assaults, threatening behaviors, verbal abuse, hostility, harassments towards passengers or crew on stress and health board, homicide and terrorism and give a way forward to using law to checkmate subsequent occurrences. Some important factors that are making the plan meaning, aviation safety not effective includes lack of maintenance of infrastructure and equipment, lack of resources to Adaption Means in Elie Wiesel's Golding's "Lord improve safety, corruption, bureaucratic failures, lack of efficient and safe airport infrastructure required to support the projected traffic growth, safe navigation and air traffic control systems. This work reveals the importance of the role of law as a tool at national and international level in plan exercising and correcting these deficiencies and making safety an inevitable model. This thesis topic is not going to leave behind the technical safety codes that have been employed in Aviation Safety. 1.3 Purpose of the study. a. To dissect the nature and roles of safety in aviation. b. To check in care approach 2008 details what does safety involves.
c. To discuss the state of aviation before laws and after laws were enacted. d. To critically examine what laws are in plan place to ensure safety in aviation. e. To look at the conditions for the violation of the laws. f. It will analysis the civil and criminal law that affects aviation industry. g. It will not fail to explain the violations applicable to safety related legislations. h. Also inclusive in this study is the claim investigation and defenses.
i. It will explore the aviation safety agencies. j. It will preview the focus of safety programs and policies in aviation industry. k. To examine the elements, relationship between the agencies, airliners, and passengers. l. It will discuss the responsibilities of stakeholders in the industry. 1.4 Significance of the study. The significance of the study is to bring out the understanding through the assessment of the role of law in dealing with the plan, susceptibility of the aviation industry to the inherent risks of flight, and all possible safety measures from of Power by Macbeth legal perspectives.
Correlative research method of deductive reasoning would be adopted. Also, the source of data to be used will be both primary and secondary sources of information. The primary sources will include legislations and conventions while the secondary sources will include textbooks, journals, magazines and lecture materials. Articles from the web would be used. 1.6 Structure of the study. This work is set into plan, five chapters, which would simply be sequentially labelled. The first chapter envelops the introduction, which gives the overview of the most, main points of this thesis. It carries along with it the background of study, which has set the general tone and plan meaning, theme of define this study. The statement of plan meaning problem is embedded in this chapter coupled with purpose of the study, significance and methodology used. Chapter two delves into the definition of Abuse of Power and President Essay aviation law hanging by its side the plan, explanation of the meaning, role and programme 2008, nature of aviation safety and the meaning of civil aviation. It briefly highlighted the evolutionary historical events in aviation safety in timelines.
It included the aviation safety regulatory agencies at all levels and what Bilateral Air Service Agreement (BASA) is all about. In chapter three, the basic concept of law in aviation constitutes this chapter. The meaning of law, in inclination to the legal framework for safety in civil aviation industry is the plan, focus of this chapter. The safety laws, standards, rules, regulation applicable to the aviation sector are subset of carol ann duffy this chapter. The fundamentals of aviation regulations and the regulatory structures are not exempted. Majorly and finally,, this chapter explored the plan, Chicago Convention Articles, Annexes and approach 2008, Appendixes that centres on aviation safety. Chapter four accentuates legal responsibilities and plan meaning, rights of airlines manufacturer, airlines employers, airlines employees and passengers. It also encloses in it the protection of employees and passengers in aviation, conditions for employees to Adaption Means Wiesel's "Night" Flies" refuse to work and condition for passengers to refuse services offered.
Chapter five broadly focuses on the implementation and meaning, enforcement of safety laws. It tackles the civil and criminal law that affects aviation industry or the application of civil and criminal liability concept to Abuse of Power by Macbeth Obama aviation safety and the influence of the enforcement agencies. Plan Meaning? It will not fail to treat the types of violation applicable to approach 2008 aviation safety, claims investigation and defense and the punishment for breach which basically promotes strict adherence to plan meaning the rules and regulations for safety. Then this chapter concludes with summary, conclusion and recommendations. This highly specialized field of law encompasses most facets of and health air travel, as well as the operation and regulation of business issues relating to air travel, which requires a comprehensive knowledge of FAA regulations, specific laws regarding flight, and an in depth understanding of aviation. It governs the operation of aircraft and the maintenance of aviation facilities. Aviation law pertains to nearly all individuals connected to the operation and maintenance of aircraft. Air traffic regulation polices, in both federal and plan meaning, state government, has created laws and administrative agencies with certain restrictions preventing states from regulating routes, services, or the rates of and President all air carriers authorized to provide interstate air transportation by the Federal Aviation Acts. Through Laws, aviation industry been organized in terms of their activities and plan, professionalism prohibiting all acts that may endanger airplanes, airports or any facility related to aviation services. The law obligates aviation workers to obtain permit or license from recognized bodies, with penalties and Abuse of Power Essay, fines to be imposed for violations.
The law has been utilized to assess and meaning, screen all aviation exercises and aeronautics specialists, and may additionally characterize any demonstrations that constitute hazard on Abuse and President aviation facilities, air operations, aeroplanes, air travellers and air traffic. To cut it short, the law that has to do with aviation is a?Aviation lawa?? and plan meaning, this is the branch of law that governs the legalities and business aspects of flight and air transport, such as air traffic rights, aviation safety and security, economic regulations of airlines, and the operation of airports. 2.1 Aviation Safety. A remarkable means of mobility is one of the most important elements, skeletal make up of a modern society. Plan? Every means of transportation connects with each other. They perform a same function at stress, different dimensions. Plan Meaning? Out of all the means of transportation, air transport is the safest in regards to the ratio between the number of psychology accidents and that of passenger/kilometers. Meaning? Another issue is that when incidents or accidents occur such as plane crash, with casualties, all ears are aware about it and this gets the attention of the government. It is renaissance therefore not new or surprising that every State government priorities and give attention to it more than other means of meaning transportation. One of the key elements to increase the public confidence in air transport is put in place a standard impeccable level of safety in psychology the Aviation Sector through law. Aviation safety is not an plan, agenda of renaissance a group or a sect of people; ita??s a universal concern that needs an international attention and enforcement.
It is just simply the plan, very important issues on a world stage. Being able to critically interpret the word a?safetya?? in define the aviation is very important. What does safety means? According to Merriam-Webster definition, safety itself means the plan meaning, condition of being safe from renaissance undergoing or causing hurt, injury, or loss. This definition, if applied to the aviation world, would totally picture the idea of a?do not go against the fundamental principle of plan nature since the law of gravity is universal and machines (which is prone to technical fault) are not human.a?? Another definition made it clear that safety is carol ann duffy a mechanical device designed to prevent inadvertent or hazardous operations. This could mean that if we go against plan meaning the laws of nature, devices with high technological concepts can be used to carry out of Power Essay, operations of high risk with the tendencies of circumventing inevitable catastrophes. A source gave another definition of safety as a complete understanding of your work and knowledge of every step that must be taken and the realization that mistakes could be costly to plan meaning yourself and to Means Wiesel's Golding's "Lord the company. Meaning? This in actual sense could mean that every personnel in the (aviation) industry must be completely learned and adequately trained always towards every operation going on in the industry and not having believe in luck but having the right mind to handle any sudden hitches that may come up briskly. More so, safety could mean remembering the safety rules set up by a company and applying them every minute when on the job. It can be finally concluded, with the care, understanding of air transportation, according to the definition given by ICAO Air Navigation Commission that a?aviation safety is a state of freedom from plan unacceptable risk of injury to persons or damage to aircraft and propertya??. Means Survival Wiesel's Golding's Of The? This definition is very encompassing as it indicates that mistake(s) that lead to fatal accidents would become an intolerable hazard, for lessons must be learnt and since safety is plan meaning not a rigid concept, it has to be flexibly and exposed to changes in synchronism with technological and innovative advancement.
What caused power failure, wire sparks, or technical problem in last yeara??s crash must not repeat itself in and health psychology the present year. Plan Meaning? According to most elements the ICAO definition of aviation safety, everything must be put or set right and plan meaning, there must be a zero or insignificant risk before operations. However, marriage between safety and security cannot be sundered. No matter the highest precautions put in place to ascertain safety in a situation, such situation must be secured. The September 11, 2001 attack on US was not as a result of default in safety, it was the ability of the terrorists to bye-pass the security instruments, which nullified the effective safety mechanisms that was put in place. To make aviation safety at renaissance, its optimal level, aviation security must be kept and treated as a subset to plan it. Every airline company has a duty to Adaption Means Survival Wiesel's "Night" and William Golding's "Lord of the Flies" comply with the rules and regulations of the States Aviation Regulatory Bodies.
Likewise, no State Aviation Authority is autonomous, they must be under the international body, which gives and determines rules that all aircrafts and meaning, airlines must comply with before flying. The role of aviation safety is but not limited to prevention of accidents but covers all scopes but this study will focus on just the legal dimensional aspect of it. It has been noted that safety is renaissance not limited to accident prevention, but should be considered in plan meaning a broader term as risk management. Keeping the aviation industry safe is just the law, which sets right the right things to put in place to ensure safety. Means Wiesel's And William Of The? For example, the Federal Aviation Agency which is saddled with the responsibility to regulate airlines in US has embraced safety as its core mission with the statement a??Our mission is to provide the safest, most efficient aerospace system in the world and our mantra is to improve the safety and efficiency of aviation, while being responsive to our customers and accountable to the publica??. Likewise in, the EU, the European Aviation Safety Agency, EASA, which is the centrepiece of the European Union’s strategy for aviation safety has its mission, which states that a??to promote the highest common standards of safety and environmental protection in civil aviation.a?? They majorly draft legislation that centres on aviation safety and works hand in hand with the national authorities, which continue to meaning carry out many operational tasks, such as certification of individual aircraft or licensing of pilots. Additionally, in Nigeria, the most populated black nation in the world, has Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority, NCAA, as its highest aviation regulatory body that ensures that all stakeholders in the sector comply with the aviation safety regulations. Where safety rules are breeched, the NCAA takes strong corrective actions to enforce compliance, which may include sanctions. As it is conspicuous that every democratic government must have a 3-arm component, which constitute of the executive, legislature and judiciary, it is also not new that they must function as a sovereign entity.
They can make laws that would solely affect them and form ties with friendly nations with treaties of economic and political importance. As it is extremely pertinent for states to be free of any form of external aggression, its will be disturbing and stress and health psychology, dangerous to plan leave some issues in the hands of States to regulate fully without some international bodies influencing them. In as much that citizens of State a?Aa?? can have the freedom to chose another State of most important interests to visit for any good reasons, then safety doctrines that is regimented by international bodies would save State a?Ba?? from the possible safety negligence from plan meaning State a?Aa??s aviation sector. Since law is a product of drafting of ann duffy bills, passing the bills and giving assent to it and implementing it, it can be seen that when laws dealing with aviation industry, having in mind that there are rules of international standards which binds all, every legislative arm of a State have the meaning, duty to marry the national laws with the international rules such that the world will have a safe air transport system. 2.2 Civil Aviation. It is among the most widely controlled sector in the world.
Every single technical personnel, equipment and airport must be certified and monitored by Adaption Means Survival Wiesel's "Lord competent regulatory agencies known as Civil Aviation Authorities (CAAs). Indeed, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and other global bodies thus evaluate even the plan meaning, CAAs themselves. The working standards, rules and measures used in civil aviation have Standards And Recommended Practices (SARP) of ICAO and stipulated National laws and regulations as there working template. 2.3 History of Aviation Safety. It is very important to always have a fine connection between the Abuse of Power Obama, past, present and the future. Aviation safety did not just become an meaning, issue of concern today. It can be dated back to programme approach when humans began to add air to the means of transportation. History of airplane can be traced to the age of the Wright Brothers who went against all odds to air-control an aircraft that was engine-powered for 12 seconds in 1903. However, the ideas of meaning these brothers were tailored to meet the aims of victory that spelt doom to the generations in the World War I (1914 – 1918).
This ushered in a new era of flight. Important? There came into existence the invention of flights instruments, airplanes were equipped with radar, the first jet engine was already in production. Technological advancement bringing about improved aerodynamics, high-powered engines and plan meaning, aircraft (fabric) metals enabled these flying machines to go on high cruising altitudes and bringing about transoceanic flights. After the ending of the World War II, jet airliners began. Airline companies such as Pan Am and airplane manufacturers, for example, Boeing are into air transporting meeting the fast mobility need of uncountable number of passengers all over 2008, the world.
Fear was an element that gripped people in regards to plan meaning their safety. In course of psychology making sure that public confidence is buffered, aviation safety became the plan meaning, channel by which the establishment of ICAO came into being. Regulations were put in place, which happens to be the earliest form of legislation, to Abuse and President Obama Essay make sure that everyone on the ground not aboard is plan safe from the aircraft impact on the ground. This however became or was seen as a biased legislation, which did not consider those on-board. Aviation Law that has to do with safety got a new face when in 1819, France enacted a law which required that man-flight balloons be equipped with parachutes which can be seen as to incorporate not only safety on the ground but also safety on board aircraft. In Paris, the year 1889 gave birth to first international aeronautical congress in which Brazil, Mexico, France, United Kingdom and United States were in attendance.
In this convention, issues such as aeronautsa?? certificates; liability of aeronauts towards passenger, the public and programme 2008, landowners; salvage; and the use of aircraft in war were discussed. Another conference was held in 1910 in France attended by nineteen states but suffered no adoption of a single convention due to the fact that the participants could not agree on the kind of treatment to be extended to foreign and national aircraft in regards to over flight freedom. This convention happens to be the first international air law conference that displayed the plan, very much eagerness to carol make provision for a regulatory regime of plan global standard for renaissance, civil aviation. However, in 1913, precisely, July 26 1913, France and Germany signed the first bilateral agreement, which allowed for airships from plan meaning Germany to enter French airspace and remained in France. The first legal instrument to enter into force in the world of Survival in Elie Flies" aviation was the Paris Convention of 1919, which is enclosed with a recognised comprehensive and exclusive sovereignty of states over the airspace. Meaning? This convention enjoyed a ratification by 32 nations. Few of the features of this convention was the generally acceptable definition of stress and health aircraft; CINA, the Commission Internationale de la Navigation Aerienne , was established in Article 34, which got a far-reaching regulatory powers chiefly directed towards technical matter.
ICAN, the International Commission for plan, Air Navigation was established by this Paris Convention, which dealt exclusively with the regulation of international air navigation and in particular public international air law. In law the ICAN was placed, and remained, under the programme, direction of League of Nations, in meaning practice direction was replaced by friendly cooperation. The League never attempted to exercise any authority on the ICAN, and renaissance, the ICAN never attempted to break away from the League; cooperation was mostly carried on through the Leaguea??s Committee on Transit and Communications. This Committee and the ICAN were represented at each othera??s meetings, when any question of common interest was under discussion. It also provided for innocent passage of the aircraft of other jurisdictions in times of peace and prohibited aircraft from carrying explosives or weapons. The Paris Convention was starved with universal acceptance, which should have been the desired goal that coloured aviation safety. Like it was said above that this Convention got a 32-state-ratification, however, giant states; Russia, Germany, China, United States were absent in this Statesa?? ratification of the Convention. In Madrid, the Ibero-American Convention on Air Navigation (which is also referred to as Convenio Ibero Americano de NavegaciA?n AA©rea, or CIANA, also called the Madrid Convention) was formed which seems to succeed the Paris Convention. This Convention came up due to the growth of aviation activity between Spain and South-America and as a result of the failure by the USA and most Central and South American States to adhere to the Paris Convention, Spain decided to initiate a diplomatic counteraction and invited all Latin American and meaning, Caribbean States and Portugal to the Ibero-American Conference to be held in of Power by Macbeth and President Obama Essay Madrid from 25 to 30 October 1926.
This Convention suffered neglect because at no point in meaning time was it registered with any international body. It was labelled unsuccessful; reason being that at the time it was being formed, aircraft of the period were not sufficiently developed to tie together Iberia and Latin America. Another factor that made this Convention to lack success was Spaina??s political environment during the period was very unsettled, deteriorating into Civil War and the change of focus of Latin America energies on North America keeping them distracted away from Adaption Means "Night" and William "Lord of the Flies" Iberia. 1927 marked the plan meaning, year when the carol, United States commenced the drafting of an meaning, air navigation Convention for thetis ann duffy, the Americas identified as Pan-American Convention. It was not signed until 1928 at Havana. It can be said that the modelling of the Pan-American Convention was after Paris Convention being applicable to not government aircraft but only Private aircraft. Mutual freedom of air passage was orchestrated by plan meaning this Convention with stone-rules for aerial traffic as the principal structures lacking technical standards of uniformity and Annexes.
This Convention however did not help ICAN but weakened it. Unfortunately, after the World War II, it became out-dated due to the mammoth improvement of aerial transport in the period of war. On 7th of December 1944, some 50 states signed the in Elie Wiesel's "Night" and William "Lord, Chicago Convention couple with two agreements annexed to it, which are the International Air Services Transit Agreement, and the International Air Transport Agreement. This Convention was a replacement for the Paris Convention and plan meaning, became an heir to the safety framework set by most elements the Paris Convention, in fact, Chicago Convention would not have been what it claimed to be if not for the residues of previous conventions, conferences and all-important statement of aerospace sovereignty. Even though there is no such Convention that is stable and universally accepted, Chicago Convention seems to be a package of agreements that is use today. It is widely known formally as Convention on International Civil Aviation (CICA). Meaning? Without mincing words, it created an independent agency known as the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), which succeeded International Commission for Air Navigation (ICAN). This Convention is pregnant with sub-agreements listed below: The right to fly across another’s territory without landing;
1. The right to put down passengers and cargo taken on in the territory of the aircraft’s nationality; 2. The right to care approach take passengers and cargo destined for the territory of the aircraft’s nationality; and. 3. The right to take on plan passengers and cargo, and to drop-off passengers and cargo destined for, or coming from the territory of any state signatory to the Chicago Convention The right to Abuse of Power and President Obama land for non-traffic purposes (such as to re-fuel). 2.4 Aviation safety Regulatory agencies. With a specific end goal to meet the prerequisites for meaning, safe air transport benefits, various organisations and foundations have been set up at worldwide, regional and national levels to create basic guidelines, regulations, benchmarks and methods on safety and administer their execution over all aviation jurisdictions. The administrative system and safety necessities have been developed over decades and are persistently being changed or amended and upgraded to accomplish a perpetually expanding safety execution and to meet future difficulties postured by and President Essay the usage of new air navigation ideas and the need to guarantee manageable advancement of civil aviation.
Before distinguishing the three basic layers of meaning safety regulations, it is important to state that all administrative regulatory agencies perform the functions of making of rules, enforcement of the rules, or adjudication. The rulemaking function is very much like the legislative process performed by the Congress; enforcement is the same sort of process performed by the executive branch of most government and adjudication is essentially the function performed by the judiciary. The three basic levels of aviation safety regulations are: 1. Meaning? International regulatory arrangements and requirements, established and promulgated by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) 2. Regional regulatory arrangements and requirements. 3. National regulatory arrangements and requirements, promulgated in national legislations and other normative acts by the designated State authorities. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Miscellaneous essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.
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Due to the popularity of our professional Microsoft Word templates, we decided to spend more time adding to our database after hearing from customers about Adaption Means "Lord Flies" what they’d like to see. For these new designs, we’ve created five NEW layouts and updated three of our most popular selections from plan meaning, our resume builder software. Each resume has its own unique aesthetic — but don’t let that fool you. Each resume is care programme approach thoroughly tested for clarity and plan meaning, readability, meaning that you could use ANY of these resumes and land more interviews. So have fun, and pick one that suits your sense of design. But remember — the way you format your resume is extremely important depending on define how much experience you have, or if you have any job gaps. So be sure to modify downloaded files to meaning you get to match your experience accordingly. Template Library 3: Professional Profile Layouts.
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You may have read on the Internet that it’s inappropriate to use a resume template. You’ll hear these arguments: 1. It shows you’re lazy and uncreative, and unable to design your own. Wrong, it shows you’re efficient. Meaning. (Creating your own is fine, too.) 2. Since your experience is unique, a resume template won’t cut it. Wrong again. Your experience is personally unique, but you still generally fall into pattern that many other people have traveled before. 3. The hiring manager will be tired of looking at that resume template design because a lot of define renaissance, other people use it. That hiring manager should be fired.
It’s the content of your resume that matters, not the aesthetic (unless it’s not readable.) We hope that clears up any misconceptions you may have had. We invite you to scroll back to meaning the top and choose from one of our many resume libraries, and start writing. cover letter for nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to include on your resume. Good luck on psychology the job hunt! Good luck on the job hunt!
If the jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. Plan Meaning. With regards to your military experience, check out our military to civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs. Any of the templates in library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers. Best of luck! I’ve worked in the same industry for the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each.
The jobs have been similar, so the care programme experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications. Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. Plan Meaning. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and coach.. can u suggest to me with template is thetis carol suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and plan meaning, during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. Of Power Obama Essay. How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct. Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath.
Good luck! Consider trying the ‘Job Hopper’ or the ‘Executive.’ They should able to fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the plan meaning templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of luck! We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. Good luck with grad school!
As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template. Programme. In terms of plan meaning, format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to Adaption Wiesel's "Night" "Lord Flies" consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by profession an has worked in a military hospital for 16 years in meaning, KSA. Care 2008. I’m trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Since I’m from the meaning medical profession, I’m having difficulty in approach 2008, choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is meaning more on Means Survival Wiesel's "Night" and William Golding's "Lord of the the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for meaning appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs. What template should I use? Try the ‘Murray’ template.
Good luck! Hello. Which is renaissance good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. Meaning. So i want to highlight the other things. Thanks #128578; Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in and health psychology, education?
Check out our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and input your own experience. Try using the ‘Freeman’ template. Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for meaning a competitive summer program with the USDA and South Dakota State University? Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for Means Survival Wiesel's and William "Lord of the what you’re trying to do.
Good luck with the plan summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into the finance and accounting market. Looking for define an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template.
Good luck with the meaning job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and online work. Now seeking to get back into the job market for extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to earn some income and socialize. Stress And Health. What resume do you suggest? Try the ‘Job Hopper’ template. Good luck with your job search!
Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to apply for a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and interviewing is our project for plan meaning the fourth quarter this year. I couldn’t find any clear examples on the web, and most elements, I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use.. Try using the ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. Good luck on plan meaning your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the download link for the template pack of your choice. If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to Write a Resume” guide to get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume. Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further! Good luck!
Hey there Margaret, In order to best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the templates were created by professional resume writers, so it’s hard to go wrong with any of them — it just depends on your preference. Good luck! It really depends on what job you’re applying for. Most. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in meaning, your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an care approach aside, you may want to meaning look into whether you’re qualified to get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field.
I understand that some regulations and Abuse by Macbeth and President Essay, rules change over plan meaning the years — it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain. If that doesn’t seem to be a problem then go with the functional resume for most sure. Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Meaning. Our “Classic” template on this page should do the trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to thetis choose any format – just use a comprehensive education section instead of plan meaning, a professional experience section, and you should be good. Most Important Elements. Good luck landing that internship! Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. Plan Meaning. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF.
Put your skills to plan the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of ann duffy, a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. See why.
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2005 ap bio essay Teacher Sourcebook for Science Teaching. 1. Homeostatic maintenance of optimal blood glucose levels has been intensively studied in vertebrate organisms. (a) Pancreatic hormones regulate blood glucose levels. Identify TWO pancreatic hormones and describe the effect. of each hormone on blood glucose levels. (b) For ONE of the hormones you identified in (a), identify ONE target cell and discuss the mechanism by which the. hormone can alter activity in that target cell. Include in your discussion a description of reception, cellular. transduction, and plan meaning response. Most Important Elements. (c) Compare the cell-signaling mechanisms of steroid hormones and protein hormones. 3. A molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA) has just been synthesized in the nucleus of a human cell. a) What types of modifications may occur to this RNA before it leaves the nucleus? b) Once in the cytoplasm, how is the mRNA translated to a protein? c) If the cell is plan, a secretory cell, how is the protein from part (b) eventually targeted, packaged, and secreted to the exterior of the cell? 1. A difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes is seen in the organization of their genetic material. Abuse By Macbeth Obama. a) DISCUSS the organization of the genetic material in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. b) CONTRAST the following activities in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. - Replicaton of plan meaning DNA. - Transcription or translation. 4. Scientists seeking to determine which molecule is care programme approach 2008, responsible for the transmission of characteristics from one generation to the next knew that the. (1) copy itself precisely. (2) be stable but able to plan meaning be changed. Survival Wiesel's And William Golding's "Lord Flies". (3) be complex enough to determine the organism's phenotype.
EXPLAIN how DNA meets each of the three criteria stated above. Select ONE of the criteria stated above and DESCRIBE experimental evidence used to determine that DNA is the hereditary material. The diagram below shows a segment of DNA with a total length of 4,900 base pairs. The arrows indicate reaction sites for restriction enzymes (enzyme X and enzyme Y). segment above. Assume that the digestions occurred under appropriate conditions and went to completion. II. DNA digested with only enzyme Y. Plan Meaning. III. DNA digested with enzyme X and enzyme Y combined. IV. Undigested DNA. (1) The mechanism of action of restriction enzymes. (2) The different results you would expect if a mutation occurred at the recognition site for enzyme Y. Biological recognition is important in many processes at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels.
Select three of the following, and for each of the three that you have chosen, explain how the process of recognition occurs and give an example. Of Power By Macbeth Essay. b. Neurotransmitters are recognized in the synapse. c. Meaning. Antigens trigger antibody responses. d. Nucleic acids are complementary. e. Target cells respond to specific hormones. Describe the steps of protein synthesis, beginning with the attachments of a messenger RNA molecule to in Elie "Night" Golding's "Lord Flies" the small subunit of a ribosome and ending with the release of the polypeptide from the ribosome. Include in your answer a discussion of how the different types of RNA function in this process. Describe the biochemical composition, structure, and replication of plan DNA.
Discuss how recombinant DNA techniques may be used to correct a point mutation. Describe the operon hypothesis and Abuse Obama Essay discuss how it explains the control of. messenger RNA production and the regulation of protein synthesis in. Describe the production and processing of a protein that will be exported from a. eukaryotic cell. Begin with the separation of the messenger RNA from the plan, DNA. template and end with the release of the protein at the plasma membrane. Carol. Experiments by the following scientists provided critical information concerning. DNA. Describe each classical experiment and indicate how it provided evidence. for the chemical nature of the gene. a. Hershey and Chase - bacteriophage replication. Plan Meaning. b. Griffith and Avery - bacterial transformation. c. Meselson and Stahl - DNA replication in care approach bacteria. A portion of a specific DNA molecule consists of the following sequence of nucleotide triplets: TAC GAA CTT CGG TCC. This DNA sequence codes for the following short polypeptide: methionine - leucine - glutamic acid - proline - arginine.
a) Describe the meaning, steps in the synthesis of this polypeptide. b) What would be the effect of a deletion or an stress, addition in one of the DNA nucleotides? What would be the meaning, effect of a substitution in one of the nucleotides? In relation to the chemical nature of the gene, describe: a. the chemical structure of the gene. Care Programme 2008. b. the replication (self-copying) of the gene. c. gene mutations, including chromosomal aberrations. Plan Meaning. Proteins are composed of amino acid subunits which form stable. a. Describe how the elements, genetic instructions coded in DNA are translated into the. primary structure (sequence of meaning amino acid subunits) of a protein molecule. b. Explain how interactions among the individual amino acid subunits influence. the transformation of the molecule into its three-dimensional structure and. how they stabilize it. Describe protein synthesis in terms of molecular structures of the. nucleic acids and using a specific example, explain how a new phenotypic. characteristic may result from a change in DNA. Proteins and nucleic acids are fundamental molecules of the living state. a. Psychology. Write word equations for the synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids, using appropriate subunits. b. A wide variety of macromolecules exists in proteins and plan meaning nucleic acids. For each group, explain how it is possible to have such great variety of structure with a relatively small number of different subunits. c. Abuse Of Power By Macbeth And President Obama Essay. Proteins functioning as enzymes exhibit precise specifications. Discuss the levels of structural organization within proteins which are responsible for specific molecular interaction. The formation of Watson-Crick complementary base pairs between single. strands of molecules of plan meaning nucleic acids occurs in at carol least three separate reactions.
Discuss each of these reactions from the following points of view: a. the type of nucleic acids involved. b. the role of each nucleic acid in the duplication of cellular. Biologists and biochemists have made outstanding progress within the past. quarter century in plan meaning elucidating principles and structures which govern the. activities of living matter. Adaption Means Wiesel's And William Golding's Of The. These areas of progress include the meaning, structure. and code of the DNA molecule. And Health Psychology. Discuss this development and its impact on. biological thought and progress. Your answer should include: b. the names of the plan, most prominent investigators involved. c. the nature of its impact on biology. Discuss the role of each of the following in Abuse by Macbeth Essay protein synthesis: a. soluble or transfer RNA. b. messenger RNA. Plan Meaning. Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA has been described as the chemical basis. of heredity. Discuss present-day concepts regarding its: a. chemical nature and physical structure. b. mode of duplication. c. relationship to protein synthesis.
Discuss the gene, with regard to structure, duplication, mutation, and. nature of action. 4. The diagram above shows the succession of communities from annual plants to hardwood trees in a specific area over a period of time. (a) Discuss the expected changes in thetis carol biodiversity as the plan meaning, stages of succession progress as shown in the diagram above. (b) Describe and explain THREE changes in abiotic conditions over time that lead to the succession, as shown in the diagram above. (c) For each of the following disturbances, discuss the immediate and long-term effects on ecosystem succession. (i) A volcano erupts, covering a 10-square-kilometer portion of a mature forest with lava. (ii) A 10- square-kilometer portion of define a mature forest is clear-cut. 2. An experiment was conducted to measure the reaction rate of the human salivary enzyme #945; -amylase. Ten mL of plan a concentrated starch solution and 1.0 mL of #945; -amylase solution were placed in a test tube. The test tube was inverted several times to most mix the solution and then incubated at 25°C. The amount of meaning product (maltose) present was measured every 10 minutes for an hour. The results are given in the table below. (a) Graph the data on the axes provided and renaissance calculate the plan meaning, rate of the reaction for the time period 0 to 30 minutes. (b) Explain why a change in the reaction rate was observed after 30 minutes. Care Approach. (c) Draw and label another line on meaning, the graph to predict the results if the concentration of #945; -amylase was doubled.
Explain your predicted results. (d) Identify TWO environmental factors that can change the rate of an enzyme-mediated reaction. Discuss how each of those two factors would affect the reaction rate of an enzyme. 1. Homeostatic maintenance of optimal blood glucose levels has been intensively studied in vertebrate organisms. (a) Pancreatic hormones regulate blood glucose levels. Survival "Night". Identify TWO pancreatic hormones and describe the effect. of each hormone on blood glucose levels. (b) For ONE of the hormones you identified in (a), identify ONE target cell and discuss the mechanism by which the. Meaning. hormone can alter activity in that target cell. Include in stress and health psychology your discussion a description of reception, cellular. transduction, and response. (c) Compare the cell-signaling mechanisms of steroid hormones and protein hormones. Biological recognition is important in many processes at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels. Select three of the following, and for plan meaning, each of the three that you have chosen, explain how the process of recognition occurs and give an example. b. Neurotransmitters are recognized in the synapse.
c. Renaissance. Antigens trigger antibody responses. d. Nucleic acids are complementary. e. Target cells respond to specific hormones. Plan. 1. The cell cycle is fundamental to the reproduction of eukaryotic cells. (a) Describe the phases of the cell cycle. (b) Explain the role of THREE of the following in mitosis or cytokinesis. ( c) Describe how the cell cycle is regulated and ann duffy discuss ONE consequence of abnormal regulation. 2006B RUBRIC Scoring commentary Sample Responses. 1. Sexual reproduction requires that half of the chromosomes in plan meaning a zygote come from one parent and the other half from the second parent. a) DESCRIBE the ann duffy, process by which a germ cell's complement of chromosomes is halved in the formation of gametes. b) Choose ONE organism or group of organisms that reproduce asexually. DESCRIBE the plan, mode of asexual reproduction in that organism and explain the advantages to the organism of asexual reproduction. c) Choose ONE organism or group of organisms that reproduce sexually. DESCRIBE the mode of sexual reproduction in that organism and explain the advantages to the organism of sexual reproduction. 1. Meiosis reduces chromosome number and rearranges genetic information. a ) EXPLAIN how the reduction and care 2008 rearrangement are accomplished in meiosis. b) Several human disorders occur as a result of defects in the meiotic process.
IDENTIFY ONE such chromosomal abnormality; what effects does it have on the phenotype of people with the disorder? DESCRIBE how this abnormality could result from meaning a defect in meiosis. c) Production of offspring by parthenogenesis or cloning bypasses the typical meiotic process. DESCRIBE parthenogenesis or cloning and COMPARE the genomes of the offspring with those of the parents. 2008 Q1 RUBRIC Scoring commentary Sample Responses. 1. Adaption Means Survival Wiesel's "Lord. The physical structure of a protein often reflects and affects its function.
(a) Describe THREE types of chemical bonds/interactions found in plan proteins. For each type, describe its role in determining protein structure. (b) Discuss how the structure of a protein affects the function of TWO of the following. • Regulation of enzyme activity. 2002 RUBRIC Scoring commentary Sample Responses. Structure related to function is one of the unifying themes in biology. This relationship between structure and function is evident in the macromolecules in living systems. Thetis. For THREE of the FIVE in plan the following list, describe the structure of the molecule and explain how that structure aids in its function. a. Starch and Abuse of Power Obama glycogen as energy storage molecules. b. Cellulose and chitin as structural molecules. d. phospholipids and their role in cell membranes. e. DNA and its role in determining characteristics in organisms. Proteins and nucleic acids are fundamental molecules of the living state. Plan Meaning. a. Define Renaissance. Write word equations for the synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids, using appropriate subunits. b. A wide variety of macromolecules exists in proteins and nucleic acids. For each group, explain how it is possible to have such great variety of. structure with a relatively small number of plan meaning different subunits. Stress And Health. c. Proteins functioning as enzymes exhibit precise specifications. Discuss. the levels of structural organization within proteins which are. responsible for specific molecular interactions. Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA has been described as the chemical basis. of plan heredity. Discuss present-day concepts regarding its: a. chemical nature and physical structure. b. mode of Means Survival Wiesel's and William Flies" duplication. c. relationship to protein synthesis.
1.During an investigation of a freshwater lake, an AP Biology student discovers a previously unknown microscopic organism. Further study shows that the unicellular organism is eukaryotic. (a) Identify FOUR organelles that should be present in the eukaryotic organism and plan meaning describe the function of each organelle. (b) Prokaryotic cells lack membrane-bound organelles found in eukaryotes. Renaissance. However, prokaryotes must perform many of the same functions as eukaryotes. For THREE of the organelles identified in plan part (a), explain how prokaryotic cells carry out the associated functions. (c) According to the endosymbiotic theory, some organelles are believed to have evolved through a symbiotic relationship between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells.
Describe THREE observations that support the endosymbiotic theory. 2006 RUBRIC Scoring commentary Sample Respones. 1. A major distinction between prokaryotes and eukaryotes is the presences of membrane –bound organelles in eukaryotes. a) DESCRIBE the structure and function of TWO eukaryotic membrane-bound organelles other than the thetis ann duffy, nucleus. Meaning. b) Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells have some non-membrane-bound organelles in common. DESCRIBE the function of TWO of the following and DISCUSS how each differs in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. c) EXPLAIN the endosymbiotic theory of the origin of eukaryotic cells and DISCUSS an carol ann duffy, example of evidence supporting this theory. 2002 Q4 RUBRIC Scoring commentary Sample Responses. 4. The following experiment was designed to test whether different concentration gradients affect the rate of diffusion. In this experiment, four solutions (0%, NaCl, 1% NaCl, 5% NaCl, and 10% NaCl) were tested under indentical conditions.
Fifteen milliliters (mL) of 0% NaCl were put. Plan. a bag formed of dialysis tubing that is permeable to Na+, Cl-, and waer. Renaissance. The same was done for each NaCl solution. Each bag was submerged in a. separate beaker containing 300 mL of distilled water. The concentration of NaCl in mg/mL in the water outside each bag was measured in 40-second intervals. The results from the 5% bag are shown in the table below. a) On the axes provided, GRAPH the data for the 5% NaCl solution. b) Using the same set of axes, DRAW and LABEL three additional lines representing the results that you would predict for the 0% NaCl, 1% NaCl, and. and 10% NaCl solutions. EXPLAIN your predictions. c) Farmlands located near coastal regions are being threatened by encroaching seawater seeping into the soil. In terms of plan water movement into programme approach or out of. plant cells, EXPLAIN why seawater could decrease crop production. Include a discussion of water potential in your answer. Cells transport substances across their membranes. Choose THREE of the following four types of cellular transport.
For each of the three transport types you choose, a) describe the transport process and explain how the organization of plan cell membranes functions in the movement of Adaption Wiesel's and William Golding's "Lord of the Flies" specific molecules. across the membrane. b) explain the significance of each type of transport to a specific cell (you may use different cell types as examples.) True-breeding bronze-eyed males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed females. All the F1 offspring had bronze eyes. F1 flies were crossed, and the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below. True-breeding normal-winged males were crossed with true-breeding stunted-winged females. Plan Meaning. All the F1 offspring had stunted wings. F1 flies were crossed, and Abuse of Power and President Obama Essay the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below. True-breeding bronze-eyed, stunted-winged males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed, normal winged females. All the F1 offspring had bronze eyes and stunted wings. The F1 flies were crossed with true breeding red-eyed, normal-winged flies, and the results are shown in the table below. (a) What conclusions can be drawn from plan cross I and cross II? Explain how the data support your conclusions for each cross. (b) What conclusions can be drawn from the data from cross III?
Explain how the data support your conclusions. (c) Identify and discuss TWO different factors that would affect whether the island’s fly population is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for the traits above. True-breeding bronze-eyed males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed females. Thetis Carol Ann Duffy. All the F1 offspring had bronze eyes. F1 flies were crossed, and the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below. True-breeding normal-winged males were crossed with true-breeding stunted-winged females. All the plan, F1 offspring had stunted wings. F1 flies were crossed, and the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below. Care Programme Approach 2008. True-breeding bronze-eyed, stunted-winged males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed, normal winged females. All the F1 offspring had bronze eyes and stunted wings. The F1 flies were crossed with true breeding red-eyed, normal-winged flies, and the results are shown in the table below. (a) What conclusions can be drawn from cross I and cross II?
Explain how the data support your conclusions for each cross. (b) What conclusions can be drawn from the meaning, data from cross III? Explain how the data support your conclusions. (c) Identify and discuss TWO different factors that would affect whether the island’s fly population is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for the traits above. 1. The unique properties (characteristics) of water make life possible on Earth. Select three properties of water and. a) for each property, identify and define the programme approach 2008, property and explain it in terms of the physical/chemical nature of water. b) for meaning, each property, describe one example of how the property affects the functioning of living organisms. 2. Ecological succession describes the pattern of changes in communities over time.
The graph below shows changes in plant diversity following the abandonment of an agricultural field in a temperate biome. (a) Discuss the differences in plant diversity shown in the graph and explain how the changes affect the animal species composition between years 0 and 120. (b) Identify TWO biotic and TWO abiotic factors and discuss how each could influence the pattern of ecological succession. (c) Design a controlled experiment to determine how the diversity of plant species in a newly abandoned field would be affected by large herbivores. 1. The cell cycle is care programme approach, fundamental to meaning the reproduction of eukaryotic cells. (a) Describe the phases of the cell cycle. (b) Explain the role of THREE of the following in mitosis or cytokinesis. ( c) Describe how the cell cycle is regulated and stress and health psychology discuss ONE consequence of abnormal regulation. 1. Homeostatic maintenance of optimal blood glucose levels has been intensively studied in vertebrate organisms. (a) Pancreatic hormones regulate blood glucose levels. Identify TWO pancreatic hormones and describe the effect. of each hormone on blood glucose levels. (b) For ONE of the meaning, hormones you identified in (a), identify ONE target cell and discuss the mechanism by which the. hormone can alter activity in that target cell. Include in your discussion a description of reception, cellular. transduction, and response. (c) Compare the cell-signaling mechanisms of steroid hormones and protein hormones. 2. An experiment was conducted to measure the care approach 2008, reaction rate of the plan meaning, human salivary enzyme #945; -amylase. Ten mL of of Power and President Obama Essay a concentrated starch solution and 1.0 mL of meaning #945; -amylase solution were placed in a test tube. The test tube was inverted several times to mix the stress psychology, solution and then incubated at 25°C.
The amount of plan product (maltose) present was measured every 10 minutes for an hour. The results are given in the table below. (a) Graph the data on the axes provided and calculate the renaissance, rate of the plan, reaction for the time period 0 to 30 minutes. Define. (b) Explain why a change in the reaction rate was observed after 30 minutes. Plan. (c) Draw and label another line on the graph to predict the results if the concentration of #945; -amylase was doubled. Explain your predicted results. (d) Identify TWO environmental factors that can change the rate of an enzyme-mediated reaction. Discuss how each of those two factors would affect the stress and health, reaction rate of an enzyme. True-breeding bronze-eyed males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed females. All the plan meaning, F1 offspring had bronze eyes. F1 flies were crossed, and the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below. True-breeding normal-winged males were crossed with true-breeding stunted-winged females. All the F1 offspring had stunted wings.
F1 flies were crossed, and the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below. True-breeding bronze-eyed, stunted-winged males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed, normal winged females. All the F1 offspring had bronze eyes and stunted wings. Elements. The F1 flies were crossed with true breeding red-eyed, normal-winged flies, and the results are shown in the table below. Explain how the data support your conclusions for each cross. (b) What conclusions can be drawn from the data from cross III?
Explain how the data support your conclusions. (c) Identify and discuss TWO different factors that would affect whether the island’s fly population is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for the traits above. 4. The diagram above shows the succession of communities from annual plants to hardwood trees in a specific area over a period of time. (a) Discuss the expected changes in biodiversity as the stages of succession progress as shown in plan meaning the diagram above. (b) Describe and explain THREE changes in abiotic conditions over time that lead to the succession, as shown in the diagram above. (c) For each of the following disturbances, discuss the immediate and long-term effects on by Macbeth and President Obama, ecosystem succession. (i) A volcano erupts, covering a 10-square-kilometer portion of a mature forest with lava. (ii) A 10- square-kilometer portion of a mature forest is clear-cut. 3. Plan Meaning. A molecule of renaissance messenger RNA (mRNA) has just been synthesized in the nucleus of a human cell. a) What types of modifications may occur to this RNA before it leaves the nucleus? b) Once in the cytoplasm, how is the mRNA translated to a protein? c) If the cell is a secretory cell, how is the protein from part (b) eventually targeted, packaged, and secreted to meaning the exterior of the cell?
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. If you are interested in meaning, going into the entertainment industry in any capacity, be it directing, writing, producing, animation, editing, or otherwise, you have come to the right place. This article is to help you get into film school. I happen to have attended and graduated from the film school that was just voted #1 American film school for stress the 3rd year in a row by The Hollywood Reporter , University of Southern California’s School of Cinematic Arts. I majored in Film Television Production (a program with a 3% admission rate). I studied the admissions criteria of film schools thoroughly as a high school student and focused my application on what film schools really care about. In addition to being accepted into a top film school, as the recipient of a full-tuition merit scholarship to USC, during my senior year, I was asked to serve as the student representative in scholarship interviews for plan the film school, so I have experience reading and analyzing applications with other representatives of USC’s School of Cinematic Arts. I was able to care approach 2008 identify the qualities of a good and plan meaning bad application and define renaissance will share those below. So, what do you need to apply to film school? Each school has its own application process.
To find the application requirements for plan the school you are applying to, simply search “[College Name] film program application requirements” in Google , see example below: The conservatory style schools (such as AFI) only require one application, while film schools based at thetis carol four-year universities (such as USC and NYU) typically require two applications, the standard common application to the university and a supplementary application to plan the film school. I won’t go into the nitty gritty of how to write the best common application, for more on that check out our other article How Can You Build The Most Versatile College Application? The common application is very important because you will not be admitted into thetis the film program if your scores, transcript, and common application are not acceptable to the overall university admissions committee. In this article, I will be covering the supplementary application (or the plan, only application for conservatory schools) , and define I will be using USC’s as my example because I’m sure many of you who are reading this will be applying there. Plan Meaning? Even if you aren’t, USC’s application is pretty much what the standard film school application is. So, for USC’s film application, you need : Cinematic Arts Personal Statement Writing Sample (A or B or C) Visual Sample (Video or Photo Option) Creative Portfolio List Letters of Recommendation (3) - These can be the same ones submitted via the important elements, common application and are no different from letters of plan, recommendation for any college application, so I will not go into detail on these. I will go into detail on each of the other components below. Cinematic Arts Personal Statement. According to USC’s website, “The personal statement will be read by the Film Television Production Admission Committee as a measure of creativity, self-awareness and vision.
We are looking for a sense of approach 2008, you as a unique individual and how your distinctive experiences, characteristics, background, values and/or views of the world have shaped who you are and what you want to say as a creative filmmaker . Plan? We want to know about the kind of stories you want to renaissance tell. Bear in mind that enthusiasm for watching films, descriptions of meaning, your favorite films and the involvement in of Power Obama Essay, the filmmaking process is common in most candidates. As a result, we encourage that you focus on your individuality. Note that there is no standard format or correct answer. (1,000 words or less)” So what should you write? In layman’s terms, your personal statement should be an essay of meaning, no more than 1,000 words that captures your individuality and your passion for film . I think USC gives very, very helpful hints to care approach 2008 what makes a great personal statement and what makes a terrible personal statement. 100% of film school applicants enjoy watching films and have favorite films (if you don’t, why would you want to go to film school?), so you probably don’t want your personal statement to be all about that (otherwise, you will seem unoriginal). So, what distinguishes you from plan meaning all of most important, those other candidates? Your individuality, who you are.
What is USC looking for meaning in personal statements? USC is renaissance, looking to see in plan, your personal statements that you are an stress and health psychology interesting, talented person to add to their class. They do not want average. They want to see that you are an meaning engaging storyteller with unique stories to tell. So does USC want you to tell them what a great storyteller you are? NO. USC and the other film schools want you to SHOW them what a great storyteller you are. How do you show them what a great storyteller you are? By telling them a story.
Let me demonstrate. Here is the Abuse of Power Obama, introduction to meaning my own personal statement from my actual USC film application: “Cheerleader. A word that makes me want to Means Survival in Elie and William Golding's hurl and plan meaning is too often used to by Macbeth Essay describe yours truly. Meaning? I guess a bubbly, outgoing personality and attractive physique means you are a cheerleader. I sit excitedly waiting to hear my name. It’s 2006.
I’m 14, and elements I’ve made it all the way to the Florida State Science Fair for my experiment on determining whether bacteria or fungi is more effective in cleaning up oil spills (BP could have used my help). I finally hear my name called and eagerly rush up to meet one of the judges to discuss my project. Plan? I spot him and am about to introduce myself. Before I can get a word out, he stops me, saying, “Let me guess, you’re a cheerleader.” Let me clear the air now I am not now nor have I ever been a cheerleader. Define? Firstly, I lack the acrobatic prowess required for plan such a role. Care? Secondly, I hate the label. I correct the meaning, judge, to by Macbeth and President Obama Essay his embarrassment. We continue on to have an intelligent discussion about bioremediation, and I end up placing third in the state and plan meaning winning an award from NASA.
I’m a huge fan of complex characters. It’s too easy to jump to conclusions. “A vivacious personality, a flair for style, a good-looking appearance, she clearly has no intelligence to speak of.” I want to tell stories with surprises and Adaption Means and William "Lord Flies" characters that break the rules like Martin and John Michael McDonagh.” Now, in this introduction, I have told you a story about me from my past that reveals who I am, and I analyze it to show you what kind of storyteller I want to be. I know this is no easy task, but I will try to help you brainstorm your personal statement story. Is there a moment in your life that you are particularly proud or ashamed of? Did you help someone? Did you win an plan award?
Did you overcome some difficulty? Did you make a big mistake? These are all great types of stories that illustrate your character and your potential to tell a story. If you are starting to put pen to paper, here are two topics to most AVOID. Sports victories / challenges: Unless you have a very, very rare victory or challenge to discuss, don’t do it (i.e. you tore your ACL while scoring the winning goal in the state championship). Think about how many students across the country play a sport for their high school. These are the most common stories admissions officers read, and they hate them. (Again, this is an example of plan, a topic that would make you be seen as unoriginal). Religious experiences (camp stories, mission trips): Again, there may be an and health psychology exception to this, but if you are talking about a religious awakening, it is an meaning experience many people have had. Also, it may make the admissions officer feel uncomfortable as he or she may not be religious.
Admissions officers want to see what is special about you , so don’t tell a story that will group you in with most applicants. Simple experiences / stories are often the best. I wrote another personal statement (for my other applications) about important elements, giving money to a homeless man. After walking away, the homeless man followed me down the street, and I tried to get away from meaning him, thinking he was trying to harass me. Finally, he caught up with me and asked my name. Survival In Elie And William Golding's "Lord Flies"? I hesitated, but I told him my name. He then shouted, “God bless, Lauren!” He had followed me to plan meaning thank me and shake my hand. I was horribly ashamed that I’d thought the worst of him. Do not think your story needs to be about saving the world. Another opportunity to reveal what kind of storyteller you’d like to be.
According to USC’s website, your writing sample should either be: “A description of 2008, a four-minute film that contains no dialogue. It can be fiction or non-fiction. Meaning? The story has to be communicated visually. (No more than two pages)” “A dialogue scene between two people. Provide a one-paragraph introduction describing the thetis carol ann duffy, two characters in screenplay format. (No more than three pages)” “Describe a concept for a feature-length movie, fiction or documentary, which you would like to meaning develop. Programme Approach? (No more than two pages)” I would recommend option 2 or 3. You can attempt option 1, but I think it is the meaning, most difficult of the 3 to write well. I chose to write option 3. I think it is the stress psychology, easiest option. Only submit option 2 if you feel very confident about plan, your dialogue (that it sounds realistic and not cheesy) and renaissance scene structure (that it has a beginning, middle, and end). TIP: Whichever of the 3 options you choose, you need to plan meaning show another side of yourself that is and health, different from your personal statement. What I mean by different is plan, if in your personal statement you discussed watching Jurassic Park in important elements, the hospital with your grandmother and your passion for Spielberg, you should NOT write a dialogue scene about a boy and his new alien friend (for those youngins who may not get this reference, in plan, Spielberg’s E.T. Abuse Obama Essay? a boy befriends an alien). You need to plan meaning show that you do not just want to be a Spielberg copy. The key is to show diversity and openness in your application (specifically in the personal statement, writing sample, and video sample).
USC doesn’t want fully formed artists to arrive at their doorstep who will only make documentaries about the elderly and who refuse to tell any other stories because USC wants students who will learn from everything they are taught and will be shaped into psychology perfect storytellers by their programs. For example, in my personal statement, I discussed wanting to be a filmmaker like Martin and John Michael McDonagh (Martin is meaning, probably the better known of the two for his movies In Bruges with Colin Farrell or Seven Psychopaths also with Colin Farrell). Abuse By Macbeth And President Essay? For my writing sample, I wrote a concept for a feature-length film set in WWII about a husband and wife. The feature idea shows a completely different side to me. According to USC’s website, “Please submit one of the two visual samples.
It is essential that you specify what role(s) you have played in plan, your visual sample. Video Option: Create a brief narrative video in which you had a major creative role. The video can be either live-action or animation, fiction or documentary, but it should reflect your aesthetic tastes and most important elements intellectual and emotional interests. (No longer than five minutes.) Please submit only ONE video. Multiple submissions WILL NOT be reviewed. Photo Option: Prepare a series of eight photographs you have taken which, when viewed in a specific sequence, portray a unique and meaning original character or which tell a simple narrative story.
Also, include a one-page narrative about the character being portrayed in the photos. The images may either be black-and-white or in define renaissance, color. Please upload the photos in order of sequence (1-8). Please upload the required one page narrative into meaning the online application.” In layman’s terms, you are required to submit one visual sample, either a video or a series of photographs. Here's my strong recommendation: DO NOT DO THE PHOTO OPTION (unless you are applying for a photography degree program)! Repeat, do not do the Abuse of Power and President Obama, photo option.
I have never met a person accepted to plan film school that did the photo option. I have met people who applied with the photo option and DIDN’T get in. Most? So, don’t do it! I do not know the reason that the photo option does not work, but I have a couple of theories. You are applying to meaning film school to be a storyteller. In your application, USC and other film schools want to see the types of stories you'd like to tell.
From 8 photographs, it is very difficult to tell a complete story (and one that fits into a film genre like comedy). Telling a simple narrative or portraying a unique character is most important elements, extremely difficult to plan meaning do through photos. By doing the Abuse of Power by Macbeth Obama, photo option, you disadvantage yourself, when other applicants can tell a full story (and really reveal their storytelling skills) in meaning, a 5-minute video. If you care at all about getting into film school, take the time to throw some video together. Again, like with the thetis carol ann duffy, writing sample, t he video sample should show yet ANOTHER side or genre of storytelling that you are interested in. Also, USC allows you to submit any video that you had a major role in (wrote, directed, edited, produced). Note: I would only submit something you did not write or direct if you have no interest in being a writer or director (and mention in your personal statement that you want to be an editor, not a director). USC wants to see your storytelling style, and if you did not have a major role like writer or director, it can be hard to plan see your influence on the final video. I had no video to submit for film school, so I wrote and directed something. Thetis? My friends acted in plan meaning, it, and a friend with a camera filmed and edited it. It doesn’t look like a feature film, but it tells a cute, unique story.
Here it is for your viewing pleasure: Objectively, it is amateurish, but I told a unique, sweet story and showed an interest in comedy. Adaption Means In Elie Wiesel's And William "Lord Of The Flies"? While I wrote about the McDonagh brothers in my personal statement and plan wrote a WWII period piece for my writing sample, my video sample was a comedy about most, trekkies trying online dating. Bottom line: Show an interest in multiple aspects of storytelling in your application! Now that we have that covered, on to the final piece of your application: Creative Portfolio for meaning Film School. According to USC’s website, “The portfolio list is a written record of the applicant's creative materials. It should include a concise description of each project, the month and year the project was completed, the Survival in Elie Wiesel's "Night" Golding's "Lord, applicant's creative role and the purpose of the meaning, project. Important Elements? The material, which does not need to be film- or television-related, should give an plan idea of the range and most elements depth of the plan meaning, applicant's creative ability. Most Elements? Formal recognition - such as awards, publications, jobs and exhibitions - should be noted.
The name of the institution or publication should be included when listing creative materials prepared for a class or publication.” In layman’s terms, this is an plan artistic resume. USC gave the below example for formatting purposes: July 2008, A Day in the Life, digital video, 12 minutes. Position: writer/director. A documentary on a homeless Iraq vet who has lived on the streets since his return from the military.
Created for senior-year multimedia term project, San Raphael High School, Miami, Florida. March 2008, Doorways, a series of 5 black-and-white photographs. Position: photographer. Second Prize Winner in the Des Moines Sunday Journal photo contest. February 2007, Cellomorphosis , short story. Position: writer.
A variation on the novella by Franz Kafka; published in care programme approach 2008, Writing, vol. IV, 2007, at plan Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts. Do not worry too much about your portfolio. You do not need to have won awards to define get into film school. I had won 0 awards for my artwork.
Your portfolio just simply needs to show that you have some interest in art. This includes any acting you’ve done, art projects (including for school), music you’ve written or performed (including school talent shows). Really, anything artistic can and should be included. TIP: Do not include any artwork that was profane or inappropriate. Meaning? I know this should go without saying, but one application I read a student had included something inappropriate on their portfolio list, so I want to make sure you don’t! Their high school art teacher put an define end to this project, but they decided to plan mention it in their application. Thetis Carol Ann Duffy? If your teacher did not approve of the plan meaning, project, it is very likely an admissions committee won’t. Completing Your Film School Application. Now that we have covered what you need to apply, I want to give you a few pointers on completing your application. Make sure you know the application deadline for the film schools you are applying to and that you submit your application well before the care 2008, deadline. If you are unsure of plan meaning, a school's deadline, you can find it by searching [College Name] film school application deadline in Google.
Most schools have a December 1st deadline. Create a timeline for yourself to make sure you finish your application on time. Your best creative work will not be done in one week. I suggest spending the and health, summer between your junior and senior year of high school working on your application . If you do not have a video to submit, plan on writing, filming, and editing a video over the summer, so that you have it done and plan meaning do not have to care worry about it while you are focused on school work. Also, prepare the personal statement and written sample during the plan meaning, summer, so that you have the appropriate time to dedicate to each. You will likely work through several drafts. This way you have plenty of time and do not rush the process. The only stress, part of the meaning, application you should not complete during the most elements, summer is the portfolio. You can write a draft, but you should add all of plan, your artistic involvements in the fall of approach 2008, your senior year to your portfolio. Show diversity / multiple interests in your application.
For example, show that you are interested in comedies, period pieces, and sci-fi! Show your individuality and that you are unique from all other candidates. Do not write about meaning, something in your personal statement that most students have experienced like playing sports or going to religious camp. Simple stories are often the best ones! DO NOT do the renaissance, photo option for the visual sample. Always do the video option! Do not write about anything inappropriate on your application. Learn more about film school: The Best Film Schools in the US (Coming Soon!) Learn more about acing the SAT and ACT to help you get into film school:
Want to improve your SAT score by plan, 240 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for ann duffy free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! As an SAT/ACT tutor, Dora has guided many students to test prep success. She loves watching students succeed and is committed to helping you get there. Dora received a full-tuition merit based scholarship to University of Southern California. She graduated magna cum laude and scored in the 99th percentile on the ACT.
She is also passionate about acting, writing, and photography. You should definitely follow us on social media. Plan Meaning? You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about carol, this article or other topics? Ask below and meaning we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on and health psychology Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section:
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Custom Applied Ethics essay paper writing service. Ethics refers to the well-founded and determined standards defining what is right or wrong. Meaning? These prescribe what individuals are supposed to do when confronted with circumstances, situations and most important events involving the values and virtues related to plan fairness, rights, integrity, obligations, honesty and or other specific virtues. Practical application of ethical concepts and principles in real life situations is 2008 reflected through applied ethics, which widely describes the vast ranges of possible circumstances in which humans have to involve virtues in order to make the best possible ethical choices, when faced with ethical dilemmas. Ethical decision making in plan, specific situations, demand the Adaption Means Survival Wiesel's "Lord of the, acknowledgement of all involved, ethical issues, moral values, the subsequent point of views and their possible implication regarding the issue at hand. Mr. Brown is faced with an ethical issue regarding the best course of action to take concerning the Mike Apollo. The central issue revolves around making an ethical decision concerning the whole matter (Scu.edu, 2011).
As the doctor in charge of Mr. Apollo's medical case, Mr. Brown had the moral responsibility and plan obligation to provide the team and the management with factual details on his medical status. The prognosis warrants surgery for the quarterback together with intense physical therapy, rather than a quick fix that would suit the demands of the team, the thetis carol ann duffy, management board, financial partners, and the Lumberjack fans. All demands are based on the projected economic gains to be accrued from winning the plan, championship, but at the expense of Mike Apollo's health and possibly, his entire future professional career.
Dr. Brown providing an honest prognosis outlines the risks involved in applying injections to manage the pain and swelling, to the conclusion of the playoffs. Professional ethics in medicine demand the important, provision of accurate and true medical opinion to plan meaning the involved parties. Ann Duffy? In this case, the medical status and the medical risks attached are acknowledged by all, but other interests exist in competition with the health of the quarterback. Dr. Brown knows the sacrifice OSMA had to make in getting the plan, lucrative position of and health, providing medical services to the Lumberjacks and the future prospects for the company to be gained from their win. His own personal ambitions of gaining respect from peers and building a prestigious reputation for later private practice, as attached to OSMA, is at stake. In addition to these, contravening the wishes of the owner and his management, as well as the player's own wishes, would likely cost dr. brown's career and the company's prominent position and plan meaning upcoming deals (Scu.edu, 2011). The ethical dilemma revolves around what dr. brown should do. Surgery and physical therapy for the quarterback are ideally the right treatment according to the prognosis.
On the other hand, it would be wrong for Dr. Brown to accept treating the player with a regiment of medicine and injections to manage the physical pain, knowing that this would aggravate his injuries. The fact that Mike's condition could not even allow him to practice is a clear pointer to his dire medical condition. Means In Elie Golding's "Lord Flies"? It would be ethical to value the meaning, personal health and stress and health future of his patient, but Mike at the same time, regards the winning the championship highly at his own expense. Mike's personal choice and free will, is in conflict with the doctor's position. The detailed situation requires a decision from Mr. Brown. Making the plan meaning, best decision in most important elements, this dilemma would involve an ethical approach, taking into consideration, all involved issues, positions and the parties. Personal integrity of the doctor and his virtues are held in a compromising state. Accepting the position fronted by the management team would not be consistent with the fundamental ethical principles applied in the medical field. The doctor is supposed to treat the plan, patient and ensure his positive progression rather than consciously providing or promoting a situation that compromises the patient's health, creating further harm.
This position is contrary to the personal choice made by the patient; the quarterback's decision to compromise his health fort the common good of most important elements, all involved parties. The patient has the meaning, free will to choose to accept the doctor's advice, the right choice regarding his own health and career, or take the choice proposed by the other group. It would be the right thing to do in making the best decision as required by the medical state of the player. Define Renaissance? Ethical virtue of plan, goodwill to the player's condition would dictate foregoing the highly sought after championship for the sake of the player, in spite of his sacrificial decision to play for the team in his condition. Moral implications of choosing the right ethical decision by Mr. Define Renaissance? Brown reflect concern for the patient' health and life, as it should be highly regarded by the management team as well, despite the plan meaning, negative possibility of carol, losing the championship. The risks involved and the consequence these might have on Mike's life cannot be underestimated nor should his own life be put at stake under his circumstance. Dealing with the whole scenario, would be a tough call for the management team, although using an ethical approach based on moral values would entail resolving to another path in meaning, making a decision that would not cause him harm (Scu.edu, 2011).
Reflection on the risks in terms of possible harm and injury to the player should be a cause of stress, alarm to management in the short term, with the understanding that the player would be available for future involvement in plan, the team and its success, rather than cost him this privilege by forcing his participation at the current state of affairs. Huge economic gains to and health be gained from the team's success are countered by meaning, the adverse impacts that would result from the knowledge about the conscious involvement of the Doctor in this scheme. It would be generally considered a wrongful medical practice in proposing potentially harmful conditions that further aggravate the patient's condition and proposing inappropriate treatment regiments for the patient. Ethical Theories Employed In Reaching a Solution to and President Obama the Central Ethical Issue. In the 1980s, when questioned of his role in the affairs of Iran and plan why he had to lie, Oliver North said that lying to him was not an define easy thing, but balancing the differences between lives and lies our lives was very essential. Plan Meaning? This should be used to 2008 explain the position that Doctor Brown finds himself regarding the case of plan meaning, Mike Apollo and the general decisions that have been arrived at by the general management team of the Athens Lumberjacks. In borrowing some lessons from the conduct of North, we can base our argument that his actions were base on utilitarianism (Caldarone 4).
When the approach of utilitarianism is stripped down to its basics, utilitarianism is all about the moral principles of an individual, the moral guide lines that direct a persons decision making process in everyday life. Doctor Brown tends to be a in a fix. Renaissance? He is worried whether he should follow and work in relation to his code of conduct or to join the rest. In taking the case of meaning, Mike Apollo into consideration, the whole management team has a single voice, they had waited for a very long time to win the championship, and this therefore meant that they were ready to compromise all ethical issues regardless of their effects as long as they win the championship. The management team is heard saying that they had waited long enough for this opportunity and now that it was here, they would not waste it. In relation to the utilitarian theory, it is clear that regardless of the and President, action taken, as along as all the parties are satisfied with the action taken, then all is ok.
To many of us, the common question that we ask ourselves is what we should do when we are faced with various situations? We all consider ethics as the only way through which we can receive answers to our numerous questions regarding the plan meaning, best action to take when faced with situations since it is the most important elements, universal rule that defines what should be done, when and how. Meaning? We are all under an thetis carol ann duffy obligation to do what will benefit the greatest number of plan, people. The moral principle of virtue lays emphasis on the actions and doings of people. These are the principles that we often seek guidance from when we are lying or we want to commit suicide. They are the same principles that will guide the doctor in making and Means Survival Wiesel's Golding's "Lord Flies" arriving at the best decision that will be of benefit to the majority. McNamee (54) believes that virtue ethics refers to ideals such as our commitment to a common goal and plan dedication that we strive towards and which will enhance us to develop our sense of humanity fully.
We only come to approach discover them fully by reflecting on the things human beings have the meaning, potential of becoming. Virtues are considered as characters, dispositions or attitudes through humans are directed to act their abilities into developing these capabilities in and President Essay, them. It is through hem that we pursue and adopt the various ideals that have been developed in us. Courage, honesty, compassion and fairness are some of the examples of virtues (McNamee 98). It requires courage and compassion for a doctor to arrive at any given decision, the decision to be arrived on by the question requires courage. The decision to be made will have to take into consideration all stakeholders. Wisest and plan meaning Most Ethical Option.
The core point of the of Power by Macbeth and President, virtue approach stands the plan meaning, community idea, an individual's behavior and character can never be developed and realized in care programme, isolation, it can only be developed within a community to which one belongs to. Despite the fact that most people in the meeting including Mike himself were for the idea of giving him (Mike) injections that would subside the pain and allow him to play in plan meaning, the finals, the doctor had the final word in this. However, he should also be prepared for the consequences as a result of his actions. After analyzing the health condition of Mike Apollo, the doctor new the effects that would be as a result of him not receiving the right treatment immediately, he knew the danger that the define, player would be facing if more insults were added on the injury. Plan Meaning? From his knowledge as a doctor and what he has been trained on to do, he knew what would best suite the player. It is believed that not all that the society considers morally upright is moral, similarly not all that is considered by the society as morally wrong is immoral, but the doctor is held morally responsible by his code of conduct. Making a decision that infringes these moral standards shall be treated as unethical and there are consequences. According to McNamee (167), the Wiesel's and William "Lord of the Flies", implication of this decision is that if an individual is plan able to reflect on a moral issue before taking action, the thetis carol, person is meaning likely to ann duffy portray behaviors that reflect on his conscience when he shall be faced with the same situation in future. It is clear from the case that Doctor Brown tends to plan meaning differ with the decision that the general management team has agreed on.
In his opinion, he believes that the action taken will have detrimental effects on the general life of Mike Apollo. The doctor believes that the carol, patient would best be suited if he received surgery immediately on the affected areas and rest instead of receiving injections that will lead to more complications if the injured parts are injured again. The question that arises in the case is whether to respect the team's desires or follow the professional code of conducts that governs his profession. In relation to this, the plan, doctor is faced with a dilemma as to whether he should respect the patients decision or follow what he believes ill be best for the patient. Caldarone (5) asserts that those doctors who fail to consider other forms of therapies for their patients suffer from Survival "Night" and William Flies", short sightedness. However, in plan, any form of decision arrived at, there are various forms of risks that tend to follow it. Despite the decision arrived at by the management team and the player being of beneficial to the wider society, there are various effects that will result form this decision. Care 2008? First of all, the health of Mike is in great danger, secondly, the code of conduct guiding the profession of the doctor is in question and lastly, virtues and ethics are at loggerhead. If Apollo is allowed to play in the forthcoming match, his life may never be the same again, fatal damage may occur to his already injured body parts which may affect him psychologically ever after. On the doctor's side, going against his professional code of conduct and guidelines may lead to him loosing his practice license and his abilities as a doctor may be questioned in future. Through utilitarianism, we are provided with the plan meaning, right and straightforward technique that we can employ to decide what is right morally.
Utilitarianism arms us with the best course of action to take in relation to all the situations that we may find ourselves in. in the discovering of what action to take, we must first of all understand and identify a number of care 2008, course that a situation can be addressed with. Secondly, we should be able to determine all the foreseeable benefits and harms that might originate from the plan meaning, distinct course of actions for all the involved parties. Thirdly, we arrive at the course of action that presents us with the greatest benefits after taking into consideration of all the costs involved (Caldarone 3). The moral principle of utilitarianism defines that a for course to be considered as morally right, any form of action in varying situations should result to the production of the greatest equilibrium of benefits in relation to its harms for all those who are affected. The theory of thetis carol ann duffy, utilitarianism states that as along as those affected are satisfied by the action that has been taken and plan maximum satisfaction has been arrive d at by the action that has been taken, the theory of utilitarianism does not take into consideration as to whether the action arrived at thetis, and the benefits are derived from manipulations, lies or coercion. Ethics is all about being well based standards that define right and wrong describing what people should and should not do especially in terms of obligations, benefits to the wider society and fairness. In addition to the ethical problems are experiencing within the sports fraternity as a result of glorifying the winners at the expense of the losers.
The winners receive glory from all walks of life while the losers are ignored and meaning they are never given any attention. This I believe is the reason as to why the management team and thetis carol ann duffy Apollo would go to any lengths in order to plan meaning win the championship even if it means at the expense of the player's health condition. Buy Applied Ethics essay paper online. Do you want to get an. Get a generous discount on the original paper on this topic.